Csongrád-Csanád County within Hungary
|Region||Southern Great Plain|
|• President of the General Assembly||Béla Kakas (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|• Total||4,262.71 km2 (1,645.84 sq mi)|
|Area rank||12th in Hungary|
|• Rank||8th in Hungary|
66xx – 69xx
|Area code(s)||(+36) 62, 63|
|ISO 3166 code||HU-CS|
Csongrád-Csanád (Hungarian : Csongrád-Csanád megye [ˈt͡ʃoŋɡraːd ˈt͡ʃɒnaːd] ) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, straddling the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun County, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád-Csanád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.
On October 3, 2017, the Hungarian Parliament passed a resolution to rename Csongrád County to Csongrád-Csanád County, which took effect on June 4, 2020.The resolution was submitted by János Lázár, then-Minister of the Prime Minister's Office, who called the renaming symbolic as more than a dozen settlements in the area still share Csanád County's identity.
This county has a total area of 4,263 km2 (1,646 sq mi) – 4,58% of Hungary.
The area of Csongrád-Csanád County is flat. It has a high number of sunshine hours and excellent soil, which makes it the most important agricultural area of Hungary. Its most famous products are paprika from Szeged and onions from Makó, but grain, vegetables, and fruits are also significant. Half of the onions, paprika, and vegetables produced in Hungary are from Csongrád-Csanád. The county is also rich in oil and natural gas.
The highest point is Ásotthalom (125 m), the lowest is Gyálarét (78 m; lowest point of Hungary).
After the end of the Ottoman occupation in 1715, the county was nearly uninhabited, with a population density of less than 5/km2. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the county was repopulated by ethnic Hungarians from the relatively overpopulated northern and western counties of the Kingdom of Hungary.According to the 2001 census, the county is home for 423,826 people (216,936 people live in urban counties) with a population density is 100/km2. It has a Hungarian majority.
In 2015, it had a population of 406,205 and the population density was 95/km².
Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 5,000), Romanian (1,500), German (1,300) and Serb (1,300).
Total population (2011 census): 417,456
Ethnic groups (2011 census): Identified themselves: 367,193 persons:
Approximately 59,000 persons in Csongrád-Csanád County did not declare their ethnic group on the 2011 census.
Religious adherence in the county according to the 2011 census:
|1|| Csongrád District |
|2|| Hódmezővásárhely District |
|3|| Kistelek District |
|4|| Makó District |
|5|| Mórahalom District |
|6|| Szeged District |
|7|| Szentes District |
In 2012, Csongrád-Csanád County had a dense network of public roads, in total length of 1,350 km, of which 281 km were main roads. Inland, connections were provided by 1,049 km of county and communal roads and 20 km were covered with light road surfaces.
The Csongrád-Csanád County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 20 counselors,with the following party composition:
|Party||Seats||Current County Assembly|
|Hungarian Socialist Party||2|
|Our Homeland Movement||2|
|List of Presidents, from 1990|
|István Lehmann (MSZP)||1990–1998|
|Dr. József Frank (Fidesz)||1998–2006|
|Anna Magyar (Fidesz-KDNP)||2006–2014|
|Béla Kakas (Fidesz-KDNP)||2014–|
Csongrád-Csanád County has 2 urban counties, 8 towns, 7 large villages and 43 villages.
As a typical Great Plain county, Csongrád-Csanád has a relatively small number of municipalities. 72.5% of the population lives in cities/towns, so it is one of the most urbanized county in Hungary.
(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)
municipalities are large villages.
Pest is a county (megye) in central Hungary. It covers an area of 6,393.14 square kilometres (2,468.41 sq mi), and has a population of 1,213,090 (2009). It surrounds the national capital Budapest and the majority of the county's population live in the suburbs of Budapest. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Bács-Kiskun, Fejér, and Komárom-Esztergom. The River Danube flows through the county. The capital of Pest County is Budapest, but it is planned to completely separate the capital from the county at least until 2020, as it loses catch-up aids from the European Union because of the high development of Budapest.
Szeged is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád-Csanád county. The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.
Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now part of Hungary, except a small area which is part of Romania. The capital of the county was Makó.
Bács-Kiskun is a county located in southern Hungary. It was created as a result of World War II, merging the pre war Bács-Bodrog and the southern parts of Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun counties. With an area of 8,445 km2, Bács-Kiskun is the largest county in the country. The terrain is mostly flat with slight emergences around Baja. The county seat and largest city of Bács-Kiskun is Kecskemét.
Békés was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present Békés county, is now in southeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Gyula.
Csongrád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád-Csanád County, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.
Heves lies in northern Hungary. It lies between the right bank of the river Tisza and the Mátra and Bükk mountains. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Nógrád, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok. Eger is the county seat.
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.
Csanádpalota is a town in the Makó-region of Csongrád county, in Hungary's Southern Great Plain.
The Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion is a euroregion located in Hungary, Romania and Serbia. It is named after four rivers: Danube, Criș, Mureș and Tisa.
Kunszentmárton is a district in southern part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Kunszentmárton is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region. This district is a part of Nagykunság historical and geographical region.
Csongrád is a district in north-western part of Csongrád County. Csongrád is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Hódmezővásárhely is a district in eastern part of Csongrád County. Hódmezővásárhely is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Kistelek is a district in western part of Csongrád County. Kistelek is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Szentes is a district in north-eastern part of Csongrád County. Szentes is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Makó is a district in south-eastern part of Csongrád County. Makó is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Mórahalom is a district in south-western part of Csongrád County. Mórahalom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Szeged is a district in southern part of Csongrád County. Szeged is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Tiszakécske is a district in north-eastern part of Bács-Kiskun County. Tiszakécske is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.
Hungarian local elections were held in Hungary on 13 October 2019. Mayors and assembly members were elected for a term of 5 years.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Csongrád County .|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Csongrád-Csanád County .|