Danny Kaye

Last updated

Danny Kaye
Kaye, Danny.jpg
Born
David Daniel Kaminsky

(1911-01-18)January 18, 1911
DiedMarch 3, 1987(1987-03-03) (aged 76)
Occupation
  • Actor
  • singer
  • comedian
  • dancer
  • musician
Years active1933–1987
Spouse(s)
Sylvia Fine (m. 1940)
Children1
Website dannykaye.com

Danny Kaye (born David Daniel Kaminsky; Yiddish : דאַװיד דאַניעל קאַמינסקי; January 18, 1911 – March 3, 1987) was an American actor, singer, dancer, comedian, musician, and philanthropist. His performances featured physical comedy, idiosyncratic pantomimes, and rapid-fire novelty songs.

Contents

Kaye starred in 17 movies, notably Wonder Man (1945), The Kid from Brooklyn (1946), The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947), The Inspector General (1949), Hans Christian Andersen (1952), White Christmas (1954), and The Court Jester (1956).

His films were popular, especially for his performances of patter songs and favorites such as "Inchworm" and "The Ugly Duckling." He was the first ambassador-at-large of UNICEF in 1954 and received the French Legion of Honour in 1986 for his years of work with the organization. [1]

Early years

David Daniel Kaminsky was born in Brooklyn, New York, on January 18, 1911 (though he would later say 1913), [2] [3] [4] [5] to Ukrainian Jewish immigrants Jacob and Clara (née Nemerovsky) Kaminsky. He was the youngest of their three boys. His parents and their older sons Larry and Mac, left Dnipropetrovsk two years before Danny's birth; he was their only son born in the United States. [6]

He attended Public School 149 in East New York, Brooklyn; the school eventually was renamed to honor him [7] —where he began entertaining his classmates with songs and jokes. [8] He attended Thomas Jefferson High School in Brooklyn, but he did not graduate. [9]

His mother died when he was in his early teens. Not long after, Kaye and his friend Louis ran away to Florida. Kaye sang while Louis played the guitar and the pair eked out a living for a while. When Kaye returned to New York, his father did not pressure him to return to school or work, giving his son the chance to mature and discover his own abilities. [10] Kaye said that as a young boy, he had wanted to be a surgeon, but the family could not afford a medical education. [6] [11]

He held a succession of jobs after leaving school, as a soda jerk, auto insurance investigator, and office clerk. Most ended with his being fired. He lost the insurance job when he made an error that cost the insurance company $40,000 ($600,000 in 2019 adjusted for inflation). [12] A dentist who hired him to look after his office over lunch and run errands also fired him when he found Kaye using his dental drill on the office woodwork. In 1939, Kaye met the dentist's daughter, Sylvia Fine, at an audition, and in 1940 they eloped. [13] [6] [14] He learned his trade in his teenage years in the Catskills as a tummler in the Borscht Belt. [8]

Kaye's first break came in 1933 when he joined the Three Terpsichoreans, a vaudeville dance act. They opened in Utica, New York, where he used the stage name Danny Kaye for the first time. [8] The act toured the United States, then performed in Asia with the show La Vie Paree. [15]

The troupe left for a six-month tour of Asia on February 8, 1934. While in Osaka, Japan, a typhoon hit the city. The hotel where they stayed suffered heavy damage. The strong wind hurled a piece of the hotel's cornice into Kaye's room; had he been hit, he might have been killed. By evening's performance time, the city was in the grip of the storm. With no power, the audience became restless and nervous. To calm them, Kaye went on stage holding a flashlight to illuminate his face and sang every song he could recall as loudly as he was able. [6]

The experience of trying to entertain audiences who did not speak English inspired him to do the pantomime gestures, songs, and facial expressions that eventually made his reputation. [8] [14] Sometimes, he found them necessary when ordering a meal. Kaye's daughter, Dena, relates a story her father told about being in a restaurant in China and trying to order chicken. Kaye flapped his arms and clucked, giving the waiter an imitation of a chicken. The waiter nodded in understanding, bringing Kaye two eggs. His interest in cooking began on the tour. [8] [15]

Jobs were in short supply when Kaye returned to the United States, and he struggled for bookings. One job was working in a burlesque revue with fan dancer Sally Rand. After the dancer dropped a fan while trying to chase away a fly, Kaye was hired to watch the fans so they were always held in front of her. [8] [14]

Career

Danny Kaye made his film debut in a 1935 comedy short Moon Over Manhattan. In 1937, he signed with New York–based Educational Pictures for a series of two-reel comedies. He usually played a manic, dark-haired, fast-talking Russian in these low-budget shorts, opposite young hopefuls June Allyson and Imogene Coca. The Kaye series ended abruptly when the studio shut down in 1938. He was working in the Catskills in 1937 under the name Danny Kolbin. [16] [17]

His next venture was a short-lived Broadway show with Sylvia Fine as the pianist, lyricist, and composer. The Straw Hat Revue opened on September 29, 1939, and closed after 10 weeks, but critics took notice of Kaye's work. [6] [18] The reviews brought an offer for both Kaye and his bride Sylvia to work at La Martinique, a New York City nightclub. Kaye performed with Sylvia as his accompanist. At La Martinique, playwright Moss Hart saw Danny perform, and that led to Hart's casting him in his hit Broadway comedy Lady in the Dark . [6] [14]

Kaye scored a triumph at age 30 in 1941 playing Russell Paxton in Lady in the Dark, starring Gertrude Lawrence. His show-stopping number was "Tschaikowsky (and Other Russians)" by Kurt Weill and Ira Gershwin in which he sang the names of a string of Russian composers at breakneck speed, seemingly without taking a breath. [19] [20] In the next Broadway season, he was the star of a show about a young man who is drafted called Let's Face It! . [21]

His feature-film debut was in producer Samuel Goldwyn's Technicolor 1944 comedy Up in Arms, a remake of Goldwyn's Eddie Cantor comedy Whoopee! (1930). [22] Rival producer Robert M. Savini cashed in by compiling three of Kaye's Educational Pictures shorts into a patchwork feature entitled The Birth of a Star (1945). Studio mogul Goldwyn wanted Kaye's prominent nose fixed to look less Jewish, [23] [24] Kaye refused, but he did allow his red hair to be dyed blond, apparently because it looked better in Technicolor. [24]

White Christmas trailer Bing Crosby and Danny Kaye in White Christmas trailer.jpg
White Christmas trailer

Kaye starred in a radio program, The Danny Kaye Show , on CBS in 1945–46. [25] The program's popularity rose quickly. Before a year, he tied with Jimmy Durante for fifth place in the Radio Daily popularity poll. [14] Kaye was asked to participate in a USO tour following the end of World War II. It meant that he would be absent from his radio show for nearly two months at the beginning of the season. Kaye's friends filled in, with a different guest host each week. [26] Kaye was the first American actor to visit postwar Tokyo. He had toured there some 10 years before with the vaudeville troupe. [27] [28] When Kaye asked to be released from his radio contract in mid-1946, he agreed not to accept a regular radio show for one year and only limited guest appearances on other radio programs. [26] [29] Many of the show's episodes survive today, notable for Kaye's opening "signature" patter ("Git gat gittle, giddle-di-ap, giddle-de-tommy, riddle de biddle de roop, da-reep, fa-san, skeedle de woo-da, fiddle de wada, reep!"). [14]

Kaye starred in several movies with actress Virginia Mayo in the 1940s and is known for films such as The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947), The Inspector General (1949), On the Riviera (1951) co-starring Gene Tierney, Knock on Wood (1954), White Christmas (1954), The Court Jester (1956), and Merry Andrew (1958). Kaye starred in two pictures based on biographies, Hans Christian Andersen (1952) the Danish storyteller and The Five Pennies (1959) about jazz pioneer Red Nichols. His wife, writer/lyricist Sylvia Fine, wrote many tongue-twisting songs for which Kaye became famous. [11] [30] She was also an associate film producer. [31] Some of Kaye's films included the theme of doubles, two people who look identical (both Danny Kaye) being mistaken for each other to comic effect. [32] [ citation needed ]

Danny Kaye on USO tour at Sasebo, Japan, October 25, 1945. Kaye and his friend, Dodgers manager Leo Durocher, made the trip. Danny Kaye ww2 45.jpg
Danny Kaye on USO tour at Sasebo, Japan, October 25, 1945. Kaye and his friend, Dodgers manager Leo Durocher, made the trip.

While his wife wrote most of Kaye's material, he created much of it himself, often while performing. Kaye had one character he never shared with the public; Kaplan, the owner of an Akron, Ohio, rubber company, came to life only for family and friends. His wife, Sylvia, described the Kaplan character: [33]

He doesn't have any first name. Even his wife calls him just Kaplan. He's an illiterate, pompous character who advertises his philanthropies. Jack Benny or Dore Schary might say, "Kaplan, why do you hate unions so?" If Danny feels like doing Kaplan that night, he might be off on Kaplan for two hours.

When he appeared at the London Palladium in 1948, he "roused the Royal family to laughter and was the first of many performers who have turned British variety into an American preserve." Life magazine described his reception as "worshipful hysteria" and noted that the royal family, for the first time, left the royal box to watch from the front row of the orchestra. [34] [35] [36] He related that he had no idea of the familial connections when the Marquess of Milford Haven introduced himself after a show and said he would like his cousins to see Kaye perform. [20] Kaye stated he never returned to the venue because there was no way to recreate the magic of that time. [37] Kaye had an invitation to return to London for a Royal Variety Performance in November of the same year. [38]

When the invitation arrived, Kaye was busy with The Inspector General (which had a working title of Happy Times). Warner Bros. stopped the film to allow their star to attend. [39] When his Decca co-workers the Andrews Sisters began their engagement at the London Palladium on the heels of Kaye's successful 1948 appearance there, the trio was well received and David Lewin of the Daily Express declared: "The audience gave the Andrews Sisters the Danny Kaye roar!" [40]

He hosted the 24th Academy Awards in 1952. The program was broadcast on radio. Telecasts of the Oscar ceremony came later. During the 1950s, Kaye visited Australia, where he played Buttons in a production of Cinderella in Sydney. In 1953, Kaye started a production company, Dena Pictures, named for his daughter. Knock on Wood was the first film produced by his firm. The firm expanded into television in 1960 under the name Belmont Television. [41] [42]

Kaye entered television in 1956, on the CBS show See It Now with Edward R. Murrow. [43] The Secret Life of Danny Kaye combined his 50,000-mile, ten-country tour as UNICEF ambassador with music and humor. [44] [45] His first solo effort was in 1960 with a one-hour special produced by Sylvia and sponsored by General Motors, with similar specials in 1961 and 1962. [6]

Kaye at Schiphol on October 5, 1955 Danny Kaye portrait.jpg
Kaye at Schiphol on October 5, 1955

He hosted a The Danny Kaye Show from 1963 to 1967; it won four Emmy awards and a Peabody award. [46] [47] His last cinematic starring role came in 1963's The Man from the Diners' Club .

Beginning in 1964, he acted as television host to the CBS telecasts of MGM's The Wizard of Oz . Kaye did a stint as a What's My Line? mystery guest on the Sunday-night CBS-TV quiz program. Kaye was later a guest panelist on that show. He also appeared on the interview program Here's Hollywood . In the 1970s, Kaye tore a ligament in his leg during the run of the Richard Rodgers musical Two by Two , but went on with the show, appearing with his leg in a cast and cavorting on stage in a wheelchair. [46] [48] He had done much the same on his television show in 1964, when his right leg and foot were burned from a cooking accident. Camera shots were planned so television viewers did not see Kaye in his wheelchair. [49]

In 1976, he played Mister Geppetto in a television musical adaptation of Pinocchio with Sandy Duncan in the title role. Kaye portrayed Captain Hook opposite Mia Farrow in a musical version of Peter Pan featuring songs by Anthony Newley and Leslie Bricusse. He later guest-starred in episodes of The Muppet Show and The Cosby Show , [50] and in the 1980s revival New Twilight Zone .

In many films, as well as on stage, Kaye proved to be an able actor, singer, dancer, and comedian. He showed his serious side as ambassador for UNICEF and in his dramatic role in the memorable TV film Skokie , when he played a Holocaust survivor. [46] Before his death in 1987, Kaye conducted an orchestra during a comical series of concerts organized for UNICEF fundraising. Kaye received two Academy Awards: an Academy Honorary Award in 1955 and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1982. That year he received the Screen Actors Guild Annual Award. [19]

In 1980, Kaye hosted and sang in the 25th anniversary of Disneyland celebration and hosted the opening celebration for Epcot in 1982 (EPCOT Center at the time). Both were aired on primetime television in the U.S. [51] [52]

Career in music

While Kaye claimed he couldn't read music, he was said to have perfect pitch [ citation needed ]. A flamboyant performer with his own distinctive style, "easily adapting from outrageous novelty songs to tender ballads" (according to critic Jason Ankeny), in 1945, Kaye began hosting his own CBS radio program, launching a number of hit songs including "Dinah" and "Minnie the Moocher." [53]

In 1947, Kaye teamed with the popular Andrews Sisters (Patty, Maxene, and LaVerne) on Decca Records, producing the number-three Billboard hit "Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)". The success of the pairing prompted both acts to record through 1950, producing rhythmically comical fare as "The Woody Woodpecker Song" (based on the bird from the Walter Lantz cartoons and a Billboard hit for the quartet), "Put 'em in a Box, Tie 'em with a Ribbon (And Throw 'em in the Deep Blue Sea)", "The Big Brass Band from Brazil", "It's a Quiet Town (In Crossbone County)", "Amelia Cordelia McHugh (Mc Who?)", "Ching-a-ra-sa-sa", and a duet by Danny and Patty Andrews of "Orange Colored Sky". The acts teamed for two yuletide favorites: a frantic, harmonic rendition of "A Merry Christmas at Grandmother's House (Over the River and Through the Woods)" and a duet by Danny and Patty, "All I Want for Christmas Is My Two Front Teeth". [40]

Kaye's debut album, Columbia Presents Danny Kaye, had been released in 1942 by Columbia Records with songs performed to the accompaniment of Maurice Abravanel and Johnny Green. The album was reissued as a Columbia LP in 1949 and is described by the critic Bruce Eder as "a bit tamer than some of the stuff that Kaye hit with later in the '40s and in the '50s and, for reasons best understood by the public, doesn't attract nearly the interest of his kids' records and overt comedy routines." [54]

In 1950, a Decca single, "I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts", was released, his sole big U.S. chart hit. [53] His second Columbia LP album Danny Kaye Entertains (1953, Columbia) included six songs recorded in 1941 from his Broadway musical Lady in the Dark, most notably "Tschaikowsky (and Other Russians)." [55]

Following the success of the film Hans Christian Andersen (1952), two of its songs written by Frank Loesser and sung by Kaye, "The Ugly Duckling" and "Wonderful Copenhagen", reached the top five on the UK pop charts. [53] In 1953, Decca released Danny at the Palace, a live recording made at the New York Palace Theater, [56] followed by Knock On Wood (Decca, 1954) a set of songs from the movie of the same name sung by Kaye, accompanied by Victor Young and His Singing Strings. [57]

Singer Nancy Wilson appearing on his show in 1965 Danny Kaye-Nancy Wilson - 1965.JPG
Singer Nancy Wilson appearing on his show in 1965

In 1956, Kaye signed a three-year recording contract with Capitol Records, which released his single "Love Me Do" in December of that year. [58] The B-side, "Ciu Ciu Bella", with lyrics written by Sylvia Fine, was inspired by an episode in Rome when Kaye, on a mission for UNICEF, befriended a 7-year-old polio victim in a children's hospital, who sang this song for him in Italian. [59]

In 1958, Saul Chaplin and Johnny Mercer wrote songs for Merry Andrew, a film starring Kaye as a British teacher attracted to the circus. The score added up to six numbers, all sung by Kaye; conductor Billy May's 1950 composition "Bozo's Circus Band" (renamed "Music of the Big Top Circus Band") was deposited on the second side of the Merry Andrew soundtrack, released in 1958. [60] A year later, another soundtrack came out, The Five Pennies (Kaye starred there as 1920s cornet player Loring Red Nichols), featuring Louis Armstrong. [61]

In the 1960s and '70s, Kaye regularly conducted world-famous orchestras, although he had to learn the scores by ear. [62] Kaye's style, even if accompanied by unpredictable antics (he once traded the baton for a fly swatter to conduct "The Flight of the Bumblebee") [62] was praised by the likes of Zubin Mehta, who once stated that Kaye "has a very efficient conducting style." [63] His ability with an orchestra was mentioned by Dimitri Mitropoulos, then conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. After Kaye's appearance Mitropoulos remarked, "Here is a man who is not musically trained, who cannot even read music and he gets more out of my orchestra than I have." [9] Kaye was invited to conduct symphonies as charity fundraisers [11] [19] and was the conductor of the all-city marching band at the season opener of the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1984. Over his career, he raised over US$5 million in support of musician pension funds. [63]

Imitations

Kaye was sufficiently popular to inspire imitations:

Other endeavors

Cooking

In his later years, Kaye entertained at home as chef. He specialized in Chinese and Italian cooking. [19] [66] He had a custom-made Chinese restaurant installed at the rear of his house by its alley, then had a kitchen and dining area built around it. [66] The stove that Kaye used for his Chinese dishes was fitted with metal rings for the burners to allow the heat to be highly concentrated, and a trough with circulating ice water cooled the area to keep the intense heat tolerable for those who were cooking. [67] He learned "at Johnny Kan's restaurant in San Francisco and with Cecilia Chang at her Mandarin restaurants in San Francisco and Los Angeles." [66] He taught Chinese cooking classes at a San Francisco Chinese restaurant in the 1970s. [68] The theatre and demonstration kitchen under the library at the Hyde Park, New York campus of the Culinary Institute of America is named for him. [69]

Kaye referred to his kitchen as "Ying's Thing." While filming The Madwoman of Chaillot in France, he phoned home to ask his family if they would like to eat at Ying's Thing that evening; Kaye flew home for dinner. [15] Not all of his efforts in the kitchen went well. After flying to San Francisco for a recipe for sourdough bread, he came home and spent hours preparing loaves. When his daughter asked about the bread, Kaye hit the bread on the kitchen table; his bread was hard enough to chip it. [15] Kaye approached kitchen work with enthusiasm, making sausages and other foods needed for his cuisine. [67] [70] His work as a chef earned him the "Les Meilleurs Ouvriers de France" culinary award. Kaye is the only nonprofessional chef to have received this honour. [9]

Flying

Kaye was an aviation enthusiast and pilot. His interest was sparked by his longtime friend, choreographer Michael Kidd, who had recently earned his private pilot's licence. Kaye began studying for his own pilot's licence in 1959. An enthusiastic and accomplished golfer, he gave up golf in favor of flying. [71] The first plane Kaye owned was a Piper Aztec. [72] [73] Kaye received his first licence as a private pilot of multi-engine aircraft, not being certified for operating a single-engine plane until six years later. [72] He was an accomplished pilot, rated for aircraft ranging from single-engine light aircraft to multi-engine jets. [19] Kaye held a commercial pilot's licence and had flown every type of aircraft except military planes. [9] [72] [74]

Kaye received a type rating in a Learjet, and he was named vice president of the Learjet company by Bill Lear as an honorary title (he had no line responsibility at the company). [75] He supported many flying projects. In 1968, he was honorary chairman of the Las Vegas International Exposition of Flight, a show that utilized many facets of the city's entertainment industry while presenting an air show. The operational show chairman was well-known aviation figure Lynn Garrison. Kaye flew a Learjet to 65 cities in five days on a mission to help UNICEF. [9] [75]

Business ventures

In 1958 Kaye and partner Lester Smith formed Kaye–Smith Enterprises. The company owned a chain of radio stations, mostly in the Pacific Northwest. Other Kaye–Smith divisions included a concert promotion company, a video production company, and a recording studio. Kaye sold his share of the company to the Smith family in 1985. [76]

Baseball

A lifelong fan of the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers, Kaye recorded a song called "The D-O-D-G-E-R-S Song (Oh really? No, O'Malley!)," describing a fictitious encounter with the San Francisco Giants, a hit during the real-life pennant chase of 1962. That song is included on Baseball's Greatest Hits compact discs. A good friend of Leo Durocher, he often traveled with the team. [14] He also possessed an encyclopedic knowledge of the game. [19]

Kaye and his business partner Lester Smith also led an investment group which was awarded the American League's thirteenth franchise, which became the Seattle Mariners for US$6.2 million on February 7, 1976. [77] [78] The ownership percentages of Kaye, Smith and two other remaining original investors were reduced to 5 percent each when George Argyros purchased 80 percent of the Mariners for $10.4 million on January 30, 1981. [79] Kaye sold all of his business interests to Smith's family in 1985. [80]

Medicine

Kaye was an honorary member of the American College of Surgeons and the American Academy of Pediatrics. [19]

Charity

Danny Kaye on a promotion tour for UNICEF in the Netherlands, 1955

Working alongside UNICEF's Halloween fundraiser founder, Ward Simon Kimball Jr., the actor educated the public on impoverished children in deplorable living conditions overseas and assisted in the distribution of donated goods and funds. His involvement with UNICEF came about in an unusual way. Kaye was flying home from London in 1949 when one of the plane's four engines lost its propeller and caught fire. The problem was initially thought serious enough that it might make an ocean landing; life jackets and life rafts were made ready. [81]

The plane was able to head back over 500 miles (804.67 km) to land at Shannon Airport, Ireland. On the way back to Shannon, the head of the Children's Fund, Maurice Pate, had the seat next to Danny Kaye and spoke at length about the need for recognition for the fund. Their discussion continued on the flight from Shannon to New York; it was the beginning of the actor's long association with UNICEF. [4] [81] [82]

"For all of his success as a performer . . . his greatest legacy remains his tireless humanitarian work—so close were his ties to the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) that when the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize, Kaye was tapped to accept it," according to music critic Jason Ankeny. [53]

Death

Kaye died of heart failure on March 3, 1987, aged 76, brought on by internal bleeding and complications of hepatitis C. [83] Kaye had quadruple bypass heart surgery in February 1983 and he contracted hepatitis C from a blood transfusion. [19] [50]

Legacy

Kaye was cremated and his ashes were interred in the foundation of a bench in Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York. [84] [85] His grave is adorned with a bench that contains friezes of a baseball and bat, an aircraft, a piano, a flower pot, musical notes, and a chef's toque. His name and birth and death dates are inscribed on the toque. The United Nations held a memorial tribute to him at their New York headquarters on the evening of October 21, 1987. [86] [87]

The Sylvia and Danny Kaye Playhouse at Hunter College in New York was opened in 1988, with a $1 million gift from Sylvia Kaye. [88]

Personal life

Sylvia and Danny Kaye, 1945 Sylvia and Danny Kaye 1945.jpg
Sylvia and Danny Kaye, 1945

Kaye and Sylvia Fine grew up in Brooklyn, living a few blocks apart, but they did not meet until they were working on an off-Broadway show in 1939. [89] Sylvia was an audition pianist. [11] [30] [90]

Sylvia discovered that Danny had worked for her father Samuel Fine, a dentist. [14] Kaye, working in Florida, proposed on the telephone; the couple were married in Fort Lauderdale [91] on January 3, 1940. [92] [93] The couple were married for life except for a separation in 1947 and 1948, when Kaye was involved with Eve Arden. [94]

The couple's only child, daughter Dena, was born on December 17, 1946. [18] [95] When she was very young, Dena did not like seeing her father perform because she did not understand that people were supposed to laugh at what he did. [96] Kaye said in a 1954 interview, "Whatever she wants to be she will be without interference from her mother nor from me." [10] [70] Dena grew up to become a journalist. [97]

Donald Spoto, the author of Laurence Olivier (Harper Collins), made an unsubstantiated claim that Kaye had a 10-year secret affair with Laurence Olivier. [98] Despite media rumour since that book's publication, no evidence has been published. The English journalist Terry Coleman, who spent four years studying Olivier's archive of letters and memorabilia, could not find evidence of such an affair between Kaye and Olivier. Coleman observed, "I did check it and talked to a number of people. In this mountain of material in the archives I could not find a hint of an affair with Danny Kaye." [99]

On 18 January 2013, during a 24-hour salute to Kaye on Turner Classic Movies in celebration of what TCM thought was his 100th birthday, Kaye's daughter, Dena, revealed to TCM host Ben Mankiewicz that Kaye's stated birth year of 1913 was incorrect, and that he was actually born in 1911. [100]

Kaye in 1986 by Allan Warren Danny Kaye 9 Allan Warren.jpg
Kaye in 1986 by Allan Warren

A Democrat, he supported Adlai Stevenson's campaign during the 1952 presidential election. [101]

Honors

DNK Order of Danebrog Knight 1st Degree BAR.png
Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg
Presidential Medal of Freedom (ribbon).png

Awards and other recognition

Filmography

Film

TitleYearRoleDirectorCo-starsFilmed in
Dime a Dance1937EddieAl Christie Imogene Coca, June Allyson Black and white
Getting an Eyeful1938RussianAl Christie Charles Kemper, Sally Starr Black and white
Cupid Takes a Holiday1938Nikolai Nikolaevich (bride-seeker) William Watson Douglas Leavitt, Estelle JayneBlack and white
Money on Your Life"1938RussianWilliam WatsonCharles Kemper, Sally StarrBlack and white
Up in Arms 1944Danny Weems Elliott Nugent Dinah Shore, Dana Andrews Technicolor
I Am an American [114] 1944Himself Crane Wilbur Humphrey Bogart, Gary Gray, Dick Haymes, Joan Leslie, Dennis Morgan, Knute Rockne, Jay Silverheels Black and white
Wonder Man 1945Edwin Dingle/Buzzy Bellew H. Bruce Humberstone Virginia Mayo, Vera-Ellen, Steve Cochran Technicolor
The Kid from Brooklyn 1946Burleigh Hubert Sullivan Norman Z. McLeod Virginia Mayo, Vera-Ellen, Steve Cochran, Eve Arden Technicolor
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty 1947 Walter Mitty Norman Z. McLeodVirginia Mayo, Boris Karloff, Fay Bainter, Ann Rutherford Technicolor
A Song Is Born 1948Professor Hobart Frisbee Howard Hawks Virginia Mayo, Benny Goodman, Hugh Herbert, Steve CochranTechnicolor
It's a Great Feeling 1949HimselfDavid Butler Dennis Morgan, Doris Day, Jack Carson Technicolor
The Inspector General 1949Georgi Henry Koster Walter Slezak, Barbara Bates, Elsa Lanchester, Gene Lockhart Technicolor
On the Riviera 1951Jack Martin/Henri Duran Walter Lang Gene Tierney, Corinne Calvet Technicolor
Hans Christian Andersen 1952 Hans Christian Andersen Charles Vidor Farley Granger, Zizi Jeanmaire Technicolor
Knock on Wood 1954Jerry Morgan/Papa Morgan Norman Panama
Melvin Frank
Mai Zetterling, Torin Thatcher Technicolor
White Christmas 1954Phil Davis Michael Curtiz Bing Crosby, Rosemary Clooney, Vera-Ellen, Dean Jagger VistaVision
Technicolor
The Court Jester 1956Hubert HawkinsNorman Panama
Melvin Frank
Glynis Johns, Basil Rathbone, Angela Lansbury VistaVision
Technicolor
Merry Andrew 1958Andrew Larabee Michael Kidd Salvatore Baccaloni, Pier Angeli CinemaScope
Metrocolor
Me and the Colonel 1958Samuel L. Jacobowsky Peter Glenville Curt Jürgens, Nicole Maurey, Françoise Rosay, Akim Tamiroff Black and white
The Five Pennies 1959 Red Nichols Melville Shavelson Barbara Bel Geddes, Louis Armstrong, Tuesday Weld VistaVision
Technicolor
On the Double 1961Private First Class Ernie Williams/General Sir Lawrence MacKenzie-SmithMelville Shavelson Dana Wynter, Margaret Rutherford, Diana Dors Panavision
Technicolor
The Man from the Diners' Club 1963Ernest Klenk Frank Tashlin Cara Williams, Martha Hyer Black and white
The Madwoman of Chaillot 1969The Ragpicker Bryan Forbes Katharine Hepburn, Charles Boyer Technicolor

Television

Stage work

Selected discography

Studio albums

Soundtracks

Spoken word

Compilations

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Steve Lawrence is an American singer and actor, best known as a member of a duo with his late wife Eydie Gormé, billed as "Steve and Eydie." The two first appeared together as regulars on Tonight Starring Steve Allen in 1954 until Gormé's retirement in 2009. She died August 10, 2013.

<i>Knock on Wood</i> (film) 1954 film by Melvin Frank, Norman Panama

Knock on Wood is a 1954 comedy starring Danny Kaye and Mai Zetterling. Other actors in the film include Torin Thatcher, David Burns, and Leon Askin. The film was written and directed by Melvin Frank and Norman Panama, with songs by Kaye's wife, Sylvia Fine.

<i>Lady in the Dark</i> musical

Lady in the Dark is a musical with music by Kurt Weill, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and book and direction by Moss Hart. It was produced by Sam Harris. The protagonist, Liza Elliott, is the unhappy female editor of a fashion magazine, Allure, who is undergoing psychoanalysis. The musical ran on Broadway in 1941, in the United Kingdom in 1981, and was also made into a 1944 film and a live 1954 television special.

Abe Burrows Dramatist, playwright

Abe Burrows was an American humorist, author, and director for radio and the stage. He won a Tony Award.

<i>White Christmas</i> (film) 1954 US film directed by Michael Curtiz

White Christmas is a 1954 American musical film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye, Rosemary Clooney, and Vera-Ellen. Filmed in Technicolor, it features the songs of Irving Berlin, including a new version of the title song, "White Christmas", introduced by Crosby in the 1942 film Holiday Inn.

Sylvia Fine American lyricist and songwriter

Sylvia Fine was an American lyricist, composer, and producer, and the wife of the comedian Danny Kaye. She and her future husband grew up within blocks of each other in Brooklyn, but they did not meet until 1939.

SING! is an annual student-run musical production put on by some high schools in New York City. It is a theater competition between the various grades, with the setup between grades differing from school to school.

<i>The Five Pennies</i> 1959 film by Melville Shavelson

The Five Pennies is a semi-biographical 1959 film starring Danny Kaye as cornet player and bandleader Loring Red Nichols. Other cast members include Barbara Bel Geddes, Louis Armstrong, Harry Guardino, Bob Crosby, Bobby Troup, Susan Gordon, and Tuesday Weld. The film was directed by Melville Shavelson.

<i>The Inspector General</i> (1949 film) 1950 film by Henry Koster

The Inspector General is a 1949 American Technicolor musical comedy film, suggested by the play by Nikolai Gogol. It stars Danny Kaye and was directed by Henry Koster. The film also stars Walter Slezak, Barbara Bates, and Elsa Lanchester. Original music and lyrics are by the associate producer Sylvia Fine, who was married to Danny Kaye, with Johnny Green credited for musical direction and incidental score.

<i>The Secret Life of Walter Mitty</i> (1947 film) 1947 film by Norman Z. McLeod

The Secret Life of Walter Mitty is a 1947 Technicolor comedy film, loosely based on the 1939 short story of the same name by James Thurber. The film stars Danny Kaye as a young daydreaming proofreader for a magazine publishing firm and Virginia Mayo as the girl of his dreams. The film was adapted for the screen by Ken Englund, Everett Freeman, and Philip Rapp, and directed by Norman Z. McLeod.

<i>A Song Is Born</i> 1948 film by Howard Hawks

A Song Is Born is a 1948 Technicolor musical film remake of the 1941 movie Ball of Fire with Gary Cooper and Barbara Stanwyck, starring Danny Kaye and Virginia Mayo. It was directed by Howard Hawks, based on the story "From A to Z" by Billy Wilder and Thomas Monroe, adapted by Harry Tugend (uncredited) and produced by Samuel Goldwyn and released by RKO Radio Pictures.

<i>The Danny Kaye Show</i> television series

The Danny Kaye Show was an American variety show, hosted by the stage and screen star Danny Kaye, which aired on Wednesday nights from September 25, 1963, to June 7, 1967, on the CBS television network. Directed by Robert Scheerer, it premiered in black-and-white switching to color broadcasts in the fall of 1965. At the time, Kaye was at the height of his popularity. He starred in a string of successful 1940s and 1950s musical comedy features, made numerous personal appearances at venues such as the London Palladium, and his rare selective visits to the small screen were considered major events. With his recent motion pictures considered disappointments, three triumphant early '60s television specials led the way to this series. Prior to his film and television career, Kaye had made a name for himself with his own radio show, also titled The Danny Kaye Show. He made numerous guest appearances on other comedy and variety radio shows and headlined in several major Broadway musical revues throughout the 1940s.

<i>Lets Face It!</i> musical

Let's Face It! is a musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. The book by Herbert and Dorothy Fields is based on the 1925 play The Cradle Snatchers by Russell Medcraft and Norma Mitchell.

<i>Selections from Irving Berlins White Christmas</i> 1954 studio album by Bing Crosby

Selections from Irving Berlin's White Christmas is an album with songs from the 1954 movie, White Christmas. Among the featured artists are Bing Crosby, Rosemary Clooney, Danny Kaye, and Trudy Stevens, with Peggy Lee, who was not in the movie, singing some parts. It is one of the last 78 rpm albums Decca produced.

Max Liebman was a Broadway theater and TV producer-director sometimes called the "Ziegfeld of TV", who helped establish early television's comedy vocabulary with Your Show of Shows. He additionally helped bring improvisational comedy into the mainstream with his 1961 Broadway revue From the Second City.

Joan Edwards (radio singer) American actress and radio personality

Joan Edwards was an American singer in the old-time radio era. She was perhaps best known for her work on the radio version of Your Hit Parade. She also was a vocalist for Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra.

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  114. The 16 minute film, I Am an American, was featured in American theaters as a short feature in connection with "I Am an American Day" (now called Constitution Day). I Am an American was produced by Gordon Hollingshead, also written by Crane Wilbur. See: I Am An American at the TCM Movie Database

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