Daba (settlement)

Last updated

Daba (Georgian :დაბა) is a type of human settlement in Georgia, a “small city”. [1] [2] It is equivalent to an urban-type settlement in some other countries of the former Soviet Union.

Contents

In present-day Georgia, daba is typically defined as a settlement with the population of no less than 3,000 and established social and technical infrastructure, which enables it to function as a local economic and cultural center; it, furthermore, should not possess large agricultural lands. The status of daba can also be granted to a settlement with the population of less than 3,000, provided it functions as an administrative center of the district (municipality) or has a prospect of further economic and population growth in the nearest future. [1]

Etymology

Daba is the term well known in Old Georgian, where it had the meaning "cornfield, hamlet". It is derived from a Common Kartvelian root *dab(a), which is also a source of the Svan däb, "cornfield", and, possibly, the Mingrelian dobera (dobira), "arable land". The derivative words are udabno, "desert", and mdabali, "low". [3] The name daba is also a basis for several placenames in Georgia, such as Daba, Akhaldaba ("new daba"), Q'veldaba ("cheese daba"), and Dabadzveli ("old daba").

List of daba in Georgia

As of 2011, 50 settlements are categorized in Georgia as daba. These, listed according to a population size (2002 census), are:

DabaPopulation (2002)Status grantedDistrict/MunicipalityRegion or autonomous republicNote
1. Surami 9,8001926 Khashuri Shida Kartli
2. Ts'q'neti 8,2001967 Tbilisi Tbilisi
3. Chakvi 8,1001954 Kobuleti Autonomous Republic of Adjara
4. Kazreti 7,3001965 Bolnisi Kvemo Kartli
5. Khelvachauri 6,1001968 Khelvachauri Autonomous Republic of Adjara
6. Ochkhamuri 5,0001954 Kobuleti Autonomous Republic of Adjara
7. Chkhorotsqu 5,0001960 Chkhorotsqu Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
8. Laituri 3,6001953 Ozurgeti Guria
9. Tianeti 3,6001960 Tianeti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
10. Shaumiani 3,6001932 Marneuli Kvemo Kartli
11. Agara 3,5001934 Kareli Shida Kartli
12. Makhinjauri 3,4001959 Khelvachauri Autonomous Republic of Adjara
13. Aspindza 3,2001961 Aspindza Samtskhe-Javakheti
14. Manglisi 2,8001926 Tetritsqaro Kvemo Kartli
15. Kveda Nasakirali 2,6001976 Ozurgeti Guria
16. Mestia 2,6001968 Mestia Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
17. Akhalgori 2,5001960 Akhalgori Mtskheta-Mtianeti Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
18. Kharagauli 2,4001944 Kharagauli Imereti
19. Akhaldaba 2,4001965 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
20. Didi Lilo 2,4001974 Tbilisi Tbilisi
21. Chokhatauri 2,1001947 Chokhatauri Guria
22. Kulashi 2,0001961 Samtredia Imereti
23. Bakuriani 2,0001926 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
24. Zhinvali 1,9001976 Dusheti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
25. Kojori 1,9001968 Tbilisi Tbilisi
26. Stepantsminda 1,8001966 Kazbegi Mtskheta-Mtianeti
27. Lentekhi 1,7001969 Lentekhi Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
28. Shorapani 1,6001938 Zestaponi Imereti
29. Pasanauri 1,6001966 Dusheti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
30. Ureki 1,4001953 Ozurgeti Guria
31. Abastumani 1,4001926 Adigeni Samtskhe-Javakheti
32. Naruja 1,3001987 Ozurgeti Guria
33. Keda 1,2001966 Keda Autonomous Republic of Adjara
34. Khulo 1,1001964 Khulo Autonomous Republic of Adjara
35. Tsagveri 1,1001926 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
36. Adigeni 1,0001961 Adigeni Samtskhe-Javakheti
37. Shuakhevi 0,9001974 Shuakhevi Autonomous Republic of Adjara
38. Bakurianis Andeziti 0,5001956 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
39. Sioni 0,4001960 Tianeti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
40. Tamarisi 0,4001982 Marneuli Kvemo Kartli
41. Bediani 0,3001963 Tsalka Samtskhe-Javakheti
42. Trialeti 0,3001944 Tsalka Kvemo Kartli
43. Kharistvala 0,0001956 Ambrolauri Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Depopulated as a result of the 1991 earthquake and a series of avalanches
44. Bichvinta -1963 Gagra Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
45. Gantiadi -1966 Gagra Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
46. Miusera -1990 Gudauta Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
47. Gulripshi -1975 Gulripshi Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
48. Q'ornisi -- Kareli Shida Kartli Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
49. Kvaisa -- Oni Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
50. Java -- Java Shida Kartli Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Town Settlement that is bigger than a village but smaller than a city

A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary considerably between different parts of the world.

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Georgian language Official language of Georgia

Georgian is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians and the Laz.

Rural area Geographic area that is located outside towns and cities

In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities. The Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines the word rural as encompassing "...all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area. Whatever is not urban is considered rural."

Hamlet (place) Small human settlement in a rural area

A hamlet is a small or very small human settlement. In different jurisdictions and geographies, a hamlet may be the size of a town, village or parish, or may be considered to be a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, where the old French hamlet came to apply to small human settlements. In British geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church or other place of worship.

Urban-type settlement is an official designation for a semi-urban settlement, used in several Eastern European countries. The term was historically used in Bulgaria, Poland, and the Soviet Union, and remains in use today in 10 of the post-Soviet states.

Urban area Human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment

An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets; in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment. The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning, which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources led to a human impact on the environment. "Agglomeration effects" are in the list of the main consequences of increased rates of firm creation since. This is due to conditions created by a greater level of industrial activity in a given region. However, a favorable environment for human capital development would also be generated simultaneously.

Demographics of Europe

Figures for the population of Europe vary according to how one defines the boundaries of Europe. According to the United Nations, the population within the standard physical geographical boundaries comprised 737 million in 2010. In 2010 the population was 711 million, defining Europe's boundaries as the continental divides of the Caucasus and Ural mountains and the Bosporous, and including the European parts of the countries of Russia and of Turkey.

Aba Daba Honeymoon song performed by Debbie Reynolds

"Aba Daba Honeymoon" is a popular song written and published by Arthur Fields and Walter Donovan in 1914, known through its chorus, "Aba daba daba daba daba daba dab, Said the chimpie to the monk; Baba daba daba daba daba daba dab, Said the monkey to the chimp," and first recorded in 1914 by the comic duo team of Collins & Harlan.

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti Region (mkhare) of Georgia

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti is a region (Mkhare) in western Georgia which includes the historical Georgian provinces of Samegrelo (Mingrelia) and Zemo Svaneti and has Zugdidi as its capital.

Prehistoric Georgia

The prehistory of Georgia is the period between the first human habitation of the territory of modern-day nation of Georgia and the time when Assyrian and Urartian, and more firmly, the Classical accounts, brought the proto-Georgian tribes into the scope of recorded history.

Abastumani Town in Samtskhe-Javakheti, Georgia

Abastumani is a small town (daba) and climatic spa in Adigeni Municipality, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Georgia. It is located on the southern slopes of the Meskheti Range, in the small river valley of Otskhe, 25 km northeast of Adigeni and 28 km west of Akhaltsikhe. As of the 2014 census, it had a population of 937. The Georgian National Astrophysical Observatory is located at Abastumani.

Kartvelian languages Language family

The Kartvelian languages are a language family indigenous to the South Caucasus and spoken primarily in Georgia, with large groups of native speakers in Russia, Iran, the United States, Europe, Israel, and northeastern parts of Turkey. There are approximately 5.2 million speakers of Kartvelian languages worldwide. The Kartvelian family is not known to be related to any other language family, making it one of the world's primary language families. The first literary source in a Kartvelian language is the Old Georgian Bir el Qutt inscriptions, written in ancient Georgian Asomtavruli script at the once-existing Georgian monastery near Bethlehem, which dates back to c. 430 AD.

Laz is a Kartvelian language. It is sometimes considered as a southern dialect of Zan languages, the northern dialect being the Mingrelian language.

Makhinjauri Borough in Adjara, Georgia

Makhinjauri is a small town (daba) in Adjara, Georgia, with the population of 735 according to the 2014 census. It is located on the Black Sea coast, 5 km north of Batumi, the capital of Adjara, and functions as a seaside resort. Until the opening of Batumi railway station in 2015, Makhinjauri station was the one serving Batumi. Administratively, Makhinjauri was part of the Khelvachauri district from 1959 to 2011 and of the city of Batumi since 2011.

Ochkhamuri Borough in Adjara, Georgia

Ochkhamuri is a small town (daba) on the Ochkhamuri river in Adjara, Georgia, with the population of 5,355 as of the Georgian census of 2014.

Manglisi Borough in Kvemo Kartli, Georgia

Manglisi is a daba (townlet) in the Tetritsqaro Municipality, Kvemo Kartli region of Georgia. As of the 2014 census, it had the population of 1,441. With a recorded history going back to the 4th century, Manglisi was one of the earliest centers of Christianity in Georgia and is a home to the medieval cathedral of the Mother of God. It also functions as a mountain spa and health resort.

City of district significance (Ukraine) Ukraine

A city of district significance is a special category of city municipalities within each of the rural raions (districts) of Ukraine's first-level of administrative divisions. These cities are subordinate to the raion authorities and derive their powers from them. The KOATUU national classification system refers to them as the third-level of the country's administrative divisions. As of 2015 there are 276 cities of district significance in Ukraine.

References

  1. 1 2 (in Georgian) მოხელის სამაგიდო ლექსიკონი / გაეროს განვითარების პროგრამა; [შემდგ.: სამსონ ურიდია და სხვ.; რედ.: ვაჟა გურგენიძე] - თბ., 2004 - 483გვ.: ცხრ.; 24სმ. - (საჯარო მოსამსახურის ბ-კა). - ISBN   99940-0-063-2.
  2. Allen, William Edward David (1932, reissued 1971), A History of the Georgian People: From the Beginning Down to the Russian Conquest in the Nineteenth Century, p. 240. Taylor & Francis, ISBN   0-7100-6959-6.
  3. Klimov, Georgy (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, p. 36. Walter de Gruyter, ISBN   3-11-015658-X.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Law of Georgian on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) Archived June 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine . State Ministry for Reintegration. Retrieved on December 15, 2011.