Dalua of Tibradden

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Saint Dalua of Tibradden
Daluanus de Croebheach
Born c.430
Britain
Died c.500
Dromiskin, Co. Louth
Honoured in Roman Catholicism
Feast 7 January [1]

Saint Dalua of Tibradden (Irish : Do-Lúe, Latin : Daluanus [2] ), also called Dalua of Craoibheach, was an early Irish saint who is said to have been a disciple of St. Patrick. He founded a church that became known as Dun Tighe Bretan (Tibradden) which is located today in the townland of Cruagh, Co. Dublin.

Irish language Goidelic (Gaelic) language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country.

Irish people Ethnic group with Celtic and other roots, native to the island of Ireland, with shared history and culture

The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.

Cruagh Place in Leinster, Ireland

Cruagh is a civil parish in the barony of Uppercross in South Dublin, Ireland. It contains the townlands of Cruagh, Killakee, Tibradden, Glendoo, Newtown, Jamestown, Woodtown and Orlagh. It is situated south of Ballyboden on the R116 regional road.

Contents

Origins

Dalua was born in Britain in the early-mid 5th century. Information about his family may be found in the 9th century Book of Armagh, which discusses a 'DuLuae Chroibige'. [3] This passage was interpreted by Professor John Gwynn as saying that Dalua was the brother of a certain Lonan. His father was named Senach and his mother was called Rigell. [4] It has also been suggested that this Rigell was identical to Richella, the 5th sister of Saint Patrick. [5]

Book of Armagh manuscript

The Book of Armagh or Codex Ardmachanus, also known as the Canon of Patrick and the Liber Ar(d)machanus, is a 9th-century Irish illuminated manuscript written mainly in Latin. It is held by the Library of Trinity College Dublin. The document is valuable for containing early texts relating to St Patrick and some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish, and for being one of the earliest manuscripts produced by an insular church to contain a near complete copy of the New Testament.

John Gwynn (professor) biblical scholar

John Gwynn was an Irish Syriacist. He was Regius Professor of Divinity at Trinity College, Dublin from 1888 to 1907.

Life

The remains of Dalua's church in Cruagh Cemetery Church1977.jpg
The remains of Dalua's church in Cruagh Cemetery

At some point in his life the saint came to Ireland, and while there he established his church of Tegh Bretan. The ruins of the stone church in the old section of Cruagh Cemetery (which remained active until c.1620 [6] [7] ) has long been associated with Dalua and it is likely this was the church he made.

Sometime later Dalua became a disciple of Saint Patrick. [8] Patrick placed him and another disciple named Lugaid in Dromiskin, Co. Louth. [2] Lughaidh was the son of Aengus mac Nadfraoch, [9] the first Christian King of Munster and he later became the first bishop of Dromiskin. [10] There, they established the monastery at Dromiskin; "[St Patrick] also erected a church, afterwards famous, which is called Druim-Inisclainn ... which two of his disciples, Da-luanus de Croebheach and Lugaid ... also made". [10] Lugaidh died in 515 or 516 and Dalua is said to have died in Droimiskin, presumably before that time. [11]

Saint Patrick Primary Christian patron saint of Ireland, a 5th-century Romano-British missionary and bishop

Saint Patrick (385–431) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of Ireland, the other patron saints being Brigit of Kildare and Columba. He is venerated in the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Lutheran Churches, the Old Catholic Church, and in the Eastern Orthodox Church as equal-to-the-apostles and Enlightener of Ireland.

Dromiskin Village in Leinster, Ireland

Dromiskin is a village and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is situated 10 km south of Dundalk, about 1 km inland from the Irish Sea coast, and is located in one of Louth's most historical areas.

'Molua of Creevah'

It is possible that a saint named Molua (not to be confused with Mo Lua of Killaloe) of Creevah is identical with Dalua. This possibly arises as a former name of the Tibradden and Cruagh area was Creevagh up until the 19th century. [12] In addition to that, this Molua in question was also called 'a pilgrim of the Britons' in the Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii .:78 Some scholars have considered the two saints identical, although this is not certain even with these indications.

Saint Molua, , was an Irish saint, who was a Christian abbot in the Early Middle Ages. Saint Molua's feast day is on August 4.

The Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii is a bilingual Life of Patrick, written partly in Irish and in parts in Latin from the late 9th century. The author's name is sometimes given as Saint MacEvin. It is the earliest example of a saint's Life written in the Irish language and it was meant to be read in three parts over the three days of the saint's festival.

Notes

  1. Martyrology of Donegal
  2. 1 2 'Acta Triadis Thaumaturgae', John Colgan
  3. 9 fol. 19, r°
  4. Book of Armagh, Appendix D (1913)
  5. The Life and Writings of Saint Patrick, p619, John Healy
  6. Medieval Parish Churches of South-West Co. Dublin, p265, Máirín Ní Mharcaigh
  7. "Royal Visitation of Dublin, 1615 - Documents". docslide.net.
  8. Lives of the Irish Saints, John O'Hanlon
  9. Vita tripartita Sancti Patricii, p76
  10. 1 2 Acta Triadis Thaumaturgae, p131
  11. History of Kilsaran, p166, James Leslie
  12. "An Chraobhach/Cruagh". Logainm.ie.

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References

Primary sources

<i>Martyrology of Tallaght</i>

The Martyrology of Tallaght, which is closely related to the Félire Óengusso or Martyrology of Óengus the Culdee, is an eighth- or ninth-century martyrology, a list of saints and their feast days assembled by Máel Ruain and/or Óengus the Culdee at Tallaght Monastery, near Dublin. The Martyrology of Tallaght is in prose and contains two sections for each day of the year, one general and one for Irish saints. It also has a prologue and an epilogue.

Secondary sources