Dalanzadgad

Last updated
Dalanzadgad
Даланзадгад
ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠨᠵᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳ
Dalanzadgad District
Даланзадгад сум
ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠨᠵᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Dalanzadbag.jpg
The streets of Dalanzadgad
Mongolia location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Dalanzadgad
Coordinates: 43°34′N104°26′E / 43.567°N 104.433°E / 43.567; 104.433
Country Mongolia
Province Ömnögovi Province
GovernmentThe Office of the Dalanzadgad City Governor
Area
  Total476 km2 (184 sq mi)
Elevation
1,470 m (4,820 ft)
Population
 (2017)
  Total24,863
  Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (UTC + 8)
Postal code of SouthGobi
64000

Dalanzadgad (Mongolian : Даланзадгад; ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠨᠵᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳ) is the capital of Ömnögovi Aimag in Mongolia. It is located 540 kilometers (340 mi) south of the national capital Ulaanbaatar. The altitude of the city center is 1,470 meters (4,823 feet).

Contents

As of 2011, its population is 19,396. [1]

Transportation

The Dalanzadgad Airport (ZMDZ/DLZ) is served by regular domestic flights from and to Ulaanbaatar. There are summer and winter timetables.

In 2007 the Mongolian Civil Aviation Authority built a new airport with a paved runway. The runway is second longest in the country after Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport. Before that, the airport had only one gravel runway.

The Dalanzadgad town has a paved road connecting it with capital Ulaanbaatar city. [2]

Climate

Dalanzadgad experiences a cold desert climate (Köppen BWk) with cold winters and warm summers. By Mongolian standards it is one of the warmest places in the country during winter. Along with Tsetserleg and Arvaikheer it was warmer than Hohhot in January 2014 and 2015. [3] A unique steppe micro-climate with running streams and lush grass can be found in the nearby Yolyn Am valley.

Climate data for Dalanzadgad weather station (WMO identifier: 44373)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.1
(52.0)
14.2
(57.6)
20.6
(69.1)
28.7
(83.7)
31.7
(89.1)
35.0
(95.0)
36.5
(97.7)
38.6
(101.5)
31.1
(88.0)
27.9
(82.2)
20.1
(68.2)
12.6
(54.7)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F)−7.6
(18.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
4.4
(39.9)
13.5
(56.3)
21.4
(70.5)
26.2
(79.2)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
20.1
(68.2)
12.3
(54.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.5
(22.1)
11.4
(52.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−14.7
(5.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
6.1
(43.0)
14.2
(57.6)
19.2
(66.6)
21.0
(69.8)
19.3
(66.7)
13.1
(55.6)
4.8
(40.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−12.6
(9.3)
4.3
(39.7)
Average low °C (°F)−21.1
(−6.0)
−17.3
(0.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.0
(44.6)
12.4
(54.3)
14.8
(58.6)
13.3
(55.9)
6.9
(44.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
Record low °C (°F)−33.1
(−27.6)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−7.1
(19.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
1.1
(34.0)
2.7
(36.9)
2.9
(37.2)
−9.7
(14.5)
−17.1
(1.2)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−34.2
(−29.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)1.4
(0.06)
1.1
(0.04)
3.3
(0.13)
5.3
(0.21)
11.8
(0.46)
18.1
(0.71)
32.8
(1.29)
32.1
(1.26)
13.1
(0.52)
4.4
(0.17)
2.0
(0.08)
1.0
(0.04)
126.4
(4.97)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)0.30.21.01.32.12.85.45.12.70.90.80.322.9
Average relative humidity (%)54433326233135323436475638
Average dew point °C (°F)−22
(−8)
−20
(−4)
−17
(1)
−12
(10)
−8
(18)
1
(34)
5
(41)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
−8
(18)
−14
(7)
−20
(−4)
−10
(15)
Source 1: NOAA (1961-1990) [4]
Source 2: Time and Date (dewpoints and humidity, between 2005-2015) [5]

Communications and Power

A Khulan (Mongolian Wild Ass) on a hill in the Gobi, near Dalanzadgad, Mongolia at sunset. Khulan.JPG
A Khulan (Mongolian Wild Ass) on a hill in the Gobi, near Dalanzadgad, Mongolia at sunset.

There is GSM coverage in the city the same as in other major locations - the coverage is good for about a mile out of the city. Usually, the city is also supplied with electric power 24 hours a day. Near Dalanzadgad, at 43°31′54.38″N 104°24′4.16″E, there is a longwave broadcasting station working on 209 kHz with 75 kW.

Related Research Articles

Geography of Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia and East Asia, located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. The total land area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 square kilometres. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. The Khüiten Peak in extreme western Mongolia on the Chinese border is the highest point. The lowest point is at 560 m (1,840 ft), is the Hoh Nuur or lake Huh. The country has an average elevation of 1,580 m (5,180 ft).

Transport in Mongolia

The transportation system in Mongolia consists of a network of railways, roads, waterways, and airports.

Ulaanbaatar Capital and largest city of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, previously anglicized as Ulan Bator, is the capital and most populous city of Mongolia. The municipality is located in north central Mongolia at an elevation of about 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. The city was originally founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre, changing location 28 times, and was permanently settled at its current location in 1778.

Bayankhongor District in Mongolia

Bayankhongor is the capital of the Bayankhongor Province (aimag) in Mongolia. The administration of the Bayankhongor Sum (district) is also located in the same place. The city is at an elevation of 1859 m above sea level, and has a population of 26,252 (2006).

DundGobi Province Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Dundgovi is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. It is located in the south of the country, approximately 245 kilometers (152 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar. Its capital is Mandalgovi. Dundgovi is the second least populated Province.

Khovd Province Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Khovd is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country. Its capital is also named Khovd.

Khövsgöl Province Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Khövsgöl is the northernmost of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The name is derived from Lake Khövsgöl.

Choibalsan (city) District in Dornod Province, Mongolia

Choibalsan is the fourth-largest city in Mongolia after Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, and Erdenet. The name of the city was Bayan Tümen until 1941, when it was renamed after the communist leader Khorloogiin Choibalsan in honor of the 20th anniversary of the Mongolian Revolution of 1921. It is the capital of the province of Dornod. The city administrative unit's official name is Kherlen sum, with area of 281 square kilometres or 108 square miles. It is situated at the Kherlen River, at an elevation of 747 metres or 2,451 feet above sea level.

Erdenet District in Orkhon Province, Mongolia

Erdenet is the second-largest city in Mongolia, with a 2017 population of 97,814, and the capital of the aimag (province) of Orkhon. Located in the northern part of the country, it lies in a valley between the Selenge and Orkhon rivers about 240 km (149 mi) northwest of Ulaanbaatar, the capital. The road length between Ulaanbaatar and Erdenet is about 370 km (230 mi).

Ulaangom District in Uvs Province, Mongolia

Ulaangom is the capital of Uvs Province in Mongolia. It is located on the slopes of the Kharkhiraa mountain, 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest from the lake Uvs Nuur shore and 120 kilometres or 70 miles south from the Russian border.

Mörön District in Khövsgöl, Mongolia

Mörön, also spelled Murun, is the administrative center of Khövsgöl Aimag (province) in northern Mongolia. Before 1933, Khatgal had been the aimag capital.

Öndörkhaan District in Khentii Province, Mongolia

Öndörkhaan, is a town in Mongolia located 290 km east of Ulaanbaatar. On November 18, 2013, the city was renamed to Chinggis City in honor of Genghis Khan, who was born and possibly buried in the same province north of the city. Öndörkhaan serves as the capital of the province Khentii Aimag.

Bulgan (city) District in Bulgan Province, Mongolia

Bulgan is a town, administrative centre of Bulgan province of Mongolia. Bulgan sum has a population of 11,984, 12,323 (2008), town proper has a population of 11,198 (2008). It is located at the site of the former Daichin Wangiin Khüree monastery at an elevation of 1,208 metres (3,963 ft) and 468 kilometres (291 mi) from Ulaanbaatar.

Arvaikheer District in Övörkhangai Province, Mongolia

Arvaikheer, also spelt Arwaiheer – meaning "Barley Steppe" – is the capital of Övörkhangai Aimag (province) and one of the most central points of Mongolia.

Tsetserleg (city) District in Arkhangai Province, Mongolia

Tsetserleg, also transliterated as Cecerleg is the capital of Arkhangai Aimag (province) in Mongolia. It lies on the northeastern slopes of the Khangai Mountains, 600 kilometres southwest of Ulaanbaatar. It has a population of 16,553, 16,618, 16,300.

Baruun-Urt District in Sükhbaatar Province, Mongolia

Baruun-Urt is a town in eastern Mongolia and the capital of Sükhbaatar Province. The town with its vicinities creates a sum (district) of Sükhbaatar Province. The Baruun-Urt sum area is 59 km², population 15,549, population density 265 per km² (2008). It forms an enclave within the surrounding Sükhbaatar sum.

Ölgii (city) District in Bayan-Ölgii, Mongolia

Ölgii is the capital of the Bayan-Ölgii Aimag (province) of Mongolia, located in the extreme west of the country. It lies on an altitude of 1,710 meters. As of 2014 it had a population of 30,338 people.

Mandalgovi District in Dundgovi Province, Mongolia

Mandalgovi is the capital of the Dundgovi Province of Mongolia, about 300 km south of Ulaanbaatar on the border of the Gobi Desert. It has 10,506 inhabitants (2005), 10,299 (2007). The city administrative unit's official name is Saintsagaan sum.

Uliastai District in Zavkhan Province, Mongolia

Uliastai, also spelled Uliyasutai or Oulia-Sontai, and sometimes known as Javkhlant, is a city in Mongolia located in the western part of the country and 1,115 kilometres (693 mi) from the capital Ulaanbaatar. Uliastai is the capital of Zavkhan Province and was the 10th most populous city in the country with a population of 24,276. However, recent estimates have the city's population at 16,240 making it the 16th most populous city in Mongolia.

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park National park in Mongolia

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park is a national park in southern Mongolia. The park was established in 1993, and expanded to its current size in 2000. The park, at nearly 27,000 square kilometers, is the largest national park in Mongolia, stretching 380 km from east to west and 80 km from north to south.

References

  1. Ministry of Health of Mongolia. National Center for Health Development. Health Indicators 2006 "2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2013-06-30.
  2. "Dalanzadgad Ulaanbaatar road is complete in September 2014". Archived from the original on 2016-03-12. Retrieved 2014-12-11.
  3. # Jan 2014 Climate History for Dalanzadgad, Mongolia. Weather Underground.
  4. "Dalanzadgad Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  5. "Climate & Weather Averages at Dalanzadgad weather station". Time and Date. Retrieved 6 February 2022.

Coordinates: 43°34′12″N104°25′33″E / 43.57000°N 104.42583°E / 43.57000; 104.42583