Dama (genus)

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Dama
Dulmen, Wildpark -- 2018 -- 3762.jpg
European fallow deer (D. dama)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Tribe: Cervini
Genus: Dama
Frisch, 1775
Type species
Dama dama
Species

Dama is a genus of deer in the subfamily Cervinae, commonly referred to as fallow deer. [1]

Contents

Name

The name fallow is derived from the deer's pale brown color. The Latin word dāma or damma, used for roe deer, gazelles, and antelopes, lies at the root of the modern scientific name, as well as the German Damhirsch, French daim, Dutch damhert, and Italian daino. In Croatian and Serbian, the name for the fallow deer is jelen lopatar ("shovel deer"), due to the form of its antlers. The Modern Hebrew name of the fallow deer is yachmur (יחמור).

Taxonomy and evolution

The genus includes two species:

Extant species

ImageScientific nameCommon nameDistribution
Fallow deer in field.jpg D. dama European fallow deer Confirmed native only to Turkey, but potentially native to the Italian Peninsula, the Balkans, and the island of Rhodes in Greece; introduced from Roman times onwards to the rest of Europe, and around the world in more recent times
Persian Fallow Deer 1.jpg D. mesopotamica Persian fallow deer Iran and Israel; once ranged throughout the Middle East and eastern Turkey

Taxonomy

Some taxonomists include the Persian fallow deer as a subspecies (D. d. mesopotamica), [2] while others, such as the IUCN, treat it as a different species (D. mesopotamica). [3]

Related Research Articles

European fallow deer Species of deer (Dama dama)

The European fallow deer or common fallow deer is a species of ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. It is native to Turkey and possibly the Italian Peninsula, Balkan Peninsula, and the island of Rhodes in Europe, but has also been introduced to other parts of Europe and the rest of the world.

Cervinae Subfamily of deer

The Cervinae or the Old World deer, are a subfamily of deer. Alternatively, they are known as the plesiometacarpal deer, due to their ankle structure being different from the telemetacarpal deer of the Capreolinae.

Dama or DAMA may refer to:

Persian fallow deer Species of deer

The Persian fallow deer is a rare deer once native to all of the Middle East, but currently only extant in Iran and Israel after reintroduction into the wild. It has been listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2008. After a captive breeding program, the population has rebounded from only a handful of deer in the 1960s to over a thousand individuals.

References

  1. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  2. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN   978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC   62265494.
  3. Saltz, David; Rabiei, Alireza; Daujat, Julie; Baker, Karis; Noam Werner (IUCN SSC Deer SG / General Curator EAZA Deer TAG Chair, The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens (July 25, 2015). "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Dama mesopotamica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.