Cuneo

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Cuneo

Coni  (Piedmontese)
Comune di Cuneo
Cuneo Piazza Galimberti.jpeg
Piazza Galimberti
Cuneo-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Location of Cuneo
Cuneo
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Cuneo
Location of Cuneo in Italy
Italy Piemonte location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Cuneo
Cuneo (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 44°23′22″N7°32′52″E / 44.38944°N 7.54778°E / 44.38944; 7.54778 Coordinates: 44°23′22″N7°32′52″E / 44.38944°N 7.54778°E / 44.38944; 7.54778
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Cuneo (CN)
Frazioni Bombonina, Borgo San Giuseppe, Cerialdo, Confreria, Madonna delle Grazie, Madonna dell'Olmo, Passatore, Roata Canale, Roata Rossi, Ronchi, San Benigno, San Pietro del Gallo, San Rocco Castagnaretta, Spinetta, Tetti Pesio
Government
  Mayor Federico Borgna
Area
[1]
  Total119.67 km2 (46.20 sq mi)
Elevation
534 m (1,752 ft)
Highest elevation
615 m (2,018 ft)
Lowest elevation
431 m (1,414 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017) [2]
  Total56,281
  Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Cuneesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12100
Dialing code 0171
Patron saint Saint Michael
Saint daySeptember 29
Website Official website

Cuneo (Italian:  [ˈkuːneo] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Piedmontese : Coni [ˈkʊni] ; Occitan : Coni/Couni [ˈkuni] ; French : Coni [kɔˈni] ) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the fourth largest of Italy’s provinces by area.

Contents

It is located at 550 metres (1,804 ft) in the south-west of Piedmont, at the confluence of the rivers Stura and Gesso.

Cuneo is bounded by the municipalities of Beinette, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Boves, Busca, Caraglio, Castelletto Stura, Centallo, Cervasca, Morozzo, Peveragno, Tarantasca and Vignolo. [3]

It is located near six mountain passes:

History

Cuneo was founded in 1198 by the local population, who declared it an independent commune, freeing themselves from the authority of the bishops of Asti and the marquisses of Montferrat and Saluzzo. In 1210, the latter occupied it, and in 1231 the Cuneesi rebelled. In 1238, they were recognized as a free commune by Emperor Frederick II.

In 1259, the independence of Cuneo ceased forever, as it gave itself, also to take protection against its more powerful neighbours, to Charles I of Anjou, who was then King of Naples and Count of Provence. Together with Alba, it was the main Angevine possession in Northern Italy; Angevine rule interrupted by periods under the control of Saluzzo, Savoy, and the [[Visconti of Milan) was ended in 1382 when Cuneo was acquired by the Duchy of Savoy.

Cuneo became an important stronghold of the expanding Savoy state. The city was thus besieged several times by France: first in 1515 by Swiss troops of Francis I of France, then again in 1542, 1557, 1639, 1641, 1691 and, during the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1741. Cuneo resisted each siege successfully. The city was taken by France only during the Napoleonic Wars and was made the capital of the Stura department. After the restoration of the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the unification of Italy, Cuneo became the capital of its namesake province in 1859.

During World War II, from 1943 to 1945, it was one of the main centres of partisan resistance against the German occupation of Italy.[ citation needed ] In 1943, Cuneo's Jewish residents were briefly arrested and imprisoned at the nearby Borgo San Dalmazzo concentration camp by the order of Minister of the Interior Guido Buffarini Guidi. They were freed before the Minister's orders came into effect and most community members fled Cuneo into hiding. However, on December 9, 1944, the Cuneo Police Department reopened the camp and imprisoned the remaining Jewish residents of Cuneo most of whom were then deported to Auschwitz. Few survived according to reports. Italian partisans liberated Cuneo from the German and Italian fascist occupation on April 25, 1945. The retreating fascist forces murdered the remaining six Jewish prisoners being held at Cuneo's local prison. [4] [5] [6] [7]

Government

Main sights

Main sights of Cuneo

Subdivisions

Most important and populated: Centro storico, Cuneo centro, Cuneo nuova, San Paolo, Donatello, Gramsci, San Rocco, Cerialdo, Confreria and Borgo San Giuseppe. [11]

Climate

Cuneo has a temperate sub-continental climate, with cold winters and hot, dry summers. However, it is situated more than 500 metres (1,640 feet) above sea level, which helps to make summers more bearable: the hottest month, July, has an average temperature of 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). The coldest, January, averages 1.7 °C (35.1 °F). Annual precipitation is about 962 mm (37.9 in), distributed over 81 days. The rainfall pattern is similar to that of Turin, with two maxima—one primary and one secondary (spring and autumn) and two minima (summer and winter). The driest month is July, 44 millimetres (1.7 in). Snowfalls are frequent owing to high elevation and wind patterns.

Climate data for Cuneo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)5.3
(41.5)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
14.7
(58.5)
19.1
(66.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.4
(59.7)
9.6
(49.3)
6.3
(43.3)
15.5
(59.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)1.7
(35.1)
3.1
(37.6)
6.7
(44.1)
10.4
(50.7)
14.5
(58.1)
18.7
(65.7)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
17.2
(63.0)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.2)
2.9
(37.2)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F)−1.8
(28.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.6
(36.7)
6.1
(43.0)
9.9
(49.8)
13.9
(57.0)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61.0)
13.0
(55.4)
7.8
(46.0)
2.9
(37.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.2
(44.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)52
(2.0)
51
(2.0)
88
(3.5)
116
(4.6)
126
(5.0)
88
(3.5)
44
(1.7)
53
(2.1)
77
(3.0)
109
(4.3)
94
(3.7)
64
(2.5)
962
(37.9)
Average rainy days558910855687581
[ citation needed ]

Cuisine and food

Cuneo's specialty is Cuneesi al rhum , small meringues with dark chocolate coating and a rum-based chocolate filling. They are a creation of Andrea Arione (1923), who also registered the name, and sold them in the bar still located in the central square, Piazza Galimberti; another claim makes them a creation of pastry chef Pietro Galletti from Dronero. Another specialty is "raviolini al plin", a small ravioli pasta made with meat and vegetables. The most famous brand there is Pastificio Boetti, also located close to the central square.

Sport

Volleyball

There is an important volleyball club, Piemonte Volley who won 1 Italian Volleyball League, 3 CEV Cup, 2 CEV SuperCup, 4 Italian Volleyball Cup and 3 Italian Volleyball SuperCup.

Football

Associazione Calcio Cuneo 1905 (A.C. Cuneo 1905) who plays in the 3rd level of Italian football.

Cycling

Many times stage of Giro d'Italia. In 2016, for the first time in the Giro history, the race arrived in Sant'Anna di Vinadio sanctuary, the highest sanctuary in Europe, 2035 m, and the day after, on May 29, the race started from Cuneo. Since 1987 Cuneo has been the start and arrival point of the amateur international race "La Fausto Coppi".

See also

Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

Cuneo is twinned with: [13]

Related Research Articles

Stura

Stura[sty.ʁa] was a department of the French Consulate and of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the river Stura di Demonte. It was formed in 1802, when the Subalpine Republic was annexed to France. Its capital was Cuneo.

Maddalena Pass

The Maddalena Pass is a high mountain pass between the Cottian Alps and the Maritime Alps, located on the border between Italy and France. It connects Barcelonnette in France with Cuneo in Italy. Its French name Col de Larche refers to the village Larche on its northwestern side.

Limone Piemonte Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Limone Piemonte is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Turin and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Cuneo, on the border with France. As of September 2017, it had a population of 1,476 and an area of 71.3 square kilometres (27.5 sq mi).

Argentera Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Argentera is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of Turin and about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Cuneo, on the border with France. It consists of a series of sparse hamlets in the upper Valle Stura di Demonte. The municipal seat is in Bersezio, on the road to the Maddalena Pass.

Borgo San Dalmazzo Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Borgo San Dalmazzo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Turin and about 8 kilometres (5 mi) southwest of Cuneo.

Boves, Piedmont Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Boves is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Turin and about 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Cuneo. It borders the following municipalities: Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Limone Piemonte, Peveragno, Robilante, Roccavione, and Vernante.

Gaiola Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Gaiola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Turin and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) southwest of Cuneo.

Moiola Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Moiola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) southwest of Turin and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Cuneo.

Roccasparvera Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Roccasparvera is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Turin and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southwest of Cuneo.

Valdieri Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Valdieri is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) southwest of Turin and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Cuneo, on the border with France. It is part of the Valle Gesso.

Vignolo Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Vignolo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Turin and about 7 kilometres (4 mi) southwest of Cuneo. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,112 and an area of 8.1 square kilometres (3.1 sq mi).

Vinadio Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Vinadio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cuneo in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of Turin and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Cuneo, on the border with France. It is located along the Stura di Demonte river.

2nd Alpini Regiment

The 2nd Alpini Regiment is a regiment of the Italian Army's mountain infantry speciality, the Alpini, which distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II. The regiment was disbanded in 1943 due to losses on the Eastern Front, however one of its component battalions, the Saluzzo Battalion, was reformed in November 1945 after the end of hostilities in Europe. The regiment itself was reformed in 1963 as a training unit, but during the 1975 army reform it was disbanded once again. In 1992 the regiment was raised once again and today it consists of the Saluzzo Battalion, is based in Cuneo and part of the Alpine Brigade "Taurinense".

Don Raimondo Viale was an Italian Catholic priest, whose name is entered among the Righteous Among the Nations at Yad Vashem for his work on behalf of the Jews during the Holocaust.

Cuneo railway station

Cuneo railway station, or Cuneo Altipiano railway station, is the main station serving the city and comune of Cuneo, in the Piedmont region, northwestern Italy. Opened in 1937, it is the junction of the Fossano–Cuneo, Savigliano–Cuneo, Cuneo–Ventimiglia and Cuneo–Mondovì railways.

Valle Stura di Demonte

The Stura di Demonte Valley is a valley in south-west of Piedmont in the Province of Cuneo, Italy.

Borgo San Dalmazzo concentration camp World War II German-run facility in Italy

Borgo San Dalmazzo was an internment camp operated by Nazi Germany in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy.

Monte Birrone Mountain in Italy

The Monte Birrone is a 2,131-metre (6,991 ft) high mountain in the Cottian Alps, belonging to the Italian province of Cuneo.

Vermenagna Stream in Piedmont, Italy

The Vermenagna is a 27.1-kilometre (16.8 mi) long river in northwestern Italy (Piedmont).

"Duccio" Galimberti was a young Italian lawyer who became a committed anti-fascist and war-time partisan. He was an important figure - according to some sources the most important figure - in the Piedmontese anti-fascist resistance, and was a posthumous recipient both of the Gold Medal of Military Valor and of the Gold Medal of the Resistance. During the closing months of the war he was proclaimed a national hero by the National Liberation Committee for Northern Italy.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. "inhabitants Cuneo and bordering municipalities". Comuniverso.it. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  4. "Cuneo". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  5. P. Bianchi-Andrea Merlotti, Cuneo in età moderna (2003), 103–13, 301–14
  6. A. Cavaglion, "Nella notte straniera. Gli ebrei di St Martin Vésubie e il campo di concentramento di Borgo S. Dalmazzo," in: Cuneo: L'Arciere (1981, 2004)
  7. A. Muncinelli, Gli ebrei nella provincia di Cuneo (1994)
  8. "Comune di Cuneo - Portale Istituzionale - Home Page". www.comune.cuneo.it.
  9. "Comune di Cuneo - Portale Istituzionale - Foto Gallery". www.comune.cuneo.it.
  10. "La Stampa.it Panorama Cuneo".
  11. "Quartieri di Cuneo" (in Italian). Comune di Cuneo. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  12. "Fondazione Nuto Revelli onlus". www.nutorevelli.org.
  13. "Gemellaggi". comune.cuneo.it (in Italian). Cuneo. Retrieved 2019-12-13.