Daniel Cruger

Last updated
Daniel Cruger
New York State Assembly
In office
District attorney (Steuben County)
In office
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New York's 20th district
In office
March 4, 1817 March 3, 1819
Preceded by Daniel Avery
Oliver C. Comstock
Succeeded by Caleb Baker
Jonathan Richmond
District attorney (7th Dist.)
In office
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
In office
New York State Assembly
In office
Personal details
Born(1780-12-22)December 22, 1780
Sunbury, Pennsylvania
DiedJuly 12, 1843(1843-07-12) (aged 62)
Wheeling, Virginia
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Hannah Clement
Lydia Boggs Shepherd
EducationGeorgetown University
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Rank Army-USA-OF-03.svg Major
Battles/wars War of 1812

Daniel Cruger (December 22, 1780 in Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania – July 12, 1843 in Wheeling, then Virginia, now Ohio County, West Virginia) was an American newspaper publisher, lawyer and politician who served as a United States Representative from New York.


Early and family life

Daniel Cruger was born in Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Daniel Cruger, Sr. and Elizabeth (née Wheaton) Cruger. He graduated from Georgetown University in 1802. He married twice. His first wife, Hannah (née Clement) Cruger, died in 1831. His second wife, Lydia Boggs Shepherd, was the wealthy widow of Moses Sheperd, a relation of the prominent Virginia Duke Family, who was a man contractor of the National Road. They married on July 16, 1833 in Ohio County, Virginia (now West Virginia).

Early career and military service

Cruger learned the printer's trade, and published the Owego Democrat in Owego, New York. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1805, and commenced practice in Bath, New York. Cruger served as a major in the War of 1812.

Political career

He was a member from Allegany and Steuben Counties of the New York State Assembly from 1814 to 1816, and again from Steuben County in 1826. Cruger served as Speaker during 1816.

Cruger was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifteenth Congress, and served from March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1819.

He was District Attorney of the Seventh District of New York from 1815 to 1818, and of Steuben County, New York from 1818 to 1821. Afterwards he resumed the practice of law.

Daniel Cruger is buried at the Stone Church Cemetery in Wheeling, West Virginia.


Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Young
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
David Woods
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Daniel Avery,
Oliver C. Comstock
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 20th congressional district

with Oliver C. Comstock
Succeeded by
Caleb Baker,
Jonathan Richmond

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