La Meije seen from the Emparis plateau
|Peak||Barre des Écrins|
|Elevation||4,102 m (13,458 ft)|
|Native name||Alpes du Dauphiné (French)|
|Regions||Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur|
|Rivers||Drac, Durance, Isère and Arc|
|Borders on||Cottian Alps, Graian Alps, Savoy Prealps, Dauphiné Prealps and Provence Alps and Prealps|
The Dauphiné Alps (French : Alpes du Dauphiné) are a group of mountain ranges in southeastern France, west of the main chain of the Alps. Mountain ranges within the Dauphiné Alps include the Massif des Écrins (in the Parc national des Écrins), Belledonne, the Taillefer range and the mountains of Matheysine.
The Dauphiné (pronounced [dofine] ) is a former French province whose area roughly corresponded to that of the present departments of Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes.
They are separated from the Cottian Alps in the east by the Col du Galibier and the upper Durance valley; from the western Graian Alps (Vanoise Massif) in the north-east by the river Arc; from the lower ranges Vercors Plateau and Chartreuse Mountains in the west by the rivers Drac and Isère. Many peaks rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,050 m), with Barre des Écrins (4,102 m) the highest.
Administratively the French part of the range belongs to the French departments of Isère, Hautes-Alpes and Savoie.
The whole range is drained by the Rhone through its tributaries.
It has been proposed that the height of mountains in the Dauphiné Alps is limited by the erosion caused by small glaciers, causing a topographic effect called the glacial buzzsaw.
The chief peaks of the Dauphiné Alps are:
The chief passes of the Dauphiné Alps are:
|Brèche de la Meije||La Berarde to la Grave||snow||3,300||10,827|
|Brèche des Grandes Rousses||Allemont to Clavans||snow||3,100||10,171|
|Brèche de Valsenestre||Bourg d'Oisans to Valsenestre||footpath||2,634||8,642|
|Col Bayard||La Mure to Gap||road||1,246||4,088|
|Col de la Casse Deserte||La Berarde to La Grave||snow||3,510||11,516|
|Col de la Croix de Fer||Bourg d'Oisans to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||road||2,062||6,765|
|Col de la Croix Haute||Grenoble to Serres and Gap||road, railroad||1,167||3,829|
|Col de la Lauze||Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans to La Grave||snow||3,543||11,624|
|Col de l'Alpe de Vénosc||Vénosc to Les Deux Alpes||bridle path||1,660||5,446|
|Col de la Muande||St Christophe to the Val Gaudemar||snow||3,059||10,036|
|Col de la Muzelle||St Christophe to Valsenestre||footpath||2,500||8,202|
|Col d'Arsine||La Grave to Le Monêtier-les-Bains||bridle path||2,400||7,874|
|Col de la Temple||La Berarde to Vallouise||snow||3,283||10,771|
|Col de la Vaurze||Val Gaudemar to Valjouffrey||footpath||2,600||8,530|
|Col de l'Eychauda||Vallouise to Le Monêtier-les-Bains||bridle path||2,429||7,969|
|Col de l'Infernet||La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||footpath||2,690||8,825|
|Col de Martignare||La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||footpath||2,600||8,530|
|Col des Aiguilles d'Arves||Valloire to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||snow||3,150||10,335|
|Col des Avalanches||La Berarde to Vallouise||snow||3,511||11,519|
|Col des Ecrins||La Berarde to Vallouise||snow||3,415||11,204|
|Col des Prés Nouveaux||Le Freney to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||bridle path||2,293||7,523|
|Col des Quirlies||Saint-Jean-d'Arves to Clavans||snow||2,950||9,678|
|Col des Sept Laux||Allevard to Bourg d'Oisans||bridle path||2,184||7,165|
|Col des Tourettes||Orcières to Châteauroux-les-Alpes||bridle path||2,580||8,465|
|Col de Val Estrete||Val Gaudemar to Champoléon||footpath||2,620||8,596|
|Col de Vallonpierre||Val Gaudemar to Champoléon||footpath||2,620||8,596|
|Col d'Orcières||Dormillouse to Orcières||bridle path||2,700||8,858|
|Col d'Ornon||Bourg d'Oisans to La Mure||road||1,360||4,462|
|Col du Clot des Cavales||La Berarde to La Grave||snow||3,128||10,262|
|Col du Galibier||Col du Lautaret to Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne||road||2,658||8,720|
|Col du Glacier Blanc||La Grave to Vallouise||snow||3,308||10,853|
|Col du Glandon||Bourg d'Oisans to La Chambre||road||1,951||6,401|
|Col du Goleon||La Grave to Valloire||footpath||2,880||9,449|
|Col du Lautaret||Briançon to Bourg d'Oisans||road||2,075||6,808|
|Col du Loup du Valgaudemar||Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar||snow||3,112||10,210|
|Col du Says||La Berarde to the Val Gaudemar||snow||3,136||10,289|
|Col du Sele||La Berarde to Vallouise||snow||3,302||10,833|
|Col du Sellar||Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar||snow||3,067||10,062|
|Col Emile Pic||La Grave to Vallouise||snow||3,502||11,490|
|Col Lombard||La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves||snow||3,100||10,171|
|Pas de la Cavale||Vallouise to Champoléon||dirt road||2,740||8,990|
The Cottian Alps are a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps. They form the border between France and Italy (Piedmont). The Fréjus Road Tunnel and Fréjus Rail Tunnel between Modane and Susa are important transportation arteries between France and Italy (Turin).
The Graian Alps are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps.
Hautes-Alpes is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. Located in and named after the Alps, it had a population of 141,107 in 2016. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon.
Isère is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France named after the river Isère.
Écrins National Park is a French national park located in the south-eastern part of France in the Dauphiné Alps south of Grenoble and north of Gap, shared between the departments of Isère and Hautes-Alpes.
The Romanche is a 78.3-kilometre (48.7 mi) long mountain river in southeastern France. It is a right tributary of the Drac, which is itself a tributary of the Isère. Its drainage basin is 1,221 km2 (471 sq mi). Its source is in the northern part of the Massif des Écrins, Dauphiné Alps. It flows into the Drac in Champ-sur-Drac, south of Grenoble. The road from Grenoble to Briançon over the Col du Lautaret runs through the Romanche valley. There are several mountain and ski resorts in the valley, including Alpe d'Huez, La Grave and Les Deux Alpes.
La Meije is a mountain in the Massif des Écrins range, located at the border of the Hautes-Alpes and Isère départements. It overlooks the nearby village of La Grave, a mountaineering centre and ski resort, well known for its off-piste and extreme skiing possibilities, and also dominates the view west of the Col du Lautaret. It is the second highest mountain of the Écrins after the Barre des Écrins.
The Barre des Écrins is a mountain in the French Alps with a peak at 4102m altitude. It is the highest peak of the Massif des Écrins and the Dauphiné Alps and the most southerly alpine peak in Europe that is higher than 4,000 m. It is the only 4,000 m mountain in France that lies outside the Mont Blanc Massif. Before the annexation of Savoy in 1860 it was the highest mountain in France.
The Drac is a 130-kilometre (81 mi) long river in southeastern France. It is a left tributary of the river Isère. It is formed at the confluence of the Drac Noir and the Drac Blanc, which both rise in the southern part of the Massif des Écrins, high in the French Alps. It flows through several reservoirs on its course, including the Lac de Monteynard-Avignonet. It flows into the Isère at Grenoble. Its major tributary is the Romanche.
Belledonne is a mountain range in the Dauphiné Alps in southeast France. The southern end of the range forms the eastern wall of the mountains that surround the city of Grenoble.
Villar-d'Arêne is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France, between Grenoble and Briançon. It is in the French Alps, in Massif des Écrins. Near this village located in the Romanche valley, there is La Grave and Col du Lautaret. The access of the valley and its communes is departmental route 1091.
La Grande Ruine is a mountain in Hautes-Alpes, France. It belongs to the Massif des Écrins in the Dauphiné Alps and is located in the heart of the wilderness of the Écrins National Park roughly halfway between its illustrious neighbours Barre des Écrins and Meije. The mountain has two different summits, the Pointe Brevoort at 3,765 m to the south and Pic Maître at 3,726 m to the north.
L'Oisans is a region in the French Alps, located in the départements of l'Isère and Hautes-Alpes, and corresponding to the drainage basin of the River Romanche and its tributaries. Between Livet-et-Gavet and Le Bourg-d'Oisans, the Romanche forms a deep gorge.
The Savoy Prealps are a mountain range in the north-western part of the Alps. They are located in Rhône-Alpes and, marginally, in Valais. Savoy Prealps encompass northernmost area of the French Prealps.
The Dauphiné Prealps are a mountain range in the south-western part of the Alps. They are located in Rhône-Alpes and, marginally, in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. Dauphiné Prealps are the central section of the French Prealps.
The Provence Alps and Prealps are a mountain range in the south-western part of the Alps, located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (France). Provence Alps and Prealps encompass the south-western area of the French Prealps.
Henry or Henri Duhamel was a French mountaineer, author and skiing pioneer. He introduced the practice of skiing to his circle of friends at Grenoble, leading to the creation of the first ski club in France.
Roche Méane is a two-summit peak in the Massif des Écrins in the French Alps. It is located on the crest between Barre des Écrins and La Meije. The west summit is 3,728 metres (12,231 ft) high and is called Pic Maître; it is on the border between the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of the département of Hautes-Alpes and the Rhône-Alpes region of the département of Isère. The east summit is 3,712 metres (12,178 ft) high and is entirely within Hautes-Alpes. The two summits are located in the small massif of La Grande Ruine, the highest summit of which is that of Pointe Brevoort, which is next to Roche Méane. Below the summits are rocky cliffs and three glaciers: the Clot des Cavales, the Grande Ruine glacier, and the Supérieur des Agneaux. In 1907 Baedeker described the mountain as a "very difficult" two-and-a-half-hour ascent from this last.
The Pic de Petit Rochebrune is a mountain in the Cottian Alps belonging to the French department of Hautes-Alpes.
The Grand Aréa is a 2.869 metres high mountain of the Cottian Alps located in the French department of Hautes-Alpes.