Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea

Last updated

The Earl of Winchilsea

KG PC
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpg
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham (Thomas Worlidge)
Lord President of the Council
In office
12 July 1765 30 July 1766
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by The Duke of Bedford
Succeeded by The Earl of Northington
Member of the England Parliament
for Rutland
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born
Daniel Finch

(1689-05-24)24 May 1689
Died2 August 1769(1769-08-02) (aged 80)
Resting place Eastwell, Kent, England
Spouse(s)
  • Frances Feilding
  • Mary Palmer
Children5 daughters
Parents
Coat of arms of Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, KG, PC Coat of arms of Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, KG, PC.png
Coat of arms of Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, KG, PC

Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham, KG , PC (24 May 1689 2 August 1769) was a British politician.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Burley House Burley on the Hill, near Oakham - geograph.org.uk - 41108.jpg
Burley House

Life

Styled Lord Finch until 1730, he was the eldest son of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, and his second wife Anne Hatton, daughter of Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton. His father was a prominent Tory politician who had been one of the few leading Tories to actively support the Hanoverian succession. He succeeded to his fathers titles and his estate at Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland in 1730.

Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham English politician and noble

Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, 7th Earl of Winchilsea PC, was an English Tory statesman during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.

Anne Finch, Countess of Nottingham second wife of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham

Anne Finch, Countess of Nottingham, formerly Anne Hatton, was the second wife of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, and the mother of Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham.

Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton English aristocrat and diplomat

Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton (1632–1706) was an English aristocrat and diplomat.

As Lord Finch, he was elected when only 21 as Member of Parliament for Rutland. He remained its member until he succeeded to the Earldom in 1730, also serving as comptroller of the royal household from 1725 to 1730. Winchilsea supported the creation of London's Foundling Hospital, a charity providing home and education for some of the capital's many abandoned children. Winchilsea was one of the original governors for this organisation, founded in 1739.

Rutland was a parliamentary constituency covering the county of Rutland. It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1918, when it became part of the Rutland and Stamford constituency, along with Stamford in Lincolnshire. Since 1983, Rutland has formed part of the Rutland and Melton constituency along with Melton Mowbray from Leicestershire.

The Comptroller of the Household is an ancient position in the British royal household, nominally the second-ranking member of the Lord Steward's department after the Treasurer of the Household. The Comptroller was an ex officio member of the Board of Green Cloth, until that body was abolished in the reform of the local government licensing in 2004. In recent times, a senior government whip has invariably occupied the office. On state occasions the Comptroller carries a white staff of office, as often seen in portraits.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom, as well as the largest city within the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Although his father had been a supporter of Walpole, Winchilsea became instead a supporter of Lord Carteret in the so-called "Patriot Opposition". When Carteret became leading minister in 1742, Winchilsea joined as well, becoming First Lord of the Admiralty (1742–1744). Later on, he allied himself with Newcastle and the Old Whigs, and served as Lord President in the Rockingham administration (1765–1766).

Robert Walpole British statesman

Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford,, known between 1725 and 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville British statesman

John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, 7th Seigneur of Sark,, commonly known by his earlier title Lord Carteret, was a British statesman and Lord President of the Council from 1751 to 1763; he worked extremely closely with the Prime Minister of the country, Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, in order to manage the various factions of the Government. He was Seigneur of Sark from 1715 to 1720 when he sold the fief. He held the office of Bailiff of Jersey from 1715 to 1763.

The Patriot Whigs and, later Patriot Party, were a group within the Whig party in Great Britain from 1725 to 1803. The group was formed in opposition to the ministry of Robert Walpole in the House of Commons in 1725, when William Pulteney and seventeen other Whigs joined with the Tory party in attacks against the ministry. By the middle of the 1730s, there were over one hundred opposition Whigs in the Commons, many of whom embraced the Patriot label. For many years they provided a more effective opposition to the Walpole administration than the Tories.

He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1752.

He first married Lady Frances Feilding, daughter of Basil Feilding, 4th Earl of Denbigh and Hester Firebrace, with whom he had a daughter, Lady Charlotte. He later married Mary Palmer, daughter of Sir Thomas Palmer, 1st Baronet Palmer. They had four daughters: Ladies Heneage, Essex, Hatton and Augusta, and four more who died young. They died unmarried and there are no known descendants. [1] He lived at Eastwell Park.

Frances Finch, Countess of Winchilsea and Nottingham, was an English aristocrat and social reformer.

Basil Feilding, 4th Earl of Denbigh, 3rd Earl of Desmond was a British peer and member of the House of Lords, styled Viscount Feilding from 1675 to 1685.

Eastwell Park large area of parkland and a country estate in the civil parish of Eastwell

Eastwell Park is a large area of parkland and a country estate in the civil parish of Eastwell, adjoining Ashford, Kent, in England. Over time, successive buildings have served as homes to Sir Thomas Moyle, the Earls of Winchilsea and Nottingham, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, and others.

He died in 1769 and was buried at Eastwell. His titles, together with his estates at Burley-on-the-Hill and elsewhere, passed to his nephew George Finch, son of his brother, the diplomat William. He left his Kentish properties, such as Eastwell Park, to his other nephew George Finch-Hatton, son of his brother Edward.

George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea Patron of cricket

George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea, was an important figure in the history of cricket. His main contributions to the game were patronage and organisation but Winchilsea, an amateur, was also a very keen player. Finch served with the 87th Foot at the time of the American Revolutionary War from its formation in 1779 to its disbanding in 1783, with the temporary ranks of major and lieutenant-colonel.

William Finch of Charlewood, Hertfordshire, was a British diplomat and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1761. He was considered anindolent diplomat and became an opponent of Walpole, but maintained his post in the Royal Household for over 20 years until he began to lose his senses.

George Finch-Hatton was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1772 to 1784.

Related Research Articles

Earl of Winchilsea Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Winchilsea is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Finch-Hatton family. It has been united with the title of Earl of Nottingham under a single holder since 1729. The Finch family is believed to be descended from Henry FitzHerbert, Lord Chamberlain to Henry I. The name change to Finch came in the 1350s after marriage to an heiress by a member of the Finch family. In 1660 the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea was created Baron FitzHerbert of Eastwell, Kent, in recompense for his efficient aid in the Restoration of the Monarchy. The Herbert family of Wales, Earls of Pembroke, share common ancestry but bear differenced arms. A later member of the family, Sir William Finch, was knighted in 1513. His son Sir Thomas Finch, was also knighted for his share in suppressing Sir Thomas Wyatt's insurrection against Queen Mary I, and was the son-in-law of Sir Thomas Moyle, some of whose lands Finch's wife inherited. Thomas's eldest son Moyle Finch represented Weymouth, Kent and Winchelsea in the House of Commons. In 1611 he was created a baronet, of Eastwell in the County of Kent.

Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea (1628–1689) of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.

John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower British politician

John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower,, known as The Baron Gower from 1709 to 1746, was a British Tory politician from the Leveson-Gower family, one of the first Tories to enter government after the Hanoverian Succession.

Burley, Rutland village in Rutland

Burley, or Burley-on-the-Hill, is a village and civil parish in the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It is located two miles (3 km) north-east of Oakham. The population of the civil parish was 577 at the 2001 census, including Egleton, but reducing to 325 at the 2011 census. HM Prison Ashwell a Category C men's prison in the parish of Burley, closed in 2011.

Guy Montagu George Finch-Hatton, 14th Earl of Winchilsea and 9th Earl of Nottingham. Finch-Hatton was brother to renowned big-game hunter Denys Finch Hatton and his daughter married Whitney Straight, of the American Whitney family.

George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea English Earl and politician

George William Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea, 5th Earl of Nottingham was an English politician known for duelling with the then Prime Minister, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.

Murray Edward Gordon Finch-Hatton, 12th Earl of Winchilsea and 7th Earl of Nottingham, styled the Hon. Murray Finch-Hatton until 1887, was a British Conservative politician and agriculturalist. His country residence was at Haverholme Priory, Lincolnshire.

Edward Finch-Hatton of Kirby Hall, near Rockingham, Northamptonshire, was a British diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons for 41 years from 1727 to 1768.

George Finch-Hatton, 11th Earl of Winchilsea English Earl

George James Finch-Hatton, 11th Earl of Winchilsea and 6th Earl of Nottingham, styled Viscount Maidstone between 1826 and 1857, was a British peer and Tory politician.

George Finch (1794–1870) British landowner and politician

George Somerset Finch, of Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland, was a British landowner and politician.

Henry Finch-Hatton, 13th Earl of Winchilsea English Earl

Henry Stormont Finch-Hatton, 13th Earl of Winchilsea and 8th Earl of Nottingham was an English peer.

Daniel James Hatfield Finch-Hatton, 17th Earl of Winchilsea, 12th Earl of Nottingham is a British hereditary peer and descendant of the American Vanderbilt family and the Hungarian Széchenyi family.

Christopher Denys Stormonte Finch-Hatton was the 16th Earl of Winchilsea and 11th Earl of Nottingham as well as a member of the American Vanderbilt family through his maternal grandmother, Gladys Moore Vanderbilt. He acceded to the titles in 1950 on the death of his father, Christopher Finch-Hatton, 15th Earl of Winchilsea.

Constance Henrietta Finch-Hatton, Countess of Winchilsea and Nottingham was the first wife of George Finch-Hatton, 11th Earl of Winchilsea.

John Finch of Bushey, Hertfordshire, was a British lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons for 23 years from 1724 to 1747.

References

  1. The New Peerage; Or, Present State of the Nobility of England, 1769, p77
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Halford
The Earl of Harborough
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1710–1730
With: John Noel 1710–1711, 1715–1719
Richard Halford 1711–1713
The Lord Sherard 1713–1715
Marquess of Granby 1719–1721
Sir Thomas Mackworth, Bt 1721–1727
John Noel 1727–1728
Thomas Noel 1728–1730
Succeeded by
William Burton
Thomas Noel
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Methuen
Comptroller of the Household
1725–1730
Succeeded by
Sir Conyers Darcy
Preceded by
Sir Charles Wager
First Lord of the Admiralty
1742–1744
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bedford
Preceded by
The Earl Temple
First Lord of the Admiralty
1757
Succeeded by
The Lord Anson
Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford
Lord President of the Council
1765–1766
Succeeded by
The Earl of Northington
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Senior Privy Counsellor
1768–1769
Succeeded by
The Duke of Queensberry and Dover
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Daniel Finch
Earl of Winchilsea
1730–1769
Succeeded by
George Finch
Earl of Nottingham
7th creation
1730–1769
Viscount Maidstone
1730–1769
Baron Finch of Daventry
1730–1769
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Daniel Finch
Baronet
(of Raunston, Buckinghamshire)
1730–1769
Succeeded by
George Finch
Baronet
(of Eastwell, Kent)
1730–1769