Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare

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Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare was an Irish nobleman, the son of Connor O'Brien, 2nd Viscount Clare and Honora O'Brien.

Connor O'Brien, 2nd Viscount Clare (1605–1670) was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 1st Viscount Clare and Lady Catherine FitzGerald, a daughter of Gerald, 14th Earl of Desmond.

Clare was appointed commander of a newly raised regiment of foot, Clare's Regiment of Foot, an Irish regiment in the Dutch States Army, on 8 August 1674. He was replaced within twelve months by Sir John Fenwick. From July 1751 this regiment was known as the 5th Regiment of Foot.

Dutch States Army

The Dutch States Army was the army of the Dutch Republic. It was usually called this, because it was formally the army of the States-General of the Netherlands, the sovereign power of that federal republic. This mercenary army was brought to such a size and state of readiness that it was able to hold its own against the armies of the major European powers of the extended 17th century, Habsburg Spain and the France of Louis XIV, despite the fact that these powers possessed far larger military resources than the Republic. It played a major role in the Eighty Years' War and in the wars of the Grand Alliance with France after 1672.

Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet was an English Jacobite conspirator, who succeeded to the Baronetcy of Fenwick on the death of his father in 1676.

During the War of the Two Kings, Clare served with the Jacobite Irish Army loyal to James II. He was the commander of Clare's Dragoons regiment which he led against William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne and later exile in France as part of the Flight of the Wild Geese. He married Philadelphia Lennard, sister of the Earl of Sussex, and together they had three children:

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism is the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aims to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement is named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

The Clare's Regiment, later known as Clare's Dragoons, was initially named O'Brien's Regiment after its originator Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare raised a mounted dragoon regiment during the Jacobite war. When Clare’s Dragoons left Limerick with the Flight of the Wild Geese they became a regiment of infantry. Clare's Dragoons remained loyal to the dethroned James II of England and fought against the army of William III of England, during the Williamite War in Ireland.

William III of England King of England, Scotland and Ireland

William III, also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death, co-reigning with his wife, Queen Mary II. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He is sometimes informally known as "King Billy" in Northern Ireland and Scotland, where his victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is still commemorated by Unionists and Ulster loyalists.

Daniel O'Brien, 4th Viscount Clare was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare and Philadelphia Lennard. A Jacobite supporter of James II, he served with the Irish Army during the War of the Two Kings. He was commander of a regiment which he conveyed to France where he fought in the Battle of Marsaglia on 4 October 1693 and was mortally wounded. Daniel O'Brien never married and was therefore succeeded by his brother Charles O'Brien, 5th Viscount Clare.

Charles O'Brien, 5th Viscount Clare (1673–1706) was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare and Philadelphia Lennard. He married Charlotte Bulkeley, daughter of Henry Bulkeley and Sophia Stuart, on 9 January 1696, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. Henry Bulkeley was the "Master of the Household" for Kings Charles II and James II.

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Connor O'Brien
Viscount Clare
1670–1691
Succeeded by
Daniel O'Brien

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