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  Boundary of Cumbria
  Historic Lancashire
   West Riding of Yorkshire

The Windscale fire of 10 October 1957 was the worst nuclear accident in Great Britain's history. [19]

The county of Cumbria was created in 1974 from the traditional counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, the Cumberland County Borough of Carlisle, along with the North Lonsdale or Furness part of Lancashire, usually referred to as "Lancashire North of the Sands", (including the county borough of Barrow-in-Furness) and, from the West Riding of Yorkshire, the Sedbergh Rural District. [7] It is governed by Cumbria County Council.

On 2 June 2010, taxi driver Derrick Bird killed 12 people and injured 11 others in a shooting spree that spanned over 24 kilometres (15 mi) along the Cumbrian coastline. [20]

Local newspapers The Westmorland Gazette and Cumberland and Westmorland Herald continue to use the name of their historic counties. Other publications, such as local government promotional material, describe the area as "Cumbria", as does the Lake District National Park Authority.


Topographic map of Cumbria Cumbria SRTM.png
Topographic map of Cumbria

Cumbria is the most northwesterly county of England. The northernmost and southernmost points in Cumbria are just west of Deadwater, Northumberland and South Walney respectively. Kirkby Stephen (close to Tan Hill, North Yorkshire) and St Bees Head are the most easterly and westerly points of the county. Most of Cumbria is mountainous, with the majority of the county being situated in the Lake District while the Pennines, consisting of the Yorkshire Dales and the North Pennines, lie at the eastern and south-east areas of the county. At 978 metres (3,209 ft) Scafell Pike is the highest point in Cumbria and in England. Windermere is the largest natural lake in England.

The Lancaster Canal runs from Preston into South Cumbria and is partly in use. The Ulverston Canal which once reached to Morecambe Bay is maintained although it was closed in 1945. The Solway Coast and Arnside and Silverdale AONB's lie in the lowland areas of the county, to the north and south respectively.

Boundaries and divisions

Cumbria is bordered by the English counties of Northumberland, County Durham, North Yorkshire, Lancashire, and the Scottish council areas of Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders.

The boundaries are along the Irish Sea to Morecambe Bay in the west, and along the Pennines to the east. Cumbria's northern boundary stretches from the Solway Firth from the Solway Plain eastward along the border with Scotland to Northumberland.

It is made up of six districts: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden and South Lakeland. For many administrative purposes Cumbria is divided into three areas — East, West and South. East consists of the districts of Carlisle and Eden, West consists of Allerdale and Copeland, and South consists of Lakeland and Barrow.

In July 2021, the UK government announced proposals for the county and district councils to be abolished and replaced by two new unitary authorities, one for the east (Barrow-in-Furness, Eden, and South Lakeland), to be called Westmorland and Furness and one for the west (Allerdale, Carlisle, and Copeland), to be called Cumberland. [21]

The county returns six Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, representing the constituencies of Carlisle, Penrith & The Border, Workington, Copeland, Westmorland and Lonsdale and Barrow & Furness.


BAE Systems Submarine Solutions in Barrow-in-Furness has a workforce of around 5,000 people. DDH, Barrow-in-Furness.jpg
BAE Systems Submarine Solutions in Barrow-in-Furness has a workforce of around 5,000 people.

Many large companies and organisations are based in Cumbria. The county council itself employs around 17,000 individuals, while the largest private employer in Cumbria, the Sellafield nuclear processing site, has a workforce of 10,000. [22] Below is a list of some of the county's largest companies and employers (excluding services such as Cumbria Constabulary, Cumbria Fire and Rescue and the NHS in Cumbria), categorised by district.




South Lakeland





  • Sellafield is the largest private employer in the county; many West Cumbrians have links to the site. [38]


The entrance to Whinlatter Forest Park Whinlatter Forest Park Sign.jpg
The entrance to Whinlatter Forest Park
Sizergh Castle Way in - - 406894.jpg
Sizergh Castle
Muncaster Castle Muncaster Castle morris edited.jpg
Muncaster Castle

The largest and most widespread industry in Cumbria is tourism. The Lake District National Park alone receives some 15.8 million visitors every year. [39] Despite this, fewer than 50,000 people reside permanently within the Lake District: mostly in Ambleside, Bowness-on-Windermere, Coniston, Keswick, Gosforth, Grasmere and Windermere. [39] Over 36,000 Cumbrians are employed in the tourism industry which adds £1.1 billion a year to the county's economy. The Lake District and county as a whole attract visitors from across the UK, [39] Europe, North America and the Far East (particularly Japan). [39] The tables below show the twenty most-visited attractions in Cumbria in 2009. (Not all visitor attractions provided data to Cumbria Tourism who collated the list. Notable examples are Furness Abbey, the Lakes Aquarium and South Lakes Safari Zoo, the last of which would almost certainly rank within the top five). [40]

"Ad Montes Oculos Levavi" ("I have lifted up mine eyes unto the hills")
Cumbria UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 54°30′N3°15′W / 54.500°N 3.250°W / 54.500; -3.250 Coordinates: 54°30′N3°15′W / 54.500°N 3.250°W / 54.500; -3.250
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West
Established1 April 1974
Established by Local Government Act 1972
Time zone UTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police Cumbria Constabulary
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Claire Hensman
High Sheriff Julie Barton [1] (2020–21)
Area6,769 km2 (2,614 sq mi)
  Ranked 3rd of 48
Population (mid-2019 est.)498,888
  Ranked 41st of 48
Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Ethnicity97.5% White British
0.1% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
1.1% Other White
0.1% White & Black Caribbean
0.1% White & Black African
0.2% White & Asian
0.1% Other Mixed
0.2% Indian
0.1% Pakistani
0.1% Bangladeshi
0.2% Chinese
0.2% Other Asian
0.1% Black African
0.1% Other
1 Windermere Lake Cruises Bowness-on-Windermere1,313,807
3 Ullswater Steamers Glenridding348,000
4 Whinlatter Forest Park and Visitor Centre Whinlatter252,762
5 Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery Carlisle251,808
6 Grizedale Forest Park and Visitor Centre Grizedale175,033
7 Carlisle Cathedral Carlisle166,141
8 Brockhole Lake District Visitor Centre Windermere135,539
9 Hill Top Hawkshead103,682
10 Sizergh Castle Sizergh Castle90,063
11 Cumberland Pencil Museum Keswick80,100
12 Muncaster Castle Ravenglass78,474
13 Dock Museum Barrow-in-Furness73,239
14The BeaconWhitehaven71,602
15 Holker Hall Cartmel58,060
16 Carlisle Castle Carlisle56,957
17 Beatrix Potter Gallery Hawkshead47,244
18Lake District Wildlife Park [41] Bassenthwaite45,559
19 The Homes of Football Ambleside49,661
20 Cartmel Priory Cartmel43,672

Economic output

This is a chart of the trend of regional gross value added (GVA) of East and West Cumbria at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by the Office for National Statistics

Gross value added by each sector (£millions)
YearEast CumbriaWest Cumbria
Regional GVA [42] Agriculture [43] Industry [44] Services [45] Regional GVA [42] Agriculture [43] Industry [44] Services [45]



Until April 2023 Cumbria will be administered by Cumbria County Council and six district councils: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland.

In July 2021 the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government announced that, on 1 April 2023, the administrative county will be reorganised into two unitary authorities: one to be known as Cumberland, and the other as Westmorland and Furness. Cumbria County Council and the six districts are to be abolished and their functions transferred to the new authorities. [46] The two new unitary authorities will continue to constitute a ceremonial county named "Cumbria" for the purpose of lieutenancy and shrievalties, being presided over by a Lord Lieutenant of Cumbria and a High Sheriff of Cumbria. [47] [48]


The new northern/western authority, to be known as Cumberland, will cover the current districts of Allerdale, Carlisle, and Copeland. [49] The territory constitutes most of the former county of Cumberland. Its largest settlement will be Carlisle.

Westmorland and Furness

The new southern/eastern authority, to be known as Westmorland and Furness, will cover the current districts of Barrow-in-Furness, Eden, and South Lakeland. [49] The territory includes the former county of Westmorland and neighbouring areas. Its largest settlement will be Barrow-in-Furness.


At the 2019 general election, no Labour Members of Parliament (MPs) were elected, the first time since 1910.

Barrow and Furness CON  Cecil Franks LAB  John Hutton LAB  John Woodcock CON Simon Fell
Carlisle LAB  Ronald Lewis LAB  Eric Martlew CON John Stevenson
Copeland LAB  Jack Cunningham LAB  Jamie Reed CON Trudy Harrison
Penrith and The Border CON  David Maclean CON  Rory Stewart CON Neil Hudson
Westmorland and Lonsdale CON  Michael Jopling CON  Tim Collins LD Tim Farron
Workington LAB  Dale Campbell-Savours LAB  Tony Cunningham LAB  Sue Hayman CON Mark Jenkinson
2019 General Election Results in Cumbria
PartyVotes%Change from 2017SeatsChange from 2017
Conservative 143,61552.4%Increase2.svg3.6%5Increase2.svg2
Labour 79,40228.9%Decrease2.svg7.3%0Decrease2.svg2
Liberal Democrats 39,42614.4%Increase2.svg2.6%10
Greens 4,2231.5%Increase2.svg0.8%00
Brexit 3,8671.4%new00


The University of Cumbria's Fusehill Campus in Carlisle Skiddaw Building, University of Cumbria - - 715574.jpg
The University of Cumbria's Fusehill Campus in Carlisle

Although Cumbria has a comprehensive system almost fully, there is one state grammar school in Penrith. There are 42 state secondary schools and 10 independent schools. The more rural secondary schools tend to have sixth forms (although in Barrow-in-Furness district, no schools have sixth forms due to the only sixth college in Cumbria being located in the town) and this is the same for three schools in Allerdale and South Lakeland, and one in the other districts. Chetwynde is also the only school in Barrow to educate children from nursery all the way to year 11.

Colleges of further education in Cumbria include:

The University of Cumbria is one of the UK's newest universities, having been established in 2007. It is at present the only university in Cumbria and has campuses across the county, together with Lancaster and London.



The M6 motorway and West Coast Main Line near Grayrigg Forest Lune Valley from Grayrigg Forest.jpg
The M6 motorway and West Coast Main Line near Grayrigg Forest

The M6 is the only motorway that runs through Cumbria. Kendal and Penrith are amongst its primary destinations. Further north it becomes the A74(M) at the border with Scotland north of Carlisle. Major A roads within Cumbria include:

  • UK road A6.svg A6 (Luton, Bedfordshire to Carlisle via Kendal and Penrith)
  • UK road A66.svg A66 (Workington to Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire via Keswick and M6 Junction 40)
  • UK road A69.svg A69 (Carlisle to Newcastle upon Tyne via Brampton and Hexham)
  • UK road A590.svg A590 (M6 Junction 36 to Barrow-in-Furness via Ulverston)
  • UK road A591.svg A591 (Sizergh to Bothel via Kendal, Windermere, Ambleside, Grasmere and Keswick)
  • UK road A592.svg A592 (Penrith to Newby Bridge via M6 Junction 40, Windermere and Bowness)
  • UK road A595.svg A595 (Carlisle to Dalton-in-Furness via Whitehaven and Workington)
  • UK road A596.svg A596 (Carlisle to Workington)

Several bus companies run services in Cumbria serving the main towns and villages in the county, with some services running to neighbouring areas such as Lancaster. Stagecoach North West is the largest; it has depots in Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Kendal and Workington. Stagecoach's flagship X6 route connects Barrow-in-Furness and Kendal in south Cumbria.


There are only two airports in the county: Carlisle Lake District and Barrow/Walney Island. Both airports formerly served scheduled passenger flights and both are proposing expansions and renovations to handle domestic and European flights in the near future. The nearest international airports to south Cumbria are Blackpool, Manchester, Liverpool John Lennon and Teesside. North Cumbria is closer to Newcastle, Glasgow Prestwick and Glasgow International.

Barrow-in-Furness is one of the country's largest shipbuilding centres, but the Port of Barrow is only minor, operated by Associated British Ports alongside the Port of Silloth in Allerdale. There are no ferry links from any port or harbour along the Cumbria coast.


The busiest railway stations in Cumbria are Carlisle, Barrow-in-Furness, Penrith and Oxenholme Lake District. The 399 miles (642 km) West Coast Main Line runs through the Cumbria countryside, adjacent to the M6 motorway. The Cumbrian Coast Line connects Barrow-in-Furness to Carlisle and is a vital link in the west of the county. Other railways in Cumbria are the Windermere Branch Line, most of the Furness Line and much of the Settle-Carlisle Railway.


Cumbria's largest settlement and only city is Carlisle, in the north of the county. The largest town, Barrow-in-Furness, in the south, is slightly smaller. The county's population is largely rural: it has the second-lowest population density among English counties, and has only five towns with a population of over 20,000. Cumbria is also one of the country's most ethnically homogeneous counties, with 95.1% of the population categorised as White British (around 470,900 of the 495,000 Cumbrians). [50] However, the larger towns have ethnic makeups that are closer to the national average. The 2001 census indicated that Christianity was the religion with the most adherents in the county.

2010 ONS estimates placed the number of foreign-born (non-United Kingdom) people living in Cumbria at around 14,000 and foreign nationals at 6,000. [51] The 2001 UK Census showed the following most common countries of birth for residents of Cumbria that year:

  • Flag of England.svg England, 454,137
  • Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland, 16,628
  • Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Wales, 3,471
  • Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Northern Ireland, 2,289
  • Flag of Germany.svg Germany, 1,438
  • Flag of Ireland.svg Republic of Ireland, 1,359
  • Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa, 603
  • Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada, 581
  • Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia, 531
  • Flag of the United States.svg United States, 493
  • Flag of India.svg India, 476
  • Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong, 417
  • Flag of Italy.svg Italy, 249
  • Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand, 241
  • Flag of France.svg France, 197
  • Flag of Poland.svg Poland, 193
  • Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus, 174
  • Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands, 167
  • Flag of Spain.svg Spain, 166
  • Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore, 160
Population totals for Cumbria
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801 173,017    
1811 193,139+1.11%
1821 225,555+1.56%
1831 242,320+0.72%
1841 255,603+0.54%
1851 274,957+0.73%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1861 320,257+1.54%
1871 365,556+1.33%
1881 410,856+1.18%
1891 434,867+0.57%
1901 437,364+0.06%
1911 440,485+0.07%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1921 441,483+0.02%
1931 442,693+0.03%
1941 456,833+0.31%
1951 471,897+0.32%
1961 473,706+0.04%
1971 475,669+0.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981 471,693−0.08%
1991 489,191+0.36%
2001 487,607−0.03%
2011 499,900+0.25%
2014 499,800−0.01%
Pre-1974 statistics were gathered from local government areas that are now comprised by Cumbria
Source: Great Britain Historical GIS. [52] [53]


Largest parishes by district

Borough or districtAdministrative centreSettlements
Allerdale UK locator map.svg
Barrow-in-Furness UK locator map.svg
Duke Street, Barrow-in-Furness.jpg
Askam and Ireleth
Walney Island
Carlisle UK locator map.svg
Copeland UK locator map.svg
Whitehaven - - 19798.jpg
Arlecdon and Frizington
Cleator Moor
St Bees
Eden UK locator map.svg
Market Square, Penrith.jpg
Kirkby Stephen
South Lakeland UK locator map.svg
Kirkby Lonsdale


SettlementDistrictTwinned settlement
CarlisleCarlisle Flag of Germany.svg Flensburg, Germany
Flag of Poland.svg Słupsk, Poland
CockermouthAllerdale Flag of France.svg Marvejols, France
Dalton-in-FurnessBarrow-in-Furness Flag of the United States.svg Dalton, Pennsylvania, United States
KendalSouth Lakeland Flag of Ireland.svg Killarney, Ireland
Flag of Germany.svg Rinteln, Germany
PenrithEden Flag of Australia (converted).svg Penrith, New South Wales, Australia
SedberghSouth Lakeland Flag of Slovenia.svg Zreče, Slovenia
UlverstonSouth Lakeland Flag of France.svg Albert, France
WhitehavenCopeland Flag of Bulgaria.svg Kozloduy, Bulgaria [54]
WindermereSouth Lakeland Flag of Germany.svg Diessen am Ammersee, Germany
WorkingtonAllerdale Flag of Germany.svg Selm, Germany
Flag of France.svg Val-de-Reuil, France

Symbols and emblems

The arms of Cumbria County Council were granted by the College of Arms on 10 October 1974. The arms represent the areas from which the new county council's area was put together; the shield's green border has Parnassus flowers representing Cumberland interspersed with roses; red for Lancashire (the Furness district) on white for Yorkshire (Sedbergh is from the West Riding). The crest is a ram's head crest, found in the arms of both Westmorland County Council and Barrow County Borough, with Cumberland's Parnassus flowers again. The supporters are the legendary Dacre Bull (Cumberland) and a red dragon, redolent of Cumbria's Brittonic origin.(Appleby in Westmorland). They stand on a base compartment representing Hadrian's Wall (in Cumberland), crossed with two red bars (from the Westmorland arms). [55]

The county council motto "Ad Montes Oculos Levavi" is Latin, from Psalm 121; ("I shall lift up mine eyes unto the hills"). [55]

The county flag of Cumbria is a banner of arms of Cumbria County Council. [56] [57]



Fell running is a popular sport in Cumbria, with an active calendar of competitions taking place throughout the year. Cumbria is also home to several of the most active Orienteering clubs in the UK as well as the Lakes 5 Days competition that takes place every 4 years.



Brunton Park, the home of Carlisle United Brunton Park Welcome.jpg
Brunton Park, the home of Carlisle United

Barrow and Carlisle United are the only professional football teams in Cumbria and both currently play in EFL League Two. Carlisle United attract support from across Cumbria and beyond, with many Cumbrian "ex-pats" travelling to see their games, both home and away.[ citation needed ]

Workington—who are always known locally as "the reds"—are a well-supported non-league team,[ citation needed ] having been relegated from the Football League in the 1970s. Workington made a rapid rise up the non league ladder and in 2007/08 competed with Barrow in the Conference North. Barrow were then promoted to the Conference Premier in 2007/08. In 2020, Barrow were promoted to the Football League as a result of winning the National League.

Rugby league

Craven Park, home of Barrow Raiders Craven Park, Barrow.jpg
Craven Park, home of Barrow Raiders

Rugby league is a very popular sport in South and West Cumbria. Barrow, Whitehaven and Workington play in the Rugby League Championships.

Amateur teams; Wath Brow Hornets, Askam, Egremont Rangers, Kells, Barrow Island, Hensingham and Millom play in the National Conference.

Rugby union

Rugby union is popular in the east of the county with teams such as Furness RUFC & Hawcoat Park RUFC (South Cumbria), Workington RUFC (Workington Zebras), Whitehaven RUFC, Carlisle RUFC, Creighton RUFC, Aspatria RUFC, Wigton RUFC, Kendal RUFC, Kirkby Lonsdale RUFC, Keswick RUFC, Cockermouth RUFC, Upper Eden RUFC and Penrith RUFC.

Uppies and Downies

Workington is home to the ball game known as Uppies and Downies, [58] a traditional version of football, with its origins in Medieval football or an even earlier form. [59] Players from outside Workington do take part, especially fellow West Cumbrians from Whitehaven and Maryport. [60]


Cumbria is home to the Furness Phantoms, and the Carlisle Kestrels. [61]


Cumbria County Cricket Club is one of the cricket clubs that constitute the National Counties in the English domestic cricket structure. The club, based in Carlisle, competes in the National Counties Cricket Championship and the NCCA Knockout Trophy. The club also play some home matches in Workington, as well as other locations.

Cumbrian club cricket teams play in the North Lancashire and Cumbria League.


Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling is an ancient and well-practised tradition in the county with a strong resemblance to Scottish Backhold.

In the 21st century Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling along with other aspects of Lakeland culture are practised at the Grasmere Sports and Show, an annual meeting held every year since 1852 on the August Bank Holiday.

The origin of this form of wrestling is a matter of debate, with some describing it as having evolved from Norse wrestling brought over by Viking invaders, [62] while other historians associate it with the Cornish and Gouren styles [63] indicating that it may have developed out of a longer-standing Celtic tradition. [64]



Cumbria Kart Racing Club is based at the Lakeland Circuit, Rowrah, between Cockermouth and Egremont Lakeland Circuit. The track is currently a venue for rounds of both major UK national karting championships About Cumbria Kart Racing Club. Formula One world champions Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button both raced karts at Rowrah many times in the formative stages of their motor sport careers, [65] while other F1 drivers, past and present, to have competed there include Johnny Herbert, Anthony Davidson, Allan McNish, Ralph Firman, Paul di Resta and David Coulthard, who hailed from just over the nearby Anglo-Scottish border and regarded Rowrah as his home circuit, becoming Cumbria Kart Racing Club Champion in 1985 in succession to McNish (di Resta also taking the CKRC title subsequently). [66]


Cumbria is home to the Cartmel Valley Lions, an amateur baseball team based in Cartmel.


Workington Comets were a Workington-based professional speedway team, [67] which competed in the British Speedway Championship. [68]


Cumbria is the UK county with the highest number of Michelin starred restaurants, with seven in this classification in the Great Britain and Ireland Michelin Guide of 2021. Traditional Cumbrian cuisine has been influenced by the spices and molasses that were imported into Whitehaven in the 18th century. The Cumberland sausage (which has a protected geographical status) is a well-recognised result of this. Other regional specialities include Herdwick mutton and the salt-marsh raised lamb of the Cartmel peninsula. [69]

Dialect influences







Two evening newspapers are published daily in Cumbria. The News and Star focuses largely on Carlisle and the surrounding areas of north and west Cumbria, and the North-West Evening Mail is based in Barrow-in-Furness and covers news from across Furness and the South Lakes. The Cumberland and Westmorland Herald and The Westmorland Gazette are weekly newspapers based in Penrith and Kendal respectively. The Egremont 2Day newspaper, formerly Egremont Today when affiliated with the Labour Party, was a prominent monthly publication - founded by Peter Watson (and edited by him until his death in 2014) in 1990 until July 2018. In February 2020 The Herdwick News, run by the last editor of The Egremont 2Day, was launched and is an independent online news publication covering the county of Cumbria and the North West.

Due to the size of Cumbria the county spans two television zones: BBC North East and Cumbria and ITV Tyne Tees & Border in the north and BBC North West and ITV Granada in the south. Heart North West, CFM Radio and Smooth Lake District are the most popular local radio stations throughout the county, with BBC Radio Cumbria being the only station that is aimed at Cumbria as a whole.

The Australian-New Zealand feature film The Navigator: A Medieval Odyssey (1988) is set in Cumbria during the onset of the Black Death in 14th-century Europe.

Cumbria is host to a number of festivals, including Kendal Calling (actually held in Penrith since 2009) [81] [82] and Kendal Mountain Festival.

Places of interest

AP Icon.svg Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
UKAL icon.svg Accessible open space
Themepark uk icon.png Amusement/Theme Park
CL icon.svg Castle
Country parks.svg Country Park
EH icon.svg English Heritage
Forestry Commission
HR icon.svg Heritage railway
HH icon.svg Historic House
AP Icon.svg Places of Worship
Museum icon.svg
Museum icon (red).svg
Museum (free/not free)
NTE icon.svg National Trust
Drama-icon.svg Theatre
Zoo icon.jpg Zoo
Furness Abbey Furness Abbey 03.jpg
Furness Abbey
Lake Windermere Flat calm at dawn, Windermere, from below Claife Heights - - 559443.jpg
Lake Windermere
Thirlmere Thirleme 069.jpg

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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The Cumberland dialect is a local Northern English dialect in decline, spoken in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire North of the Sands, not to be confused with the area's extinct Celtic language, Cumbric. Some parts of Cumbria have a more North-East English sound to them. Whilst clearly spoken with a Northern English accent, it shares much vocabulary with Scots. A Cumbrian Dictionary of Dialect, Tradition and Folklore by William Rollinson exists, as well as a more contemporary and lighthearted Cumbrian Dictionary and Phrase Book.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Cumbria</span>

The history of Cumbria as a county of England begins with the Local Government Act 1972. Its territory and constituent parts however have a long history under various other administrative and historic units of governance. Cumbria is an upland, coastal and rural area, with a history of invasions, migration and settlement, as well as battles and skirmishes between the English and the Scots.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumbria Fire and Rescue Service</span> Fire and rescue service in north west England

Cumbria Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the Shire county of Cumbria, England. Since 2012, the headquarters for the service's 38 fire stations are at Penrith next to the headquarters of Cumbria Constabulary.

The English county of Cumbria is located in North West England and has a population of 496,200. Cumbria has an area of 6,768 km², making the county England's 3rd largest county. With only 73 inhabitants per km², it is the country's second least densely populated county. People from Cumbria are known as Cumbrians and they speak a variety of the Cumbrian dialect to the north, whilst a Lancashire accent is more prominent in the South. Along with Lancashire to the south, Cumbria is bordered with Scotland to the north, the Irish Sea to the west, Northumberland to the north-east, County Durham to the east and North Yorkshire to the south-east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumbria County Council</span>

Cumbria County Council is the county council for the non-metropolitan county of Cumbria in the North West of England. Established in April 1974, following its first elections held the previous year, it is an elected local government body responsible for the most significant local services in the area, including schools, roads, and social services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stagecoach Cumbria & North Lancashire</span> Bus operator

Stagecoach Cumbria & North Lancashire operates both local and regional bus services in Cumbria, Lancashire, Northumberland and Tyne and Wear, England, as well as Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. It is a subsidiary of the Stagecoach Group, which operates bus, coach, rail and tram services across the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of medieval Cumbria</span>

The history of medieval Cumbria has several points of interest. The region's status as a borderland coping with 400 years of warfare is one. The attitude of the English central government, at once uninterested and deeply interested, is another. As a border region, of geopolitical importance, Cumbria changed hands between the Angles, Norse, Strathclyde Brythons, Picts, Normans, Scots and English; and the emergence of the modern county is also worthy of study.

The Cumbria Cup is an annual rugby union knock-out club competition organized by the Cumbria Rugby Union. It was first introduced during the 1882-83 season, when it was known as the Cumberland Challenge Cup, and the inaugural winners were Aspatria. Originally it was open only to club sides in Cumberland, but in 1974, as a result of the 1972 Local Government Act, Cumberland, Westmorland and Furness merged to form what we now know as Cumbria, and the competition was renamed as the Cumbria Cup, although the Westmorland & Furness Cup continued intermittently up until 2008. It is the most important cup competition in the county ahead of the Cumbria League Cup and Cumbria Shield.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumberland (district)</span> District and unitary authority in England

Cumberland is a future unitary local government area in north-west England. It will be formally established on 1 April 2023. The district will consist of the areas covered by the current Cumbrian districts of Allerdale, Carlisle and Copeland. It will cover 75% of the area of, and 90% of the population of, the historic county of Cumberland. The authority will sit within the ceremonial county of Cumbria.


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