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Darbandikhan (Kurdish : دەربەندیخان ,Derbendîxan) is a town in the governorate of Sulaimaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. It is situated within the area of autonomy for the Kurdistan region of Iraq, inhabited by the majority of the Kurds. Darbandikhan is located close to Darbandikhan Lake ( ), and on the border with Diyala Province. It has a population of 45,500 as of 2018.
Kurdistan or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural historical region wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. Kurdistan roughly encompasses the northwestern Zagros and the eastern Taurus mountain ranges. The territory corresponds to Kurdish irredentist claims.
Kirkuk Governorate or Kirkuk Province is a governorate in northern Iraq. The governorate has an area of 9,679 square kilometres (3,737 sq mi). In 2017 the estimated population was 1,259,561 people. The provincial capital is the city of Kirkuk. It is divided into four districts.
Halabja is a city in Kurdistan Region and the capital of Halabja Governorate, located in Iraq about 240 km (150 mi) northeast of Baghdad and 14 km (9 mi) from the Iranian border.
The Diyala River, is a river and tributary of the Tigris. It is formed by the confluence of Sirwan river and Tanjero river in Darbandikhan Dam in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate of Northern Iraq. It covers a total distance of 445 km (277 mi).
Dohuk Governorate is a governorate in the autonomous region of Kurdistan Region. Its capital is the city of Dohuk. It includes Zakho, the city that meets Ibrahim Khalil border between Turkey and Iraq. It borders the Al-Hasakah Governorate of Syria. Before 1976, it was part of Nineveh Governorate, which was called Mosul Governorate. Dohuk Governorate is natively inhabited by Kurds and Assyrians. The estimated population in 2018 was 1,292,535.
Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan is the Kurdish-populated region incorporated into Iraq and considered by Kurds as one of four parts of Greater Kurdistan. Much of the geographical and cultural region of Iraqi Kurdistan is governed by the Kurdistan Region (KRI) which is an autonomous region recognized by the Iraqi constitution.
Sulaymaniyah Governorate or Sulaymaniyah Province is a mountainous governorate in Kurdistan Region. Its capital is the city of Sulaymaniyah. Halabja Governorate was formerly the Halabja District of Sulaymaniyah, until it became a separate governorate in 2014.
Zakho, Hebrew: זאכו; Armenian: Զախո) is a city in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, at the centre of the eponymous Zakho District of the Dohuk Governorate, located a few kilometers from the Iraqi–Turkish border. The city has a population of 212,000.
On 19 May 1992 elections were held to the Kurdistan National Assembly, the parliament of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq. At the time, the National Assembly had 105 seats, of which 5 were reserved for the Assyrian community. Parties had to achieve more than 7% of the vote to be elected. There were 178 polling stations around the region.
The Kurdistan Region is an autonomous region in the northern parts of Iraq comprising the four Kurdish-majority populated governorates of Dohuk, Erbil, Halabja and Sulaymaniyah and borders Iran, Syria and Turkey. The Kurdistan Region encompasses most of Iraqi Kurdistan but excludes Kurdish areas which Iraq has been preventing the Kurds from governing since Kurdish autonomy was realized in 1992 with the first Kurdish elections in the aftermath of the Gulf War. The Kurdistan Region Parliament is situated in Erbil, which is the largest Kurdish city in Iraq, but the Kurdish constitution declares the disputed city of Kirkuk to be the capital of Kurdistan. When the Iraqi Army withdrew from most parts of the disputed areas in mid-2014 because of the ISIL offensive in Northern Iraq, Kurdish Peshmerga entered the areas and held control there until October 2017.
Kifri is a Kurdish town and the seat of Kifri District, in the north of the Diyala Governorate. In the 1947 census, 70% of the population was Kurdish. The town is part of the Disputed areas of North Iraq.
Mawat is a town located to the north of Sulaymaniyah and to the southeast of Lake Dukan in Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
The Darbandikhan Dam is a multi-purpose embankment dam on the Diyala River in northern Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraq. It was constructed between 1956 and 1961. The purpose of the dam is irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric power production and recreation. Due to poor construction and neglect, the dam and its 249 MW power station have undergone several repairs over the years. A rehabilitation of the power station began in 2007 and was completed in 2013.
Mandali is a town in Balad Ruz District, Diyala Governorate, Iraq, near the Iranian border. It is majority Kurdish and minority Arab. The town experienced an ethnic cleansing wherein its Kurdish population was attacked and Arab settlers were encouraged to settle in the town.
The town Koy Sanjaq is located in the Erbil Governorate of Kurdistan Region in Iraq.
Jalawla is a town in Diyala Governorate, Iraq. It is located on the Diyala River 8 km north of Al-Sadiyah.
The Sirwan River, is a river and tributary of the Tigris that originates in Iran as the Sirwan River then runs mainly through Eastern Iraq. It covers a total distance of 445 km (277 mi).
The disputed territories of Northern Iraq are regions defined by article 140 of the Constitution of Iraq as being Arabised during Baath Party rule in Iraq. Most of these regions are inhabited by non-Arabs, most notably by Kurds, Assyrians, Yazidis, Turkmens/Turkomans, and Shabaks.
Sulaimani Polytechnic University (SPU) is a public university and a member of International Association of Universities (IAU). It is located in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Qirga District in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. It is one of the important scientific and cultural centers in the region. SPU was originally established in 1996 under the name of Foundation of Technical Institutions (FTE), then in 2003 it was changed to "Foundation of Technical Education Sulaimani" (FTES).
Tar...dunni son of Ikki, was a king, prince, ruler, or high-ranking official of the Zagros mountains area, circa 2000 BC. Although "Tardunni" is the way his name has been traditionally deciphered, he may have been called differently: it has been proposed that he was rather called Lisir Pirini, son of Ikkid Samad.
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