Daba (settlement)

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Daba (Georgian :დაბა) is a type of human settlement in Georgia, a “small city”. [1] [2] It is equivalent to an urban-type settlement in some other countries of the former Soviet Union.


In present-day Georgia, daba is typically defined as a settlement with the population of no less than 3,000 and established social and technical infrastructure, which enables it to function as a local economic and cultural center; it, furthermore, should not possess large agricultural lands. The status of daba can also be granted to a settlement with the population of less than 3,000, provided it functions as an administrative center of the district (municipality) or has a prospect of further economic and population growth in the nearest future. [1]


Daba is the term well known in Old Georgian, where it had the meaning "cornfield, hamlet". It is derived from a Common Kartvelian root *dab(a), which is also a source of the Svan däb, "cornfield", and, possibly, the Mingrelian dobera (dobira), "arable land". The derivative words are udabno, "desert", and mdabali, "low". [3] The name daba is also a basis for several placenames in Georgia, such as Daba, Akhaldaba ("new daba"), Q'veldaba ("cheese daba"), and Dabadzveli ("old daba").

List of daba in Georgia

As of 2011, 50 settlements are categorized in Georgia as daba. These, listed according to a population size (2002 census), are:

DabaPopulation (2002)Status grantedDistrict/MunicipalityRegion or autonomous republicNote
1. Surami 9,8001926 Khashuri Shida Kartli
2. Ts'q'neti 8,2001967 Tbilisi Tbilisi
3. Chakvi 8,1001954 Kobuleti Autonomous Republic of Adjara
4. Kazreti 7,3001965 Bolnisi Kvemo Kartli
5. Khelvachauri 6,1001968 Khelvachauri Autonomous Republic of Adjara
6. Ochkhamuri 5,0001954 Kobuleti Autonomous Republic of Adjara
7. Chkhorotsqu 5,0001960 Chkhorotsqu Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
8. Laituri 3,6001953 Ozurgeti Guria
9. Tianeti 3,6001960 Tianeti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
10. Shaumiani 3,6001932 Marneuli Kvemo Kartli
11. Agara 3,5001934 Kareli Shida Kartli
12. Makhinjauri 3,4001959 Khelvachauri Autonomous Republic of Adjara
13. Aspindza 3,2001961 Aspindza Samtskhe-Javakheti
14. Manglisi 2,8001926 Tetritsqaro Kvemo Kartli
15. Kveda Nasakirali 2,6001976 Ozurgeti Guria
16. Mestia 2,6001968 Mestia Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
17. Akhalgori 2,5001960 Akhalgori Mtskheta-Mtianeti Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
18. Kharagauli 2,4001944 Kharagauli Imereti
19. Akhaldaba 2,4001965 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
20. Didi Lilo 2,4001974 Tbilisi Tbilisi
21. Chokhatauri 2,1001947 Chokhatauri Guria
22. Kulashi 2,0001961 Samtredia Imereti
23. Bakuriani 2,0001926 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
24. Zhinvali 1,9001976 Dusheti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
25. Kojori 1,9001968 Tbilisi Tbilisi
26. Stepantsminda 1,8001966 Kazbegi Mtskheta-Mtianeti
27. Lentekhi 1,7001969 Lentekhi Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
28. Shorapani 1,6001938 Zestaponi Imereti
29. Pasanauri 1,6001966 Dusheti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
30. Ureki 1,4001953 Ozurgeti Guria
31. Abastumani 1,4001926 Adigeni Samtskhe-Javakheti
32. Naruja 1,3001987 Ozurgeti Guria
33. Keda 1,2001966 Keda Autonomous Republic of Adjara
34. Khulo 1,1001964 Khulo Autonomous Republic of Adjara
35. Tsagveri 1,1001926 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
36. Adigeni 1,0001961 Adigeni Samtskhe-Javakheti
37. Shuakhevi 0,9001974 Shuakhevi Autonomous Republic of Adjara
38. Bakurianis Andeziti 0,5001956 Borjomi Samtskhe-Javakheti
39. Sioni 0,4001960 Tianeti Mtskheta-Mtianeti
40. Tamarisi 0,4001982 Marneuli Kvemo Kartli
41. Bediani 0,3001963 Tsalka Samtskhe-Javakheti
42. Trialeti 0,3001944 Tsalka Kvemo Kartli
43. Kharistvala 0,0001956 Ambrolauri Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Depopulated as a result of the 1991 earthquake and a series of avalanches
44. Bichvinta -1963 Gagra Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
45. Gantiadi -1966 Gagra Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
46. Miusera -1990 Gudauta Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
47. Gulripshi -1975 Gulripshi Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia Controlled by the Republic of Abkhazia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
48. Q'ornisi -- Kareli Shida Kartli Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
49. Kvaisa -- Oni Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]
50. Java -- Java Shida Kartli Controlled by the Republic of South Ossetia
Russian-occupied territory under the Law of Georgia on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) [4]

See also

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  1. 1 2 (in Georgian) მოხელის სამაგიდო ლექსიკონი / გაეროს განვითარების პროგრამა; [შემდგ.: სამსონ ურიდია და სხვ.; რედ.: ვაჟა გურგენიძე] - თბ., 2004 - 483გვ.: ცხრ.; 24სმ. - (საჯარო მოსამსახურის ბ-კა). - ISBN   99940-0-063-2.
  2. Allen, William Edward David (1932, reissued 1971), A History of the Georgian People: From the Beginning Down to the Russian Conquest in the Nineteenth Century, p. 240. Taylor & Francis, ISBN   0-7100-6959-6.
  3. Klimov, Georgy (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, p. 36. Walter de Gruyter, ISBN   3-11-015658-X.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Law of Georgian on Occupied Territories (431-IIs, October 23, 2008) Archived June 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine . State Ministry for Reintegration. Retrieved on December 15, 2011.