Danilovgrad

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Danilovgrad

Даниловград
Danilovgrad.jpg
World War II monument in Town main square
Coat of arms of Danilovgrad.png
Coat of arms
Montenegro adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Danilovgrad
Location within Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°37′N19°03′E / 42.61°N 19.05°E / 42.61; 19.05 Coordinates: 42°37′N19°03′E / 42.61°N 19.05°E / 42.61; 19.05
Country Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro
Municipality CoatDG.svg Danilovgrad
Settlements80
Government
  MayorZorica Kovačević (DPS)
  Ruling party DPS - SD
Area
   Town and municipality 501 km2 (193 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Density33/km2 (90/sq mi)
   Urban
5,156
   Rural
11,620
  Municipality
18,472
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
81410
Area code +382 20
ISO 3166-2 code ME-07
Car plates DG
Climate Cfa
Website http://danilovgrad.me/

Danilovgrad (Montenegrin : Даниловград) is a town in central Montenegro. It has a population of 6,852 (2011 census). It is situated in the Danilovgrad Municipality which lies along the main route between Montenegro's two largest cities, Podgorica and Nikšić. Via villages, Danilovgrad forms part of a conurbation with Podgorica.

Contents

The town of Danilovgrad is located in the fertile valley of the Zeta River, sometimes called also the Bjelopavlići plain, after the name of the local clan. It is the centre of the Danilovgrad municipality, which has a population of 18,472.

History

In the place of Danilovgrad, there are remains of Gradina (Martinići), remains can be found of the ruler Petar Gojniković. The court was built by prince Mutimir, who was also once buried in there, also from the dynasty of Vlastimirović (Višeslavić). Gradina is also a prominent seat from the Nemanjić period, believed to be the birthplace of Prince Rastko, also known as Saint Sava, the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Danilovgrad was founded with the purpose of being the capital of Montenegro. Foundations for this planned city were first laid by King Nikola I in 1870. However, after the cities of Nikšić and Podgorica were liberated from Ottoman hands, during the Congress of Berlin its significance diminished. It got its name after Nicholas' predecessor Prince Danilo.

World War II

On May 31, 1944, a USAF Consolidated B-24 Liberator crashed in Danilovgrad. [1] Although its entire crew of 10 ejected and survived, they were later caught and became prisoners of war. [1] On July 23, 1944, 52 people, allegedly members of the League of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia, [2] were killed in a mass execution by Chetniks in Danilovgrad. [3]

During the Yugoslav Wars

On April 14–15, 1995, a pogrom drove out the Romani population in one of Danilovgrad's neighborhoods, Božova Glavica. [4]

On March 24, 1999, the Milovan Šaranović barracks in Danilovgrad were bombed by NATO aircraft, killing a soldier named Saša Stojić. [5] He was the first victim of the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. [5]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the population of the town was 5,156. [6]

Ethnicity in 2011
EthnicityNumberPercentage
Montenegrins 3,63770.5%
Serbs 1,11821.7%
Albanians 200.4%
Russians 140.3%
Croats 80.2%
Roma 70.1%
other/undeclared3526.8%
Total5,156100%

Sports

The local football team is FK Iskra, who have been playing in the country's top tier since 2015. They host their games at the Braća Velašević Stadium. The town's basketball team is KK Danilovgrad and RK Danilovgrad is the handball club.

Transport

Danilovgrad is situated approximately halfway between two largest Montenegrin cities, Podgorica and Nikšić, on the main road that connects these two. It is also served by the Nikšić–Podgorica railway.

Podgorica Airport is 30 km (19 mi) away, and has regular flights to Belgrade, Budapest, Bari, Zagreb, Skopje, Zürich, Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Paris, Rome and Vienna.

Related Research Articles

Montenegro Country in Southeastern Europe

Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic Sea and is a part of the Balkans, sharing borders with Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north and west, Kosovo to the east, Albania to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea and Croatia to the southwest. Podgorica, the capital and largest city, covers 10.4% of Montenegro's territory of 13,812 square kilometres (5,333 sq mi), and is home to roughly 30% of its total population of 621,000.

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The history of Montenegro begins in the Early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by the Republic of Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Cetinje Town and municipality in Montenegro

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Žabljak Town and municipality in Montenegro

Žabljak is a small town in northern Montenegro. It has a population of 1,723.

Danilovgrad Municipality Municipality in Montenegro

Danilovgrad Municipality is one of the municipalities of Montenegro. The administrative center is town of Danilovgrad. The municipality is located in the central region of Montenegro in the valley of Zeta river, sometimes called also the Bjelopavlići plain, after the name of the local tribe.

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The Armed Forces of Montenegro consists of an army, navy and air force. The military is a standing army.

Spuž Town in Danilovgrad, Montenegro

Spuž is a small town seated near Zeta river, within the municipality of Danilovgrad in the central Montenegrin region.

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Serbs of Montenegro

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References

  1. 1 2 Joe Baugher. "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-50027 to 42-57212)".
  2. Hronologija narodnooslobodilačkog rata 1941-1945: Na Lazinama (kod Danilovgrada) četnici streljali 48 članova SKOJ-a(in Serbian). Accessed December 29, 2018.
  3. "POLOŽEN VIJENAC NA LAZINAMA" (PDF) (in Serbian). July 23, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  4. "Slučaj Danilovgrad" (PDF). Swedish Helsinki Committee for Human Rights. 2004.
  5. 1 2 Jelena Kulidžan (March 25, 2014). "Od bombardovanja do članstva u NATO". Deutsche Welle (in Serbian). Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  6. "Tabela N1. Stanovništvo prema nacinalnoj odnosno etničkoj pripadnosti po naseljima, Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i stanova u Crnoj Gori 2011. godine" (in Montenegrin). Statistical Office of Montenegro . Retrieved January 27, 2012.