Das Volk (1945)

Last updated

Das Volk
Das Volk (1945, July 15).jpg
Cover of Das Volk, 15 July 1945 edition
Editor-in-chiefOtto Meier
Founded7 July 1945 (1945-07-07)
Political alignment Social Democratic Party of Germany
Ceased publicationApril 1946
HeadquartersBehrenstrasse, Berlin
Circulation 250,000 (January 1946)
OCLC number 183395573

Das Volk (pronounced [das fɔlk] , "The People") was a daily newspaper published from Berlin, Germany. [1] [2] It was the central organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). [1] [3] [4] The first issue of Das Volk was published on 7 July 1945. [1] [5] Das Volk was the second working class-newspaper to emerge in Berlin after the Second World War. [4] During its first twenty days of publishing, Das Volk was printed in Berliner format (a relatively small format at the time). [1] [3] Das Volk heeded the calls of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) for building an anti-fascist democratic Germany, a parliamentary-democratic republic and unity of the working class. [3] The newspaper was controlled by the left-wing tendency inside SPD, and supported merger of the party with KPD. [4] [6] [7]

Otto Meier was the editor-in-chief of the newspaper. [1] [8] At the time of the founding of the newspaper the deputy editor-in-chief was Engelbert Graf, however the Soviet authorities objected to his presence and he was subsequently removed from this post. Max Nierich and Paul Ufermann were later named as deputy editors. [1] In its initial period Das Volk had a circulation of 50,000-100,000 copies. By September 1945 the circulation reached 150,000, and by January 1946 the circulation stood at 250,000. [1]

The editorial offices were located inside the SPD party headquarters on Behrenstrasse in East Berlin. Meier wanted to shift the editorial offices to West Berlin, but this was allegedly blocked by the Soviet authorities. [1]

On 23 April 1946, Das Volk was replaced by Neues Deutschland (organ of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, SED), founded as a result of the merger of Das Volk with the KPD organ Deutsche Volkszeitung. [1] [5] [9] During the merger talks between SPD and KPD the idea of retaining publication Das Volk had been discussed, but as a local organ of SED in Berlin. [1] On 25 April 1946, the SED leadership named Max Nierich co-editor-in-chief of Neues Deutschland. [10]

Related Research Articles

Johannes R. Becher

Johannes Robert Becher was a German politician, novelist, and poet. He was affiliated with the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) before World War II. At one time, he was part of the literary avant-garde, writing in an expressionist style.

Neues Deutschland is a German daily newspaper, currently headquartered in Berlin.

Hilde Benjamin

Hilde Benjamin was an East German judge and Minister of Justice. She is best known for presiding over a series of political trials in the 1950s. She is particularly known as responsible for the politically motivated prosecution of Erna Dorn and Ernst Jennrich. In his 1994 inauguration speech German President Roman Herzog mentioned Benjamin's status as a symbol of injustice, noting that her name was incompatible with the German constitution and the rule of law.

Max Fechner German politician

Max Fechner was a German politician who served as Minister of Justice of East Germany from 1949 to 1953

Merger of the KPD and SPD Party merger in East Germany

The Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) merged to form the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) on 21 April 1946 in the territory of the Soviet occupation zone. It is considered a forced merger. In the course of the merger, about 5,000 Social Democrats who opposed it were detained and sent to concentration camps and jails.

<i>Deutsche Volkszeitung</i> (1945) Former daily newspaper in Germany

Deutsche Volkszeitung was a newspaper published daily from Berlin, Germany between 1945-1946. It was the organ of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).

Elfriede Brüning

Elfriede Brüning was a Communist German journalist and novelist. She also used the pseudonym Elke Klent.

Walter Buchheim

Walter Buchheim was an East German politician and Trade unionist.

Paul Merker

Paul Merker was an activist member of Germany's Communist Party who later became a politician and a top official of East Germany's ruling SED .

Ernst Melsheimer first State prosecutor of the German Democratic Republic

Ernst Melsheimer was a German lawyer.

Hubert Egemann was a German politician. He served the central committee of East Germany's ruling (SED as the Head of two related departments covering Traffic and networks and Transport and Communications.

Ingeburg Lange

Ingeburg "Inge" Lange was an East German politician.

Hermann Weber was a German historian and political scientist. He has been described as "the man who knew everything about the German Democratic Republic".

Albert Schreiner was a historian of Germany.

Klaus Huhn

Klaus Huhn was a German sports journalist, writer and sports administrator. Huhn worked for the East German mass-market daily newspaper, Neues Deutschland, and was chairman of the Sports Journalists Sub-Association within that country's important Union of Journalists.

Marlies Deneke is a German politician.

Lucie Pflug was a senior cultural official in the German Democratic Republic.

Helga Mucke-Wittbrodt was a German physician. For nearly forty years she was the medical director at the East German Government Hospital. In connection with this, for forty years she was a member of the National legislature ("Volkskammer"), representing not a political party but the Democratic Women's League . Although her medical abilities were evidently well attested, the length of her tenure at the hospital and the number of national honours that she accumulated over the years indicate that she was also highly prized by the authorities for her discretion and "political reliability".

The Wochenpost was an East German weekly. It was founded in 1953, and circulation peaked at over one million copies per issue from 1971 to the German reunification. The academic Deirdre Byrnes writes that the paper was "one of the most influential" in East Germany. Its highest circulation was around 1.2 million copies, making the paper the most popular weekly in East Germany. It was considered a paper for intellectuals.

Dietmar Eisold was a German journalist and art historian.