Covina, California

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Covina, California
City of Covina
Covina Downtown.jpg
Downtown Covina
Seal covina ca.png
Motto(s): 
"One Mile Square and All There", "Where Friendship is Traditional" (1965)
Los Angeles County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Covina Highlighted 0616742.svg
Location of Covina in Los Angeles County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Covina, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°5′30″N117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917 Coordinates: 34°5′30″N117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of Los Angeles County, California.svg Los Angeles
Founded1882[ citation needed ]
Incorporated August 14, 1901 [1]
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Jorge Marquez [2]
   Mayor Pro Tem Patricia Cortez [2]
   Councilmember Walter Allen III [2]
  CouncilmemberVictor Linares [2]
  CouncilmemberJohn King [2]
Area
[3]
  Total7.05 sq mi (18.26 km2)
  Land7.04 sq mi (18.22 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.22%
Elevation
[4]
558 ft (170 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total51,268
  Density7,286.53/sq mi (2,813.39/km2)
Demonym(s) Covinan
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
91722–91724 [5]
Area code 626 [6]
FIPS code 06-16742
GNIS feature IDs 1652693, 2410251
Website Covina, California

Covina is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, about 22 miles (35 km) east of downtown Los Angeles, in the San Gabriel Valley. The population was 47,796 at the 2010 census, up from 46,837 at the 2000 census. The city's slogan, "One Mile Square and All There", was coined when the incorporated area of the city was only one square mile.

Contents

History

Modern-day Covina sits on land that was originally part of Rancho La Puente, a Mexican era rancho grant. Rancho La Puente.png
Modern-day Covina sits on land that was originally part of Rancho La Puente, a Mexican era rancho grant.

Present-day Covina was originally within the homelands of the indigenous Tongva people for 5,000 to 8,000 years. In the 18th century it the became part of Rancho La Puente in Alta California, a 1770s Spanish colonial and 1842 Mexican land grant.

The city of Covina was founded in 1882 by Joseph Swift Phillips, on a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) tract that was purchased from the holdings of John Edward Hollenbeck, one of the 1842 grantees of Rancho La Puente. In 1875 Hollenbeck had purchased a failed coffee plantation from three Costa Rican brothers, Pedro Maria Badilla, Julian Badilla, and Pedro Antonio Badilla; the latter purchased it from the heirs of Hollenbeck's 1842 co-grantee John A. Rowland. [7] Four streets of Covina were named after these people, as well as Rancho La Puente, which include Badillo Street, Puente Street, Rowland Street, and Hollenbeck Avenue.

The City of Covina was named by a young engineer, Frederick Eaton, who was hired by Phillips to survey the area. Impressed by the way that the valleys of the adjacent San Gabriel Mountains formed a natural cove around the vineyards that had been planted by the region's earlier pioneers, Eaton merged the words "cove" and "vine", and in 1885, created the name Covina for the new township. [8]

The city was incorporated in 1901, the townsite bounded by Puente Street on the south, 1st Avenue on the east, the alley north of College Street on the north, and 4th Avenue on the west. The city's slogan, "One Mile Square and All There", [8] was coined by Mrs F. E. Wolfarth, the winner of a 1922 slogan contest sponsored by the chamber of commerce. [9]

It was not vineyards but orange and grapefruit groves that blanketed the city. By 1909, the city was the third-largest orange producer in the world, [8] and it still claimed to have "the best oranges in the world" as late as the 1950s. Since World War II, however, the orange groves have been largely replaced by single-family (houses) and multiple-family (apartments) dwellings. [10]

The Covina Valley Historical Society maintains an archive illustrating the city's history in the 1911-built Firehouse Jail Museum, Covina's first municipal building, located immediately behind City Hall in Covina's Old Town. [8]

Opened in 1997, the Covina AMC 30 located at Arrow Highway and Azusa Avenue is one of the busiest theatres in the United States. [11] The movie theater was built on the site of a former Sears building and claims to have the largest movie multiplex in Los Angeles County.

It has been a sister city of Xalapa, Mexico, since 1964. A replica of a giant stone Olmec head, located in a place of honor in Parque Xalapa, was given to the city in 1989 by the state of Veracruz. [12] According to the placard placed below the head, it was originally excavated from San Lorenzo de Tenochtitlan. The statue was later moved from its location in front of the police department to Jalapa Park in the southeast portion of the city.

2008 marked both the opening as well as charter season of the Covina Center for the Performing Arts, a newly remodeled multimillion-dollar theatrical venue in downtown Covina.

2008 massacre

On December 24, 2008, a shooting and arson occurred. Bruce Jeffrey Pardo, dressed in a Santa Claus costume, entered a Christmas party at his ex-wife's residence and opened fire. After the shootings, Pardo unwrapped a Christmas package containing a homemade flamethrower and used it to set the home ablaze. When he left, nine family members were dead and the house was engulfed in flames. After the massacre, Pardo drove his rental car to his brother's house in Sylmar, approximately 30 miles (48 km) away from the attack. He was later found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. [13] The slayings left 15 children without one or both parents. [14]

Geography

Covina is located at 34°5′30″N117°52′45″W / 34.09167°N 117.87917°W / 34.09167; -117.87917 (34.091609, -117.879193). [15]

The only freeway that passes through the area is a very small stretch of Interstate 10. Covina is centered in the midst of Interstate 210 (Foothill Freeway) to the north, Interstate 605 (San Gabriel River Freeway) to the west, State Route 57 (Orange Freeway) to the east, and Interstate 10 to the south. [12]

The Southern Pacific Railroad, which reached Covina in 1884, and the Metrolink San Bernardino Line pass through the city just north of the downtown area. The town is located at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountains in the San Gabriel Valley. [12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.0 square miles (18 km2)—99.78% of it is land and 0.22% of it is water.

Climate

This region experiences hot, dry summers and mild, occasionally rainy winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Covina has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Covina, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)60
(16)
62
(17)
70
(21)
75
(24)
76
(24)
80
(27)
89
(32)
88
(31)
87
(31)
79
(26)
73
(23)
70
(21)
76
(24)
Average low °F (°C)42
(6)
47
(8)
50
(10)
55
(13)
57
(14)
64
(18)
65
(18)
63
(17)
63
(17)
57
(14)
49
(9)
44
(7)
55
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm)3.68
(93)
4.66
(118)
3.00
(76)
1.10
(28)
.38
(9.7)
.15
(3.8)
.04
(1.0)
.07
(1.8)
.33
(8.4)
.78
(20)
1.45
(37)
2.42
(61)
18.06
(457.7)
[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1930 2,774
1940 3,0499.9%
1950 3,95629.7%
1960 20,124408.7%
1970 30,39551.0%
1980 32,7467.7%
1990 43,20731.9%
2000 46,8378.4%
2010 47,7962.0%
2020 51,2687.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [17] reported that Covina had a population of 47,796. The population density was 6,788.3 people per square mile (2,621.0/km2). The racial makeup of Covina was 27,937 (58.5%) White (29.9% Non-Hispanic White), [18] 2,013 (4.2%) African American, 532 (1.1%) Native American, 5,684 (11.9%) Asian, 104 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 9,230 (19.3%) from other races, and 2,296 (4.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25,030 persons (52.4%).

The Census reported that 47,361 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 68 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 367 (0.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 15,855 households, out of which 6,396 (40.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,931 (50.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,815 (17.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,072 (6.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 978 (6.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 94 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,153 households (19.9%) were made up of individuals, and 1,179 (7.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99. There were 11,818 families (74.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.43.

The population was spread out, with 11,896 people (24.9%) under the age of 18, 5,043 people (10.6%) aged 18 to 24, 13,113 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 12,174 people (25.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,570 people (11.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

There were 16,576 housing units at an average density of 2,354.2 per square mile (909.0/km2), of which 9,256 (58.4%) were owner-occupied, and 6,599 (41.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.4%. 28,707 people (60.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 18,654 people (39.0%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Covina had a median household income of $66,726, with 11.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [18]

An additional 31,072 residents live in zip codes associated with Covina but outside the city limits, making the total Covina-area population 78,868 at the time of the 2010 census. [19]

2000

As of the census of 2000, [20] there were 46,837 people, 15,971 households, and 11,754 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,723.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,594.5/km2). There were 16,364 housing units at an average density of 2,349.1 per square mile (906.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.10% White, 5.03% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 9.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 17.18% from other races, and 4.78% from two or more races. 40.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [12]

There were 15,971 households, out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.36. [12]

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males. [12]

The median income for a household in the city was $48,474, and the median income for a family was $55,111. Males had a median income of $40,687 versus $32,329 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,231. About 8.9% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over. [12]

An additional 30,000 residents live in unincorporated areas of the three zip codes associated with Covina but outside the city limits, making the total Covina-area population 76,417.

Latinos in Covina

Hispanics made up 13% of Covina's residents in 1980, 26% in 1990, 40% in 2000, and 52% in 2010. [21]

Government and infrastructure

Local government in Covina is run by an elected city council through their hired city manager. Covina residents are represented at-large, currently by the following elected officials: Mayor Jorge Marquez, Mayor Pro Tem Patricia Cortez, Councilmember John King, Councilmember Walter Allen III, and Councilmember Victor Linares. [22]

In the California State Legislature, Covina is in the 22nd Senate District , represented by Democrat Susan Rubio, and in the 48th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Blanca Rubio. [23]

In the United States House of Representatives, Covina is in California's 32nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano. [24]

Covinians who access county health services may use the Pomona Health Center in Pomona or the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, both operated by the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. [25] [26]

Economy

Top employers

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [27] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Covina Valley Unified School District 1,291
2Citrus Valley Medical Center1,139
3 Charter Oak Unified School District 584
4 Wal-Mart 286
5Magan Medical Clinic270
6 City of Covina 268
7 Bert's Mega Mall 220
8 Pall Medical202
9MedLegal193
10 IKEA 186

Covina is the fictional setting for the Harold Teen comic strip and 1934 movie that depicted several teenagers from Covina High School. A downtown Covina malt shop was named the Sugar Bowl (with the permission of the artist Carl Eds), imitating the after-school gathering place in the comic strip.

Scenes from several movies were filmed in Covina, including:

Notable people

Sister city

Covina has one sister city:

See also

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References

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  11. "North Azusa". City of Covina: The Tour. Archived from the original on February 24, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2007. During the summer of 1999 the Covina AMC 30 Theater was ranked 28th in the United States in attendance.
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  13. "Coroner: Ninth body found in ruins of 'Santa massacre' home". CNN. December 26, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2008. The car was parked outside a Sylmar, California, home where Bruce Jeffrey Pardo, 45, committed suicide hours after he opened fire at a holiday party and then started a raging blaze inside a Covina, California, home, police said.
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  1. "Covina City Web Page | City of Covina California". covinaca.gov. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  2. "Visit Covina For Shopping, Dining, Entertainment & More | Downtown Covina CA". Covina.com. Retrieved August 30, 2019.