David Graham Shillington

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Major David Graham Shillington PC(NI) (10 December 1872  22 January 1944) was an Ulster Unionist politician.

Ulster Unionist Party Political party in Northern Ireland

The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland. Having gathered support in Northern Ireland during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, the party governed Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972. It was supported by most unionist voters throughout the conflict known as the Troubles, during which time it was often referred to as the Official Unionist Party (OUP). Between 1905 and 1972 its MPs took the Conservative whip at Westminster, considered as part of the Conservative Party.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

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Early life

Shillington was a son of Thomas Primus Shillington (1831-1889), of Tavanagh House, Portadown, County Armagh, of a prominent Methodist mercantile family, by his wife Mary Jane (d. 1915), née Graham. His cousin was the factory owner and politician Thomas Shillington. [1] [2] Shillington was educated at Methodist College Belfast and Rydalmount School, Colwyn Bay. [3] He was the proprietor of a general merchant's shop in Belfast. He served in the First World War as a Major in the 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers. [4]

Portadown town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland

Portadown is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. The town sits on the River Bann in the north of the county, about 24 miles (39 km) southwest of Belfast. It is in the Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council area and had a population of about 22,000 at the 2011 Census. For some purposes, Portadown is treated as part of the "Craigavon Urban Area", alongside Craigavon and Lurgan.

County Armagh Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

County Armagh is one of the traditional counties of Ireland and one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the southern shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 1,326 km² and has a population of about 174,792. County Armagh is known as the "Orchard County" because of its many apple orchards. The county is part of the historic province of Ulster.

Thomas Shillington was an Irish factory owner and politician.

Political career

In 1921, he was elected to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland as Unionist member for Armagh, and then for Armagh, Central in 1929 until he resigned on medical advice in February 1941.

House of Commons of Northern Ireland

The House of Commons of Northern Ireland was the lower house of the Parliament of Northern Ireland created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. The upper house in the bicameral parliament was called the Senate. It was abolished with the passing of the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973.

Armagh (Northern Ireland Parliament constituency) Northern Ireland parliamentary constituency

Armagh was a county constituency of the Parliament of Northern Ireland from 1921 to 1929. It returned four MPs, using proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

He served as Minister of Labour from 1937–38. [5]

Personal life

Shillington and his wife Sarah Louisa (née Collen) lived at Ardeavon, Killycomain Road, Portadown, [6] [7] and had six children. The youngest was (Robert Edward) Graham Shillington, who would become the Chief Constable of Royal Ulster Constabulary. [8] Son Thomas Graham Shillington served with the 9th Royal Irish Fusiliers, and was killed in action in 1917 aged 19, during the First World War. Victoria Cross recipient Lieutenant Geoffrey St. George Shillington Cather was the son of Shillington's sister. [9]

Sir Robert Edward Graham Shillington was a senior Northern Irish police officer. He served as Chief Constable of Royal Ulster Constabulary from 1970 to 1973.

Geoffrey Cather Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Geoffrey St. George Shillington Cather was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. A soldier with the Royal Irish Fusiliers during the First World War, he was posthumously awarded the VC for his actions on 1 July 1916, during the Battle of the Somme.

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References

  1. The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, Kathleen Rankin, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007, pp. 203-209
  2. A Call to Arms- Portadown and the Great War, Richard Edgar, 2014, p. 238
  3. "Northern Ireland Parliamentary Elections Results: Biographies". www.election.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  4. A Call to Arms- Portadown and the Great War, Richard Edgar, 2014, p. 238
  5. "The Government of Northern Ireland". www.election.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  6. The Linen Houses of the Bann Valley: The Story of Their Families, Kathleen Rankin, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2007, p. 206
  7. A Call to Arms- Portadown and the Great War, Richard Edgar, 2014, pp. 238-239
  8. "Sir Graham Shillington". The Daily Telegraph. 16 August 2001. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  9. A Call to Arms- Portadown and the Great War, Richard Edgar, 2014, pp. 238-239

Sources

Parliament of Northern Ireland
New constituency Member of Parliament for Armagh
1921–1929
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Armagh Central
1929–1941
Succeeded by
George Dougan
Political offices
Preceded by
J. M. Andrews
Minister of Labour
1937–1938
Succeeded by
John Fawcett Gordon