Daly City, California

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Daly City, California
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Part of Daly City, with San Bruno Mountain and the San Francisco neighborhood of Crocker-Amazon in the background
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Nickname(s): 
Gateway to the Peninsula
San Mateo County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Daly City Highlighted 0617918.svg
Location of Daly City in San Mateo County, California
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Daly City
Location of Daly City
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Daly City
Daly City (California)
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Daly City
Daly City (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°41′11″N122°28′06″W / 37.68639°N 122.46833°W / 37.68639; -122.46833 Coordinates: 37°41′11″N122°28′06″W / 37.68639°N 122.46833°W / 37.68639; -122.46833
CountryUnited States
StateFlag of California.svg  California
County San Mateo
Incorporated March 22, 1911 [1]
Named for John Daly
Government
  Type Council-Manager
  MayorJuslyn C. Manalo [2]
   City council [2]
Council Members
   State Assembly Phil Ting (D) [3]
   State Senator Scott Wiener (D) [3]
   U. S. Rep. Jackie Speier (D) [4]
Area
[5]
  Total7.64 sq mi (19.78 km2)
  Land7.64 sq mi (19.78 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
[6]
344 ft (105 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total104,901
  Rank 1st in San Mateo County
66th in California
  Density13,734.09/sq mi (5,302.44/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes [7]
94014–94017
Area codes [8] [9] 415/628, 650
FIPS code 06-17918 [10]
GNIS feature IDs 1658369, 2410291 [6]
Website www.dalycity.org

Daly City ( /ˈdli/ ) is the most populous city in San Mateo County, California, United States, with an estimated 2019 population of 106,280. [11] Located in the San Francisco Bay Area, and immediately south of San Francisco (sharing its northern border with almost all of San Francisco's southern border), it is named for businessman and landowner John Donald Daly.

Contents

History

Francisco de Haro, 1st Alcalde of San Francisco (Mayor), owned Rancho Laguna de la Merced, which included much of modern Daly City. Francisco de Haro, Alcalde de San Francisco.jpg
Francisco de Haro, 1st Alcalde of San Francisco (Mayor), owned Rancho Laguna de la Merced, which included much of modern Daly City.

Archaeological evidence suggests the San Francisco Bay Area has been inhabited as early as 2700 BC. [12] People of the Ohlone language group probably occupied Northern California from at least the year A.D. 500. [13] Though their territory had been claimed by Spain since the early 16th century, they would have relatively little contact with Europeans until 1769, when, as part of an effort to colonize Alta California, an exploration party led by Don Gaspar de Portolá learned of the existence of San Francisco Bay. [14] Seven years later, in 1776, an expedition led by Juan Bautista de Anza selected the site for the Presidio of San Francisco, which José Joaquín Moraga would soon establish. Later the same year, the Franciscan missionary Francisco Palóu founded the Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores). [15] As part of the founding, the priests claimed the land south of the mission for sixteen miles for raising crops and for fodder for cattle and sheep. [16] In 1778, the priests and soldiers marked out a trail to connect San Francisco to the rest of California. [16] At the top of Mission Hill, the priests named the gap between San Bruno Mountain and the hills on the coast La Portezuela ("The Little Door"). [16] La Portezuela was later referred to as Daly's Hill, the Center of Daly City, and is now called Top of the Hill. [16]

During Spanish rule, the area between San Bruno Mountain and the Pacific remained uninhabited. [17] Upon independence from Spain, prominent Mexican citizens were granted land parcels to establish large ranches, three of which covered areas now in Daly City and Colma. [17] Rancho Buri Buri was granted to Jose Sanchez in 1835 and covered 14,639 acres (59.24 km2) including parts of modern-day Colma, Burlingame, San Bruno, South San Francisco, and Millbrae. [17] [18] Rancho Laguna de la Merced was 2,219 acres (8.98 km2) acres and covered the area around a lake of the same name. [17] [18] The third ranch covering parts of the Daly City–Colma area was named Rancho Cañada de Guadalupe la Visitación y Rodeo Viejo and stretched from the Visitacion Valley area in San Francisco, to the city of South San Francisco covering 5,473 acres (22.15 km2). [17] [18]

Following the Mexican Cession of California at the end of the Mexican–American War the owners of Rancho Laguna de La Merced tried to claim land between San Bruno Mountain and Lake Merced. An 1853 US government survey declared that the contested area was in fact government property and could be acquired by private citizens. There was a brief land rush as settlers, mainly Irish established ranches and farms in parts of what is now the neighborhoods of Westlake, Serramonte, and the cities of Colma and Pacifica. [19] A decade later, several families left as increase in the fog density killed grain and potato crops. The few remaining families switched to dairy and cattle farming as a more profitable enterprise. [19] In the late 19th century as San Francisco grew and San Mateo County was established, Daly City also gradually grew including homes and schools along the lines for the Southern Pacific railroad. [20] Daly City served as a location where San Franciscans would cross over county lines to gamble and fight. [21] As tensions built in approach to the American Civil War, California was divided between pro-slavery, and Free Soil advocates. Two of the main figures in the debate were US Senator David C. Broderick, a Free Soil advocate, and David S. Terry, who was in favor of extension of slavery into California. Quarreling and political fighting between the two eventually led to a duel in the Lake Merced area at which Terry mortally wounded Broderick, who would die three days later. [22] The site of the duel is marked with two granite shafts where the men stood, and is designated as California Historical Landmark number 19. [23]

Displaced victims of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, in front of a temporary tent shelter. SFtent1906.JPG
Displaced victims of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, in front of a temporary tent shelter.

On the morning of April 18, 1906, a major earthquake struck just off the coast of Daly City near Mussel Rock. [24] After quake and subsequent fire destroyed many San Franciscans homes, they left to temporary housing on the ranches of the area to the south, including the large one owned by John Daly. [25] Daly had come to the Bay Area in 1853 where he had worked on a dairy farm, and after several years married his bosses' daughter and acquired 250 acres (1.0 km2) at the Top of the Hill area. Over the years Daly's business grew, as did his political clout. [26] When a flood of refugees from the quake came, Daly and other local farmers donated milk and other food items. [27] Daly later subdivided his property, from which several housing tracts emerged. [26]

John Donald Daly, founder and namesake of Daly City. John Donald Daly.jpg
John Donald Daly, founder and namesake of Daly City.

As some of the refugees established homes in the area, the need for city services grew. This, combined with the fear of annexation by San Francisco and being ignored by San Mateo County, whose seat far to the south left residents feeling ignored, created a demand for incorporation. The first such attempt was proposed in 1908 for incorporation as the city of Vista Grande. Vista Grande would have spanned from the Pacific to the Bay, with San Francisco as its northern border and South San Francisco and the old Rancho Buri Buri as its southern border. The proposal was rejected over the scope of the planned city, which was too broad for many residents. [28] The initial proposal also revealed rifts in the community among the various regions, including the area around the cemeteries, who were excluded from further plans of incorporation. [28] On January 16, 1911, an incorporation committee filed a petition with San Mateo County supervisors to incorporate the City of Daly City. The city would run from San Francisco along the San Bruno Hills until Price and School streets with San Francisco and west to the summit of the San Bruno Hills. The city would have an estimated population of 2,900. [29] On March 18, 1911, a special election was held, with incorporation narrowly succeeding by a vote of 132 to 130. [30]

It remained a relatively small community until the late 1940s, when developer Henry Doelger established Westlake, a major district of homes and businesses, including the Westlake Shopping Center. On March 22, 1957, Daly City was again the epicenter of an earthquake, this one a 5.3 magnitude quake on the San Andreas Fault, which caused some structural damage in Westlake and closed State Route 1 along the Westlake Palisades. [31] In 1963, Daly City annexed the city of Bayshore. [32] The Cow Palace, located in Bayshore and now within the city limits of Daly City, was the site of the following year's Republican National Convention. The Daly City BART station opened on September 11, 1972, providing northern San Mateo County with rail service to downtown San Francisco and other parts of the Bay Area. The line was extended south to Colma in 1996 and then to Millbrae and the San Francisco International Airport in 2003.

In October 1984, Taiwanese American writer Henry Liu was assassinated in his garage in Daly City, allegedly by Kuomintang agents. [33]

On April 7, 2021, Roger Allen, a Black man from San Francisco, was killed by police. Allen was sitting in the passenger seat of a truck with a blown tire. The police investigated, and while the driver was out of the truck arranging with the police to have a tow truck called, another officer spotted what appeared to be a handgun in Allen's lap. Police attempted to seize the weapon, actually a replica BB gun, and Allen resisted. He was shot after an officer was shot in the face. [34] [35]

"Gateway to the Peninsula" Sign Daly City "Gateway to the Peninsula" Sign.jpg
"Gateway to the Peninsula" Sign

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.7 square miles (20 km2), all land.

Daly City is bordered by the cities of San Francisco, Brisbane, Pacifica, South San Francisco, and the town of Colma. The city borders several unincorporated areas of San Mateo County. It surrounds Broadmoor, and borders San Bruno Mountain State Park, the Olympic Club, Lake Merced, and unincorporated areas near Colma. [36] Seismic faults in and near Daly City include the San Andreas Fault, Hillside Fault and Serra Fault. [37]

Neighborhoods

Neighborhoods of Daly City include Westlake, St. Francis Heights, Serramonte, Top of the Hill, Hillside, Crocker, Southern Hills, and Bayshore. Westlake is notable for its distinct architecture and for being among the earliest examples of a planned, large-tract suburb. It was the inspiration for Malvina Reynolds' 1962 song "Little Boxes", [38] and later a coffee-table book and documentary Little Boxes: The Architecture of a Classic Midcentury Suburb. [39] Bayshore, the easternmost neighborhood of Daly City, was once an incorporated city, Bayshore City, until being annexed to Daly City in 1963. [32] Several Daly City neighborhoods, such as Crocker, Southern Hills, and Bayshore, share a street grid and similar characteristics with adjacent San Francisco neighborhoods, such as Crocker-Amazon and Visitacion Valley.

Several neighborhoods associated with Daly City lie outside of its city limits. Broadmoor is an unincorporated area completely surrounded by Daly City. Colma is an incorporated town sandwiched between Daly City, South San Francisco, and San Bruno Mountain. These enclaves are in charge of their own police and fire services, but also share some services with Daly City.

Climate

Daly City's climate is similar to San Francisco's climate, with fog occurring in the spring and early-late summer. Summers are cool and dry, whereas winters are mild and wet.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1920 3,779
1930 7,838107.4%
1940 9,62522.8%
1950 15,19157.8%
1960 44,791194.9%
1970 66,92249.4%
1980 78,51917.3%
1990 92,31117.6%
2000 103,62112.3%
2010 101,123−2.4%
2020 104,9013.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [40]

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Daly City had a population of 101,123. [41] The population density was 13,195.0 people per square mile (5,094.6/km2), placing it 291st in population, among the top 50 in density when smaller populations are included, and 9th in density amongst cities with over 100,000 people.

The racial makeup of Daly City was 56,267 (55.6%) Asian, 23,842 (23.6%) White, 3,600 (3.6%) African American, 805 (0.8%) Pacific Islander, 404 (0.4%) Native American, 11,236 (11.1%) from other races, and 4,969 (4.9%) from two or more races. [41]

It is the largest city with a majority Asian population in the contiguous United States. [42]

Among the total population of Daly City, 33.2% were Filipino, 15.4% Chinese, 1.8% Burmese, 1.0% Vietnamese, 0.6% Indian, 0.6% Korean, 0.6% Japanese, 0.2% Indonesian, and 0.2% were Thai. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23,929 persons (23.7%); 9.4% of Daly City's population is of Mexican origin; 4.9% is of Salvadoran, 2.7% Nicaraguan, 1.3% Guatemalan, 0.7% Peruvian, 0.7% Puerto Rican, and 0.5% Honduran heritage.

The Census reported that 100,442 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 273 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 408 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 31,090 households, out of which 11,050 (35.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,883 (51.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,667 (15.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,238 (7.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,632 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 293 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,855 households (18.8%) were made up of individuals, and 2,136 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23. There were 22,788 families (73.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.63.

The population was spread out, with 19,614 people (19.4%) under the age of 18, 10,506 people (10.4%) aged 18 to 24, 29,663 people (29.3%) aged 25 to 44, 27,717 people (27.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,623 people (13.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

There were 32,588 housing units at an average density of 4,252.2 per square mile (1,641.8/km2), of which 17,565 (56.5%) were owner-occupied, and 13,525 (43.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.2%. 58,239 people (57.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 42,203 people (41.7%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile [43] 2010 %
Total Population101,123100.0%
One Race96,15495.1%
Not Hispanic or Latino77,19476.3%
White alone14,03113.9%
Black or African American alone3,2843.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone1150.1%
Asian alone55,71155.1%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone7520.7%
Some other race alone4710.5%
Two or more races alone2,8302.8%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)23,92923.7%

Daly City is home to the only Karaite synagogue in the United States, Congregation B'nai Israel. [44]

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 101,514 people, 29,843 households, and 21,847 families residing in the city. [45] The population density was 15,703.8 people per square mile (7,292.1/km2), making it among the most densely populated cities in the country. There were 31,876 housing units at an average density of 5,140.9 per square mile (2,599.1/km2).

There were 29,843 households, out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. Of all households 22.1% were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.34 and the average family size was 4.78.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 25.5% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,310, and the median income for a family was $66,365. Males had a median income of $36,227 versus $34,147 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,900. About 5.2% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 census figures, 40.7% of Daly City residents are of Filipino descent, the highest concentration of Filipino/Filipino Americans of any mid-sized city in North America. This partly explains Daly City's place in the vernacular as the "Pinoy Capital". Benito M. Vergara, Jr. goes into the details of this history in his ethnography Pinoy Capital: The Filipino Nation in Daly City. [46]

Culture

Cow Palace Cow Palace (front).jpg
Cow Palace

The Cow Palace arena grounds straddle the border with San Francisco and is the home for the annual Grand National Rodeo, Horse & Stock Show. [47] It has hosted diverse events such as concerts by the Beatles, the now-Golden State Warriors and their early appearances in the NBA Finals, the NHL San Jose Sharks hockey team, two short-lived minor league hockey teams (the IHL San Francisco Spiders and ECHL San Francisco Bulls), and two Republican National Conventions (in 1956 and 1964).

Century 20 Daly City is a modern megaplex movie theatre opened in 2002 as part of the Pacific Plaza business and retail development.

Several golf courses are located within or straddle the border with San Francisco. The Olympic Club has hosted the USGA U.S. Open five times, most recently in 2012, and will host both the 2028 PGA Championship and the 2032 Ryder Cup. The private San Francisco Golf Club and Lake Merced Golf Club have part or all of their course in Daly City. The Golden Gate National Recreation Area includes the city's Thornton Beach. The topography of this area (due to the San Andreas fault) is conducive to paragliding and hang gliding.

Daly City and neighboring Colma have emerged as shopping meccas for San Francisco residents. A combination of plentiful free parking space (compared to the constrained and expensive parking options in San Francisco) and San Mateo county's historically slightly lower state sales tax rate [48] have contributed to this trend. Many big box retailers that are unable to operate in San Francisco due to real estate prices, space restrictions, or political / community opposition have opened stores in the Serramonte and Westlake neighborhoods. Daly City's shopping centers are Serramonte Center and Westlake Shopping Center.

Government

In the California State Legislature, Daly City is in the 11th Senate District , represented by Democrat Scott Wiener, and in the 19th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Phil Ting. [3] In the United States House of Representatives, Daly City is in California's 14th congressional district , represented by Democrat Jackie Speier. [49] In the United States Senate, Daly City is represented by Democrats Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla.

The city council of Daly City is a five-member body composed of Mayor Juslyn C. Manalo, Vice Mayor Dr. Rod Daus-Magbual, Raymond A. Buenaventura, Pamela DiGiovanni, and Glenn R. Sylvester. [50]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Daly City has 46,684 registered voters. Of those, 24,175 (51.8%) are registered Democrats, 4,479 (9.6%) are registered Republicans, and 16,487 (35.3%) have declined to state a political party. [51]

Education

M. H. Tobias Elementary School Marjorie H. Tobias Elementary School.png
M. H. Tobias Elementary School

There are several public school districts in Daly City. The largest are the Jefferson Elementary School District and Jefferson Union High School District, both of which are headquartered in the city. In addition, there is the Bayshore Elementary School District (two schools), Brisbane School District (Panorama School in Daly City), and South San Francisco Unified School District (two schools in Daly City). Daly City has two high schools: Westmoor High School and Jefferson High School, plus a continuation school, Thornton High School and an adult school, Jefferson Adult Education. Daly City is also home to two Catholic parochial schools: Our Lady of Perpetual Help on Top-Of-The-Hill and Our Lady of Mercy in Westlake. The city has four Peninsula Library System branches.

Transportation

BART DalyCitysta.jpg
BART

Daly City's highway infrastructure includes State Routes 1, 35, and 82, and Interstate 280. Interstate 280, which bisects Daly City, is a primary transportation corridor linking San Francisco with San Mateo and Santa Clara counties.

The U.S. Census Bureau has identified Daly City as among the cities with the highest transit ridership.[ citation needed ] Public transportation is provided by SamTrans, BART (at the Daly City Station and the Colma Station, which abuts the Daly City limits), and some San Francisco Muni lines. Daly City is approximately 8 miles (13 km) southwest of downtown San Francisco and the San Francisco International Airport is 9 miles (14 km) southeast of Daly City; both are easily accessible by freeway or BART. In the 1980s planning was conducted for the BART extension south from San Francisco, the first step being the Daly City Tailtrack Project, upon which turnaround project the San Francisco Airport Extension would later build. [52]

Sister city

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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Broadmoor, California Census-designated place in California, United States

Broadmoor is a census-designated place (CDP) in an unincorporated area of San Mateo County, California, United States. The enclave is entirely surrounded by Daly City. The population was 4,176 at the 2010 census.

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Westmoor High School Public high school in Westmoor Avenue, Daly City, California, United States

Westmoor High School is a public high school in Daly City, California, United States. It serves grades 9 through 12 as part of the Jefferson Union High School District (JUHSD). It generally serves the residents of Daly City, Pacifica, and Colma. It was recently selected as a California Distinguished School.

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Daly City station is an elevated Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station located in Daly City, California, just south of the city limits of San Francisco. It is adjacent to Interstate 280 and California Route 1, for which is serves as a park-and-ride station.

San Bruno Mountain Mountain in California, United States

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Ramaytush Linguistic subdivision of Ohlone people

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San Bruno Mountain State Park, officially San Bruno Mountain State and County Park is a park located in northern San Mateo County, California. It is adjacent to the southern boundary of San Francisco and borders the cities of Brisbane, South San Francisco, Colma and Daly City.

Serramonte

Serramonte is a large 1960s residential neighborhood developed by Fred and Carl Gellert and was one of the largest construction jobs in Northern California at the time. This region of Daly City located near Colma which was a former ranch of 900 acres south of San Francisco, California, is also home to numerous shopping malls, strip malls, and big box retailers. When it was still being constructed at the time, locals resembled it to the adjacent Westlake Neighborhood which was developed by Henry Doelger as it made a huge impact in the city as it was like building a city within one. Serramonte is also home to thousands of Filipinos; once known as Serra-Manila. The nexus of Serramonte is Serramonte Center, originally opened in 1968, near the intersection of State Route 1 and Interstate 280, in the triangle formed by Callan Boulevard, Serramonte Boulevard, and Junipero Serra Boulevard which originally opened in 1968.

Jefferson Elementary School District

Jefferson Elementary School District is a K-8 school district headquartered in Daly City, San Mateo County, California, USA, serving the communities of Daly City, Colma, Broadmoor and part of Pacifica.

The Serra Fault is the northernmost fault in a zone of northwest-striking range front thrust faults adjacent to and northeast of the San Francisco Peninsula segment of the San Andreas Fault, in eastern San Mateo County, California.

Junipero Serra Boulevard Street in California

Junipero Serra Boulevard is a major boulevard in and south of San Francisco named after Franciscan friar Junipero Serra. Within the city, it forms part of the route of State Route 1, the shortest connection between Interstate 280 and the Golden Gate Bridge. The remainder, in San Mateo County, was bypassed or replaced by I-280, the Junipero Serra Freeway. The boulevard was one of several new roads built along the San Francisco Peninsula before the age of freeways, and became a state highway known as Route 237 in 1956, receiving the State Route 117 designation in the 1964 renumbering, only to be deleted from the state highway system the next year. Two other regional highways—Bayshore Highway and Skyline Boulevard—were also upgraded into or bypassed by freeways.

Rancho Laguna de la Merced was a 2,219-acre (8.98 km2) Mexican land grant, in present-day southwestern San Francisco and northwestern San Mateo County, California.

Peninsula Library System

The Peninsula Library System (PLS) is a consortium of public and community college libraries in San Mateo County, California, United States, which serves the part of the San Francisco Bay Area known as "The Peninsula". The system has dozens of branches in local communities and at various area community colleges, a bookmobile, and automated book kiosks called Library-a-Go-Go.

Colma station (Southern Pacific Railroad)

Colma station was a railway station in Colma, California. The depot was served by the Southern Pacific Railroad for most of its functional existence.

References

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. 1 2 "City Council Daly City, CA". City of Daly City, California. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
  4. "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
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Further reading