|Saint Dalua of Tibradden|
Daluanus de Croebheach
Dromiskin, Co. Louth
|Honoured in||Roman Catholicism|
Saint Dalua of Tibradden (Irish : Do-Lúe, Latin : Daluanus ), also called Dalua of Craoibheach, was an early Irish saint who is said to have been a disciple of St. Patrick. He founded a church that became known as Dun Tighe Bretan (Tibradden) which is located today in the townland of Cruagh, Co. Dublin.
Irish is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country.
The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.
Cruagh is a civil parish in the barony of Uppercross in South Dublin, Ireland. It contains the townlands of Cruagh, Killakee, Tibradden, Glendoo, Newtown, Jamestown, Woodtown and Orlagh. It is situated south of Ballyboden on the R116 regional road.
Dalua was born in Britain in the early-mid 5th century. Information about his family may be found in the 9th century Book of Armagh, which discusses a 'DuLuae Chroibige'.This passage was interpreted by Professor John Gwynn as saying that Dalua was the brother of a certain Lonan. His father was named Senach and his mother was called Rigell. It has also been suggested that this Rigell was identical to Richella, the 5th sister of Saint Patrick.
The Book of Armagh or Codex Ardmachanus, also known as the Canon of Patrick and the Liber Ar(d)machanus, is a 9th-century Irish illuminated manuscript written mainly in Latin. It is held by the Library of Trinity College Dublin. The document is valuable for containing early texts relating to St Patrick and some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish, and for being one of the earliest manuscripts produced by an insular church to contain a near complete copy of the New Testament.
John Gwynn was an Irish Syriacist. He was Regius Professor of Divinity at Trinity College, Dublin from 1888 to 1907.
At some point in his life the saint came to Ireland, and while there he established his church of Tegh Bretan. The ruins of the stone church in the old section of Cruagh Cemetery (which remained active until c.1620) has long been associated with Dalua and it is likely this was the church he made.
Sometime later Dalua became a disciple of Saint Patrick.Patrick placed him and another disciple named Lugaid in Dromiskin, Co. Louth. Lughaidh was the son of Aengus mac Nadfraoch, the first Christian King of Munster and he later became the first bishop of Dromiskin. There, they established the monastery at Dromiskin; "[St Patrick] also erected a church, afterwards famous, which is called Druim-Inisclainn ... which two of his disciples, Da-luanus de Croebheach and Lugaid ... also made". Lugaidh died in 515 or 516 and Dalua is said to have died in Droimiskin, presumably before that time.
Saint Patrick (385–431) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of Ireland, the other patron saints being Brigit of Kildare and Columba. He is venerated in the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Lutheran Churches, the Old Catholic Church, and in the Eastern Orthodox Church as equal-to-the-apostles and Enlightener of Ireland.
Dromiskin is a village and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is situated 10 km south of Dundalk, about 1 km inland from the Irish Sea coast, and is located in one of Louth's most historical areas.
It is possible that a saint named Molua (not to be confused with Mo Lua of Killaloe) of Creevah is identical with Dalua. This possibly arises as a former name of the Tibradden and Cruagh area was Creevagh up until the 19th century. 78 Some scholars have considered the two saints identical, although this is not certain even with these indications.In addition to that, this Molua in question was also called 'a pilgrim of the Britons' in the Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii .:
Saint Molua, , was an Irish saint, who was a Christian abbot in the Early Middle Ages. Saint Molua's feast day is on August 4.
The Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii is a bilingual Life of Patrick, written partly in Irish and in parts in Latin from the late 9th century. The author's name is sometimes given as Saint MacEvin. It is the earliest example of a saint's Life written in the Irish language and it was meant to be read in three parts over the three days of the saint's festival.
Lóegaire (died c. 462), also Lóeguire, is said to have been a son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. The Irish annals and king lists include him as a King of Tara or High King of Ireland. He appears as an adversary of Saint Patrick in several hagiographies. His dealings with the saint were believed to account for his descendants' lack of importance in later times. There are several accounts of his death, all of which contain supernatural elements, some of which concern his wars against Leinster.
Lugaid mac Lóegairi was a High King of Ireland. He was a grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
Acta Triadis Thaumaturgae or The Acts of a Wonder-Working Triad is a hagiography of the Irish saints, Saint Patrick, Brigid of Kildare, and St Columba.
Saint Iarlaithe mac Loga, also known as Jarlath, was an Irish priest and scholar from Connacht, remembered as the founder of the monastic School of Tuam and of the Archdiocese of Tuam, of which he is the patron saint. No medieval Life for Iarlaithe is extant, but sources for his life and cult include genealogies, martyrologies, the Irish Lives of St Brendan of Clonfert, and a biography compiled by John Colgan in the 17th century.
Saint Mochta, Mochtae, or Mahew, in Latin sources Maucteus or Mauchteus, was the last surviving disciple of St. Patrick.
Muirchú moccu Machtheni, usually known simply as Muirchú, was born sometime in the seventh century. He became a monk in Leinster, and eventually, an Irish historian. He is best known for his Vita sancti Patricii, known in English as The Life of Saint Patrick, one of the first accounts of the famous fifth-century saint, and which credits Patrick with the conversion of Ireland in advance of the spread of monasticism. This work was dedicated to Bishop Aedh of Slébte, who was also the one who suggested the life be written, and was the patron for the work. Muirchú's work is of little historical value in relation to the distant fifth century, but is, obviously, a useful source for the time in which he lived and how Patrick was viewed in the seventh century.
Eithne and her sister Sodelb are two relatively obscure Irish saints from Leinster who are supposed to have flourished in the 5th century. They are commemorated together in the Irish martyrologies on 29 March, though 2 and 15 January were also marked out as feast-days. The 17th-century scholar John Colgan believed that a Life written for them had been witnessed in c. 1490 by Cathal Óg Mac Maghnusa, whom he regarded as the author of additions to the Félire Óengusso. Although nothing of the kind has come to light, they do make cameo appearances in the Lives of two better known 6/7th-century saints, Áedan and Moling, both bishops of Ferns.
John Colgan, O.F.M., was an Irish Franciscan friar noted as a hagiographer and historian.
Sárán mac Cóelbad was a Dal nAraide king in the time of Saint Patrick. He was the son of Cáelbad mac Cruind Ba Druí, a high king of Ireland and King of Ulster.
Condlae mac Cóelbad was a Dal nAraide king in the time of Saint Patrick. He was the son of Cáelbad mac Cruind Ba Druí, a high king of Ireland and King of Ulster and brother of the previous Dal nAraide king Sárán mac Cóelbad.
The Uí Liatháin were an early kingdom of Munster in southern Ireland. They belonged the same kindred as the Uí Fidgenti, and the two are considered together in the earliest sources, for example The Expulsion of the Déisi (incidentally). The two have been given various origins among both the early or proto-Eóganachta and among the Érainn or Dáirine by different scholars working in a number of traditions, with no agreement ever reached or appearing reachable. It is entirely possible that they were the product of a combination of lineages from both these royal kindreds, or alternatively of another origin entirely.
Angias or Angas, daughter of Ailill Tassach, son of Eochu Liathán, was the wife of Lóegaire mac Néill, High King of Ireland, and mother of Lugaid mac Lóegairi, who later became High King.
Banban the Wise, Irish saint, fl. c. mid to late 5th century. Banban was installed by St. Patrick as pastor of the Domnach Mór in Templeport, County Cavan, Ireland which was erected after destroying the idol of pre-Christian god Crom Cruach at the nearby plain of Magh Slécht.
Saint Fiachra was the Bishop of Armagh, Ireland from 548 to 558.
Iarlaithe mac Treno, was the Bishop of Armagh, Ireland from 468 to 11 February 481.
Saint Nuadu b. c. 760 - d. 19 February 812, was the Archbishop of Armagh diocese, Ireland and Primate of All Ireland from 809 to 19 February 812.
The Martyrology of Tallaght, which is closely related to the Félire Óengusso or Martyrology of Óengus the Culdee, is an eighth- or ninth-century martyrology, a list of saints and their feast days assembled by Máel Ruain and/or Óengus the Culdee at Tallaght Monastery, near Dublin. The Martyrology of Tallaght is in prose and contains two sections for each day of the year, one general and one for Irish saints. It also has a prologue and an epilogue.