D. N. Jackson

Last updated
Doss Nathan Jackson
Born(1895-07-14)July 14, 1895
Balch, Arkansas, United States
DiedNovember 29, 1968(1968-11-29) (aged 73)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
NationalityU.S.A.
Occupation pastor, author
Spouse(s)Erma Jackson
ChildrenDr. T. S. Jackson, Carroll F. Jackson and Mrs. S. T. Sullivan
Parent(s)James & Josephine Jackson

Doss Nathan Jackson (July 14, 1895 – November 29, 1968) was a Baptist pastor from the United States who was fundamental in the founding of the North American Baptist Association (now the Baptist Missionary Association of America). He was a debater and conference speaker, publisher and a prolific writer of Christian literature and theological works including Studies in Baptist Doctrine and History.

Contents

Biography

Jackson was the son of James Ferguson and Josephine (Bridges) Jackson and the youngest of twelve children. In 1918 he was married to Erma Oretus Gilbert, the daughter of Dr. C. A. Gilbert, The Business Manager of the Baptist Sunday School Committee in Texarkana, Arkansas. Dr. and Mrs. Jackson had three children: Dr. Tillman Sherron (T.S.) Jackson, Carroll F. Jackson and Mrs. Ermagene (Jean) S.T. Sullivan.

His denominational work began in 1918 when, as a 23-year-old pastor, the General Association of Baptists in the United States of America elected him editor-in-chief of the Baptist Sunday School Committee. C. A. Gilbert, who became Jackson's father-in-law the same year, was elected business manager at the same meeting. A movement began to unify various state and regional associations of missionary Baptists into a national association – a scope which the General Association apparently never enjoyed. The result of the movement was the forming of the American Baptist Association in 1924. Jackson served on the committee which drafted the constitution for the new Baptist association. He was the ABA president from 1935 to 1937 and held the position of editor-in-chief from 1924 to 1942.

Jackson and his then friend Ben M. Bogard claimed that the Darwinian theory of evolution had contributed to the moral decline of the United States and caused discouraged persons to embrace atheism and Bolshevism. Accordingly, in 1926, Bogard and Jackson joined to pen Evolution: Unscientific and Unscriptural. Bogard and Jackson subsequently broke fellowship when C. A. Gilbert, the chairman of the Missionary Baptist Sunday School Committee, was blamed for a deficit. For a decade Bogard tried to remove Jackson's father-in-law as the committee chairman. In 1950, Jackson left the Missionary Baptist denomination and started the Baptist Missionary Association of America, formerly the North American Baptist Association. [1]

Jackson, however, was never the president of the Baptist Missionary Association of America, but he was elected one of two vice-presidents in 1955, and was given the honor of preaching the annual message on two occasions. In 1951, Jackson preached the annual message for the association meeting in Laurel, Mississippi, while his friend, Gerlad D. Kellar presided. Jackson also drafted the original Doctrinal Statement of the association. [2] and served as the first promotional secretary.

Education

He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Jacksonville College in 1917. He later studied at Moody Bible Institute, Chicago in 1920–21 and did graduate work at Princeton University in 1925–26. Jackson later had a LLD degree conferred by the Missionary Baptist College in [3] Sheridan, Arkansas after which he was known as Dr. Jackson.

Ministry

Pastorates

Dr. Jackson was ordained on September 2, 1913.

Pedagogy

In 1952 Southeastern Baptist College was organized with Dr. Jackson as its first President. In Arkansas he provided the leadership for purchasing the property for Conway Baptist College, now known as the Central Baptist College, Conway. He served the school's first President also. He played a significant role in the organization and development of the North American Theological Seminary (now Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary.) Dr. Jackson was offered a life-time professorship at North American (BMA) Theological Seminary. He became Professor of Theology and Church History and remained with the seminary from 1955 to 1967. He also served as President of Midwestern Baptist College, Oklahoma City from 1967 until his death a year later.

Publishing

He was editor and publisher of the American Baptist, the oldest Baptist paper west of the Mississippi, from 1934 until his death. The paper was founded in St. Louis in 1875 by D. B. Ray, Sr. Jackson later sold the American Baptist to a group of BMAA pastors.

Debates

Debates between denominational representatives were popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Jackson was widely used as a debater in earlier years, defending the Baptist faith. He is credited with engaging in at least 162 formal debates, mostly with "Christians" (i.e., "Church of Christ"), from 1916 to 1957. Many of them were in Arkansas, Texas and Oklahoma, but he also debated in Mississippi, Missouri, California and Michigan. A partial list includes [4]

Jackson also served as moderater for many debates. Two notable ones include:

Preaching

through his preaching ministry Dr. Jackson was able to see many lives changed and many professions of faith, but on one Easter morning his ministry produced a new response. The words that flowed from that pulpit on that Resurrection Sunday caused Luther G. Presley to pick up a pen and compose, "I'll Have A New Life" after he heard a sermon by Dr. D.N. Jackson. [14]

Theology

Perpetuity of the church is a doctrine which is cherished by Missionary Baptists. By perpetuity is meant that there has never been a day since Christ founded His church when there was no scriptural church upon earth. The church shall continue in existence until He shall come again. Church "succession" is another term which denotes perpetuity, implying that churches have succeeded in all ages the one founded by Christ. Baptists believe in a succession of churches---not of the apostles, as taught by the Roman doctrine of ‘apostolic succession. [15]

Baptism is one way of making a confession of faith in Christ. Scriptural baptism is performed by the authority of the triune God (Matthew 28:19-20). No one without baptism is qualified for membership in a church, but baptism does not wholly qualify him. It is the ceremonial qualification he is required to meet. It is the first act of Christian obedience after one's profession, although one may have the opportunity to witness for Christ as Saviour before he is baptized. [16]

Publications

Dr. Jackson was a prolific writer of books, pamphlets, tracts, news articles and study courses.

Related Research Articles

Baptists Denomination of Protestant Christianity

Baptists form a major branch of Protestant Christianity distinguished by baptizing professing Christian believers only, and doing so by complete immersion. Baptist churches also generally subscribe to the doctrines of soul competency, sola fide, sola scriptura and congregationalist church government. Baptists generally recognize two ordinances: baptism and communion.

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant (religious) denomination

The Christian Church is a Mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States and Canada. The denomination started with the Restoration Movement during the Second Great Awakening, first existing during the 19th century as a loose association of churches working towards Christian unity, then slowly forming quasi-denominational structures through missionary societies, regional associations, and an international convention. In 1968, the Disciples of Christ officially adopted a denominational structure at which time a group of churches left to remain nondenominational.

Texarkana, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Texarkana is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County, on the southwest border of the state. The city is located across the state line from its twin city of Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016, according to the United States Census Bureau.

Texarkana, Texas city in Bowie County, Texas, United States

Texarkana is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, located in the Ark-La-Tex region. Located approximately 180 miles (290 km) from Dallas, Texarkana is a twin city with neighboring Texarkana, Arkansas. The population of the Texas city was 36,411 at the 2010 census. The city and its Arkansas counterpart form the core of the Texarkana Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. The two cities had a combined population of 67,592 at the 2017 census, and the metropolitan area had a total population of 150,098.

American Baptist Association

The American Baptist Association (ABA), formed by a merger of two related groups in 1924, is an association of Baptist churches. The principal founder was Ben M. Bogard, a pastor of Antioch Missionary Baptist Church in Little Rock, Arkansas. ABA headquarters, including its bookstore and publishing house, Bogard Press, is based in Texarkana, Texas.

Baptist Missionary Association of America

The Baptist Missionary Association of America (BMAA) is a fellowship of autonomous Baptist churches for the purpose of benevolence, Christian education, and missions.

Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists

Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists are part of a larger sub-group of Baptists that is commonly referred to as "anti-mission" Baptists. This sub-group includes the Duck River and Kindred Baptists, Old Regular Baptists, some Regular Baptists and some United Baptists. Only a minuscule minority of Primitive Baptists adhere to the Two-Seed doctrine. The primary centers of Two-Seedism were in Northern Alabama, Arkansas, Eastern Tennessee, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Texas. As of 2002, five churches or congregations of this faith and order still existed in Alabama, Indiana, Tennessee, and Texas.

Interstate and Foreign Landmark Missionary Baptist Association

Organized in 1951 as the Interstate and Foreign Missionary Baptist Associational Assembly of America, this group is now known as the Interstate and Foreign Landmark Missionary Baptist Association of America. Their purpose is to encourage fellowship among Missionary Baptist churches that practice ministerial support by freewill offerings. Since they do not believe in stipulated salaries for pastors and missionaries, they are also known as "Faithway Baptists".

National Baptist Convention of America International, Inc.

The National Baptist Convention of America International, Inc., more commonly known as the National Baptist Convention of America or sometimes the Boyd Convention, is a Christian denomination based in the United States. It is a predominantly African American conservative Baptist denomination, and is headquartered at Simmons College of Kentucky in Louisville. The National Baptist Convention of America has members in the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and Africa. The current president of the National Baptist Convention of America is Dr. Samuel C. Tolbert, Jr. of Lake Charles, Louisiana.

The Church of Christ, Instrumental, also known as Kelleyites, are a baptistic body of Christians based in central Arkansas.

Holiness Baptist Association A holiness body of Christians with Baptist historical roots

The Holiness Baptist Association is a holiness body of Christians with Baptist historical roots.

The Church of God, Mountain Assembly (CGMA) is a holiness Pentecostal Christian body formed in 1907, with roots in the late 19th-century American holiness movement and early 20th-century Pentecostal revival. The denomination maintains headquarters in Jellico, Tennessee and is a member of the Pentecostal/Charismatic Churches of North America.

The Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A. is a Holiness body of Christians headquartered in Jackson, Mississippi. In 2010, there were 14,000 members in 154 churches.

J. Frank Norris

John Franklyn Norris was a Baptist preacher and controversial Christian fundamentalist.

Charles Harrison Mason

Charles Harrison Mason Sr. was an American Pentecostal–Holiness pastor and minister. He was the founder and first Senior Bishop of the Church of God in Christ, based in Memphis, Tennessee. It developed into what is today the largest Pentecostal church denomination and one of the largest predominantly African-American Christian denominations in the United States.

Landmarkism is a type of Baptist ecclesiology developed in the American South in the mid-19th century. It is committed to a strong version of the perpetuity theory of Baptist origins, attributing an unbroken continuity and unique legitimacy to the Baptist movement since the apostolic period. It includes belief in the exclusive validity of Baptist churches and invalidity of non-Baptist liturgical forms and practices. It led to intense debates and splits in the Baptist community.

Foy Esco Wallace was an influential figure among American Churches of Christ in the early and mid-20th century. Through his writing and speaking, Wallace gathered a considerable following among that autonomous group of churches. His skilled use of logic, combined with his charisma, propelled him to the forefront of at least three major controversies in the Churches of Christ.

V. E. Howard

Verna Elisha Howard, known as V. E. Howard, was an American minister and radio evangelist based in Texarkana, Texas, who founded the International Gospel Hour.

Benjamin Marcus "Ben" Bogard was an American Baptist clergyman, author, editor, educator, radio broadcaster, and champion debater in primarily the U.S. state of Arkansas. In 1924, Bogard founded the American Baptist Association, commonly called the Missionary Baptist denomination, based in Texarkana, Texas. In 1928, Bogard successfully pushed for an Arkansas state law which banned the teaching of the theory of evolution in public schools; the law was overturned by the United States Supreme Court in 1968, seventeen years after Bogard's death.

Archibald McLean (Baptist)

Archibald McLean (1733–1812) was a Scotch Baptist minister.

References

  1. "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  2. John W. Duggar, The Baptist Missionary Association of America (1950-1986) (Texarkana: Baptist Publishing House, 1988), 3.
  3. "Welcome to Missionary Baptist Seminary". Archived from the original on 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2009-07-21.
  4. "The Encyclopedia of Religious Debates". Archived from the original on 2010-04-05. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
  5. 1 2 3 Woods, Guy N [ permanent dead link ]
  6. Publication: Smith-Jackson Debate.
  7. Periodical publication: American Baptist. Beginning February 26, 1945. Periodical publication: Gospel Broadcast. Book publication: Jackson-Smith Debate.
  8. Notes On The Jackson-Porter Debate - Bible Banner vol.9, no.2, pg.3-7
  9. Book publication: The Cogdill-Jackson Debate. Lufkin, Texas: Roy E. Cogdill Publishing Co., 1949. Second edition.
  10. G.C. Brewer Archived 2007-02-28 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Guardian of Truth XXXI: 13, pp. 398-402http://truthmagazine.com/archives/volume31/GOT031176.html
  12. Aimee McPherson - Ben Bogard Debate On Miracles And Healing
  13. McPherson-Bogard Debate: Miracles ceased with the closing of the Apostolic Age (Part 1)
  14. L G Presley
  15. D. N. Jackson, Baptist Doctrines and History, Baptist Publications Committee, Little Rock, Arkansas p. 53
  16. D. N. Jackson, Baptist Doctrines and History, Baptist Publications Committee, Little Rock, Arkansas p. 35