Coxhoe

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Coxhoe
Durham UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coxhoe
Location within County Durham
Population7,020 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference NZ320356
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DURHAM
Postcode district DH6
Dialling code 0191
Police Durham
Fire County Durham and Darlington
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
County Durham
54°42′50″N1°30′11″W / 54.714°N 1.503°W / 54.714; -1.503 Coordinates: 54°42′50″N1°30′11″W / 54.714°N 1.503°W / 54.714; -1.503

Coxhoe is a village in County Durham, England. [2] [3] It is situated about 5 miles (8 km) south of Durham City centre. The civil parish also includes nearby Quarrington Hill. The electoral ward of Coxhoe stretches beyond the boundaries of the parish and has a total population of 7,027. [4]

Contents

History

The earliest artefact to have been found in the area is a simple Bronze Age axe. There are few other remains from before the medieval period. The area only really developed in the medieval period. Another now deserted, village also grew up at Coxhoe East House, but this was probably deserted by the early 15th century.

The modern village of Coxhoe developed during the 18th and 19th centuries, spurred by coal mining, first recorded in 1750. Coxhoe Colliery was sunk in 1827; from 1801 to 1841 the population rose from 117 to 3904. Remains of other elements of the coal industry are still visible nearby. The buildings of Heugh Hall are now part of a farm, and the course of its wagon way is still visible as an earthwork.

Coxhoe had two railway stations, one at the south end and one at the north. There was a pottery at Coxhoe from 1769 producing coarse[ clarification needed ] brown pots, and from 1851 it also began to make clay tobacco pipes. Coxhoe also had its own gasworks, which produced gas from local coal; it was then sent around the village by a system of pipes. Most other coal was transported out of Coxhoe by the Clarence Railway.

Coxhoe Hall

Coxhoe Hall was a five-bay, 2+12-story house of c. 1725, built for John Burdon, on the site of a Tudor house. This plain, classical residence was later given a Gothic trim, with battlements and pointed windows. Poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning spent her early childhood there.

The earlier medieval house on the site belonged to the Blakiston Family from c.1400 to 1600, and afterwards to the Kennets and the Earls of Seaforth. John Burdon, responsible for rebuilding the house, also created the landscape gardens at Hardwick Hall, near Sedgefield. The house was bought by the East Hetton Colliery Company in 1938 and was used to house Italian and German prisoners-of-war in WW2. The hall was condemned as unsafe by the National Coal Board and demolished in 1956, leaving the ground plan and service yard still visible. Cellars are now filled with rubble and appear to contain much decorative plaster work from the demolished structure. The drive and gate posts still remain, as does a walled garden to the north-east which is now much overgrown.

Sport

Notable residents

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References

  1. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Coxhoe Parish (1170219729)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 93 Middlesbrough (Darlington & Hartlepool) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2010. ISBN   9780319228777.
  3. "Ordnance Survey: 1:50,000 Scale Gazetteer" (csv (download)). www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  4. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Coxhoe Ward (as of 2011) (1237326520)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  5. http://www.coxhoeathleticfc.co.uk/club/135727/Home

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