Dama (genus)

Last updated

Dulmen, Wildpark -- 2018 -- 3762.jpg
European fallow deer (D. dama)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Tribe: Cervini
Genus: Dama
Frisch, 1775
Type species
Cervus dama [1]
Linnaeus, 1758

Dama is a genus of deer in the subfamily Cervinae, commonly referred to as fallow deer. [2]



The name fallow is derived from the deer's pale brown colour. The Latin word dāma or damma, used for roe deer, gazelles, and antelopes, lies at the root of the modern scientific name, as well as the German Damhirsch, French daim, Dutch damhert, and Italian daino. In Croatian and Serbian, the name for the fallow deer is jelen lopatar ("shovel deer"), due to the form of its antlers. The Modern Hebrew name of the fallow deer is yachmur (יחמור).

Taxonomy and evolution

The genus includes two extant species:

Extant species

ImageScientific nameCommon nameDistribution
Fallow deer in field.jpg D. dama European fallow deer Confirmed native only to Turkey, but potentially native to the Italian Peninsula, the Balkans, and the island of Rhodes in Greece; introduced from Roman times onwards to the rest of Europe, and around the world in more recent times
Persian Fallow Deer 1.jpg D. mesopotamica Persian fallow deer Iran and Israel; once ranged throughout the Middle East and eastern Turkey

Some taxonomists include the Persian fallow deer as a subspecies (D. d. mesopotamica), [3] while others, such as the IUCN, treat it as a different species (D. mesopotamica). [4]

Related Research Articles

Woolly mouse opossum Species of marsupial

The woolly mouse opossum or long-furred woolly mouse opossum, known locally as the cuíca, is a South American marsupial of the family Didelphidae. Its range includes central Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and northern Brazil. It was formerly assigned to the genus Micoureus, which was made a subgenus of Marmosa in 2009.

Red-cheeked squirrel Genus of rodents

Red-cheeked squirrels are species of squirrels in the genus Dremomys in the subfamily Callosciurinae. The six species which are all found only in Asia are listed as "Least Concern" by the IUCN.

Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine Species of rodent

The Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine, Coendou spinosus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

The silver dik-dik is a small antelope found in low, dense thickets along the southeastern coast of Somalia and in Acacia-Commiphora bushland in the Shebelle Valley in southeastern Ethiopia. It is the smallest species of dik-dik, with a length of 45–50 cm (18–20 in), a height of 30–33 cm (12–13 in), and a weight of 2–3 kg (4.4–6.6 lb). Its back and flanks are grizzled silvery, while the limbs, ears, and muzzle are ochraceus in colour. Little is known about its status, but numbers are believed to be decreasing.

The least big-eared bat is a South American bat species of the family Phyllostomidae, found in northwestern Brazil and eastern Colombia. It is monotypic within its genus.

Waterhouse's swamp rat is a semiaquatic rodent species from South America. It is found in southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, where it lives in freshwater and salt marshes, as well as open grassland of the pampas. Its karyotype has 2n = 24, substantially lower than its closest relative S. aquaticus with 2n = 32.

The eastern false pipistrelle is a vespertilionid bat that occurs in eastern and south-eastern Australia, including the island of Tasmania.

The Jico deer mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae found only in Mexico. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Burt's deer mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is endemic to Mexico, where it is found only on Montserrat Island off the east coast of Baja California Sur. The species is threatened by predation by feral cats.

Stirton's deer mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. P. stirtoni is widely distributed and is presumed to have a large population and a tolerance of habitat destruction, though its biology is poorly understood. The species is named after Ruben A. Stirton (1901-1966), an American zoologist associated with the University of California at Berkeley.

White-tailed mole Species of mole

The white-tailed mole is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It is found in Bangladesh, China, India, and Myanmar.

Warthog Genus of wild pigs

Phacochoerus is a genus in the family Suidae, commonly known as warthogs. They are pigs who live in open and semi-open habitats, even in quite arid regions, in sub-Saharan Africa. The two species were formerly considered conspecific under the scientific name Phacochoerus aethiopicus, but today this is limited to the desert warthog, while the best-known and most widespread species, the common warthog, is Phacochoerus africanus.

Mérida brocket Species of deer

The Mérida brocket, also known as the Meroia brocket or rufous brocket, is a small species of deer. It is found in forest and páramo at altitudes of 1,000–3,500 metres (3,300–11,500 ft) in the Andes of northern Colombia and western Venezuela. It was once treated as a subspecies of the similar little red brocket, but has been considered a distinct species since 1987, though as recent as 1999 some maintained it as a subspecies.

Assam mole shrew Species of mammal

The Assam mole shrew is a species of red-toothed shrew endemic to northeast India.

Giant mole shrew Species of mammal

The giant mole shrew is a species of red-toothed shrew native to the southeastern slopes of the Himalaya of Bhutan and India.

Taiwanese mole shrew Species of shrew

The Taiwanese mole shrew is one of four species of red-toothed shrews in the genus Anourosorex. This species is endemic to Taiwan.

Geoxus annectens, also known as Pearson's long-clawed akodont or Pearson's long-clawed mouse, is a species of rodent in the tribe Abrotrichini of family Cricetidae. Molecular data suggests that its closest relative is Geoxus valdivianus. Formerly classified in its own genus, Pearsonomys, named after American zoologist Oliver Payne Pearson, it was moved to Geoxus in 2016 after a morphological and genetic reevaluation of the tribe Abrotrichini. This rodent is endemic to Chile, where it is found in Nothofagus forest of the Valdivian temperate rainforest ecoregion.

The fecund vesper mouse is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is known only from Bolivia, where it is found in the yungas and Tucumano boliviano forest ecoregions at elevations from 600 to 2700 m. It is regarded by some authorities as conspecific with C. boliviae, and by some as conspecific with C. venustus, despite having a karyotype with 2n = 54 while C. venustus generally has a karyotype with 2n = 56.

Napo saki Species of New World monkey

The Napo saki, also known as the Napo monk saki, is a species of saki monkey, a type of New World monkey. Its range includes parts of eastern Ecuador and northern Peru. The name is derived from the Napo River in its locality. This species was originally described by Lönnberg as the subspecies Pithecia monachus napensis and has been treated as a synonym of P. monachus monachus. Hershkovitz retained it under P. monachus in 1987, but it was raised to full species status in 2014.

Habromys schmidlyi, sometimes known as Schmidly's deer mouse, is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae found only in Mexico. Its natural habitat is cloud forest in the Sierra de Taxco, on the border of Guerrero and Mexico states, above 1,800 meters elevation.


  1. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  2. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  3. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  4. Saltz, David; Rabiei, Alireza; Daujat, Julie; Baker, Karis; Noam Werner (IUCN SSC Deer SG / General Curator EAZA Deer TAG Chair, The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens (July 25, 2015). "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Dama mesopotamica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.