David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Glasgow
GCMG
7thEarlOfGlasgow.jpg
The 7th Earl of Glasgow
12th Governor of New Zealand
In office
6 June 1892 8 February 1897
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Earl of Onslow
Succeeded by The Earl of Ranfurly
Personal details
Born(1833-05-31)31 May 1833
Died13 December 1915(1915-12-13) (aged 82)
NationalityBritish
Relations Sir James Fergusson (cousin)

David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow GCMG (31 May 1833 13 December 1915) was a British naval commander and colonial governor. He served as Governor of New Zealand between 1892 and 1897.

Order of St Michael and St George series of appointments of an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.

Contents

Background

Boyle was the son of Patrick Boyle, eldest son of David Boyle, Lord Boyle, by his first wife Elizabeth Montgomerie. His mother was Mary Frances Elphinstone-Dalrymple, daughter of Sir Robert Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, 1st Baronet. He succeeded in the earldom in 1890. [1]

David Boyle, Lord Boyle British politician

David Boyle, Lord Boyle FRSE was a Scottish judge.

Royal Navy

Boyle served with the Royal Navy during the Crimean and Second Opium Wars. He was commander of HMS Niobe when the ship wrecked in 1874. [2] He retired with the rank of captain. [3]

Crimean War 1850s military conflict

The Crimean War was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The French promoted the rights of Roman Catholics, while Russia promoted those of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The longer-term causes involved the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the unwillingness of Britain and France to allow Russia to gain territory and power at Ottoman expense. It has widely been noted that the causes, in one case involving an argument over a key, have never revealed a "greater confusion of purpose", yet led to a war noted for its "notoriously incompetent international butchery".

Second Opium War war in China from 1857–1860

The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.

Governor of New Zealand

Boyle was the Governor of New Zealand from 1892 to 1897. He was the cousin of another Governor, Sir James Fergusson. [2] The Wellington suburb of Kelburn in New Zealand is named after Viscount Kelburn, the son of Boyle. [4]

Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet Governor of South Australia (1869-1873), and New Zealand (1873-1874)

Sir James Fergusson, 6th Baronet was a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.

Wellington Capital city in New Zealand

Wellington is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with 418,500 residents. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. Its latitude is 41°17′S, making it the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed.

Kelburn, New Zealand suburb of Wellington, New Zealand

Kelburn is a central suburb of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand, situated within 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of the central business district.

Upon his return to the UK, Lord Glasgow was elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1897 as Baron Fairlie, of Fairlie in the County of Ayr, to enable him to sit in the House of Lords (the Earldom of Glasgow and all its subsidiary titles being in the Peerage of Scotland).

The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898.

Ayrshire Historic county in Scotland

Ayrshire is a historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. Its principal towns include Ayr, Kilmarnock and Irvine. Like many other counties of Scotland, it currently has no administrative function, instead being sub-divided into the council areas of North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire and East Ayrshire. It has a population of approximately 366,800.

House of Lords upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is granted respectively ruled by appointment, heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

Later life

Lord Glasgow took an active interest in the city of Glasgow.

Glasgow City and council area in Scotland

Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

He received the honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D) from the University of Glasgow when they celebrated the 450th jubilee in June 1901. [5]

Family

Lord Glasgow married Dorothea Elizabeth Thomasina Hunter-Blair (eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hunter-Blair, 4th Baronet and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of George Wauchope), on 23 July 1873. [3] They had five sons and three daughters: [6]

Lord Glasgow died in December 1915, aged 82, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, Patrick. The Countess of Glasgow died in January 1923. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 thepeerage.com David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow
  2. 1 2 "Earl of Glasgow, GCMG". The Governor-General. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  3. 1 2 Mennell,Philip (1892)." Wikisource-logo.svg   Glasgow, His Excellency the Right Hon. David (Boyle), Earl of".The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.London:Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
  4. "Western suburbs". Te Ara. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  5. "Glasgow University jubilee". The Times (36481). London. 14 June 1901. p. 10.
  6. The Peerage, entry for 7th Earl of Glasgow
  7. The Peerage, entry for Lady Augusta Boyle
  8. The Peerage, entry for Lady Alice Boyle
  9. The Peerage, entry for Lady Dorothy Boyle
  10. The Peerage, entry for Hon James Boyle
  11. RAF Web, biography of Hon John Boyle
  12. The peerage, entry for Hon John Boyle
  13. The Peerage, entry for Hon Alan Boyle
Government offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Onslow
Governor of New Zealand
18921897
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ranfurly
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
George Boyle
Earl of Glasgow
18901915
Succeeded by
Patrick Boyle