David Island ( 66°25′S98°46′E / 66.417°S 98.767°E Coordinates: 66°25′S98°46′E / 66.417°S 98.767°E ) is an ice-covered island, 10 miles (16 km) long and 6 miles (10 km) wide, marked by rock exposures along its north and east sides, lying off Davis Peninsula in the Shackleton Ice Shelf in Antarctica. It was discovered in November 1912 by the Western Base party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) under Douglas Mawson. Mawson named the island for Edgeworth David, a member of the AAE Advisory Committee.
Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS FAA was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and academic. Along with Roald Amundsen, Robert Falcon Scott, and Sir Ernest Shackleton, he was a key expedition leader during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
Fletcher Island is a rocky island, 0.5 km (0.25 nmi) in diameter, which is the largest of the Fletcher Islands. Fletcher Island is located at 66°53′S143°05′E. Fletcher Island lies in the eastern part of Commonwealth Bay, 11 km (6 nmi) west-southwest (WSW) of Cape Gray. Fletcher Island was discovered by the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) (1911–1914) under Douglas Mawson, who named it for Frank D. Fletcher, First Officer on the expedition ship Aurora.
The Prince Charles Mountains are a major group of mountains in Mac. Robertson Land in Antarctica, including the Athos Range, the Porthos Range, and the Aramis Range. The highest peak is Mount Menzies, with a height of 3,228 m (10,591 ft). Other prominent peaks are Mount Izabelle and Mount Stinear. These mountains, together with other scattered peaks, form an arc about 420 km (260 mi) long, extending from the vicinity of Mount Starlight in the north to Goodspeed Nunataks in the south.
Denman Glacier is a glacier 11 to 16 km wide, descending north some 110 km (70 mi), which debouches into the Shackleton Ice Shelf east of David Island, Queen Mary Land. It was discovered in November 1912 by the Western Base party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Sir Douglas Mawson. Mawson named the glacier for Lord Denman, Governor-General of Australia in 1911, a patron of the expedition.
Mertz Glacier is a heavily crevassed glacier in George V Coast of East Antarctica. It is the source of a glacial prominence that historically has extended northward into the Southern Ocean, the Mertz Glacial Tongue. It is named in honor of the Swiss explorer Xavier Mertz.
Mawson's Huts are the collection of buildings located at Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, in the far eastern sector of the Australian Antarctic Territory, some 3000 km south of Hobart. The buildings were erected and occupied by the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-1914, led by geologist and explorer Sir Douglas Mawson.
Cape Hordern is an ice-free cape, overlain by morainic drift, at the northwest end of the Bunger Hills in Antarctica. It was probably sighted from Watson Bluff by A.L. Kennedy and other members of the Western Base Party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Mawson, 1911–14, who charted the west wall of what appeared to be two small islands lying north of Cape Hoadley in about 100°35′E. It was named "Hordern Island" by Mawson for Sir Samuel Hordern of Sydney, a patron of the expedition. It was renamed Cape Hordern by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) following correlation of Kennedy's map with the US-ACAN map of 1955 compiled from aerial photographs taken by U.S. Navy Operation Highjump, 1946–47.
Kichenside Glacier is a glacier, 15 nautical miles (28 km) long and 3 to 5 nautical miles wide, flowing northeast into the southern part of the Hannan Ice Shelf on the coast of Enderby Land, Antarctica. It was charted from air photos taken from an Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions aircraft in 1956, and was named by the Antarctic Names Committee of Australia for Squadron Leader James C. Kichenside, RAAF, officer commanding the Antarctic Flight at Mawson Station in 1960.
The Gillies Islands are three small, rocky islands protruding above Shackleton Ice Shelf 3 nautical miles (6 km) north of Cape Moyes.
The Porthos Range is the second range south in the Prince Charles Mountains of Antarctica, extending for about 30 miles in an east-to-west direction between Scylla Glacier and Charybdis Glacier. First visited in December 1956 by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) southern party under W.G. Bewsher (1956-57) and named after Porthos, a character in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel The Three Musketeers, the most popular book read on the southern journey.
On the continent of Antarctica, the Aramis Range is the third range south in the Prince Charles Mountains, situated 11 miles southeast of the Porthos Range and extending for about 30 miles in a southwest–northeast direction. It was first visited in January 1957 by Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE) southern party led by W.G. Bewsher, who named it for a character in Alexandre Dumas' novel The Three Musketeers, the most popular book read on the southern journey.
Wilson Glacier is a glacier 9 nautical miles (17 km) long, flowing northeast into Edward VIII Ice Shelf just south of Seaton Glacier. Photographed from ANARE aircraft in 1956. Named by Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for Flight Lieutenant H.O. Wilson, RAAF pilot at Mawson Station, 1959, who was killed in an aircraft accident shortly after his return to Australia.
Baillieu Peak is a peak, 1,380 metres (4,530 ft) high, that rises above the ice sheet 25 nautical miles (46 km) south of Cape Bruce and 10 nautical miles (19 km) west-southwest of Pearce Peak. It was discovered in February 1931 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition under Mawson, and named for Clive Latham Baillieu, a patron of the expedition.
Watson Bluff is a dark bluff 225 m, at the east end of David Island. Discovered by the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911–14, under Mawson, and named for Andrew D. Watson, geologist with the expedition.
Watson Ridge is a partially snow-covered rock ridge standing 9 nautical miles (17 km) southeast of Mount Storegutt, Enderby Land. Mapped from ANARE surveys and air photos, 1954–66. Named by Antarctic Names Committee of Australia (ANCA) for R.A. Watson, weather observer at Mawson Station, 1963.
The Doublets are rock outcrops located centrally on the western side of David Island. The feature was discovered and named by the Western Base party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–14) under Douglas Mawson.
Français Glacier is a glacier 4 nautical miles (7 km) wide and 12 nautical miles (22 km) long, flowing north-northeast from the continental ice to the Antarctic coast close west of Ravin Bay. Though no glaciers were noted on Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville's chart of this coast, the close correlation of his "Baie des Ravins" feature and narrative description with the indentation of the coast near the mouth of this glacier suggests first sighting of this feature by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1837–40. During December 1912 members of the Main Base Party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) camped on the upland slopes close east of the glacier, but no reference was made to the glacier in the AAE reports, though a clear view and unpublished sketch were obtained of the distant coast to the northwest.
Cape Moyes is an ice-covered headland fronting on the Shackleton Ice Shelf, 18 nautical miles (33 km) west of Cape Dovers. It was discovered by the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) under Mawson, 1911–14, and named by him for Morton H. Moyes, meteorologist with the AAE Western Base party.
Hippo Island is a steep, rocky island, 0.5 nautical miles (1 km) long, which rises above the Shackleton Ice Shelf of Antarctica 1.5 nautical miles (3 km) north of Delay Point. It was discovered by the Western Base Party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition under Mawson, 1911–14, who so named it because of its hippo-like shape.
Leslie Hatton Whetter ; was a surgeon and Antarctic explorer from New Zealand. A graduate of the University of Otago, in 1911 he joined the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), led by Douglas Mawson. During 1912, Whetter joined two sledging parties, the first to lay supplies, and the second to explore the area to the west of the Main Base at Cape Denison. On the second expedition, his party of three man-hauled a sledge 158 miles (254 km) from the Cape Denison base, and in the process discovered the first meteorite to be found in Antarctica. Mawson thought Whetter lazy, and the two clashed several times, Mawson describing Whetter as "not fit for a polar expedition".