Covasna County

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Covasna County

Județul Covasna

Kovászna megye
Landscape Covasna County.jpg
Landscape in the northern part of Covasna County
Coa Romania County Kovaszna.svg
Coat of arms
Covasna in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°54′N26°02′E / 45.9°N 26.03°E / 45.9; 26.03 Coordinates: 45°54′N26°02′E / 45.9°N 26.03°E / 45.9; 26.03
CountryFlag of Romania.svg  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Sfântu Gheorghe
Government
  TypeCounty Board
  President of the County BoardJános Demeter (UDMR)
  Prefect2Ervin György
Area
  Total3,710 km2 (1,430 sq mi)
Area rank 39th in Romania
Population
 (2011)
  Total210,177 [1]
  Rank 42nd in Romania
  Density60/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
52wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x67 4
Car plates CV5
GDPUS$1.275 billion (2015)
GDP per capita US$6,071 (2015)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Covasna County (Romanian pronunciation:  [koˈvasna] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), Hungarian : Kovászna, Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈkovaːsnɒ] ) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Sfântu Gheorghe.

Contents

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 210,177, making it the second least populous of Romania's 41 counties and the population density was 55.6/km2.

In 2002 the ethnic composition of the county was as follows:

According to the 2011 census, the composition of the county was:

Covasna County has the second-greatest percentage of Hungarian population in Romania, just behind the neighboring county of Harghita. The Hungarians of Covasna are primarily Székelys.

YearCounty population [4]
1948Increase2.svg 157,166
1956Increase2.svg 172,509
1966Increase2.svg 176,858
1977Increase2.svg 199,017
1992Increase2.svg 232,592
2002Decrease2.svg 222,449
2011Decrease2.svg 210,177

Geography

Covasna county has a total area of 3,710 km2.

The main part of the relief consists of mountains from the Eastern Carpathians group. Most localities can be found in the valleys and depressions located along the different rivers crossing the county. The main river is the Olt River; along its banks lies the capital city Sfântu Gheorghe.

Neighbours

Economy

Covasna County's industry's main sectors are food industry (33.79%), ready-made garment and textile (21.93%), wood and wooden products (14.98%), metals, machines and automotive suppliers (10.31%), building materials (9.68%). Other sectors of industry are chemicals (4.67%), toys (2.02%), water (1.09%), printing (0.45%), energy (0.13%), jewelry (0.05%), and other industrial activities (0.83%).

Industry represents 42.53% of Covasna County's economy. The other main sectors are trade with 30.98%, services 11.38%, agriculture 9.71%, construction 5.78%, and R&D and high-tech 2.63%.

Companies from Covasna County's industry produced in 2014 almost half a billion EUR (477 199 849 EUR) turnover, with a staggering 10.78% increase in volume compared to the preceding year's income.

One of Covasna County's main industrial sectors is the ready-made garment industry, where processing companies are owned by German investors, who started to establish first brown-field investments in 1992, and since then they operate nine factories producing yearly 5 million trousers for brands like Bosch, Meyer, Wegener. Other privately owned companies in the field of textiles, producing different articles; some of them have their own brand, while the others work in lohn systems.

In 2015 the Schweighoffer Holzindustrie started, after investing 150 million EUR in a new plant for primary wood processing. With the rich forested areas, Covasna has a long tradition of sawn timber export and production of furniture and other finished wooden products. Recently created the ProWood Cluster in the interest of the industry.

A few years ago automotive industry suppliers were established, with two new plants producing steering wheels and electric circuits for vehicles. The automotive industry suppliers from Covasna and neighboring Braşov are offers a vast pallet of competitive products, from boards for Mercedes cars to Airbus helicopters, while having a good potential for growth. Nevertheless, is important to mention Poliprod, the French owned family business of Champrenaut Group involved in steel work, locksmithery, welding, machining or the major producer of electric ceramic heaters in Eastern Europe, member of the Canadian Delta Group. This industry can build up its workforce with new students from the large technical university in Brasov.

Covalact is a well-known national dairy product brand, now owned by Dutch investors. Another milk processing plant is under brand Olympus, with Greek investors, establishing its HQ in the county.

Meat processing companies are the Bertis and Toro Impex, who are regionally active players, while the Norvegian Orkla food producing network has a meat canning plant in Covasna.

Dunapack, a member of the Austrian Prizhorn, supplies corrugated cardboard boxes to almost all industry branches, from FMCG to fruit, vegetables and electronics.

While IT&C as an industry sector is in emerging state, Covasna County's strategy for development plans to use this field of activity as one pillar for development. Many new start-ups are in the area successful deploying large projects for sound international companies. Many young technicians arrive from universities.

Agriculture represents 4.83% of Covasna County's economy, mainly producing varieties of potatoes, several companies being able to supply selected and packaged crops for hyper-markets. Other agricultural products are rapeseed, grains, and cabbage.

Covasna County, with many mineral water springs, has developed during history a network of spas for treating different health problems, mainly cardio-vascular. There is a good potential for development of this field of health and spa tourism.

Tourism

Mikes-Szentkereszty manor-house of Zagon Zagon Mikes Szentkereszty-kuria.jpg
Mikes-Szentkereszty manor-house of Zagon
Daniel Castle of Talisoara Olasztelek Daniel kastely.jpg
Daniel Castle of Tălișoara
Baraolt Mountains Barot (Baraolt) from Agostonfalva.jpg
Baraolt Mountains

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

Politics

The Covasna County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 31 counsellors, with the following party composition: [5]

   PartySeatsCurrent County Council
  Democratic Alliance of Hungarians (UDMR)22                    
 Hungarian Alliance Of Transylvania3                    
  National Liberal Party (PNL)3                    
  Social Democratic Party (PSD)3                    

Administrative divisions

Fortified church in Sfantu Gheorghe Sepsiszentgyorgyi reformatus vartemplom.jpg
Fortified church in Sfântu Gheorghe
Targu Secuiesc Kezdi centre3.JPG
Târgu Secuiesc

Covasna County has two municipalities, three towns and 40 communes.

See also

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References

  1. "8. Populatia Stabila Dupa Etnie". Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Recensamantul Populatiei si Locuintelor 2011: Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune". Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  4. National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2 November 2020.