Cuthbert Brodrick

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Cuthbert Brodrick
Cuthbert Brodrick.jpg
Cuthbert Brodrick
Born1 December 1821
Died2 March 1905(1905-03-02) (aged 83)
OccupationArchitect
Buildings Leeds Town Hall, Grand Hotel, Scarborough

Cuthbert Brodrick FRIBA (1 December 1821 – 2 March 1905) was a British architect, whose most famous building is Leeds Town Hall.

Contents

Early life

Brodrick was born in the Yorkshire port of Hull where his father was a well-to-do merchant and shipowner. He was the sixth son of ten children of John and Hannah Brodrick. The family lived at 39 George Street in the best residential area of Hull. [1]

Education and training

Brodrick attended Kingston College in Hull and, on leaving school, he became an articled pupil in the architectural practice of Henry Francis Lockwood whose premises were at 8 Dock Street. Brodrick remained at Lockwoods from 1837 until May 1844 when he embarked on the Grand Tour to continue his studies. He travelled through France to Rome in Italy. Whilst on the tour, he studied architecture in Paris; it influenced his later designs. [2] [3]

When Brodrick returned to Hull in 1846, he was offered a partnership in Lockwood's firm. He refused this, and set up in practice on his own at 1, Savile Street in Hull. [4] He designed a number of local buildings in Hull including the Hull Royal Institution building and the Guildhall in Hull. [5]

Leeds

Headingley Congregational Church City Church Headingley 14 July 2018 1.jpg
Headingley Congregational Church

In 1852, aged 29, Brodrick entered and won a competition for the design of Leeds Town Hall. The competition was judged by Charles Barry. The town hall was opened in September 1858 by Queen Victoria. Brodrick moved to an office at 30 Park Row, Leeds and acquired the nickname 'Town Hall, Leeds'. [1]

His only church was Headingley Congregational Church on Headingley Lane. [6] [7]

Notable buildings

Leeds

Elsewhere

Scarborough Grand Hotel Grand Hotel 061615.jpg
Scarborough Grand Hotel

Brodrick designed the Grand Hotel in Scarborough. Completed in 1867, it was one of the largest hotels in the world. [11] [12]

Personal life

In 1870, Brodrick moved to France where in 1876 he bought a house at Le Vésinet, St. Germain-en-Laye. He retired in 1875, and spent his time painting, exhibiting his work and gardening. In about 1898 he went to live with his niece in Jersey, where he rented a house, La Colline, at Gorey. Whilst living there he designed, and planted a garden. [13] He died in Jersey on 2 March 1905, and is buried in St Martin's Churchyard. [14]

Legacy

Among Brodrick's pupils was Joseph Wright. [15]

A Wetherspoons public house, the 'Cuthbert Brodrick', opened on 22 October 2007 on Millennium Square in Leeds opposite one of the buildings he designed (the Leeds City Museum) and not far from another (Leeds Town Hall). [16] It is near the site on Cookridge Street of the Oriental Baths which he also designed; they were built in 1866 and demolished in 1969. [17]

Brodrick was the subject of a 2007 BBC2 television programme, The Case of the Disappearing Architect, by Jonathan Meades. [18]

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Wells House is a large former hydropathic establishment and hotel in Ilkley, West Yorkshire, England, now used as private apartments. It was built in 1854–56 to a design by the architect Cuthbert Brodrick and is a Grade II listed building. It is located above the town on Wells Road at the edge of Ilkley Moor, giving it an unobstructed view across Wharfedale from its north front. It was originally set in grounds by the landscaper Joshua Major though these gardens have mostly been built on since.

References

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  3. "Cuthbert Broderick (1821-1905)". www.victorianweb.org.
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  5. Allison, K J (1969). "'Civic institutions', in A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1, the City of Kingston Upon Hull". London: British History Online. pp. 433–443. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
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  7. Historic England. "Number 44A with entrance steps, Headingley Lane (1255982)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 July 2018.
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  12. Grand Hotels: Reality and Illusion - Google Books. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  13. "Ancestry.co.uk - 1901 Channel Islands Census". search.ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  14. Directory of British Architects 1834 ... - Google Books. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
  15. Historic England. "Salvation Army Hall (former Primitive Methodist Chapel) (1392472)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  16. "The Cuthbert Brodrick, Leeds - Leeds City Guide - The Essential Guide to Bars, Pubs, Clubs, Hotels and Restaurants in Leeds". www.leeds-city-guide.com. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  17. Leach, Peter; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009). Yorkshire West Riding: Leeds, Bradford and the North. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 448. ISBN   978-0-300-12665-5.
  18. "The Case of the Disappearing Architect" . Retrieved 31 March 2020.

Further reading