Crosspool

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Crosspool
Sheffield outline map with UK.svg
Red pog.svg
Crosspool
Location within Sheffield
Population7,070  [1]
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHEFFIELD
Postcode district S10
Dialling code 0114
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°22′41″N1°31′34″W / 53.378°N 1.526°W / 53.378; -1.526 Coordinates: 53°22′41″N1°31′34″W / 53.378°N 1.526°W / 53.378; -1.526

Crosspool is a suburb of the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England, located 2.5 miles (4 km) west of the city centre. The suburb falls within the Crookes ward of the City of Sheffield. It is a middle class residential area [2] in an elevated position above the Porter and Rivelin valleys and stands at around 660 feet (200 m) above sea level. Crosspool is situated on the A57 road (Manchester Road) and is the last suburb on that road before the city boundary and open countryside is reached. In 2011 Crosspool had a population of 6,703. [3] [4] [5]

Contents

History

The oldest building in Crosspool. Situated at the junction of Sandygate Road and Ringstead Crescent, it was formerly a line of cottages and dates from the 1600s. Old Building, Sandygate Road, Sheffield.jpg
The oldest building in Crosspool. Situated at the junction of Sandygate Road and Ringstead Crescent, it was formerly a line of cottages and dates from the 1600s.
The shops at the junction of Sandygate Road and Manchester Road are regarded as the centre of Crosspool. Sandygate Road, Crosspool.JPG
The shops at the junction of Sandygate Road and Manchester Road are regarded as the centre of Crosspool.

The area of Crosspool is a fairly recent creation and, unlike some Sheffield suburbs, does not have any ancient history as a village stretching back over the centuries. W. Fairbank's “Map of the Parish of Sheffield in the County of York” published in 1795 shows it as a thinly populated unnamed area sprinkled with a few buildings. From the early centuries AD the Long Causeway ancient track passed through the area; this originated in Roman times as a highway connecting the forts at Templeborough and Buxton and continued in later centuries as a packhorse route. [6]

Throughout medieval times the area was part of a deer hunting park known as Hallamshire Chase. This was an area of thousands of acres set aside for the Lords of Hallamshire after the Norman conquest of England. [6] Lydgate Hall was one of the earliest substantial buildings in the area as it existed in the early 1700s although it was substantially altered and extended in the early 19th century. It was the home of the steel magnate Horatio Bright (1827–1905) for the last 30 years of his life. The Hall was eventually demolished in the 1930s being replaced by housing on Lydgate Hall Crescent.

The Crosspool Tavern, a pub on Manchester Road since 1824, the original building was replaced by this structure in 1930. Crosspool Tavern, Sheffield.jpg
The Crosspool Tavern, a pub on Manchester Road since 1824, the original building was replaced by this structure in 1930.
St. Columba church, Manchester Road dates from 1956. St. Columba's Church, Crosspool.jpg
St. Columba church, Manchester Road dates from 1956.

Although there was never a Crosspool village, the area was strategically placed as two roads left Sheffield through the area and there was a toll gate as well as inns and a blacksmiths to serve the traveller. The main industry in the 18th and 19th century was farming although there was also extensive quarrying. The presence of several natural pools gave the area its name in the 1800s as travellers on the turnpike roads were said to have “crossed the pools” when they had passed through the neighbourhood and the name of Crosspool developed. The A57 road was built in 1820, and tolls were phased out in 1884, but housing development in the area was delayed because of Crosspool's elevated position, which developers thought would deter people from settling in the area.

Housing development eventually started in the 1880s but full-scale building did not take place until after the First World War. In 1913 Crosspool became the first area of Sheffield to receive a public transport service by bus as the Sheffield Tramway did not extend to the suburb. Crosspool suffered some bomb damage during the Second World War when bombs were dropped on Den Bank, Shore Lane, Sandygate Road and Ringstead Crescent. [7] [8]

Demographics

The Crosspool transmitter is a prominent landmark across Sheffield. Crosspool Transmitter 111.jpg
The Crosspool transmitter is a prominent landmark across Sheffield.

Crosspool is a suburb with vague boundaries; it merges with the adjacent neighbourhoods of Crookes, Fulwood and Ranmoor and has sub-districts within it such as Tapton Hill, Sandygate and Hallam Head. It has a total population of 7,070 residents in a 2006/7 NHS Neighbourhood Profile, just 1.3% of the population of the City of Sheffield. Other statistics bear out Crosspool's status as a middle class area with almost 87% of residents being owner-occupiers of their houses compared to the Sheffield average of 60.2%. Almost 80% of Crosspool's housing is either detached or semi-detached, again well above the average. 93.1% of Year 11 school pupils go on to further education compared to the Sheffield average of 86.8% while 38.5% of Crosspool's adults have been educated to degree level in contrast to the Sheffield average of 18.8%. [9]

Buildings and landmarks

Present day Crosspool is centred on the area around the junction of Manchester Road, Sandygate Road and Lydgate Lane where there is a selection of shops, food takeaways and a post office which since 2004 has been located inside a SPAR store. The Crosspool Tavern, a public house, is also in this area. Other public houses in Crosspool are “The Sportsman” at Stephen Hill and “The Plough” at Sandygate. Another pub, the "Hallamshire Hotel" on Lydgate Lane was demolished in the summer of 2011 and has been replaced by four houses, two apartments and a detached garage block. [10] There are four schools in Crosspool for different age groups. Tapton School on Darwin Lane has over 1600 pupils between 11 and 18 years old and is a specialist college for science and the arts. [11] the Lower School of King Edward VII School is also located on Darwin Lane and was known as Crosspool Secondary Modern School until 1969. Lydgate Junior School is situated on Manchester Road and has around 480 pupils between the ages of 7 and 11. While Lydgate Infant School on Lydgate Lane has just over 300 pupils, it is housed in a Grade II listed building dating from 1896, built by William John Hale.

Tapton Hall, a Grade II listed building is situated on Shore Lane, it was built in 1855 and has been the home of the industrialist Edward Vickers and the snuff mill owner George Wilson; today it is a conference and banqueting centre which is licensed to conduct weddings. [12] Another Grade II listed structure is The Towers, a Scottish Baronial fantasy on Sandygate Road.

The main churches in Crosspool are the Church of St. Columba and Stephen Hill Methodist Church, both of which are located on Manchester Road near the centre of the suburb. Because of the pressure from housing developers present day Crosspool has been left with very few open spaces for recreation with the small park/play area on the north side of Lydgate Lane being created on re-claimed land when an extensive quarry was filled in the first half of the 20th century. A prominent landmark, also on Lydgate Lane, is the Crosspool transmitter, officially known as the Tapton Hill transmitting station, which stands on the site of a covered reservoir and is well seen from many parts of Sheffield. The 57-metre-high mast takes advantage of Crosspool's elevated position to provide TV pictures and radio signals for Sheffield by the “line of sight” method. [13] The privately run Claremont Hospital is situated at 401 Sandygate Road.

Sport

Hallam F.C., the second oldest football club in the world has its home ground in Crosspool at Sandygate Road, which is the oldest football ground in the world. [14] Crosspool hosts the start and finish of the Hallam Chase, a 3.25 miles (5.25 km) race starting at Hallam cricket ground, going on a very hilly route to Stannington church and then returning to the ground. The route has almost 250 metres of ascending and is run every year on Whit Tuesday. The race, which is organised by the local athletics club the Hallamshire Harriers started in 1863. [15] Sebastian Coe the Olympic Games gold medal winning middle distance runner was brought up in Crosspool, attending Tapton School and being a member of Hallamshire Harriers.

Community

The community has a vibrant local community which co-ordinates itself through a community forum [16] which was established in 2003. Reports of open meeting minutes, together with items of local interest, letters and adverts are published in the quarterly 'Crosspool Clarion' magazine, delivered to over 2,500 local households, and also on the crosspool.info website. Many events and village activities are held in Crosspool. Every year since 2003 a summer fayre has been held in July, along with car boot sales in June and September. A Festival was first organised in 2010, going on to become an annual event.

Related Research Articles

Hallamshire

Hallamshire is the historical name for an area of South Yorkshire, England, in the current city of Sheffield.

Hallam F.C. Association football club in England

Hallam Football Club is an English football club based in Crosspool, Sheffield, South Yorkshire. They play in the Northern Counties East League Division One, at level 10 of the English football league system. Founded in 1860, it is second only to local rivals Sheffield F.C. in the list of the oldest association football clubs in the world. Games between these two clubs are known as the Rules derby.

Broomhill and Sharrow Vale Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Broomhill and Sharrow Vale — which includes the districts of Broomhill, Broomhall, Crookesmoor, Endcliffe, Sharrow Vale and Tapton Hill — is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. The ward was created following the 2015 local government boundary review out of parts of the old Broomhill, Central and Nether Edge wards. It is located in the western part of the city. The population of the Broomhill ward in 2011 was 16,966 people in 5,708 households, covering an area of 2.7 km2. Broomhill & Sharrow Vale is one of the wards that make up the Sheffield Central Parliamentary Constituency.

Crookes & Crosspool (ward) Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Crookes & Crosspool ward—which includes the districts of Crookes, Steelbank, Crosspool, and Sandygate —is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the western part of the city and covers an area of 3.9 km2. The population of this ward in 2011 was 17,700 people in 7,266 households.

Wombwell Town in South Yorkshire, England

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Totley Suburb of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England

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Whirlow Suburb of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

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Fulwood (ward), South Yorkshire Electoral ward in the City of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Fulwood ward—which includes the districts of Fulwood, Lodge Moor, and Ranmoor—is one of the 28 electoral wards in City of Sheffield, England. It is located in the far western part of the city and covers an area of 23.2 km2. The population of this ward in 2011 was 18,233 people in 6,476 households. Fulwood ward is one of the five wards that make up the Sheffield Hallam Parliamentary constituency. In the 2004 local elections John Knight, Janice Sidebottom, and Andrew Sangar, all Liberal Democrats, were returned as councillors for the newly drawn ward. The current Member of Parliament is Labour's Olivia Blake.

Loxley, South Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Loxley is a village and a suburb of the city of Sheffield, England. It is a long linear community which stretches by the side of the River Loxley and along the B6077 for almost 2.5 miles (4 km). Loxley extends from its borders with the suburbs of Malin Bridge and Wisewood westward to the hamlet of Stacey Bank near Damflask Reservoir. The centre of the suburb is situated at the junction of Rodney Hill and Loxley Road where the old village green stands and this is located 3 miles (5 km) north west of Sheffield city centre. The suburb falls within the Stannington ward of the City of Sheffield.

Areas of Sheffield

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Oughtibridge Village in South Yorkshire, England

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Swinton, South Yorkshire Town in South Yorkshire, England

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Tapton School is a secondary school with academy status located in Crosspool, in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. It is sited next to another secondary, King Edward VII School in Sheffield, and near to Lydgate Junior School in Crosspool, Lydgate Infant School in Sheffield and Notre Dame Catholic High School in Sheffield. Tapton School has approximately 1,650 pupils, aged between 11 and 18 years old. Tapton officially opened in 1960, but in 2000 the school was rebuilt under the Private Finance Initiative. Students and faculties officially moved to the new building in September 2001.

Crookes Suburb of the city of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England

Crookes is a suburb of the City of Sheffield, England, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the city centre. It borders Broomhill to the south, Walkley and Crookesmoor to the east and open countryside around the River Rivelin to the north. The population of the ward of the same name was 17,700 at the 2011 Census.

William John Hale

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The Towers (Sheffield)

The Towers is a small English country house situated in Sheffield, England. The house stands on Sandygate Road close to the junction with Coldwell Lane in the suburb of Crosspool. It is a Grade II listed building as is the lodge and attached gateway and the concave garden wall. It has been described as “an extraordinary Scottish baronial fantasy”.

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Fulwood Hall, is an English country house situated on Harrison Lane in the suburb of Fulwood in Sheffield, England. It is a Grade II listed building. The hall stands in a lofty position on the north side of the Mayfield Valley at a height of 270 metres. The hall is referred to as Fullwood Hall on old maps and the gate to the hall uses this spelling with two Ls.

Long Causeway

Long Causeway or Long Causey was a Medieval packhorse route in England, which ran between Sheffield in South Yorkshire and Hathersage in Derbyshire. In the past the route has been marked on maps as a Roman Road as it was believed it followed part of the route of Batham Gate between Templeborough and Buxton, although in recent years some scholars have cast doubt on this.

Fulwood, Sheffield Suburb of Sheffield in South Yorkshire, England

Fulwood is a residential suburb and ward of the City of Sheffield in England, it lies 5.5 km west-southwest of the city centre. Formerly an ancient settlement and village on the Porter Brook, it became integrated into the city in the 1930s. It is bounded by the suburbs of Lodge Moor to the NW, Ranmoor to the east and Crosspool to the NE. The open countryside of the Peak District lies to the west and SW. The sub districts of Stumperlowe and Goole Green are part of the suburb. The population of the ward at the 2011 Census was 18,233. Fulwood is located in the Sheffield Hallam constituency which, as of the 2019 general election voted Labour.

References

  1. Crosspool Neighbourhood Profile 2006/07 Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine , NHS
  2. "Approach To Urban Sociology", Peter H. Mann, ISBN   0-7100-3453-9 Page 91 Calls Crosspool a “Middle Class Residential Suburb”.
  3. Crosspool is made up of 16 output areas in the Crookes ward http://ukcensusdata.com/crookes-e05001046#sthash.8f7CoS8k.dpbs
  4. Crosspool is made up of 3 output areas in the Fulwood ward http://ukcensusdata.com/fulwood-e05001052#sthash.eZI3nsb7.dpbs
  5. Crosspool is made up of 1 output area in the Broomhill ward http://ukcensusdata.com/broomhill-e05001043#sthash.cTooBVTk.4qp9h3yb.dpbs
  6. 1 2 "Historic Hallamshire", David Hey, ISBN   1-84306-049-3 Gives details of Long Causeway and Hallamshire Chase.
  7. "Cross pool (Images of England)", Judith Hanson, ISBN   0-7524-2821-7 Gives detailed history.
  8. "Crookes Revisited", Crookes Local History Group, ISBN   0-9508064-1-2 Gives general history.
  9. Crosspool Neighbourhood Profile 2006/7. Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Gives statistics.
  10. Crosspool.info Gives details of demolition of Hallamshire Hotel.
  11. Tapton School Website. Gives details of Tapton School.
  12. "Sheffield‘s Remarkable Houses", Roger Redfern, ISBN   0-9519148-3-9, page 20, Gives details of Tapton Hall.
  13. www.aerialsandtv.com. Gives details of Crosspool transmitter.
  14. www.theoldestfootballgroundintheworld.com. Gives details of Hallam F.C.
  15. "Hallam Chase Home Page". www.thehallamchase.org.uk. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  16. Crosspool Forum website. Details about the community, activities and events