Critérium du Dauphiné

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Critérium du Dauphiné
Criterium du Dauphine logo.svg
Race details
DateEarly June
Region Rhône-Alpes, France
Local name(s)Critérium du Dauphiné(in French)
Nickname(s)The Dauphiné
Discipline Road
Competition UCI World Tour
Type Stage race
Organiser Amaury Sport Organisation
Race director Bernard Thévenet
Web site www.criterium-du-dauphine.fr OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
History
First edition1947 (1947)
Editions70
First winnerFlag of Poland.svg  Edouard Klabinski  (POL)
Most winsFlag of France.svg  Nello Lauredi  (FRA)
Flag of Spain.svg  Luis Ocaña  (ESP)
Flag of France.svg  Charly Mottet  (FRA)
Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR)
(3 wins)
Most recentFlag of Denmark.svg  Jakob Fuglsang  (DEN)

The Critérium du Dauphiné, before 2010 known as the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, is an annual cycling road race in the Dauphiné region in the southeast of France. The race is run over eight days during the first half of June. It is part of the UCI World Tour calendar and counts as one of the foremost races in the lead-up to the Tour de France in July, along with the Tour de Suisse in the latter half of June.

Contents

The race was inaugurated in 1947 by a local newspaper, the Dauphiné Libéré , which served as the event's title sponsor until 2009. [1] Since 2010 the race has been organized by ASO, which also organizes most other prominent French cycling races, notably the Tour de France, Paris–Nice and Paris–Roubaix.

Because the Dauphiné is set in the Rhône-Alpes region, part of the French Alps, the race's protagonists are often climbing specialists. [1] Many well-known climbs from the Tour de France – like the Mont Ventoux, the Col du Galibier or Col de la Chartreuse – are regularly addressed in the Dauphiné. Five riders, Nello Lauredi, Luis Ocaña, Charly Mottet, Bernard Hinault and Chris Froome, share the record of most wins, with three each. [2]

History

Creation

The race was created in 1947 by newspaper Le Dauphiné libéré to promote its circulation. After World War II, as cycling recovered from a universal five- or six-year hiatus, the Grenoble-based newspaper decided to create and organize a cycling stage race covering the Dauphiné region. The race was named after the newspaper and set in June, prior to the Tour de France. Polish rider Edouard Klabinski won the inaugural edition. [2]

Because of its mountainous route and date on the calendar, the race served as preparation for the Tour de France by French cyclists. French cycling icons Jean Robic and Louison Bobet used the Dauphiné Libéré as the ultimate stage race in their build-up towards the Tour de France.

The event was discontinued for two years in 1967 and 1968. The current form of the Critérium du Dauphiné is the consequence of a merger with the Circuit des Six-Provinces-Dauphiné in 1969. For many years, the organization of the Dauphiné was shared between the newspaper publishers and ASO. In 2010, the newspaper ceded all organizational responsibility to ASO, and the race's name was abbreviated to Critérium du Dauphiné. Since many decades, the race has also served as a test for both bike manufacturers to test advanced equipment, and for TV broadcasters preparing the Tour de France, as TV coverage is difficult in the mountainous region.

World Tour Event

Bradley Wiggins (in the yellow jersey) and Jean-Christophe Peraud during the 2011 Criterium du Dauphine. Braddley Wiggins et Jean Christophe Peraud.jpg
Bradley Wiggins (in the yellow jersey) and Jean-Christophe Péraud during the 2011 Critérium du Dauphiné.

In the 1990s the race was categorized as a UCI 2.HC event, cycling's highest-rated stage races behind the Grand Tours. [3] In 2005 it was included in the inaugural UCI Pro Tour and in 2011 in its successor, the UCI World Tour.

The Critérium du Dauphiné is the only race that was won by all the quintuple winners of the Tour de France, namely Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault and Miguel Indurain. Ten racers have also won the race and the Tour de France in the same year: Louison Bobet in 1955; Jacques Anquetil in 1963; Eddy Merckx in 1971; Luis Ocaña in 1973; Bernard Thévenet in 1975; Bernard Hinault in 1979 and 1981; Miguel Indurain in 1995; Bradley Wiggins in 2012; Chris Froome in 2013, 2015, and 2016; and Geraint Thomas in 2018. Disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong won the race in 2002 and 2003, but was retroactively stripped of his titles in 2013, in the wake of the protracted doping scandal. [4] [5] [6]

Route

Route of the 2011 race Route Criterium du Dauphine.png
Route of the 2011 race

The Dauphiné is raced over 8 days in the Rhône-Alpes region in the southeast of France, traditionally covering portions of the French Alps. The race has often, but not always, started with an opening prologue on Sunday. The Monday and Tuesday stages are usually held in the lower hilly regions of Rhône-Alpes, before addressing the high mountains in the second half of the Dauphiné. Often there is one long individual or team time trial included. [1]

Benefiting from its location and place on the calendar, race organizers often feature a mountain stage with a route that is nearly identical to what the Tour will trace one month later. [1]

Grenoble, the capital of the Dauphiné region, has hosted the start or finish of a stage most often. Other cities regularly hosting a stage are Avignon, Saint-Étienne, Annecy, Chambéry, Gap, Lyon, Aix-les-Bains, Valence, Briançon and Vals-les-Bains.

Jerseys

Jersey wearers at the 2011 event Criterium du Dauphine 2011 - Depart Pontcharra.JPG
Jersey wearers at the 2011 event

The leader of the general classification wears a yellow jersey with a blue band, distinct from the other racers. In 1948, a mountains classification was added, which as of 2017 gives a polka-dot jersey to the leader. In 1955, a points classification was added, which gives a green jersey to the leader.

Winners

YearCountryRiderTeam
1947 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Edward Klabiński Mercier–Hutchinson
1948 Flag of France.svg  France Édouard Fachleitner La Perle–Hutchinson
1949 Flag of France.svg  France Lucien Lazaridès France Sport–Dunlop
1950 Flag of France.svg  France Nello Lauredi Helyett–Hutchinson
1951 Flag of France.svg  France Nello Lauredi Helyett–Hutchinson
1952 Flag of France.svg  France Jean Dotto France Sport
1953 Flag of France.svg  France Lucien Teisseire Terrot–Hutchinson
1954 Flag of France.svg  France Nello Lauredi Terrot–Hutchinson
1955 Flag of France.svg  France Louison Bobet Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1956 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Alex Close Elvé–Peugeot
1957 Flag of France.svg  France Marcel Rohrbach Peugeot–BP–Dunlop
1958 Flag of France.svg  France Louis Rostollan Essor–Leroux
1959 Flag of France.svg  France Henry Anglade Liberia–Hutchinson
1960 Flag of France.svg  France Jean Dotto Liberia–Grammont
1961 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Brian Robinson Rapha–Gitane–Dunlop
1962 Flag of France.svg  France Raymond Mastrotto Gitane–Leroux–Dunlop–R. Geminiani
1963 Flag of France.svg  France Jacques Anquetil Saint-Raphaël–Gitane–R. Geminiani
1964 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Valentín Uriona Kas–Kaskol
1965 Flag of France.svg  France Jacques Anquetil Ford France–Gitane
1966 Flag of France.svg  France Raymond Poulidor Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1969 Flag of France.svg  France Raymond Poulidor Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1970 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Luis Ocaña Bic
1971 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Eddy Merckx Molteni
1972 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Luis Ocaña Bic
1973 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Luis Ocaña Bic
1974 Flag of France.svg  France Alain Santy Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson
1975 Flag of France.svg  France Bernard Thévenet Peugeot–BP–Michelin
1976 Flag of France.svg  France Bernard Thévenet Peugeot–Esso–Michelin
1977 Flag of France.svg  France Bernard Hinault Gitane–Campagnolo
1978 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Michel Pollentier Old Lord's–Splendor–K.S.B.
1979 Flag of France.svg  France Bernard Hinault Renault–Gitane
1980 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Johan van der Velde TI–Raleigh–Creda
1981 Flag of France.svg  France Bernard Hinault Renault–Elf–Gitane
1982 Flag of France.svg  France Michel Laurent Peugeot–Shell–Michelin
1983 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Greg LeMond [Note 1] Renault–Elf
1984 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Martín Ramírez Système U
1985 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Phil Anderson Panasonic–Raleigh
1986 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Urs Zimmermann Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
1987 Flag of France.svg  France Charly Mottet Système U
1988 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Luis Herrera Café de Colombia
1989 Flag of France.svg  France Charly Mottet RMO
1990 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Robert Millar Z–Tomasso
1991 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Luis Herrera Postobón–Manzana–Ryalcao
1992 Flag of France.svg  France Charly Mottet RMO
1993 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Laurent Dufaux ONCE
1994 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Laurent Dufaux ONCE
1995 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Miguel Indurain Banesto
1996 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Miguel Indurain Banesto
1997 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Udo Bölts Team Telekom
1998 Flag of France.svg  France Armand De Las Cuevas Banesto
1999 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Alexander Vinokourov Casino–Ag2r Prévoyance
2000 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tyler Hamilton U.S. Postal Service
2001 Flag of France.svg  France Christophe Moreau Festina
2002 Result void [7] [8]
2003 Result void [7] [8]
2004 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Iban Mayo Euskaltel–Euskadi
2005 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Iñigo Landaluze Euskaltel–Euskadi
2006 Result void [7] [8]
2007 Flag of France.svg  France Christophe Moreau AG2R Prévoyance
2008 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Alejandro Valverde Caisse d'Epargne
2009 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Alejandro Valverde Caisse d'Epargne
2010 Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Janez Brajkovič Team RadioShack
2011 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Bradley Wiggins Team Sky
2012 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Bradley Wiggins Team Sky
2013 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Chris Froome Team Sky
2014 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Andrew Talansky Garmin–Sharp
2015 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Chris Froome Team Sky
2016 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Chris Froome Team Sky
2017 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Jakob Fuglsang Astana
2018 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Geraint Thomas Team Sky
2019 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Jakob Fuglsang Astana

Multiple winners

Riders in italic are still active

WinsRiderEditions
3
Flag of France.svg  Nello Lauredi  (FRA) 1950, 1951, 1954
Flag of Spain.svg  Luis Ocaña  (ESP) 1970, 1972, 1973
Flag of France.svg  Bernard Hinault  (FRA) 1977, 1979, 1981
Flag of France.svg  Charly Mottet  (FRA) 1987, 1989, 1992
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Froome  (GBR) 2013, 2015, 2016
2
Flag of France.svg  Jean Dotto  (FRA) 1952 + 1960
Flag of France.svg  Jaques Anquetil  (FRA) 1963 + 1965
Flag of France.svg  Raymond Poulidor  (FRA) 1966 + 1969
Flag of France.svg  Bernard Thévenet  (FRA) 1975 + 1976
Flag of Colombia.svg  Luis Herrera  (COL) 1988 + 1991
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Laurent Dufaux  (SUI) 1993 + 1994
Flag of Spain.svg  Miguel Indurain  (ESP) 1995 + 1996
Flag of the United States.svg  Lance Armstrong  (USA) 2002 + 2003
Flag of France.svg  Christophe Moreau  (FRA) 2001 + 2007
Flag of Spain.svg  Alejandro Valverde  (ESP) 2008 + 2009
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Bradley Wiggins  (GBR) 2011 + 2012
Flag of Denmark.svg  Jakob Fuglsang  (DEN) 2017 + 2019

Wins per country

There have been 70 editions since 1947. Three editions (2002, 2003 and 2006) have been stripped of their initial winners Lance Armstrong and Levi Leipheimer. Organizer ASO intends to keep these results voided.[ citation needed ]

WinsCountry
30
Flag of France.svg  France
10
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
8
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
3
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia

Notes

    1. The initial winner, Frenchman Pascal Simon was disqualified after a positive doping test.

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    References

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    2. 1 2 "Histoire - Le palmarès depuis 1947". letour.fr (in French). ASO. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
    3. "50th Dauphine Libere, Cat HC. France, June 7-14, 1998". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
    4. "Lance Armstrong's record will be 'obliterated' says WADA chief". The Guardian . London. Reuters. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
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