Daguanyuan

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An 1889 printed depiction of the garden Daguanyuan Jinyuyuan.jpg
An 1889 printed depiction of the garden
A depiction of the garden from a series of brush paintings by Qing Dynasty artist Sun Wen (1818-1904) Sun Wen Red Chamber 5.jpg
A depiction of the garden from a series of brush paintings by Qing Dynasty artist Sun Wen (1818–1904)
Another depiction of the garden from a series of brush paintings by Sun Wen Sun Wen Red Chamber 2.jpg
Another depiction of the garden from a series of brush paintings by Sun Wen

The Daguanyuan (simplified Chinese :大观园; traditional Chinese :大觀園; pinyin :Dàguānyuán), variously translated as the Grand View Garden, Prospect Garden or Grand Prospect Garden, is a massive landscaped interior garden in the classic 18th century Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber , built within the compounds of the Rongguo Mansion. It is the setting for much of the story. [1]

Contents

Built in chapters 16 and 17 of the novel, it was the site of Jia Yuanchun's first visit home as an Imperial Concubine. At that time, music and lights decorated the place so it was fit for Imperial patronage. After Yuanchun leaves, the Garden is made at her own request the home of her brother, half-sister, sister-in-law, and cousins. Being very elegant and peaceful, it is a perfect home for Baoyu and the girls. Granny Liu also pays a visit to Prospect Garden in chapters 40 and 41. She is very impressed at the vegetation, water, layout, and life in the Garden. As a gift, the Dowager commissions Xichun to make a painting of the Garden for Granny Liu to take back home. It is here that the nun Miaoyu is met by many.

Eventually, the young women in Baoyu's life drift away from the Garden. Yingchun is married off to her death. Tanchun is also married, but to the frontier (in the Cheng-Gao version). Shi Xiangyun also marries, while Baochai marries Baoyu and is abandoned. Lin Daiyu dies of grief and Li Wan moves into the inner apartments of the Rongguo Mansion.

When the Jia family estates are confiscated, the Garden is ransacked. Being farther from the inner apartments, it is also destroyed by the Imperial Guards.

Real-life replicas

A full-size replicated landscape garden based on the novel was built at Xuanwu District, in southwest Beijing in 1984, using the same name. The first major CCTV television series based on the novel was filmed in this garden. [2] A smaller version of Prospect Garden already exists in Shanghai's Qingpu district. [3]

Covering an area of 13 hectares (32.12 acres) with more than 40 scenic spots set within it, the garden comprises courtyards which replicate the residences of the main members of the Jia family. The Enjoyment Red Hall is where the principal character in the novel Jia Baoyu lived; Bamboo Lodge, a small and simple courtyard decorated in light-green, with slim bamboos grown in the courtyard, housed sickly Lin Daiyu, the heroine of the novel.

See also

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Jia Baoyu

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Jia Tanchun

Jia Tanchun is the younger half-sister of Jia Baoyu and a major character in the 18th century Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber. She is the daughter of Jia Zheng and his concubine, Concubine Zhao. Tanchun is a very clever and capable person, once temporarily managing all household and economical affairs of the Rongguo Mansion when Wang Xifeng had a miscarriage. Despite this achievement, however, the fact she is the daughter of a concubine is still such a burden that she often claims Lady Wang, Baoyu's mother, as her own. Tanchun is also the "founder" of the White Crabapple Poetry Club, a private poetry club for the residents of Prospect Garden.

Miaoyu

Miaoyu is an important character in the 18th century novel Dream of the Red Chamber, one of the classics of Chinese fiction. She is a young, beautiful but aloof Buddhist nun, compelled by circumstances to become a nun, and shelters herself under the nunnery in Prospect Garden. She likes Zhuangzi's article.

Jia Xichun

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References

  1. Chinese Theories of Fiction: A Non-Western Narrative System - Page 155 Ming Dong Gu - 2006 "Through detailed analysis, I have demonstrated that the Land of Illusion (and, to a lesser extent, the Daguanyuan) is a multivalent topos, which may stand variously for the imperial harem, a courtesan's house, heaven, hell, a boudoir, ."
  2. Gateways to Beijing - Page 215 Misty Littlewood, Mark Littlewood - 2008 Grand View Garden Located in Xuanwu District, this garden is a replica of Daguanyuan, described in the famous Chinese novel, A Dream of Red Mansions, ...
  3. A Comparative Study of Eighteenth to Twentieth Century Chinese and ... - Page 109 Ying Liang - 2008 -"In order to shoot the TV series, a real Prospect Garden was constructed in Beijing's Xuanwu district 宣武区 in 1984. There was already a Prospect Garden in Shanghai's Qingpu district 青浦区 before the start of the shooting, but it is smaller.

Further reading