Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare

Last updated

Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare was an Irish nobleman, the son of Connor O'Brien, 2nd Viscount Clare and Honora O'Brien.

Connor O'Brien, 2nd Viscount Clare (1605–1670) was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 1st Viscount Clare and Lady Catherine FitzGerald, a daughter of Gerald, 14th Earl of Desmond.

Clare was appointed commander of a newly raised regiment of foot, Clare's Regiment of Foot, an Irish regiment in the Dutch States Army, on 8 August 1674. He was replaced within twelve months by Sir John Fenwick. From July 1751 this regiment was known as the 5th Regiment of Foot.

Dutch States Army

The Dutch States Army was the army of the Dutch Republic. It was usually called this, because it was formally the army of the States-General of the Netherlands, the sovereign power of that federal republic. This mercenary army was brought to such a size and state of readiness that it was able to hold its own against the armies of the major European powers of the extended 17th century, Habsburg Spain and the France of Louis XIV, despite the fact that these powers possessed far larger military resources than the Republic. It played a major role in the Eighty Years' War and in the wars of the Grand Alliance with France after 1672.

Sir John Fenwick, 3rd Baronet was an English Jacobite conspirator, who succeeded to the Baronetcy of Fenwick on the death of his father in 1676.

During the War of the Two Kings, Clare served with the Jacobite Irish Army loyal to James II. He was the commander of Clare's Dragoons regiment which he led against William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne and later exile in France as part of the Flight of the Wild Geese. He married Philadelphia Lennard, sister of the Earl of Sussex, and together they had three children:

Jacobitism political ideology

Jacobitism is the name of the political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aims to restore the House of Stuart to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The movement is named after Jacobus, the Latin form of James.

The Clare's Regiment, later known as Clare's Dragoons, was initially named O'Brien's Regiment after its originator Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare raised a mounted dragoon regiment during the Jacobite war. When Clare’s Dragoons left Limerick with the Flight of the Wild Geese they became a regiment of infantry. Clare's Dragoons remained loyal to the dethroned James II of England and fought against the army of William III of England, during the Williamite War in Ireland.

William III of England King of England, Scotland and Ireland

William III, also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death, co-reigning with his wife, Queen Mary II. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He is sometimes informally known as "King Billy" in Northern Ireland and Scotland, where his victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is still commemorated by Unionists and Ulster loyalists.

Daniel O'Brien, 4th Viscount Clare was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare and Philadelphia Lennard. A Jacobite supporter of James II, he served with the Irish Army during the War of the Two Kings. He was commander of a regiment which he conveyed to France where he fought in the Battle of Marsaglia on 4 October 1693 and was mortally wounded. Daniel O'Brien never married and was therefore succeeded by his brother Charles O'Brien, 5th Viscount Clare.

Charles O'Brien, 5th Viscount Clare (1673–1706) was the son of Daniel O'Brien, 3rd Viscount Clare and Philadelphia Lennard. He married Charlotte Bulkeley, daughter of Henry Bulkeley and Sophia Stuart, on 9 January 1696, at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. Henry Bulkeley was the "Master of the Household" for Kings Charles II and James II.

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Connor O'Brien
Viscount Clare
Succeeded by
Daniel O'Brien

Related Research Articles

Kilshanny Civil Parish in Munster, Ireland

Kilshanny is a village and a civil parish in west County Clare, Ireland.

Viscount Clare was a title in the Peerage of Ireland, created twice.

Earl of Thomond was an hereditary title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created twice for the O'Brien dynasty which was an ancient Irish sept native to north Munster.

The Irish military diaspora refers to the many people of either Irish birth or extraction who have served in overseas military forces, regardless of rank, duration of service, or success.

Richard Lambart, 7th Earl of Cavan British Army general

Richard Ford William Lambart, 7th Earl of Cavan, styled Viscount Kilcoursie from 1772 to 1778, was a British military commander throughout the Napoleonic era and beyond.

Connor O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Thomond, called Groibleach, grandson of Conor O'Brien ; succeeded to the earldom, 1553; his right to the lordship of Thomond was disputed by his uncle, Donnell; confirmed in his possessions by Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex in 1558, who proclaimed his uncles traitors, though peace was not established until 1565. He intrigued with Fitzgerald in 1569, and fled to France; returned to Ireland and received pardon, 1571, with the restoration of his lands, 1573.

Donogh OBrien, 4th Earl of Thomond Irish nobleman and soldier

Donogh O'Brien, 4th Earl of Thomond and Baron of Ibrickan was an Irish nobleman and soldier noted for his loyalty to the Kingdom of Ireland. His long-term objective, achieved after decades, was to obtain an official acknowledgment that County Clare, where his possessions were situated, was part of the province of Munster, to free it from the jurisdiction of the Connaught government under which it had been placed.

Donough Edward Foster O'Brien, 16th Baron Inchiquin was the holder of a hereditary peerage in the Peerage of Ireland, as well as Chief of the Name of O'Brien and Prince of Thomond in the Gaelic Irish nobility.

Daniel O'Brien, 1st Viscount Clare (1577?–1663) was an Irish politician and soldier. He was the younger son of Connor O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Thomond and Una O'Brien.

Henry O'Brien, 5th Earl of Thomond was an Irish peer, styled Lord Ibrickane until 1624.

William O'Shaughnessy, The O'Shaughnessy was an Irish Chief and Major-General.

Charles O'Brien,, 6th Viscount Clare was an Irish military officer in French service, known to posterity as the Maréchal de Thomond.

Charles OBrien, 7th Viscount Clare Jacobite noble

Charles O'Brien, titular Earl of Thomond and Viscount Clare (1757-1774) was a Franco-Irish nobleman.

Donal IV O'Donovan,, The O'Donovan, of Clancahill, was the son of Donal III O'Donovan, The O'Donovan of Clancahill, and Gyles (Sheela) O'Shaughnessy, daughter of Elis Lynch and Sir Roger Gilla Duff O'Shaughnessy, The O'Shaughnessy.

OBrien dynasty

The O'Brien dynasty is a royal and noble house founded in the 10th century by Brian Boru of the Dál gCais or Dalcassians. After becoming King of Munster, through conquest he established himself as Ard Rí na hÉireann. Brian's descendants thus carried the name Ó Briain, continuing to rule the Kingdom of Munster until the 12th century where their territory had shrunk to the Kingdom of Thomond which they would hold for just under five centuries.

Ulick Burke, 1st Viscount Galway (1670-1691) was an Irish soldier who died at the Battle of Aughrim while fighting for the Jacobite cause during the Williamite War in Ireland.