Csongrád-Csanád County

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Csongrád-Csanád County

Csongrád-Csanád megye
Maros river embankment, near to Mako - causeway.jpg
Opusztaszer Rotunda.JPG
Cathedral of Szeged2.jpg
Descending, from top: Maros river embankment near Makó, Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park, and Cathedral of Szeged
Flag of Csongrad-Csanad megye.svg
Flag
HU Csongrad megye COA.svg
Coat of arms
HU county Csongrad.svg
Csongrád-Csanád County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Southern Great Plain
County seat Szeged
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyBéla Kakas (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total4,262.71 km2 (1,645.84 sq mi)
Area rank 12th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total406,205 [1]
  Rank 8th in Hungary
Postal code
66xx – 69xx
Area code(s) (+36) 62, 63
ISO 3166 code HU-CS
Website www.csongrad-megye.hu

Csongrád-Csanád (Hungarian : Csongrád-Csanád megye [ˈt͡ʃoŋɡraːd ˈt͡ʃɒnaːd] ) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, straddling the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun County, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád-Csanád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion.

Contents

History

On October 3, 2017, the Hungarian Parliament passed a resolution to rename Csongrád County to Csongrád-Csanád County, which took effect on June 4, 2020. [2] The resolution was submitted by János Lázár, then-Minister of the Prime Minister's Office, who called the renaming symbolic as more than a dozen settlements in the area still share Csanád County's identity. [3]

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,263 km2 (1,646 sq mi) – 4,58% of Hungary.

The area of Csongrád-Csanád County is flat. It has a high number of sunshine hours and excellent soil, which makes it the most important agricultural area of Hungary. Its most famous products are paprika from Szeged and onions from Makó, but grain, vegetables, and fruits are also significant. Half of the onions, paprika, and vegetables produced in Hungary are from Csongrád-Csanád. The county is also rich in oil and natural gas.

The highest point is Ásotthalom (125 m), the lowest is Gyálarét (78 m; lowest point of Hungary).

Neighbours

Demographics

Religion in Csongrád-Csanád County (2011 census)

   Catholic Church (39.4%)
   Greek Catholicism (0.4%)
   Calvinism (7.0%)
   Lutheranism (0.8%)
   Orthodoxy (0.2%)
   Judaism (0.1%)
  Other religions (1.7%)
   Non-religious (21.8%)
   Atheists (1.6%)
  Undeclared (27.0%)

After the end of the Ottoman occupation in 1715, the county was nearly uninhabited, with a population density of less than 5/km2. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the county was repopulated by ethnic Hungarians from the relatively overpopulated northern and western counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. [4] According to the 2001 census, the county is home for 423,826 people (216,936 people live in urban counties) with a population density is 100/km2. It has a Hungarian majority. [5]

In 2015, it had a population of 406,205 and the population density was 95/km².

YearCounty population [6] Change
1949429,083n/a
1960Increase2.svg 434,0461.16%
1970Increase2.svg 445,2202.57%
1980Increase2.svg 456,300 (record)2.49%
1990Decrease2.svg 438,842-3.83%
2001Decrease2.svg 433,344-1.25%
2011Decrease2.svg 417,456-3.67%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 5,000), Romanian (1,500), German (1,300) and Serb (1,300).

Total population (2011 census): 417,456
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [7] Identified themselves: 367,193 persons:

  • Hungarians: 355,554 (96.83%)
  • Gypsies: 4,720 (1.29%)
  • Others and indefinable: 6,919 (1.88%)

Approximately 59,000 persons in Csongrád-Csanád County did not declare their ethnic group on the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to the 2011 census: [8]

Regional structure

District of Csongrad-Csanad County Csongrad districts.png
District of Csongrád-Csanád County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Csongrád District
Csongrádi járás
339.2422,99668 Csongrád (town)4
2 Hódmezővásárhely District
Hódmezővásárhelyi járás
707.7756,56080 Hódmezővásárhely 4
3 Kistelek District
Kisteleki járás
410.2018,18544 Kistelek 6
4 Makó District
Makói járás
688.8545,13866 Makó 15
5 Mórahalom District
Mórahalmi járás
561.7128,98652 Mórahalom 10
6 Szeged District
Szegedi járás
741.10204,263276 Szeged 13
7 Szentes District
Szentesi járás
813.8441,32851 Szentes 8
Csongrád-Csanád County4,262.71417,45698 Szeged 60

Transport

Road network

M5 motorway near Roszke. E75 Roszke.JPG
M5 motorway near Röszke.
Main road 45 near Szentes. Szentes Attila ut kerekparut 2012-12-31.JPG
Main road 45 near Szentes.

In 2012, Csongrád-Csanád County had a dense network of public roads, in total length of 1,350 km, of which 281 km were main roads. [9] Inland, connections were provided by 1,049 km of county and communal roads and 20 km were covered with light road surfaces.

Highway network
Road network

Politics

The Csongrád-Csanád County Council, elected at the 2019 local government elections, is made up of 20 counselors, [10] with the following party composition:

PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 12            
  Hungarian Socialist Party 2            
  Jobbik 2            
  Our Homeland Movement 2            
  Democratic Coalition 1            
  Momentum Movement 1            

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [11]
István Lehmann (MSZP)1990–1998
Dr. József Frank (Fidesz)1998–2006
Anna Magyar (Fidesz-KDNP)2006–2014
Béla Kakas (Fidesz-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Csongrád-Csanád County has 2 urban counties, 8 towns, 7 large villages and 43 villages.

As a typical Great Plain county, Csongrád-Csanád has a relatively small number of municipalities. 72.5% of the population lives in cities/towns, so it is one of the most urbanized county in Hungary. [12]

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Related Research Articles

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Szeged City with county rights in Southern Great Plain, Hungary

Szeged is the third largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád-Csanád county. The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.

Csanád County

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Bács-Kiskun County County of Hungary

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Békés County (former)

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Csongrád County (former)

Csongrád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád-Csanád County, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

Heves County County of Hungary

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Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County County of Hungary

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Csanádpalota Town in Csongrád, Hungary

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Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion

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Kunszentmárton District Districts of Hungary in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

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Csongrád District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Csongrád is a district in north-western part of Csongrád County. Csongrád is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Hódmezővásárhely District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Hódmezővásárhely is a district in eastern part of Csongrád County. Hódmezővásárhely is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Kistelek District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Kistelek is a district in western part of Csongrád County. Kistelek is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Szentes District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Szentes is a district in north-eastern part of Csongrád County. Szentes is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Makó District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Makó is a district in south-eastern part of Csongrád County. Makó is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Mórahalom District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Mórahalom is a district in south-western part of Csongrád County. Mórahalom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Szeged District Districts of Hungary in Csongrád

Szeged is a district in southern part of Csongrád County. Szeged is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Tiszakécske District Districts of Hungary in Bács-Kiskun

Tiszakécske is a district in north-eastern part of Bács-Kiskun County. Tiszakécske is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Southern Great Plain Statistical Region.

Hungarian local elections were held in Hungary on 13 October 2019. Mayors and assembly members were elected for a term of 5 years.

References

  1. nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarians settlements
  2. Harmat Árpád, Péter (October 5, 2017). "Csongrád - Csanád megye, az új elnevezés védelmében" . Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  3. "Új neve van Csongrád megyének". HVG. October 3, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  4. Changing ethnicities in Hungary (map+data+assay) (Károly Kocsis, Zsolt Bottlik, MTA Földrajztudományi Kutatóintézet, Budapest 2009, ISBN   978-963-9545-18-2, ISBN   978-963-9545-19-9)
  5. Csongrád county (2001 census), English
  6. népesség.com, "Csongrád megye népessége 1870-2015"
  7. 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  8. 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.6 Csongrád megye, (in Hungarian) Archived 2017-01-13 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Csongrád Megyei Terület fejlesztési Koncepció" (PDF) (in Hungarian).Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. "Megyei közgyűlés tagjai 2019-2024 (Csongrád megye)". valasztas.hu. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  11. Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
  12. List of localities in Csongrád county by area, population and status (2001 census), English

Coordinates: 46°25′N20°15′E / 46.417°N 20.250°E / 46.417; 20.250