|Local name(s)||Critérium du Dauphiné(in French)|
|Competition||UCI World Tour|
|Organiser||Amaury Sport Organisation|
|Race director||Bernard Thévenet|
|Web site|| www|
The Critérium du Dauphiné, before 2010 known as the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, is an annual cycling road race in the Dauphiné region in the southeast of France. The race is run over eight days during the first half of June. It is part of the UCI World Tour calendar and counts as one of the foremost races in the lead-up to the Tour de France in July, along with the Tour de Suisse in the latter half of June.
The race was inaugurated in 1947 by a local newspaper, the Dauphiné Libéré , which served as the event's title sponsor until 2009.Since 2010 the race has been organized by ASO, which also organizes most other prominent French cycling races, notably the Tour de France, Paris–Nice and Paris–Roubaix.
Because the Dauphiné is set in the Rhône-Alpes region, part of the French Alps, the race's protagonists are often climbing specialists. – like the Mont Ventoux, the Col du Galibier or Col de la Chartreuse – are regularly addressed in the Dauphiné. Five riders, Nello Lauredi, Luis Ocaña, Charly Mottet, Bernard Hinault and Chris Froome, share the record of most wins, with three each.Many well-known climbs from the Tour de France
The race was created in 1947 by newspaper Le Dauphiné libéré to promote its circulation. After World War II, as cycling recovered from a universal five- or six-year hiatus, the Grenoble-based newspaper decided to create and organize a cycling stage race covering the Dauphiné region. The race was named after the newspaper and set in June, prior to the Tour de France. Polish rider Edouard Klabinski won the inaugural edition.
Because of its mountainous route and date on the calendar, the race served as preparation for the Tour de France by French cyclists. French cycling icons Jean Robic and Louison Bobet used the Dauphiné Libéré as the ultimate stage race in their build-up towards the Tour de France.
The event was discontinued for two years in 1967 and 1968. The current form of the Critérium du Dauphiné is the consequence of a merger with the Circuit des Six-Provinces-Dauphiné in 1969. For many years, the organization of the Dauphiné was shared between the newspaper publishers and ASO. In 2010, the newspaper ceded all organizational responsibility to ASO, and the race's name was abbreviated to Critérium du Dauphiné. Since many decades, the race has also served as a test for both bike manufacturers to test advanced equipment, and for TV broadcasters preparing the Tour de France, as TV coverage is difficult in the mountainous region.
In the 1990s the race was categorized as a UCI 2.HC event, cycling's highest-rated stage races behind the Grand Tours.In 2005 it was included in the inaugural UCI Pro Tour and in 2011 in its successor, the UCI World Tour.
The Critérium du Dauphiné is the only race that was won by all the quintuple winners of the Tour de France, namely Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault and Miguel Indurain. Ten racers have also won the race and the Tour de France in the same year: Louison Bobet in 1955; Jacques Anquetil in 1963; Eddy Merckx in 1971; Luis Ocaña in 1973; Bernard Thévenet in 1975; Bernard Hinault in 1979 and 1981; Miguel Indurain in 1995; Bradley Wiggins in 2012; Chris Froome in 2013, 2015, and 2016; and Geraint Thomas in 2018. Disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong won the race in 2002 and 2003, but was retroactively stripped of his titles in 2013, in the wake of the protracted doping scandal.
The Dauphiné is raced over 8 days in the Rhône-Alpes region in the southeast of France, traditionally covering portions of the French Alps. The race has often, but not always, started with an opening prologue on Sunday. The Monday and Tuesday stages are usually held in the lower hilly regions of Rhône-Alpes, before addressing the high mountains in the second half of the Dauphiné. Often there is one long individual or team time trial included.
Benefiting from its location and place on the calendar, race organizers often feature a mountain stage with a route that is nearly identical to what the Tour will trace one month later.
Grenoble, the capital of the Dauphiné region, has hosted the start or finish of a stage most often. Other cities regularly hosting a stage are Avignon, Saint-Étienne, Annecy, Chambéry, Gap, Lyon, Aix-les-Bains, Valence, Briançon and Vals-les-Bains.
The leader of the general classification wears a yellow jersey with a blue band, distinct from the other racers. In 1948, a mountains classification was added, which as of 2017 gives a polka-dot jersey to the leader. In 1955, a points classification was added, which gives a green jersey to the leader.
|1948||Édouard Fachleitner||La Perle–Hutchinson|
|1949||Lucien Lazaridès||France Sport–Dunlop|
|1952||Jean Dotto||France Sport|
|1962||Raymond Mastrotto||Gitane–Leroux–Dunlop–R. Geminiani|
|1963||Jacques Anquetil||Saint-Raphaël–Gitane–R. Geminiani|
|1965||Jacques Anquetil||Ford France–Gitane|
|1978||Michel Pollentier||Old Lord's–Splendor–K.S.B.|
|1980||Johan van der Velde||TI–Raleigh–Creda|
|1984||Martín Ramírez||Système U|
|1986||Urs Zimmermann||Carrera Jeans–Vagabond|
|1987||Charly Mottet||Système U|
|1988||Luis Herrera||Café de Colombia|
|1997||Udo Bölts||Team Telekom|
|1998||Armand De Las Cuevas||Banesto|
|1999||Alexander Vinokourov||Casino–Ag2r Prévoyance|
|2000||Tyler Hamilton||U.S. Postal Service|
|2007||Christophe Moreau||AG2R Prévoyance|
|2008||Alejandro Valverde||Caisse d'Epargne|
|2009||Alejandro Valverde||Caisse d'Epargne|
|2010||Janez Brajkovič||Team RadioShack|
|2011||Bradley Wiggins||Team Sky|
|2012||Bradley Wiggins||Team Sky|
|2013||Chris Froome||Team Sky|
|2015||Chris Froome||Team Sky|
|2016||Chris Froome||Team Sky|
|2018||Geraint Thomas||Team Sky|
Riders in italic are still active
|1950, 1951, 1954|
|1970, 1972, 1973|
|1977, 1979, 1981|
|1987, 1989, 1992|
|2013, 2015, 2016|
|1952 + 1960|
|1963 + 1965|
|1966 + 1969|
|1975 + 1976|
|1988 + 1991|
|1993 + 1994|
|1995 + 1996|
|2002 + 2003|
|2001 + 2007|
|2008 + 2009|
|2011 + 2012|
|2017 + 2019|
There have been 70 editions since 1947. Three editions (2002, 2003 and 2006) have been stripped of their initial winners Lance Armstrong and Levi Leipheimer. Organizer ASO intends to keep these results voided.[ citation needed ]
The Dauphiné is a former province in southeastern France, whose area roughly corresponded to that of the present departments of Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes. The Dauphiné was originally the County of Albon.
Louis "Louison" Bobet was a French professional road racing cyclist. He was the first great French rider of the post-war period and the first rider to win the Tour de France in three successive years, from 1953 to 1955. His career included the national road championship, Milan–San Remo (1951), Giro di Lombardia (1951), Critérium International, Paris–Nice (1952), Grand Prix des Nations (1952), world road championship (1954), Tour of Flanders (1955), Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré (1955), Tour de Luxembourg (1955), Paris–Roubaix (1956) and Bordeaux–Paris (1959).
Jacques Anquetil was a French road racing cyclist and the first cyclist to win the Tour de France five times, in 1957 and from 1961 to 1964.
Miguel Induráin Larraya is a retired Spanish road racing cyclist. Induráin won five Tours de France from 1991 to 1995, the fourth, and last, to win five times, and the only five-time winner to achieve those victories consecutively.
Iban Mayo Diez is a former professional road bicycle racer.
Christophe Moreau is a French former professional road racing cyclist. For many years Moreau was the primary French contender for the general classification in the Tour de France: he finished in the top 12 in the GC five times and finished the race as best Frenchman in 2000, 2003, 2004 and 2005. He also enjoyed success in the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré, winning the race overall in 2001 and 2007.
Jonathan James Vaughters is an American former professional racing cyclist and current manager of the EF Pro Cycling professional cycling team.
The Critérium International was a two-day bicycle stage race held in France every spring from 1932 until 2016, typically the last weekend of March. It was formerly known as the Critérium National de la Route, first run in 1932. For many years it was considered a sort of French national championship and was finally opened to non–French cyclists in 1979. Bernard Hinault is the only cyclist to win the race in both its forms. The race has been won by some of the most famous names in cycling, including Jacques Anquetil, Sean Kelly, Bernard Hinault, Miguel Indurain, Stephen Roche, Joop Zoetemelk, Laurent Fignon, Jens Voigt, Cadel Evans and Chris Froome.
Luc Leblanc is a retired French professional cyclist. In 1994 he was the World Road Champion.
The 2005 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 57th edition of the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré cycle race and was held from 5 June to 12 June 2005. The race started in Aix-les-Bains and finished in Sallanches. The race was won by Spanish rider Íñigo Landaluze, who has given positive in a doping test but whose case is still under dispute.
Raphaël Géminiani is a French former road bicycle racer. He had six podium finishes in the Grand Tours. He is one of four children of Italian immigrants who moved to Clermont-Ferrand. He worked in a cycle shop and started racing as a boy. He became a professional and then a directeur sportif, notably of Jacques Anquetil and the St-Raphaël team.
Renault was a French professional cycling team that existed from 1978 to 1985. The team cycled on and promoted Gitane racing bikes.
Le Dauphiné libéré is a provincial daily French newspaper known for its emphasis on local news and events. The paper is published in Grenoble, France.
The 1981 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 33rd edition of the cycle race and was held from 26 May to 2 June 1981. The race started in Grenoble and finished in Avignon. The race was won by Bernard Hinault of the Renault team.
The 1999 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 51st edition of the cycle race and was held from 6 June to 13 June 1999. The race started in Autun and finished in Aix-les-Bains. The race was won by Alexander Vinokourov of the Casino team.
The 2002 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 54th edition of the cycle race and was held from 9 June to 16 June 2002. The race started in Lyon and finished in Geneva. The race has no overall winner. Although Lance Armstrong originally won the event, he was stripped of the title due to violating anti-doping regulations. In 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency disqualified him from his results after 1 August 1998. The verdict was confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
The 2003 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 55th edition of the cycle race and was held from 8 June to 15 June 2003. The race started in Villard-de-Lans and finished in Grenoble. The race has no overall winner. Although Lance Armstrong originally won the event, he was stripped of the title due to violating anti-doping regulations. In 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency disqualified him from his results after 1 August 1998. The verdict was confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
The 2004 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 56th edition of the cycle race and was held from 6 June to 13 June 2004. The race started in Megève and finished in Grenoble. The race was won by Iban Mayo of the Euskaltel–Euskadi team.
The 1955 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 9th edition of the cycle race and was held from 11 June to 19 June 1955. The race started in Valence and finished at Grenoble. The race was won by Louison Bobet of the Mercier team.