Daniel Pollen

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Daniel Pollen
Daniel Pollen, ca 1873.jpg
9th Premier of New Zealand
In office
6 July 1875 15 February 1876
Monarch Victoria
Governor George Phipps
Preceded by Julius Vogel
Succeeded by Julius Vogel
ConstituencyLegislative Council member
Personal details
Born(1813-06-02)2 June 1813
Ringsend, Dublin, Ireland
Died18 May 1896(1896-05-18) (aged 82)
Political partyNone
Spouse(s)Jane Henderson (m. 1846)
ParentsHugh Pollen
Elizabeth O'Neill

Daniel Pollen (2 June 1813 – 18 May 1896) was the son of Elizabeth (née O'Neill) and Hugh Pollen and became the ninth Premier of New Zealand, serving from 6 July 1875 to 15 February 1876. [1]

Prime Minister of New Zealand head of the New Zealand government

The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.


Early life

The son of Hugh Pollen, a dock master, Pollen was born in Ringsend, Dublin. Little is known about the early part of his life, but it is supposed that he grew up in Ireland and in the United States of America. [2] However, his father was dock master of the Grand Canal Company at Ringsend in 1812, [3] still held that office in 1832, [4] and died in 1837 to be succeeded as dock master by Thomas Pollen. [5] On some accounts, Pollen's father helped to build the United States Capitol.


Ringsend is a southside inner suburb of Dublin, Ireland. It is located on the south bank of the River Liffey and east of the River Dodder, about two kilometres east of the city centre. It is the southern terminus of the East Link Toll Bridge. Areas included in Ringsend are the south side of the Dublin Docklands, and at the west end is the area of South Lotts and part of the Grand Canal Dock area. Neighbouring areas include Irishtown, Sandymount and the Beggars Bush part of Ballsbridge to the south, and the city centre to the west. Key feature of the area are the chimneys of Poolbeg power station.

Grand Canal (Ireland) canal in Ireland

The Grand Canal is the southernmost of a pair of canals that connect Dublin, in the east of Ireland, with the River Shannon in the west, via Tullamore and a number of other villages and towns, the two canals nearly encircling Dublin's inner city. Its sister canal on the Northside of Dublin is the Royal Canal. The last working cargo barge passed through the Grand Canal in 1960.

United States Capitol seat of the United States Congress

The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. It is located on Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Though no longer at the geographic center of the Federal District, the Capitol forms the origin point for the District's street-numbering system and the District's four quadrants.

A doctor, Pollen claimed to hold the MD degree, although where he graduated is not recorded. [6] He travelled to New South Wales in the late 1830s, and moved to North Auckland in January 1840. He was a witness to the proceedings of the Treaty of Waitangi. [7] He began his practice as a doctor in Parnell, Auckland, in 1841. [6] In 1844 he was appointed as a coroner and held this post for four years. [2]

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Treaty of Waitangi Treaty between representatives of the British Crown and various Māori chiefs

The Treaty of Waitangi is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand. It is a document of central importance to the history and political constitution of the state of New Zealand, and has been highly significant in framing the political relations between New Zealand's government and the Māori population.

A coroner may conduct or order an inquest into the manner or cause of death, and investigate or confirm the identity of an unknown person who has been found dead within the coroner's jurisdiction.

On 18 May 1846, Pollen married Jane Henderson, the daughter of an officer of the Royal Navy (Lieutenant Essex, RN, of Demarara). He moved with her to Kawau Island in 1847, after becoming medical officer to a Scottish copper-mining company. [2]

Royal Navy Maritime warfare branch of the United Kingdoms military

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

Kawau Island island

Kawau Island is in the Hauraki Gulf, close to the north-eastern coast of the North Island of New Zealand. At its closest point it lies 1.4 km (0.87 mi) off the coast of the North Auckland Peninsula, just south of Tawharanui Peninsula, and about 8 km (5.0 mi) by sea journey from Sandspit Wharf, and shelters Kawau Bay to the north-east of Warkworth. It is 40 km (25 mi) north of Auckland. Mansion House in the Kawau Island Historic Reserve is an important historic tourist attraction. Almost every property on the Island relies on direct access to the sea. There are only two short roads serving settlements at Schoolhouse Bay and South Cove, and most people have private wharves for access to their front door steps.

Scotland Country in Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Entry into politics

Pollen spent several years on Kawau, during which time he began to contribute articles to The New Zealander supporting the agitation for responsible government. He was also to the fore in supporting temperance, scientific, and library movements there.

Auckland Province

When the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 became law, Pollen was made chief clerk in the Auckland Superintendent's office. From there, he rose through the ranks. Two years after his original appointment, he was appointed to the Executive Council, and in 1858 he was appointed Commissioner of Crown Lands for Auckland. [8] In 1856 he was elected to the Auckland Provincial Council for the Suburbs of Auckland electorate, where he served until 1861. From 1862 to 1865, he represented the Auckland East electorate on the Council. [9]

New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 Statute of the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that granted self-government to the Colony of New Zealand. It was the second such Act, the previous 1846 Act not having been fully implemented.

He was one of four candidates in the Suburbs of Auckland electorate in the 1855 general election. He came last in this election. [10]

Suburbs of Auckland was a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand from 1853 to 1860.

1855 New Zealand general election New Zealand general election held in 1855

The 1855 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 2nd term. It was the second national election ever held in New Zealand, and the first one which elected a Parliament that had full authority to govern the colony.

On 16 July 1861, he was appointed to the New Zealand Legislative Council. [11] In 1862, he resigned as Commissioner of Crown Lands, and became the Deputy Superintendent of Auckland, where he served until the end of his second term. [12] He resigned from the Legislative Council on 4 December 1867 to become agent for the Central Government at Auckland. [11]

He returned to the Legislative Council on 10 June 1868 to represent the Stafford Ministry. He resigned from the Legislative Council in 1870 to be agent in Auckland again. [1] [13]

In 1870, Daniel Pollen held four positions - Receiver of Land Revenue, Commissioner of Confiscated Lands, Commissioner under the Native Land Act of 1870, and Immigration Officer.

Premier of New Zealand

The Vogel Ministry recalled him to the Legislative Council on 12 May 1873, where he became Colonial Secretary on 4 July 1873. He held this role until 13 October 1877 during various ministries. [14] He became Premier on 6 July 1875 and led the Pollen Ministry until 15 February 1876. [15] After he left this position, he was again appointed to the Legislative Council on 12 May 1873 and served for 23 years until his death on 18 May 1896. [11]

See also


  1. 1 2 A. H. McLintock, ed. (22 April 2009) [1966]. "Pollen, Daniel (1813–96)". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage/Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 Alexander H. McLintock, An encyclopaedia of New Zealand, vol. 2 (1966), p. 814
  3. House of Commons papers, 1812, p. 181: "Hugh Pollen, examined and sworn. What office do you hold under the Grand Canal company ? – Dock-master."
  4. The Treble Almanack, 1832 p. 144: "Grand Canal Floating and Graving Docks... near Ringsend. Dock Master, Mr. Hugh Pollen, Ringsend."
  5. D. Ruth Delany, The Grand Canal of Ireland (David & Charles, 1973): "Hugh Pollen died in 1837 and was succeeded by Thomas Pollen, who proved very unsatisfactory..."
  6. 1 2 L. K. Gluckman, Ann Gluckman, Mike Wagg, Touching on Deaths: a medical history of early Auckland (2000), p. 83: "DANIEL POLLEN (1813-1896) Pollen was born in Dublin although it is unknown whether he obtained his MD in Ireland or the USA. Similarly, it is uncertain when he reached New Zealand, but he signed the address of loyalty to Hobson at the Bay of Islands and witnessed the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. He entered practice in Parnell, in Auckland in 1841."
  7. Alex Frame, Salmond: Southern Jurist (Victoria University Press, 1995), p. 146, note 43
  8. Scholefield 1950, p. 181.
  9. Scholefield 1950, p. 185.
  10. "The Southern Cross". Daily Southern Cross . XII (870). 30 October 1855. p. 2. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  11. 1 2 3 Scholefield 1950, p. 83.
  12. Scholefield 1950, p. 180.
  13. Scholefield 1950, pp. 33, 83.
  14. Scholefield 1950, pp. 35–36.
  15. Scholefield 1950, p. 35.

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Government offices
Preceded by
Julius Vogel
Premier of New Zealand
Succeeded by
Julius Vogel