Cushendall

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Cushendall
Cushendall2.jpg
Cushendall village with hurling mural
United Kingdom Northern Ireland adm location map.svg
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Cushendall
Location within Northern Ireland
Population1,363  [3]
District
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BALLYMENA
Postcode district BT44
Dialling code 044
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
55°04′58″N6°03′32″W / 55.082887°N 6.05896°W / 55.082887; -6.05896 Coordinates: 55°04′58″N6°03′32″W / 55.082887°N 6.05896°W / 55.082887; -6.05896

Cushendall (from Irish : Cois Abhann Dalla, meaning "foot of the River Dall"), [4] formerly known as Newtownglens, [4] is a coastal village and townland (of 153 acres) in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is in the historic barony of Glenarm Lower and the civil parish of Layd, [5] and is part of Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Contents

It is on the A2 coast road between Glenariff and Cushendun, in the Antrim Coast and Glens Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It lies in the shadow of the table topped Lurigethan Mountain and at the meeting point of three of the Glens of Antrim: Glenaan, Glenballyemon and Glencorp. This part of the Irish coastline is separated from Scotland by the North Channel, with the Mull of Kintyre about 16 miles away. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 1,241 people, with a 2008 estimate of 1,363.

Much of the historic character of the 19th century settlement on the north bank of the River Dall remains. In 1973 it was designated as only the second Conservation Area in Northern Ireland, and includes the largely intact Irish Georgian buildings of the town's four original streets. Since 1990, Cushendall has hosted the Heart Of The Glens festival every August. Thomas D'Arcy McGee, a father of Canadian Confederation, spent his childhood in Cushendall when his father, who worked for the Coast Guard Service, was posted there. [6]

2011 Census

Cushendall is classified as a village, and the population of Cushendall on census day (27 March 2011) was 1,280 people. Of these:

Places of interest

The Curfew Tower. Curfew Tower - geograph.org.uk - 467680.jpg
The Curfew Tower.

Curfew Tower

The Curfew Tower in the centre of the village was built by then landlord of the town, Francis Turnley, in 1817, to confine riotous prisoners. Dan McBride, an army pensioner, was given the job of permanent garrison and was armed with one musket, a bayonet, a brace of pistols and a thirteen-feet-long pike. The tower is now owned by artist Bill Drummond.

Oisin's Grave

Oisín's Grave, off the main Cushendall to Ballymoney road, is a megalithic court cairn on a hillside in Lubitavish, near the Glenann River. It is believed to be the burial place of Oísín - the Celtic Warrior Poet. A stone cairn was erected here in 1989 in memory of John Hewitt, the poet of the Glens.

Layd Church and Churchyard

The ruins of Layd Church (grid ref:324428), a Franciscan foundation possibly partially from the 13th century, are found 1.5 km north of Cushendall. They are also accessible by a cliff path from Cushendall, as well as by road. There are old vaults in the churchyard and it was one of the main burial places of the MacDonnells. There is a stone cross memorial to Dr James MacDonnell, one of the organisers of the last Belfast Festival of Harpists in 1792 and pioneer of the use of chloroform in surgery. By the gate of the churchyard is a holestone and nearby two 'corp stones' on which coffins were rested. [8] Layd Church saw service as a parish church from 1306 until about 1790. [9] [10]

Red Bay Castle

Red Bay Castle, situated between the villages of Cushendall and Waterfoot. Built by the Bisset family in the 14th century and later occupied by the MacDonnells, one of the outposts of the Kingdom of Dál Riata.

Glenariff Forest Park

Glenariff Forest Park, 5 miles inland from Cushendall, covers an area of 1185 hectares. In the park are two small rivers containing spectacular waterfalls, tranquil pools and stretches of fast flowing water tumbling through rocky gorges. There is a café, toilets and an exhibition centre. Four way-marked trails of varying length (1–9 km) wind through the forest leading you into some of the park's wooded areas. One follows the Glenariff River with its famous waterfalls and passes through the National Nature Reserve.

The Troubles in Cushendall

On the night of 23 June 1922, in the aftermath of the Irish War of Independence, several trucks of Ulster Special Constabulary officers and British soldiers arrived in Cushendall and fired on civilians. Special Constables shot and killed three young Catholic men at close range: James (Seamus) McAllister, John Gore and John Hill. [11] They claimed they were ambushed by the Irish Republican Army and returned fire, but a British government inquiry concluded that this was not true. The report was not made public for almost a century. [12]

There were further violent incidents during the Troubles of the late 20th century.

Cushendall Beach Seen from the Salmon Rocks, with Lurigethan in the background. Cushendall Beach - geograph.org.uk - 467693.jpg
Cushendall Beach Seen from the Salmon Rocks, with Lurigethan in the background.

Sport

Hurling

Founded in 1906, the local club Ruairí Óg's plays its home matches at Páirc Mhuire in Cushendall. The first county senior championship was won in 1981, when the team captained by John Delargy beat Ballycastle Mc Quillans after a replay. The club have since won 13 County Championships.

They have also won numerous underage tournaments.

River Dall River Dall, Cushendall, Co. Antrim - geograph.org.uk - 1381553.jpg
River Dall

On 17 March 2016, Cushendall got into the All Ireland Club Hurling Championships but lost.

Golf

Cushendall Golf Club is a tricky little nine-hole course presenting many challenges for those wanting to improve their short game. The course is a great place for young players to develop and has produced numerous successful amateurs over the years. The course is located in a superb wooded valley with the Abhainn Dala (River Dall) running through its centre to the sea.

Sailing

Established in 1951, Cushendall Sailing & Boating Club is the ideal place to learn basic introductory, as well as advanced Sailing skills. The club is situated in Red Bay and the views of the surrounding Glens of Antrim make a stunning backdrop for those on the waves. Cushendall CSBC has a sailing school which runs throughout the summer using RYA's learn-to-sail scheme. The school welcomes all ages and abilities, ensuring progression is achieved by each individual student.

Running

The second Saturday of August each year during the Heart of the Glens Festival the Lurig Run takes place. This challenge is a 3.5 mile run consisting of a 1500 ft climb up the face of the Lurigethan mountain. Growing in popularity amongst the running elite it is seen as one of the most challenging organised runs across Northern Ireland. 400 people compete each year.

Tourism

Holiday accommodation in the area ranges from Self Catering to Bed & Breakfast and caravan and camping. Cushendall has three caravan and camping sites. [14]

Cushendall offers a diverse range of shops, which offer local gifts and crafts, as well as many other items.

There is also an annual vintage car rally which is held in the village. [15]

Related Research Articles

County Antrim Place in Antrim Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

Ballycastle, County Antrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Ballycastle is a small seaside town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is on the north-easternmost coastal tip of Ireland, in the Antrim Coast and Glens Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The harbour hosts the ferry to Rathlin Island, which can be seen from the coast. The Ould Lammas Fair is held each year in Ballycastle on the last Monday and Tuesday of August. Ballycastle is the home of the Corrymeela Community.

Ballymoney (borough) Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Ballymoney was a local government district with borough status in Northern Ireland. It was headquartered in Ballymoney. Other towns in the borough included Dervock, Dunloy, Cloughmills and Rasharkin. The borough had a population of 31,224 according to the 2011 census.

Moyle District Council Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Moyle District Council was a local council in County Antrim in the northeast of Northern Ireland. It merged with Ballymoney Borough Council, Coleraine Borough Council and Limavady Borough Council in May 2015 under local government reorganisation to become Causeway Coast and Glens District Council.

Ballymoney Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Ballymoney is a small town and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is within the Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council area. The civil parish of Ballymoney is situated in the historic baronies of Dunluce Upper and Kilconway in County Antrim, and the barony of North East Liberties of Coleraine in County Londonderry. It had a population of 10,402 people in the 2011 Census.

Glens of Antrim

The Glens of Antrim, known locally as simply The Glens, is a region of County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It comprises nine glens (valleys), that radiate from the Antrim Plateau to the coast. The Glens are an area of outstanding natural beauty and are a major tourist attraction in north Antrim.

Glenarm Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Glenarm is a village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It lies on the North Channel coast north of the town of Larne and the village of Ballygalley, and south of the village of Carnlough. It is situated in the civil parish of Tickmacrevan and the historic barony of Glenarm Lower. It is part of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council and had a population of 1,851 people in the 2011 Census. Glenarm takes its name from the glen in which it lies, the southernmost of the nine Glens of Antrim.

Rasharkin Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Rasharkin, is a small village, townland and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) south of Ballymoney, near Dunloy and Kilrea. It had a population of 1,114 people in the 2011 Census.

Dunloy Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Dunloy is a village and townland in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is located 11 miles (18 km) north of Ballymena and 6 miles (10 km) north-west is Ballymoney. It is located in the civil parish of Finvoy, in the former barony of Kilconway. It had a population of 1,215 people in the 2011 Census.

Cloughmills Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Cloughmills or Cloghmills is a village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Ballymoney is 15 km to the north-west and Ballymena is 16 km to the south. It had a population of 1,309 people in the 2011 Census. It is in Causeway Coast and Glens District Council.

Cushendun Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Cushendun is a small coastal village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It sits off the A2 coast road between Cushendall and Ballycastle. It has a sheltered harbour and lies at the mouth of the River Dun and Glendun, one of the nine Glens of Antrim. The Mull of Kintyre in Scotland is only about 15 miles away across the North Channel and can be seen easily on clear days. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 138 people. It is part of Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Kilrea Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Kilrea is a village, townland and civil parish in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It gets its name from the ancient church that was located near to where the current Church of Ireland is located on Church Street looking over the town. It is near the River Bann, which marks the boundary between County Londonderry and County Antrim. In the 2011 Census it had a population of 2,724 people. It is situated within Causeway Coast and Glens district.

Waterfoot, County Antrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Waterfoot or Glenariff is a small coastal village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is at the foot of Glenariff, one of the Glens of Antrim, within the historic barony of Glenarm Lower and the civil parishes of Ardclinis and Layd. The village is in the townland of Warren. The 2001 Census recorded a population of 504 inhabitants.

Martinstown is a small village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Located 6 miles from Ballymena, it is situated in Glenravel, locally known as "The Tenth Glen", alongside the widely known nine Glens of Antrim.

Armoy, County Antrim Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Armoy is a village and civil parish in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is 5.5 miles (9 km) southwest of Ballycastle and 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Ballymoney. According to an estimate in 2013 by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency it had a population of 1,122.

Causeway Coast and Glens Local government district in Northern Ireland

Causeway Coast and Glens is a local government district covering most of the northern part of Northern Ireland. It was created on 1 April 2015 by merging the Borough of Ballymoney, the Borough of Coleraine, the Borough of Limavady and the District of Moyle. The local authority is Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council.

Glenariff Iron Ore and Harbour Company

The Glenariff Iron Ore and Harbour Company (GIOH) was a railway and harbour company in Glenariff, County Antrim, in what is now Northern Ireland. It operated Red Bay Pier on the Antrim coast and about 4 miles (6.4 km) of narrow gauge railway between the pier and Cloughcor Mines in Glenariff. The railway was 3 ft narrow gauge and carried iron ore from the mines to the pier, where it was loaded onto cargo ships for export to ironworks in Scotland and England.

Layd is a civil parish and townland in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is situated in the historic barony of Glenarm Lower.

Barbara McDonnell (1847?–1928) was an Irish philanthropist.

References

  1. "Forest Recreation in Norlin Airlan". Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  2. Cushendall. Placenames Database of Ireland.
  3. match of location name: @Exact Match Of Location Name: Cushendall@16? "2008 Estimate" Check |url= value (help). NINIS. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  4. 1 2 Place Names NI
  5. "Cushendall". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  6. K. McGoogan, "Celtic Lightning: How the Scots and the Irish Created a Canadian Nation". Patrick Crean Editions, 2015, p. 104
  7. NISRA: Cushendall settlement
  8. Sandford, Ernest (1976). Discover Northern Ireland. Belfast: Northern Ireland Tourist Board. pp. 62–63. ISBN   0-9500222-7-6.
  9. "Layd Church". Walk NI. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  10. "Layd Church Yard". Cushendall.info. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  11. "Hansard" . Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  12. Lawlor, Pearse. The Outrages: The IRA and the Ulster Special Constabulary in the Border Campaign. Mercier Press, 2011. pp.302-309
  13. CAIN List of deaths 1989
  14. "Camping & Caravans". Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
  15. .Vintage Enthusiasts Promoting Good Relations Ballymoney Times (1 August 2011)