Courtauld Gallery

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Courtauld Gallery
Courtauld Gallery logo.gif
Coultauld Galleries.jpg
Interior of the Courtauld Gallery
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Location within Central London
Established1932;88 years ago (1932)
Location Somerset House, Strand
London, WC2
England
Coordinates Coordinates: 51°30′42.3″N0°07′02.9″W / 51.511750°N 0.117472°W / 51.511750; -0.117472
TypeArt collection
Collection size530 paintings; 26,000 drawings
Director Ernst Vegelin
Public transit access Underground no-text.svg Temple
National Rail logo.svg Charing Cross
Website courtauld.ac.uk

The Courtauld Gallery ( UK: /ˈkɔːrtld/ ) is an art museum in Somerset House, on the Strand in central London. It houses the art collection of the Courtauld Institute of Art, a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art.

Contents

The Courtauld collection was formed largely through donations and bequests and includes paintings, drawings, sculptures and other works from medieval to modern times; it is particularly known for its French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings. The collection contains some 530 paintings and over 26,000 drawings and prints. [1] The head of the Courtauld Gallery is Ernst Vegelin. [2] The gallery closed on 3 September, 2018 for a major redevelopment, called Courtauld Connects, and is due to reopen in 2021. [3] [4]

History

Pugin's Exhibition Room, Somerset House, showing a room which is now part of the Courtauld Gallery The Exhibition Room at Somerset House by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin. 1800..jpg
Pugin's Exhibition Room, Somerset House, showing a room which is now part of the Courtauld Gallery

The Courtauld Institute was founded in 1932 through the philanthropic efforts of the industrialist and art collector Samuel Courtauld, the diplomat and collector Lord Lee of Fareham, and the art historian Sir Robert Witt.

The art collection at the Courtauld was begun by Samuel Courtauld, who in the same year presented an extensive collection of paintings, mainly French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works. He made further gifts later in the 1930s and a bequest in 1948.

A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (1882) by Edouard Manet Edouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergere.jpg
A Bar at the Folies-Bergère (1882) by Édouard Manet

His collection included Manet's A Bar at the Folies-Bergère and a version of the Déjeuner sur l'Herbe , Renoir's La Loge , landscapes by Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro, a ballet scene by Edgar Degas, and a group of eight major works by Cézanne. Other paintings include Vincent van Gogh's Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear and Peach Blossoms in the Crau, Gauguin's Nevermore and Te Rerioa, and important works by Seurat, Henri "le Douanier" Rousseau, Toulouse-Lautrec and Modigliani.

Further bequests were added after the Second World War, most notably the collection of Old Master paintings assembled by Lord Lee, a founder of the Institute. This included Cranach's Adam and Eve and a sketch in oils by Peter Paul Rubens for what is arguably his masterpiece, the Deposition altarpiece in Antwerp Cathedral.

Sir Robert Witt, also a founder of the Courtauld Institute, was an outstanding benefactor and bequeathed his important collection of Old Master and British drawings in 1952. His bequest included 20,000 prints and more than 3000 drawings. His son, Sir John Witt, later gave more English watercolours and drawings to the Gallery.

In 1958 Pamela Diamand, the daughter of Roger Fry (1866–1934), the eminent art critic and founder of the Omega Workshops, donated his collection of 20th-century art including works by Bloomsbury Group artists Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant.

In 1966 Mark Gambier-Parry, son of Major Ernest Gambier-Parry, bequeathed the diverse collection of art formed by his grandfather, Thomas Gambier Parry, which ranged from Early Italian Renaissance painting to majolica, medieval enamel and ivory carvings, and other types of art (see section below).

Dr William Wycliffe Spooner (1882–1967) and his wife Mercie added to the Gallery's collection of English watercolours in 1967 with a bequest of works by John Constable, John Sell Cotman, Alexander and John Robert Cozens, Thomas Gainsborough, Thomas Girtin, Samuel Palmer, Thomas Rowlandson, Paul Sandby, Francis Towne, J. M. W. Turner, Peter De Wint and others. [1] [5]

In 1974 a group of thirteen watercolours by Turner was presented in memory of Sir Stephen Courtauld, famous for restoring Eltham Palace, and the brother of Samuel Courtauld, one of the founders of the Institute.

In 1978 the Courtauld received the Princes Gate Collection of Old Master paintings and drawings formed by Count Antoine Seilern. The collection rivals the Samuel Courtauld Collection in importance. It includes paintings by Bernardo Daddi, Robert Campin, Bruegel, Quentin Matsys, Van Dyck and Tiepolo, but is strongest in the works of Rubens. The bequest also included a group of 19th- and 20th‑century works by Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Oskar Kokoschka.

More recently the Lillian Browse and Alastair Hunter collections have given the Courtauld more late 19th- and 20th‑century paintings, drawings and sculptures.

A collection of more than 50 British watercolours, including eight by Turner, was left to the Gallery by Dorothy Scharf in 2004. [6]

The gallery closed on 3 September 2018 for at least two years during a major redevelopment costing £50M. [4]

Location

The Strand block of Somerset House, designed by William Chambers from 1775 to 1780, home of the Courtauld Institute and the Courtauld Gallery since 1989 Somerset House, Strand.jpg
The Strand block of Somerset House, designed by William Chambers from 1775 to 1780, home of the Courtauld Institute and the Courtauld Gallery since 1989

From 1958 to 1989 the Courtauld collection was housed in part of the premises of the Warburg Institute in Woburn Square; [7] it was thus separated from the Courtauld Institute, which was in Home House, Portman Square.

Since 1989 it has been housed, together with the Courtauld Institute, in the North or Strand block of Somerset House, in the rooms designed and purpose-built by Sir William Chambers for the learned societies, namely the Royal Academy (of which Chambers was the first Treasurer), the Royal Society and the Society of Antiquaries.

The Royal Academy occupied them from their completion in 1780 until it moved to the new National Gallery building in Trafalgar Square in 1837. Inscribed over the entrance to the Great Room, in which the annual Royal Academy summer exhibition was held, is the formidable inscription ΟΥΔΕΙΣ ΑΜΟΥΣΟΣ ΕΙΣΙΤΩ ("Let no stranger to the Muses enter" in Ancient Greek). [8]

Highlights of the collection

Paintings

Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, by Vincent van Gogh; oil on canvas; Arles, January 1889 Vincent van Gogh - Self-portrait with bandaged ear (1889, Courtauld Institute).jpg
Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear , by Vincent van Gogh; oil on canvas; Arles, January 1889
The Customs Post, c. 1890; by Henri Rousseau The Customs Post by Henri Rousseau c1890.jpg
The Customs Post, c. 1890; by Henri Rousseau
Portrait of Don Francisco de Saavedra, by Francisco Goya Francisco-Saavedra-by-Goya.jpg
Portrait of Don Francisco de Saavedra, by Francisco Goya

Dutch School

Early Netherlandish

English School

Flemish School

French School

German School

Italian School

Spanish School

Gambier-Parry Collection

Most of the Gambier-Parry items on display at the Courtauld Gallery are in this room on the ground floor. Courtauld galleries, prima sala.JPG
Most of the Gambier-Parry items on display at the Courtauld Gallery are in this room on the ground floor.

Thomas Gambier Parry (1816–1888) was a keen and versatile collector for most of his adult life. Many of his purchases were made on trips to the continent, especially Italy, but he also bought from dealers and auctions in England, and sometimes sold items.

His most important collections were of late medieval and Early Renaissance paintings, small sculpted reliefs, ivories, and maiolica, but he also had a significant early collection of Islamic metalwork, and a variety of other types of objects, for example Hispano-Moresque ware, glass and three small post-Byzantine wooden crosses from Mount Athos elaborately carved with miniature scenes.

The Courtauld Gallery website shows images and descriptions of 324 objects from the 1966 bequest, which included the bulk of the collection. [9]

Lorenzo Monaco, Coronation of the Virgin, 1388-90 Lorenzo Monaco, Coronation of the Virgin, Christ Redeemer, 1388-90, Courtauld Institute of Art Gallery.jpg
Lorenzo Monaco, Coronation of the Virgin, 1388-90

Gambier Parry began by collecting mostly 16th- and 17th-century works, but his focus gradually moved to 14th- and 15th-century works, still relatively little collected, although Prince Albert was among British collectors of "Italian Primitives", as Trecento paintings were then known. Among his most important paintings were a Coronation of the Virgin by Lorenzo Monaco, one of the larger works in the collection, three predella panels with roundels of Christ and saints by Fra Angelico, and a small but important diptych of the Annunciation by Pesellino. There are two further predella panels by Lorenzo Monaco, and many other small panels by lesser-known masters. Later Renaissance works include ones by Il Garofalo, Sassoferrato, and there is a Baroque Assumption by Francesco Solimena. There are a number of illuminated manuscript pages from the workshop of the Boucicaut Master.

The sculptures include three fine 15th-century marble reliefs of the Virgin and Child, the most significant by Mino da Fiesole. [10] There is a Limoges enamel book cover panel, a number of Renaissance Limoges items, and several small Gothic ivories. [10] [11] [12]

Resources

The Courtauld publishes an online image collection, artandarchitecture.org.uk, [13] which provides access to more than 40,000 images, including paintings and drawings from The Courtauld Gallery, and over 35,000 photographs of architecture and sculpture from the Conway Library of the Institute. The site was developed with the support of the New Opportunities Fund.

Two other websites courtauldimages.com [14] and courtauldprints.com [15] sell high resolution digital files to scholars, publishers and broadcasters, and photographic prints to the general public.

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 John Murdoch (1998). The Courtauld Gallery at Somerset House. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 7.
  2. Dr Ernst Vegelin van Claerbergen. The Courtauld Institute of Art, 2013. Accessed April 2013. Archived here.
  3. "After the National Gallery, the Courtauld is the latest London institution to send masterpieces to Japan". www.theartnewspaper.com.
  4. 1 2 correspondent, Mark Brown Arts (23 November 2017). "Courtauld Gallery to close for two years for £50m revamp" via www.theguardian.com.
  5. Michael Broughton; William Clarke; Joanna Selborne (2005). The Spooner Collection of British watercolours at the Courtauld Institute Gallery, exhibition catalogue. [London]: Courtauld Institute of Art. ISBN   9781870787963.
  6. The Collection: Drawings and Prints: the collectors. Courtauld Institute of Art, 2012. Accessed April 2013.
  7. About Us: A Short History of the Courtauld. The Courtauld Institute of Art, 2011. Accessed April 2013.
  8. Farr, Dennis; Newman, John (1990). Guide to the Courtauld Institute Galleries at Somerset House. London: Courtauld Institute Galleries. p. 36.
  9. Search for "Gambier Parry" on A&A – art and architecture. The Courtauld Institute of Art. Accessed June 2013.
  10. 1 2 John Pope-Hennessy (March 1967). "Three Marble Reliefs in the Gambier-Parry Collection". The Burlington Magazine , The Gambier-Parry Bequest to The University of London. 109(768): 117-121+123. (subscription required).
  11. Anthony Blunt (March 1967). "The History of Thomas Gambier Parry's Collection". The Burlington Magazine, The Gambier-Parry Bequest to The University of London. 109(768): 112-116+119+135+141+145-146+150+153+159-160+167+171. (subscription required).
  12. John Valentine Granville Mallet (March 1967). "Italian Maiolica in the Gambier-Parry Collection". The Burlington Magazine, The Gambier-Parry Bequest to The University of London. 109(768): 144–151. (subscription required).
  13. Art and architecture. The Courtauld Institute of Art. Accessed April 2013.
  14. Courtauld Images. The Courtauld Institute of Art. Accessed April 2013.
  15. Courtauld Prints. Courtauld Gallery of Art. Accessed April 2013.