Czech Presidency of the Council of the European Union, 2009

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Logo of Czech presidency Czech European Union presidency 2009.svg
Logo of Czech presidency

Czech Presidency of the Council of the European Union (short:Czech Presidency of EU) occurred in the first half of 2009. On 1 January 2009, Czech Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek became the President of the Council of the European Union. When Topolánek's cabinet lost a vote of no-confidence, he was replaced by Jan Fischer on 8 May 2009. Presidency went over to Sweden on 1 July 2009. [1]

Contents

Priorities

Priorities had been formulated since 2007. It included Energetics, countries of Easter Europe and elections of European offices. Important priorities were three Big E - Economics, Energetics and Europe in the world. Czech Republic aimed to stabilize economical situation following the Global financial crisis. [1]

History

Czech Republic took over presidency on 1 January 2009. [2] Czech presidency had to deal with Russia–Ukraine gas dispute. Topolánek's team was able to negotiate an compromise between Russian and Ukraine. [3] [1]

Another important moment was a conflict in Gaza. Czech minister of Foreign Affairs Karel Schwarzenberg led team that participated in peace negotiations. Czech Republic also held a summit of European Ministers of Labour and Social Affairs in Luhačovice [1] [4] [5]

Presidency focused on economical matters during February. [1] Topolánek summoned summit to Brussels for 19 and 20 March 2009. Summit discussed unemployment and Changes of climate. [6] Another summit was held in Hluboká. European Ministers of Foreign Affairs met with Karel Schwarzenberg. [7] Summit was met with protests against Nuclear power plant in Temelín, against American Radar in the Czech Republic and against European Union. [8]

On 24 March 2009, Czech government lost vote of no-confidence. [9] European Commission stated that it had confidence in the Czech Republic, and that the nation's EU presidency would remain unaffected.Topolánek stated that the collapse of his cabinet will have "no impact" on the Czech presidency. [10]

During April, Czech presidency held many meetings with international organisations such as North Atlantic Treaty Organisation or G20. American president Barack Obama Prague. [1] Jan Fischer remained president of European Council until 1 July 2009.

Entropa

Entropa is a sculpture by Czech artist David Černý. The project was commissioned by the Czech Republic to mark the occasion of the presidency, and was originally designed as a collaboration for 27 artists and artist groups from all member countries of the European Union. However, as a hoax, Černý and three of his assistants created a satirical and controversial piece that depicted pointed stereotypes of the EU member nations. Fake artist profiles were also created by Černý and his accomplices, complete with invented descriptions of their supposed contributions.

Reception

Czech government called the presidency a success. [11] Czech presidency was praised for many successes such as resolution of Gas crisis or support of renewable energy sources. The most critical point was fall of Topolánek's government. [12] [13]

According to poll in July 2009, 54% considered the Presidency successful while 36% unsuccessful. [14]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Předsednictví ČR v EU 2009". Euroskop (in Czech). Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  2. "Česko začalo předsedat EU. Podívejte se, co to znamená a co se bude dít". iDNES.cz. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  3. "Česko a plynová krize. 10 otázek a odpovědí". TÝDEN.cz. 11 January 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  4. "Role EU během českého předsednictví při hledání míru v Gaze". NATO Aktual. 19 January 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  5. "Luhačovice jsou nejstřeženější město v Česku. Začíná tu summit EU". iDNES.cz. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  6. "Topolánka čeká tvrdá zkouška v EU, summit ke krizi". iDNES.cz. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  7. "Karel Schwarzenberg jedná se svými protějšky ze zemí EU na rodovém sídle". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  8. "Summit na Hluboké provázely protesty proti radaru i Temelínu". iDNES.cz. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  9. "Vláda padla. Pohřbili ji Tlustý, Schwippel, Jakubková a Zubová". iDNES.cz. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  10. "Government falls in no-confidence vote". Radio.cz. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  11. "Czech Presidency rounds off European Council with success | Government of the Czech Republic". www.vlada.cz. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  12. "The partial success of the Czech presidency of the Council of the European Union". Glopolis. 9 July 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  13. ČTK, Michal Půr, foto (19 June 2009). "Hodnocení Česka v čele EU: Dobří úředníci, slabí politici". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  14. Digital, AITOM. "Hodnocení českého předsednictví EU". www.factum.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 3 July 2017.

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