Dauphine of France

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The Dauphine of France ( /ˈdɔːfn,dɔːˈfn/ , also US: /ˈdfn,dˈfn/ , French:  [dofin] ) was the wife of the Dauphin of France (the heir apparent to the French throne). The position was analogous to the Princess of Wales (the wife of the heir apparent to the British throne).

Contents

List of Dauphines of France

House of Valois

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame DauphineCeased to be DauphineDeath Husband
Johana Bourbon.jpg Joan of Bourbon
[1] [2] [3]
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
(Bourbon)
3 February 13388 April 135022 August 1350
husband became the Dauphin
8 April 1364
became Queen
6 February 1378 Charles, 1st Dauphin
Marguerite de Bourgogne (1393-1441).jpg Margaret of Burgundy
[1] [4]
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
(Valois-Burgundy)
139331 August 140418 December 1415
husband's death
2 February 1441 Louis, 6th Dauphin
Jacoba van Beieren door Hollandse school ca 1600.jpg Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
[1] [3] [5] [6] [7]
William II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 August 14016 August 141518 December 1415
husband became the Dauphin
4 April 1417
husband's death
8 October 1436 John, 7th Dauphin
Margaritaescocia.jpg Margaret Stewart of Scotland
[1]
James I of Scotland
(Stewart)
25 December 142424 June 143616 August 1445 Louis, 9th Dauphin
Margaret Stuart Dauphine of France.jpg Charlotte of Savoy
[1]
Louis, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
11 November 1443/514 February 145122 July 1461
became Queen
1 December 1483
Catarina de' Medici Uffizi.jpg Catherine de' Medici
[1] [8]
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
(Medici)
13 April 151928 October 153310 August 1536
husband became the Dauphin
31 March 1547
became Queen
5 January 1589 Henry, 16th Dauphin
YoungMaryStuart.jpg Mary, Queen of Scots
[1]
James V of Scotland
(Stewart)
8 December 154224 April 155810 July 1559
became Queen
8 February 1587 Francis, 17th Dauphin

House of Bourbon

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame DauphineCeased to be DauphineDeath Husband
Duchess Maria Anna Christina Victoria of Bavaria, 'la Grande Dauphine'..jpg Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
[1]
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
28 November 16607 March 168020 April 1690 Louis,
"le Grand Dauphin", 20th Dauphin
Marie Adelaide of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 (wearing Fleur-de-lis as Duchess of Burgundy) by a member of the Ecole Francaise.jpg Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
[1] [9]
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
(Savoy)
6 December 16857 December 169714 April 1711
husband became the Dauphin
12 February 1712 Louis,
"le Petit Dauphin", 21st Dauphin
Portrait of Marie Therese Raphaelle of Spain, Dauphine of France in circa 1745 by Daniel Klein the younger.JPG Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
[1]
Philip V of Spain
(Bourbon)
11 June 172623 February 174522 July 1746 Louis, 24th Dauphin
Fredou Marie-Josephe de Saxe.jpg Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
[1]
Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
4 November 17319 February 174720 December 1765
husband death
13 March 1767
Marie Antoinette by Joseph Ducreux.jpg Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
[1] [5]
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
2 November 175516 May 177010 May 1774
became Queen
16 October 1793 Louis Auguste, 25th Dauphin
Duchess d'Angouleme.jpg Princess Marie Thérèse of France
[1] [10]
Louis XVI of France
(Bourbon)
19 December 177810 June 179916 September 1824
husband became the Dauphin
2 August 1830
became Queen
19 October 1851 Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême

See also

Notes

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