|Type|| Broadcast radio and |
|Availability||Europe and the US|
|Owner||Republic of Cyprus|
|Grigoris Maliotis |
|4 October 1953 (radio)|
1 October 1957 (television)
|Cyprus Broadcasting Service (1953–1959)|
Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (Greek : Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα ΚύπρουRadiofonikó Ídryma Kýprou, Turkish : Kıbrıs Radyo Yayın Kurumu), or CyBC (ΡΙΚ, KRYK), is Cyprus' public broadcasting service. It transmits island-wide on four radio and two domestic television channels, and uses one satellite channel for the Cypriot diaspora. It also transmits on a separate high definition channel.
CyBC is a nonprofit organization, using its entire income for its mission to provide objective information and entertainment to the people of Cyprus.
CyBC was partially funded by a tax on electric bills, a practice which ended on 1 July 2000;CyBC is currently funded by the state budget. The amount of the tax was dependent on the size of the home and, as a hypothecated tax for public television, was similar in principle to the television licence systems in other countries. The corporation is a member of the international broadcasting community, belonging to the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the Broadcasting Organisation of Non-Aligned Countries (BONAC) and the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association (CBA).
CyBC began as the Cyprus Broadcasting Service, with its first radio broadcast at 17:00 on Sunday, 4 October 1953. Programs were broadcast in Greek, Turkish and English on 434 and 495 metres medium wave (691 and 606 kilohertz). The station produced a free weekly publication, Radio Cyprus.
Television broadcasting began on 1 October 1957. Broadcasts were initially five days a week, averaging three hours a day, and the service covered a radius of 33 kilometres from Nicosia.
On 1 January 1959, the CBS ceased to be a government department and was renamed the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation under Chapter 300A of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act. The corporation was modelled in part on the British Broadcasting Corporation.CyBC was admitted as an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1964, becoming an active member five years later.
As the state broadcaster, CBC is responsible for implementing the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus. According to Article 171 of the constitution:
In sound and vision broadcasting there shall be programmes both for the Greek and the Turkish Communities. The time allocated to programmes for the Turkish Cypriot Community in sound broadcasting shall not be less than 75 hours in a seven-day week, spread to all days of such week in daily normal periods of transmission: Provided that if the total period of transmissions has to be reduced so that the time allotted to programs for the Greek Community should fall below 75 hours in a seven-day week, then the time allotted to programmes for the Turkish Community in any such week should be reduced by the same number of hours as that by which the time allotted to programmes for the Greek Community is reduced below such hours: Provided further that if the time allotted to programmes for the Greek Community is increased above 140 hours in a 7-day week, then the time allotted to programmes for the Turkish Community shall be increased in the ratio of 3 hours for the Turkish Community to every 7 hours for the Greek Community.
In vision broadcasting there shall be allotted three transmission days to the programmes for the Turkish Community of every ten consecutive transmission days and the total time allotted to the programmes for the Turkish Community in such ten transmission days shall be in the ratio of three hours to seven hours allotted to programmes for the Greek-Hellenic Community in such ten transmission days.
All official broadcasts in sound and vision shall be made both in Greek and Turkish and shall not be taken into account for the purposes of calculating the time under this Article.
Article 19 of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Act (Chapter 300A) states:
The Corporation (CyBC) shall conduct the broadcasting services with impartial attention to the interests and susceptibilities of the different communities and with due regard to the interests of minority communities in the Republic. The Corporation shall operate the broadcasting services in the Greek, Turkish and English languages and any other languages at its discretion and shall at all times keep a fair balance in the allocation of broadcasting hours and other matters between these languages.
CyBC operates three domestic channels (CyBC 1, CyBC 2 and CyBC HD) and an international service (RIK Sat) for the Cypriot diaspora. It also carries Euronews, and ERT World. On 1 July 2011 all analogue television transmissions ended, and CyBC broadcasts on its own DVB-T network.
CyBC 1 (RIK 1) features news and current-affairs programming in Greek: political, financial and sports news; documentaries and feature films, operas, concerts, ballets and plays.
CyBC 2 (RIK 2) primarily carries entertainment programming: Cypriot and foreign series, feature films, Cypriot and foreign movies, music and children's programmes. It also broadcasts news in Greek, Turkish and English. Since 1 February 1993, PIK2 has simulcast Euronews as part of its daily schedule (about 80 hours per week).
The HD channel simulcasts domestic and international special events along with the standard-definition channels. Events simulcast in HD by CyBC in 2013 included Formula 1 auto racing, Grand Prix motorcycle racing, the Eurovision Song Contest and the FIFA Confederations Cup.
RIK Sat is the international service of RIK TV, broadcasting to Europe and North America. It is currently available as a free-to-air service in Europe on the Hellas Sat 2 and Eutelsat 33E satellites and as a digital terrestrial television channel in Greece.
In North America, Titan Television is the distributor for Canada and the United States.On 23 September 2014, the channel debuted in Canada on Bell Fibe TV.
RIK World is an international version of RIK Sat available in Middle East Africa Asia and the Pacific.
CyBC has four radio channels (First, Second, Third and Fourth), which aim to transmit quality programs and provide information, culture and entertainment to all communities in Cyprus. Programs are broadcast in a number of languages 24 hours a day and are also available via satellite and on the Internet.
The First Channel known as RIK Proto (CyBC Radio 1) features news, current affairs, educational and cultural programs on 963 and 693 kHz AM and 97.2, 92.4, 105 and 91.4 MHz FM. It has programming for children and young adults on history and classical, modern and traditional music. Since 27 June 1999 CyBC has broadcast a program for Maronites, The Voice of Maronites. A programme for the Catholic community began on 13 November 1999.
This channel, known as RIK Deftero (CyBC Radio 2), is a service for Cyprus's Turkish and Armenian communities. The Armenian broadcast is from 17:00 to 18.00 daily. The broadcast to the Turkish Cypriots aims to maintain ties with them, and programming includes three news bulletins daily (at 07:30, 13:15 and 16:50). The Second Channel is on 91.1, 93.1, 94.2 and 97.9 MHz FM is streamed online at www.cybc.com.cy and can also be heard on Hellas Sat in Africa, Europe and the Middle East.
The Third Channel, known as RIK Triton (CyBC Radio 3) the most popular CyBC channel in Cyprus, is primarily an entertainment and information channel on 603 and 1044 kHz AM and 94.8, 94, 96 and 106.7 MHz FM.
The Fourth Channel is known as RIK Classic (CyBC Classic) and presents classical, jazz and classic rock music on 88.2, 90.2, 90.5 and 100.9 MHz FM.
CyBC Greek-language programming is available for Greek Cypriot expatriates in the United Kingdom on weekends via shortwave radio. The External Service uses a transmitter, operated by VT Communications, which is also used for BBC World Service programming in the area. The External Service daily news broadcast is also rebroadcast in the United Kingdom by the UK radio station London Greek Radio.
The BBC World Service is an international broadcaster owned and operated by the BBC. It is the world's largest of any kind. It broadcasts radio news, speech and discussions in more than 40 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays. In 2015, the World Service reached an average of 210 million people a week. In November 2016, the BBC announced that it would start broadcasting in additional languages including Amharic and Igbo, in its biggest expansion since the 1940s.
Television broadcasting in Greece began in 1966 and this was preceded in 1951 by statute 1963 permitting television broadcasting.
The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides radio and television programmes for Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and their dependents worldwide. Editorial control is independent of the Ministry of Defence and the armed forces themselves.
Alpha TV is a Greek free-to-air channel, being one of the biggest stations in Greece. The station features a mix of Greek and foreign shows with an emphasis on information. The studios are located near Athens. Alpha TV is owned by Alpha Satellite Television S.A. 100% shareholder of which is the Alpha Media Group Ltd. In Cyprus, private broadcaster Sigma TV used to broadcast a number of Alpha TV's programs. In the past, public service broadcaster CyBC used to broadcast Alpha TV programs. In 2015, Alpha TV Cyprus was founded and it broadcast the Alpha TV Programs and others of its own. Alpha Cyprus now is one of the highest-rated Cypriot channels.
Bayrak Radio and Television Corporation, is the official radio and television broadcasting corporation of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Bayrak means flag in Turkish.
Radio Televizioni Shqiptar (RTSH) is an Albanian public-service radio and television broadcasting company. Founded in 1938, it operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. The international television service via satellite RTSH Sat was launched in 1993 and is aimed at Albanian-speaking communities in Kosovo, Serbia, North Macedonia, Montenegro, and northern Greece, plus the Albanian diaspora in the rest of Europe. RTSH is funded by a combination of commercial advertising, an annual licence fee of US$12.00 and grant-in-aid from the Albanian government.
Radio Pakistan serves as the national public broadcaster for radio in Pakistan. Although some local stations predate Radio Pakistan's founding, it is the oldest existing broadcasting network in Pakistan. The network was established on 14 August 1947, following Pakistan's independence from Britain. Radio Pakistan services include AM news services and FM 101 and FM 93.
Nathan Morley is an investigative journalist, television news anchor, and newspaper columnist based in Finland and Cyprus.
Television in Cyprus was introduced in 1956. In 1957, CyBC was created. Private TV was introduced on 26 April 1992, by Logos TV which started its transmissions in stereo and Teletext from day one. The first private TV station of Cyprus was owned and operated by the Church of Cyprus. In August 1995, the same station introduced the first internet service provider in Cyprus, LOGOSNET. The Republic of Cyprus currently uses the PAL colour system and has converted terrestrial transmissions to digital on 1 July 2011, in line with EU policy. Because of the political division of the island, television companies are also divided.
Evdokia Kadi was chosen as the Cyprus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008 and selected their entry through a national final, organised by Cypriot broadcaster Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC). Evdokia Kadi was chosen as the Cypriot representative with the song "Femme Fatale", which is a traditional Greek Laïkó song with a French title.
The mass media in Cyprus refers to mass media outlets based on the island of Cyprus, including both the Republic of Cyprus (RoC) and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues.
Telecommunications in Cyprus includes radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet, in the Republic of Cyprus.
Cyprus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009. Christina Metaxa represented the country with the song "Firefly".
Cyprus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 and selected their entry through a national final, organised by Cypriot broadcaster Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC). After an open call to performers to submit proposals, ten entries were shortlisted for the 7 February national final. Deep Zone and their song "Play" were disqualified after the song was found to have been unofficially released before the final, breaching the contest's rules and leaving nine to compete in the final. Welsh singer Jon Lilygreen & The Islanders were chosen as the Cypriot entry on 7 February with their song "Life Looks Better in Spring" and competed in the second half of the second semi-final of the Eurovision Song Contest 2010.
Cyprus participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 in Düsseldorf, Germany. The winner of the talent show Performance, broadcast by the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CyBC), was the Cypriot entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2011, which was decided on 10 September 2010.
Hellenic TV (HTV) is a United Kingdom-based Greek language television channel broadcasting from studios in London. It was established in 1990 to serve the city's Greek community, and is based in Harringey. The station began its life airing locally to thirteen households, but within a year, its customer base had expanded to over 1,000 subscribers. Hellenic TV was the UK's first foreign-language television service to be granted a broadcasting licence by the Independent Television Commission, and transmits programme output from local contributors, as well as from Greece's ERT and Cyprus's RIK networks. The channel is available via cable television, through Freeview's Channelbox service in the UK and since 2006 has been available worldwide as one of a number of channels airing Greek language programmes.
ERT A is the first multiplexer of ERT and started broadcasting in March 2006 by ERT Digital. The first digital terrestrial television of its kind in Greece started through this multiplexer. Today it covers 80% of the country's population.
New Hellenic Radio, Internet and Television or NERIT (ΝΕΡΙΤ) was the state-owned public broadcaster for Greece from 4 May 2014 to 11 June 2015. Antonis Samaras' coalition government established NERIT to replace the Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation (ERT) in 2013: NERIT began broadcasting under their identity on 4 May 2014, replacing the transitional service Dimosia Tileorasi.