Darul Uloom Haqqania

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Darul Uloom Haqqania
دار العلوم حقانیہ
Established September 23, 1947;71 years ago (1947-09-23)
Founder Maulana Abdul Haq
Chancellor Maulana Sami-ul-Haq
Location Akora Khattak , Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Pakistan

Darul Uloom Haqqania[ pronunciation? ] (Urdu : دار العلوم حقانیہ) is an Islamic religious seminary located in Akora Khattak, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. The seminary propagates the Deobandi trend of Sunni Islam and was founded along the lines of Darul Uloom Deoband. It has been dubbed as The University of Jihad due to the methods and content of instruction along with the future occupations of its alumni. [1]

Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination to server as clergy, in academics, or in Christian ministry. The English word is taken from the Latin seminarium, translated as seed-bed, an image taken from the Council of Trent document Cum adolescentium aetas which called for the first modern seminaries. In the West, the term now refers to Catholic educational institutes and has widened to include other Christian denominations and American Jewish institutions.

Akora Khattak Place in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Akora Khattak or Sarai Akora is a town in Jehangira tehsil of Nowshera District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Nowshera Cantonment is located to the east while Jahangira town is located west of Akora Khattak.

Contents

History

On September 23, 1947, Maulana Abdul Haq, father of Maulana Sami ul Haq, founded the institution. [2]

Notable people

The Chancellor of Darul Uloom Haqqania was Maulana Sami ul Haq of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Sami ul haq). [3] The seminary is also known for having many senior leaders of the Afghanistan Taliban among its alumni, including Mullah Omar, and its role in supporting the Taliban. [4] [5]

Maulana Sami ul Haq was a Pakistani religious scholar and senator. He was known as the Father of Taliban in Pakistan. He was the member of the Senate of Pakistan from 1985 to 1991 and again from 1991 to 1997.

Taliban Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan

The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country. Since 2016, the Taliban's leader is Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada. The leadership is based in Quetta, Pakistan.

Mohammed Omar Founder and former leader of the Taliban

Mullah Mohammad Omar, widely known as Mullah Omar, was an Afghan mujahideen commander who founded the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in 1996. The Taliban recognized him as Commander of the Faithful or the Supreme Leader of the Muslims until being succeeded by Mullah Akhtar Mansour in 2015. Some sources described Mullah Omar as "Head of the Supreme Council of Afghanistan". The Supreme Council was initially established at Kandahar in 1994.

Alumni

Jalaluddin Haqqani Mujahideen leader

Mawlawi Jalaluddin Haqqani was an Afghan leader of the Haqqani network, an insurgent group fighting in guerilla warfare initially against US-led NATO forces, and the present government of Afghanistan they support. He distinguished himself as an internationally sponsored insurgent fighter in the 1980s during the Soviet–Afghan War, including Operation Magistral. By 2004, he was directing pro-Taliban militants to launch a holy war in Afghanistan. Jalaluddin retained considerable local popularity on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, and he was the most experienced Islamist leader in the region. Steve Coll, author of Ghost Wars, claims that Haqqani introduced suicide bombing in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region.

Asim Umar is an Indian man and the leader of al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent. al-Qaeda leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri announced the creation of AQIS and introduced Asim Umar as its leader in a video posted online in September 2014.

al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent islamist militant organization

Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent usually abbreviated as AQIS, is an Islamist militant organization which aims to fight the governments of Pakistan, India, Myanmar and Bangladesh in order to establish an Islamic state. The militant group has also stated its intentions to attack American targets in the Indian Subcontinent. This group is listed as a terrorist organization by the United Nations, United States, Canada and India.

Controversies

See also

Related Research Articles

Deobandi revivalist movement within Sunni Islam

Deobandi is a revivalist movement within Sunni Islam. It is centered in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh, has spread to the United Kingdom, and has a presence in South Africa. The name derives from Deoband, India, where the school Darul Uloom Deoband is situated. The movement was inspired by scholar Shah Waliullah Dehlawi (1703–1762), and was founded in 1867 in the wake of the First War of Indian Independence in northern India a decade earlier.

Darul Uloom Deoband madrasah

The Darul Uloom Deoband is the Darul uloom Islamic school in India where the Deobandi Islamic movement began. It is located at Deoband, a town in Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh. The school was founded in 1866 by the ulema.

Darul uloom, also spelled darul ulum etc., is an Arabic term which literally means "house of knowledge". The term generally means an Islamic seminary or educational institution—similar to or often the same as a madrassa or Islamic school—although a darul uloom often indicates a more advanced level of study. In a darul uloom, Islamic subjects are studied by students, who are known as Tulahb or Ṭālib.

Sirajuddin Haqqani Afghan warlord

Sirajuddin Haqqani is a military leader hailing from Afghanistan, who as deputy leader of the Taliban oversees armed combat against American and coalition forces, reportedly from a base within North Waziristan in Pakistan, from which he provides shelter to Al Qaeda operatives. Sirajuddin Haqqani is the leader of the Haqqani network, a sub-set of the Taliban organisation, and scion of the Haqqani clan. Haqqani is currently deputy leader under the Taliban supreme commander, Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada.

Mansoor Dadullah former senior military commander of the Taliban

Mullah Mansoor Dadullah (1972–2015) was Mullah Dadullah's younger half-brother who succeeded him as a senior military commander of the Taliban in southern Afghanistan. He came from the Arghandab district of Kandahar province, and belonged to the Kakar Pashtun tribe.

Muhammad Abdullah Ghazi Pakastani religious leader

Maulana Muhammad Abdullah Ghazi Son of, was born on June 1, 1935 - died October 17, 1998, born in the far-flung village of Rajanpur, Basti-Abdullah into the family of farmer but his father was socially active that got him in trouble many times and was arrested by British and sentenced to 8 years. In jail he became religious and motivated Abdullah to enrolled into a local madrassa at the age of 7 and later he moved to Karachi for further study. In accordance with his father's wish, he dedicated himself to study and graduated from Jamia Uloom-ul-Islamia in Banori-town Karachi.he was appointed as the first Imam of the Lal Masjid in 1966. He created many seminaries in Pakistan and the first time in Pakistan, he introduced a female madrassa education system and created Pakistan's first female seminary Jamia Hafsa. In 1997 he was appointed as Chairman of Ruet-e-Hilal committee till his assassination 1998. He had good relations with other sects and non-Muslims. His biographer, Riaz Mansoor, states He was considered to be a patriotic and had good ties with the military and many politicians He was very close with Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan terrorist group based along the Afghan border in Pakistan

Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, alternatively referred to as the Taliban, is an Islamic armed group which is an umbrella organization of various militant groups based in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province along the Afghan border in Pakistan. Most Taliban groups in Pakistan coalesce under the TTP. In December 2007 about 13 groups united under the leadership of Baitullah Mehsud to form the Tehrik-i-Taliban. Among the Tehrik-i-Taliban stated objectives are resistance against the Pakistani state, Pakistani army, enforcement of their interpretation of sharia and a plan to unite against NATO-led forces in Afghanistan.

Maulvi Nazir Taliban leader

Maulvi Nazir was a leading militant of the Pakistani Taliban in South Waziristan. Nazir's operations were based in Wana.

Jamia Uloom-e-Islamia is an Islamic School situated in Banoori Town, Karachi, Pakistan. The school continues the tradition of the Darul Uloom system initiated by Darul Uloom Deoband. As of 2007, there are about twelve thousand students in different departments of the Jamiah and its branches, including a number of foreign students from over sixty countries all over the world.

Jamiah Arabia Ahsan-Ul-Uloom is an international Sunni Islamic educational institute located in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is regarded as one of the most established Islamic institutes in Pakistan and has a huge following among both Islamic scholars and public. It mainly focuses on teaching Classical Arabic, Islamic theology and Hanafi jurisprudence fiqh by preparing scholars and experts in those fields through intensive Islamic law courses. It is known for following a strict code of refraining from innovations deemed unacceptable in Islam.

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) political party in Pakistan

Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F) (Urdu: ((جمیعت علمائے اسلام is a Sunni Deobandi political party in Pakistan. Established as JUI in 1945, it is the result of a factional split of 1988, F standing for the name of its leader, Fazal-ur-Rehman.

Abdul Haq (cleric) Islamic scholar

Maulana Abdul Haq of Akora Khattak, sometimes referred to as Abdul Haq Akorwi was a Pakistani Islamic scholar and the founder, chancellor, and Shaykh al-Hadith of the Islamic seminary Darul Uloom Haqqania. He was involved in politics as a member of the political party Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam. He served three times in the National Assembly of Pakistan and was an active proponent of the Khatm-i Nabuwwat movement.

Akhtar Mansour Afghan politician (1968-2016)

Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour was the leader of the Taliban, an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan, from 29 July 2015 to 21 May 2016.

Molana Muhammad Idrees, popularly known as Shaikh Idrees was born in Utmanzai village of Charsadda District of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. He was born in 1961 to Hakeem Abdul Haq, a well known religious figure in his days and was known by locals as Munazir-e-Islam. His grandfather was Mufti Shahzada a Shaikh-ul-Hadees. Molana Idrees is the son in law of Internationally renowned religious leader and Scholar Molana Hassan Jan. He has two sons named Hafiz Anees Ahmad who is pursuing religious education in Darul Uloom Haqqania, and Qari Salman Ahmad who is getting medical education and is doing M.B.B.S.

Hibatullah Akhundzada

Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada is the leader of the Taliban, an armed militant group that was the former government of Afghanistan.

Mullah Mohammad Yaqoob or Mullah Yaqoob is the eldest son of Mullah Mohammed Omar, the Afghan mujahideen commander, founder of the Taliban and the former Emir of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. He was born in 1990.

References

  1. EU snub for hardline Pakistan MP, BBC News Online, 20 April 2005
  2. Hussain, Zahid (2008-07-01). Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle with Militant Islam. Columbia University Press. ISBN   9780231142250.
  3. Inside Islam's "terror schools", William Dalrymple, New Statesman, 28 March 2005
  4. The Father of the Taliban: An Interview with Maulana Sami ul-Haq , Imtiaz Ali, Spotlight on Terror, The Jamestown Foundation, Volume 4, Issue 2, May 23, 2007
  5. The 'university of holy war', Haroon Rashid, BBC Online, 2 October 2003
  6. Green, Matthew (2011-11-13). "'Father of Taliban' urges US concessions". Financial Times. ISSN   0307-1766 . Retrieved 2016-04-13.
  7. "Al Qaeda's shadowy new 'emir' in South Asia handed tough job". Reuters . 10 September 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  8. "Profile: Mullah Akhtar Mansoor". published by Telegraph Media Group Limited 30 Jul 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-02.
  9. Pakistan religious schools get scrutiny, Mark Magnier, Los Angeles Times, May 30, 2009

Radio France Internationale generally referred to by its acronym RFI, is a French public radio service that broadcasts in Paris and all over the world. With 35.6 million listeners in 2008, it is one of the most listened to international radio stations in the world, along with BBC World Service, Voice of America and China Radio International.

Ziauddin Sardar Pakistani orientalist

Ziauddin Sardar is a London-based scholar, award-winning writer, cultural critic and public intellectual who specialises in Muslim thought, the future of Islam, futures studies and science and cultural relations. Prospect magazine has named him as one of Britain's top 100 public intellectuals and The Independent newspaper calls him: 'Britain's own Muslim polymath'.

<i>New Statesman</i> British political and cultural magazine

The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London. Founded as a weekly review of politics and literature on 12 April 1913, it was connected then with Sidney and Beatrice Webb and other leading members of the socialist Fabian Society, such as George Bernard Shaw who was a founding director. They had supported The New Age, a journal edited by A. R. Orage, but by 1912 that journal moved away editorially from supporting Fabian politics and women's suffrage.