Danyang, Jiangsu

Last updated
Danyang
丹阳市
Tanyang
DanyangPeoplesSq.jpg
Danyang People's Square
ChinaZhenjiangDanyang.png
Danyang in Zhenjiang
China Jiangsu adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Danyang
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°00′00″N119°35′10″E / 32.000°N 119.586°E / 32.000; 119.586 [1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Zhenjiang
Area
  Total1,047 km2 (404 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
  Total806,300
  Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
212300

Danyang (simplified Chinese :丹阳; traditional Chinese :丹陽; pinyin :Dānyáng) is a county-level city located on the southwest (right) bank of the Yangtze River, and is under the administration of Zhenjiang, Jiangsu province, China. It is noted for the production of optical lenses used in sunglasses and eyeglasses. Danyang has a total area of 1,059 km2 (409 sq mi) and a population of[ when? ] roughly 890,000. Danyang locals speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, and the city is on the linguistic borderline between Wu Chinese and Jianghuai Mandarin.

Contents

History

During the period of the four Southern Dynasties (Nan Chao) from 420 to 589 A.D. when China's national capital was in Jiankang (modern Nanjing), Danyang was the hometown of the emperors of the Southern Qi (479-502) and Liang Dynasties (502-557), who were buried in the countryside outside the city. Today 11 of these Southern Dynasties imperial tombs can still be found to the east and northeast of the city. They are notable for their unique stone statues of mythical animals marking the sacred way (shen dao) leading to each imperial tomb.

Administrative divisions

At present, Danyang City has 13 towns and 1 other. [2]

13 towns
1 Other

Climate

Climate data for Danyang (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)19.8
(67.6)
26.0
(78.8)
28.9
(84.0)
33.8
(92.8)
35.8
(96.4)
37.2
(99.0)
38.6
(101.5)
39.3
(102.7)
36.8
(98.2)
32.6
(90.7)
28.0
(82.4)
22.3
(72.1)
39.3
(102.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)7.3
(45.1)
9.8
(49.6)
14.6
(58.3)
20.9
(69.6)
26.2
(79.2)
29.1
(84.4)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
27.8
(82.0)
22.7
(72.9)
16.6
(61.9)
10.0
(50.0)
20.7
(69.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)3.3
(37.9)
5.4
(41.7)
9.8
(49.6)
15.6
(60.1)
21.0
(69.8)
24.8
(76.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.8
(82.0)
23.6
(74.5)
18.1
(64.6)
11.9
(53.4)
5.6
(42.1)
16.3
(61.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
5.9
(42.6)
11.1
(52.0)
16.7
(62.1)
21.3
(70.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
20.4
(68.7)
14.5
(58.1)
8.3
(46.9)
2.3
(36.1)
12.7
(54.9)
Record low °C (°F)−9.2
(15.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
6.9
(44.4)
11.3
(52.3)
18.6
(65.5)
17.5
(63.5)
8.8
(47.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−12.6
(9.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)56.7
(2.23)
54.7
(2.15)
80.6
(3.17)
77.7
(3.06)
88.9
(3.50)
201.1
(7.92)
205.6
(8.09)
147.1
(5.79)
87.7
(3.45)
56.5
(2.22)
51.9
(2.04)
36.9
(1.45)
1,145.4
(45.07)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)9.59.210.79.710.411.312.511.87.97.68.07.4116
Average snowy days3.32.50.900000000.31.28.2
Average relative humidity (%)73737271727780807773747275
Mean monthly sunshine hours 118.2118.7141.8168.1175.3129.2172.6177.0157.7159.9138.6132.51,789.6
Percent possible sunshine 37383843413040434346444341
Source: China Meteorological Administration [3] [4]

Economy

As one of the key cities in the Yangtze River Delta open to foreign trade, Danyang has shown strong economic and standard-of-living growth since 2000. In 2007, the GDP and per capita GDP of Danyang reached 35.7 billion yuan (US$4.7 billion) and 44,242 yuan (US$6,061) respectively. Danyang's economy was 16th in a 2010 ranking of China's top county-level cities.

Businesses from 32 countries and regions have invested in Danyang with accumulated paid-in capital of US$1 billion. As a developing city within the Shanghai economic sphere of influence, Danyang has attracted domestic and foreign businesses. The main industries in Danyang are prescription eyewear, tools and hardware, and automobile parts.

Spectacles City

The Spectacles City, located in Danyang, is one of the largest eyeglass merchandise centers in China. [5] Built in 1986, the market center's construction occurred in three phases. [6] It subsequently merged with the Huayang Spectacles and Yunyang Spectacles markets. It covers an area of over 344,445 square feet (32,000 square meters).

Education

Schools

Transport

Railway stations

There are three railway stations in Danyang:

The high-speed trains (typically, listed in schedules as G-series or D-series trains) take about an hour and a half [7] to get to Shanghai and about 30 minutes to get to Nanjing, the provincial capital. Direct service to Beijing from Danyang North Station takes about 4 hours and 30 minutes.

Local food

Danyang is known for its barley gruel and huangjiu (yellow wine), which has traditional medicinal properties.

Tourist attractions

Kaitai Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in the city.

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References

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  3. 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  4. 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  5. "China's Spectacles Market". HKTDC Research. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  6. "Danyang Glasses Market". EJet Trade Limited. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  7. "From Danyang to Shanghai". Travelchinaguide.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2012-09-11.