Courantyne River

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Courantyne River Corantijn map.svg
Courantyne River
Wonotobo Middle Fall in the Corentyne Basin from Canoe and Camp Life in British Guiana by Charles Barrington Brown BritGY p363 - CORENTYNE BASIN, THE WONOTOBO MIDDLE FALL (1871).jpg
Wonotobo Middle Fall in the Corentyne Basin from Canoe and Camp Life in British Guiana by Charles Barrington Brown

The Courantyne/Corentyne/Corantijn River is a river in northern South America in Suriname. It is the longest river in the country and creates the border between Suriname and the East Berbice-Corentyne region of Guyana.

Contents

It's tributaries include Kutari River, Coeroeni River, New River, and Zombie Creek. [1] In Suriname; Kabalebo River, Lucie River, Sipaliwini River, Kutari River.

Course

The river runs through the Guianan moist forests ecoregion. [2] It originates in the Acarai Mountains and flows northward via the Boven (Upper) Courantyne which is the source river for approximately 724 km (450 mi) between Guyana and Suriname, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean near Corriverton, Guyana and Nieuw Nickerie, Suriname. A ferry service operates between these two towns.

Small ocean-going vessels are able to navigate the river for about 120 km, to Apura, Suriname.

Waterfalls

The Wonotobo Falls, Frederik Willem IV (Anora) Falls, and the King George VI Falls are on the Courantyne River. Other falls include the Barrington Brown Falls, the Drios Falls and the Maopityan Falls.

Territorial dispute

Between the upper reaches of the Courantyne, the Upper Courantyne, the Coeroeni and the Koetari rivers lay the controversial Tigri Area claimed by both Suriname and Guyana. The Guyanese–Surinamese border is the Guyanese river bank (the west bank of the river), Suriname regarded the left bank of the Courantyne as a border, but Guyana disputes this and viewed the center of the river as a frontier, based on the Thalweg Doctrine. This conflict, which has been fueled since the colonial era, was solved in 2007 by a verdict by the Hague Arbitration Court, which settles the border between Guyana and Suriname on the left bank of the river, and the river water body belonging to Suriname. The tribunal that defined the maritime boundary between Suriname and Guyana in 2007 confirmed Surinamese sovereignty over the full width of the Courantyne River. [3] [4] Suriname has control over all ship traffic from the mouth of the Courantyne.

See also

Related Research Articles

Foreign relations of Suriname

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Geography of Guyana

The Geography of Guyana comprises the physical characteristics of the country in Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela, with a land area of approximately 214,969 square kilometres. The country is situated between 1 and 9 north latitude and between 56 and 62 west longitude. With a 459 km (285 mi)-long Atlantic coastline on the northeast, Guyana is bounded by Venezuela on the west, Brazil on the west and south, and Suriname on the east. The land comprises three main geographical zones: the coastal plain, the white sand belt and the interior highlands.

British Guiana British possession in the Guianas region between 1814–1966

British Guiana was a British colony, part of the mainland British West Indies, which resides on the northern coast of South America. Since 1966 it has been known as the independent nation of Guyana.

Thalweg Line of lowest elevation in a watercourse or valley

In geography and fluvial geomorphology, a thalweg or talweg is the line of lowest elevation within a valley or watercourse.

East Berbice-Corentyne Region of Guyana

East Berbice-Corentyne is one of ten regions in Guyana covering the whole of the east of the country. It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south and the regions of Mahaica-Berbice, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Potaro-Siparuni and Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo to the west.

Crabwood Creek town in East Berbice–Corentyne, Guyana

Crabwood Creek is a small community on the Corentyne River in the East Berbice–Corentyne region of Guyana. The population of 4,459 people as of 2012 and primarily Indo-Guyanese.

Orealla Place in East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana

Orealla is an Indigenous community in the East Berbice-Corentyne Region of Guyana, on the Courantyne River, approximately 33 miles (53 km) south of Crabwood Creek and 11 miles (18 km) north of Epira, located at 5°17′50″N57°20′50″W, altitude 11 metres. 15 miles (24 km) south-east on the other side of the Courantyne River lies the Surinamese village of Apoera. Orealla is an indigenous village.

Apoera Place in Sipaliwini District, Suriname

Apoera, also Apura, is a town in western Suriname. The village has a population of 777 people as of 2020. It is the final destination of the Southern East-West Link. 24 kilometres (15 mi) north-west on the other side of the Courantyne River lies the Guyanese village of Orealla. The village is home to the Lokono tribe, but has been westernized. Due to the influx of people of Guyana, the languages used are English, and Sranan Tongo. Dutch is rarely spoken and the native language has all but disappeared. According to the oral tradition, Apoera was founded around 1920 by the Gordon family.

Moleson Creek Place in East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana

Moleson Creek is a community on the Corentyne River in the East Berbice-Corentyne region of Guyana, and home to the Guyana-Suriname ferry stelling. It is north of Orealla Mission, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Corriverton, and approximately 90 km (56 mi) from New Amsterdam.

The Corantijn, Corantijn or Courantyne River is the Border River between Suriname and Guyana. The Corantijn Basin is one of a number of archaeological sites located in the hinterland of Suriname, South America. The Suriname archaeological sites provide information on Indigenous Peoples who lived in Suriname before 1492. Most of the petroglyphs are in the Corantijn Basin site. Petroglyphs provide an important insight into the ceremonial, mythical and religious world of these precontact indigenous peoples.

Guyana Country in South America

Guyana, officially the Co‑operative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America and the capital city is Georgetown. Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east. With 215,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi), Guyana is the third-smallest sovereign state by area in mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname; it is also the second-least populous sovereign state in South America after Suriname.

Index of Guyana-related articles Wikipedia index

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Co-operative Republic of Guyana.

Kutari River Small tributary river in Suriname

Kutari River, also called Cutari Rivier, Kutari Creek or Cutari Creek, is a small river at the South East of the Tigri Area in the extreme South of Suriname.

New River (South America)

The New River is a river of South America. It forms the Western border of the Tigri Area, a disputed territory that is claimed by both Guyana and Suriname. From a Surinamese perspective it is also called the Upper Corantyne River.

Coeroeni River

The Coeroeni River is a river in South America. It arises in the Tumuc-Humac Mountains, which forms the drainage divide between Pará, Brazil, and Suriname; from there it flows northward. The river is fed by the Aramatau, Kutari and Sipaliwini River. The Coeroeni goes on to form the border of the disputed Tigri Area by Guyana and Suriname. It eventually flows into the Courantyne River, which forms the international boundary between Guyana–Suriname.

South Drain Place in Nickerie District, Suriname

South Drain, also Zuiddrain, is a town in western Suriname. Since the pavement of 32 kilometres (20 mi) road section to Nieuw Nickerie, it is the final destination of the northern East-West Link. The European Union funded the reconstruction, which started in 2007, with 13.2 million euro. The section was opened on 30 April 2010. There is a jeep trail between South Drain and Apoera, connecting the Northern East-West Link with the Southern East-West Link. Contrary to earlier plans, the pavement of this road is not imminent.

Borders of Suriname

The borders of Suriname consist of land borders with three countries: Guyana, Brazil, and France. The borders with Guyana and France are in dispute, but the border with Brazil has been uncontroversial since 1906.

Berbice Bridge

The Berbice Bridge is a pontoon bridge over the Berbice River near New Amsterdam in Guyana. The bridge is tolled and was opened on 23 December 2008.

Tigri Area Disputed area between Guyana and Suriname

The Tigri Area is a wooded area that has been disputed since around 1840 by Suriname and Guyana. It involves the area between the Upper Corentyne River, the Coeroeni River and the Kutari River. This triangular area is in Guyana known as the New River Triangle. In 1969 the conflict ran high on and since then the Tigri Area is controlled by Guyana and claimed by Suriname. In 1971 both governments in Trinidad agreed that they continue talks over the border issue and withdraw their military forces from the disputed Triangle. Guyana has never held upon this agreement.

Guyana–Suriname relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Guyana and the Republic of Suriname

Guyana – Suriname relations refer to the bilateral relations between Guyana and Suriname. Suriname has an embassy in Georgetown. Guyana has an embassy in Paramaribo. The Courantyne River makes up most of the border between the two countries.

References

  1. "Zombie Creek, Guyana - Geographical Names, map, geographic coordinates". geographic.org. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
  2. Schipper, Jan; Teunissen, Pieter; Lim, Burton, Northern South America: Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, northern Brazil, and eastern Venezuela (NT0125) , retrieved 2017-04-03
  3. Permanent Court of Arbitration - Guyana/Suriname Archived 2013-02-08 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Award of the Tribunal Archived 2011-01-02 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 5°57′N57°06′W / 5.950°N 57.100°W / 5.950; -57.100