Dauphine of France

Last updated

The Dauphine of France ( /ˈdɔːfn,dɔːˈfn/ , also US: /ˈdfn,dˈfn/ , French:  [dofin] ) was the wife of the Dauphin of France (the heir apparent to the French throne). The position was analogous to the Princess of Wales (the wife of the heir apparent to the British throne).


List of Dauphines of France

House of Valois

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame DauphineCeased to be DauphineDeath Husband
Johana Bourbon.jpg Joan of Bourbon
[1] [2] [3]
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
3 February 13388 April 135022 August 1350
husband became the Dauphin
8 April 1364
became Queen
6 February 1378 Charles, 1st Dauphin
Marguerite de Bourgogne (1393-1441).jpg Margaret of Burgundy
[1] [4]
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
139331 August 140418 December 1415
husband's death
2 February 1441 Louis, 6th Dauphin
Jacoba van Beieren door Hollandse school ca 1600.jpg Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
[1] [3] [5] [6] [7]
William II, Duke of Bavaria
16 August 14016 August 141518 December 1415
husband became the Dauphin
4 April 1417
husband's death
8 October 1436 John, 7th Dauphin
Margaritaescocia.jpg Margaret Stewart of Scotland
James I of Scotland
25 December 142424 June 143616 August 1445 Louis, 9th Dauphin
Margaret Stuart Dauphine of France.jpg Charlotte of Savoy
Louis, Duke of Savoy
11 November 1443/514 February 145122 July 1461
became Queen
1 December 1483
Catarina de' Medici Uffizi.jpg Catherine de' Medici
[1] [8]
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
13 April 151928 October 153310 August 1536
husband became the Dauphin
31 March 1547
became Queen
5 January 1589 Henry, 16th Dauphin
YoungMaryStuart.jpg Mary, Queen of Scots
James V of Scotland
8 December 154224 April 155810 July 1559
became Queen
8 February 1587 Francis, 17th Dauphin

House of Bourbon

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame DauphineCeased to be DauphineDeath Husband
Duchess Maria Anna Christina Victoria of Bavaria, 'la Grande Dauphine'..jpg Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
28 November 16607 March 168020 April 1690 Louis,
"le Grand Dauphin", 20th Dauphin
Marie Adelaide of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 (wearing Fleur-de-lis as Duchess of Burgundy) by a member of the Ecole Francaise.jpg Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
[1] [9]
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
6 December 16857 December 169714 April 1711
husband became the Dauphin
12 February 1712 Louis,
"le Petit Dauphin", 21st Dauphin
Portrait of Marie Therese Raphaelle of Spain, Dauphine of France in circa 1745 by Daniel Klein the younger.JPG Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
Philip V of Spain
11 June 172623 February 174522 July 1746 Louis, 24th Dauphin
Fredou Marie-Josephe de Saxe.jpg Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
Augustus III of Poland
4 November 17319 February 174720 December 1765
husband death
13 March 1767
Marie Antoinette by Joseph Ducreux.jpg Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
[1] [5]
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
2 November 175516 May 177010 May 1774
became Queen
16 October 1793 Louis Auguste, 25th Dauphin
Duchess d'Angouleme.jpg Princess Marie Thérèse of France
[1] [10]
Louis XVI of France
19 December 177810 June 179916 September 1824
husband became the Dauphin
2 August 1830
became Queen
19 October 1851 Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême

See also


Related Research Articles

Prince of Wales British Royal Family Title

Prince of Wales was a title held by native Welsh princes before the 12th century; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England, who invested his son Edward as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

Morganatic marriage, sometimes called a left-handed marriage, is a marriage between people of unequal social rank, which in the context of royalty prevents the husband's titles and privileges being passed on to the wife and/or any children born of the marriage.

Princess of Wales British Royal Family Title

Princess of Wales is a British courtesy title held by the wife of the Prince of Wales, who is, since the 14th century, the heir apparent of the English or British monarch. The first acknowledged title holder was Eleanor de Montfort, wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. It has subsequently been used by wives of post-conquest princes of Wales.

Dauphin of France Title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France

Dauphin of France, originally Dauphin of Viennois, was the title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France from 1350 to 1791 and 1824 to 1830. The word dauphin is French for dolphin. At first the heirs were granted the County of Viennois (Dauphiné) to rule, but eventually only the title was granted.

An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person. An heir presumptive, by contrast, is someone who is first in line to inherit a title but who can be displaced by the birth of a more eligible heir.

Princess Victoria may refer to:

Royal Highness is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs and their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific and, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).

Infante, also anglicised as Infant or translated as Prince, is the title and rank given in the Iberian kingdoms of Spain and Portugal to the sons and daughters (infantas) of the king, regardless of age, sometimes with the exception of the [male] heir apparent to the throne, who usually bears a unique princely or ducal title. The wife of a male infante was accorded the title of infanta if the marriage was dynastically approved, although since 1987 this is no longer automatically the case in Spain. Husbands of born infantas did not obtain the title of infante through marriage, although occasionally elevated to that title de gracia at the sovereign's command.

<i>Fils de France</i>

Fils de France was the style and rank held by the sons of the kings and dauphins of France. A daughter was known as a fille de France.

Duchess of Cornwall Nobility title

Duchess of Cornwall is a courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of Cornwall. The Dukedom of Cornwall is a non-hereditary peerage title held by the British monarch's eldest son and heir. The current Duchess of Cornwall is Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, since her 9 April 2005 marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales.

Danish royal family consists of the dynastic family of the monarch

The Danish royal family is the dynastic family of the monarch. All members of the Danish royal family except Queen Margrethe II hold the title of Prince/Princess of Denmark. Dynastic children of the monarch and of the heir apparent are accorded the style of His/Her Royal Highness, while other members of the dynasty are addressed as His/Her Highness. The Queen is styled Her Majesty.

Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant Belgian princess and heir apparent

Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant, is the heir apparent to the Belgian throne. The eldest child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde, she acquired her position after her grandfather King Albert II abdicated in favour of her father on 21 July 2013.

A substantive title is a title of nobility or royalty acquired either by individual grant or inheritance. It is to be distinguished from a title shared among cadets, borne as a courtesy title by a peer's relatives, or acquired through marriage.

Suo jure is a Latin phrase, used in English to mean "in his own right". In most nobility-related contexts, it means “in her own right”, since in those situations the phrase is normally used of women; in practice especially in England a man rarely derives any style or title from his wife, although this is seen in other countries when a woman is the last heir of her line. It can be used for a male when such male was initially a 'co-lord' with his father or other family member and upon the death of such family member became the sole ruler or holder of the title "in his own right" (Alone).

Princess Florestine Gabrielle Antoinette of Monaco was the youngest child and only daughter of Florestan I, Prince of Monaco, and his wife Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz. Florestine was a member of the House of Grimaldi and a Princess of Monaco by birth and a member of the House of Württemberg and Duchess consort of Urach and Countess of Württemberg through her marriage to Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach.

Yolande Louise of Savoy Duchess of Savoy

Yolande Louise of Savoy (1487–1499), was a Duchess Consort of Savoy; married to Philibert II, Duke of Savoy.

Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg 21st-century European aristocrat

Olympia Bonaparte, Princess Napoléon is the consort of Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoléon, the disputed head of the House of Bonaparte and, in the view of Bonapartists, the pretender to the abolished French imperial throne.