Dai (Sixteen Kingdoms)

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Sixteen Kingdoms 350 AD.jpg
China in 350 CE. Dai is visible at the top of the map.
StatusVassal of  Jin Dynasty, Later Zhao, Former Yan, Former Qin
Capital Shengle
Tuoba Yilu
Tuoba Shiyijian
 Status upgraded from dukedom to principality
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Jin Dynasty (265–420)
Former Qin Blank.png
Today part of China
Traditional Chinese 代國
Simplified Chinese 代国
Literal meaningState of Dai
Kingdom of Dai

Dai, also formerly spelled Tai, was a state of the Xianbei clan of Tuoba, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. It existed from AD 310 to 376, [1] with its capital at Shengle (盛樂) (near modern Horinger County of Hohhot, Inner Mongolia).


The name "Dai" originated when Tuoba Yilu was appointed Duke of Dai (代公) by the Western Jin in 310 AD, as a reward for helping Liu Kun (劉琨), the Governor of Bingzhou (并州), fight against the Xiongnu state of Han Zhao. The fief was later promoted from a duchy to a principality. Dai was conquered in 376 by the Former Qin state, and its descendants later established the Northern Wei Dynasty in the 4th century.

Chieftains of Tuoba Clan 219–377 (as Princes of Dai 315–377)

Posthumous name Personal name Period of ReignOther
Shenyuan Tuoba Liwei 219–277 Temple Name: Shizu 始祖
Zhang Tuoba Xilu 277–286
Ping Tuoba Chuo 286–293
Si Tuoba Fu 293–294
Zhao Tuoba Luguan 294–307
Huan Tuoba Yituo 295–305
Mu Tuoba Yilu 295–316
Tuoba Pugen 316
Tuoba [note 1] 316
Pingwen Tuoba Yulü 316–321
Hui Tuoba Heru 321–325
Yang Tuoba Hena 325–329 and 335–337
Lie Tuoba Yihuai 329–335 and 337–338
Zhaocheng Tuoba Shiyijian 338–377 Era name: Jianguo 建國

Tuoba clan family tree


  1. No known given name survives.

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  1. Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp.  57. ISBN   0-8135-1304-9.

See also