Düsseldorf school of painting

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The Düsseldorf school of painting refers to a group of painters who taught or studied at the Düsseldorf Academy (now the Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf or Düsseldorf State Art Academy) in the 1830s and 1840s, when the Academy was directed by the painter Wilhelm von Schadow. [1] The work of the Düsseldorf School is characterized by finely detailed yet fanciful landscapes, often with religious or allegorical stories set in the landscapes. Leading members of the Düsseldorf School advocated "plein air painting", and tended to use a palette with relatively subdued and even colors. The Düsseldorf School grew out of and was a part of the German Romantic movement. Prominent members of the Düsselorf School included von Schadow, Karl Friedrich Lessing, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Andreas Achenbach, Hans Fredrik Gude, Adolph Tidemand, Oswald Achenbach, and Adolf Schrödter. [2]

Contents

The Düsseldorf School had a significant influence on the Hudson River School in the United States, and many prominent Americans trained at the Düsseldorf Academy and show the influence of the Düsseldorf School, including George Caleb Bingham, David Edward Cronin, Eastman Johnson, Worthington Whittredge, Richard Caton Woodville, William Stanley Haseltine, James McDougal Hart, Helen Searle, and William Morris Hunt, as well as German émigré Emanuel Leutze. Albert Bierstadt applied but was not accepted. His American friend Worthington Whittredge became his teacher while attending Düsseldorf.

Selected artists

The old "Academie of Dusseldorf", Andreas Achenbach, 1831 Die alte Akademie in Duesseldorf by Andreas Achenbach 1831.jpg
The old "Academie of Düsseldorf", Andreas Achenbach, 1831
Clearing Up--Coast of Sicily, Andreas Achenbach, (1847). The Walters Art Museum. Andreas Achenbach - Clearing Up--Coast of Sicily - Walters 37116.jpg
Clearing Up—Coast of Sicily, Andreas Achenbach, (1847). The Walters Art Museum.
Jolly Flatboatmen in Port, George Caleb Bingham, 1857 George Caleb Bingham - Jolly Flatboatmen in Port.jpg
Jolly Flatboatmen in Port, George Caleb Bingham, 1857
Tranquillity after the Storm, Erik Bodom, 1871 Erik Bodom - Ruhe nach dem Sturm (1871).jpg
Tranquillity after the Storm, Erik Bodom, 1871
Fugitive Slaves in the Dismal Swamp, Virginia, David Edward Cronin, 1888 Great Dismal Swamp-Fugitive Slaves.jpg
Fugitive Slaves in the Dismal Swamp, Virginia , David Edward Cronin, 1888
Mere rannal, Eugen Ducker, 1875 Ducker Mere rannal.jpg
Mere rannal, Eugen Dücker, 1875
The Veterans (From Days Gone By) by Bengt Nordenberg. Oil on canvas, 1882, Hallwyl Museum. Veteranerna av Bengt Nordenberg - Hallwylska museet - 30431.tif
The Veterans (From Days Gone By) by Bengt Nordenberg. Oil on canvas, 1882, Hallwyl Museum.
Die Amazonenschlacht, Anselm Feuerbach, 1873 Feuerbach Amazonenschlacht 1873.jpg
Die Amazonenschlacht, Anselm Feuerbach, 1873
Dandenong Ranges from Beleura, Eugene von Guerard, 1870 Eugene VON GUERard - Dandenong Ranges from %3FBeleura%3F - Google Art Project.jpg
Dandenong Ranges from Beleura, Eugene von Guerard, 1870
Negro Life at the South, Eastman Johnson, 1859 Eastman Johnson - Negro Life at the South - ejb - fig 67 - pg 120.jpg
Negro Life at the South, Eastman Johnson, 1859
Washington Crossing the Delaware, Emanuel Leutze, 1851 Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze, MMA-NYC, 1851.jpg
Washington Crossing the Delaware , Emanuel Leutze, 1851
Romantische Landschaft, Carl Friedrich Lessing Lessing2.jpg
Romantische Landschaft, Carl Friedrich Lessing
Rain in an oak forest, Ivan Shishkin, 1891 Shishkin DozVDubLesu 114.jpg
Rain in an oak forest, Ivan Shishkin, 1891
Mathilde Wesendonck, Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850 Mathilde Wesendonck by Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850.jpg
Mathilde Wesendonck, Karl Ferdinand Sohn, 1850


Between 1819 and 1918, some 4000 artists [3] belonged to the Düsseldorf school of painting, including:

See also

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References

  1. Schadow and his students "bildeten den Krystallisationspunkt, um den sich in späteren Jahren die Düsseldorfer Schule anlegte". Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter: Düsseldorfer Künstler aus den letzten fünfundzwanzig Jahren. Leipzig, 1854, S. 1
  2. Humboldt, Wilhelm von (1968). Albert Leitzmann (ed.). Gesammelte Schriften. 1. Abteilung: Werke. Band 6 1827–1835. Walter de Gruyter. p. 585. ISBN   978-3-11-019258-2 . Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  3. Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf und Galerie Paffrath (Hrsg.): Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule, 3 Bände, Düsseldorf und München, 1997–1999
  4. Lekisch, Barbara (2003). Embracing Scenes about Lakes Tahoe & Donner: Painters, Illustrators & Sketch Artists 1855–1915, pp 173–174. Great West Books. ISBN   0944220142