David Packard

Last updated

David Packard
David Packard.jpg
13th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
January 24, 1969 December 13, 1971
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Paul Nitze
Succeeded by Kenneth Rush
Personal details
Born(1912-09-07)September 7, 1912
Pueblo, Colorado, U.S.
DiedMarch 26, 1996(1996-03-26) (aged 83)
Stanford, California, U.S.
Spouse(s)Lucile Salter (d. 1987)
Children David, Nancy, Susan, and Julie
Education Stanford University
Known forCo-founder of Hewlett-Packard.
Member of Trilateral Commission.
Awards Sylvanus Thayer Award (1982)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1988)
Public Welfare Medal (1989)

David Packard ( /ˈpækərd/ PAK-ərd; September 7, 1912 – March 26, 1996) was an American electrical engineer and co-founder, with William Hewlett, of Hewlett-Packard (1939), serving as president (1947–64), CEO (1964–68), and Chairman of the Board (1964–68, 1972–93) of HP. He served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1969 to 1971 during the Nixon administration. Packard served as President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) from 1976 to 1981 and chairman of its Board of Regents from 1973 to 1982. [1] He was a member of the Trilateral Commission. Packard was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1988 and is noted for many technological innovations and philanthropic endeavors.


Personal life

David Packard was born in Pueblo, Colorado, and attended Centennial High School, where early on he showed an interest in science, engineering, sports, and leadership. [2] His father Sperry Sidney Packard was an attorney. [3] He earned his B.A. from Stanford University in 1934, where he earned letters in football and basketball and attained membership in the Phi Beta Kappa Society and was a Brother of the Alpha Delta Phi Literary Fraternity. [4] Stanford is where he met two people who were important to his life, Lucile Salter and Bill Hewlett. [5] Packard briefly attended the University of Colorado at Boulder before taking a position with the General Electric Company in Schenectady, New York. In 1938, he returned to Stanford, where he earned a master's degree in electrical engineering later that year. [5] In the same year, he married Lucile Salter, with whom he had four children: David, Nancy, Susan, and Julie. Lucile Packard died in 1987 (age 83). [6]


In 1939, Packard and Hewlett established Hewlett-Packard (HP) in Packard's garage with an initial capital investment of $538 (equivalent to US$9,889in 2019). [2] [5] Packard mentions in his book The HP Way that the name Hewlett-Packard was determined by the flip of a coin: HP, rather than PH! [5] [7] Their first product was an audio frequency oscillator sold to Walt Disney Studios for use on the soundtrack of Fantasia . [5]

The company grew into the world's largest producer of electronic testing and measurement devices. [8] It also became a major producer of calculators, computers, and laser and ink jet printers. [5] [9]

HP incorporated in 1947, with Packard becoming its first president, serving in that role until 1964. He was then elected Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, holding those positions through 1968. [10] Packard left HP in 1969 to serve in the Nixon administration until 1971, at which time he returned to HP and was re-elected Chairman of the Board, serving from 1972 to 1993. [11] In 1991, Packard oversaw a major reorganization at HP. He retired from HP in 1993. At the time of his death in 1996, Packard's stake in the company was worth more than $1 billion. [12]

At Packard's instruction, [13] the domain name "HP.com" was registered on March 3, 1986, and as such was one of the earliest to be registered. [14]

Department of Defense

Upon entering office in 1969, President Richard M. Nixon appointed Packard U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense under Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird. [5] Packard resigned in December 1971 [15] [16] and returned to Hewlett-Packard in 1972 as Chairman of the Board. [11]

While serving in the Department of Defense (DoD), he brought concepts of resource management used in business to the military, as well as establishing the Defense Systems Management College. [17] In 1970, Packard issued a memorandum that contained a number of major reforms designed to address "the real mess we have on our hands." [18] A key reform was elimination of Robert MacNamara's Total Package Procurement except in rare situations. [18]

Near the end of his time at DoD, Packard wrote the "Packard Memo" or "Employment of Military Resources in the Event of Civil Disturbances". [19] Enacted in February 1972, the act [20] describes exceptions to the 1878 Posse Comitatus Act, which limited the powers of the federal government to use the U.S. military for law enforcement, except where expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of Congress noting that the Constitution provides an exception when needed "to prevent loss of life or wanton destruction of property and to restore governmental functioning and public order when sudden and unexpected civil disturbances, disasters, or calamities seriously endanger life and property and disrupt normal governmental functions to such an extent that duly constituted local authorities are unable to control the situations" and "to protect Federal property and Federal governmental functions when the need for protection exists and duly constituted local authorities are unable or decline to provide adequate protection". [21] § 214.5 states that "employment of DoD military resources for assistance to civil authorities in controlling civil disturbances will normally be predicated upon the issuance of a Presidential Executive order or Presidential directive authorizing", with exceptions "limited to:

  1. Cases of sudden and unexpected emergencies as described in §215.4(c)(1)(i), which require that immediate military action be taken.
  2. Providing military resources to civil authorities as prescribed in §215.9 of this part." [22]

According to Lindorff, these exceptions reinstate the possibility of martial law in the U.S., prohibited since 1878. [23]

In the 1970s and 1980s Packard was a prominent advisor to the White House on defense procurement and management. He served as chairman of The Business Council in 1973 and 1974. [24] From 1985–86, he served as chairman of The Packard Commission.[ citation needed ]


From the early 1980s until his death in 1996, Packard dedicated much of his time and money to philanthropic projects. [25] In 1964, Packard and his wife had established the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. In 1986, they donated $40 million toward building what became the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University; the new hospital opened in June 1991. Prompted by his daughters Nancy and Julie, in 1978 David and Lucile had created the Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation. The couple eventually donated $55 million to build the new aquarium, which opened in 1984 with Julie Packard as its executive director. [2] In 1987, Packard gave $13 million to create the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. [2] Packard and Hewlett made a combined donation of $77 million to Stanford in 1994, [26] for which the university named the David Packard Electrical Engineering Building in his honor. [27]

Packard was a member of the American Enterprise Institute's board of trustees. He died on March 26, 1996 at age 83 in Stanford, California, leaving approximately $4 billion (the bulk of his estate) to the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, including large amounts of valuable real property in Los Altos Hills. All three Packard daughters sit on the Foundation's board of trustees. David Woodley Packard, his son, serves as president of the Packard Humanities Institute. [28]


Packard's old home and garage in Palo Alto, California were placed on the California registry of historic places as "The Birthplace of Silicon Valley". [5] He also had an oil tanker named for him. [33] The David Packard, built in 1977, was operated for Chevron, had a capacity 406,592 long tons deadweight (DWT) and was registered under the Bahamian flag.[ citation needed ]

See also


  1. "Uniformed Services University". www.usuhs.edu. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Official biography at Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute". Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
  3. "The family tree of David Packard, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard (HP)". Packed with Packards!. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  4. 1 2 IEEE (1973). "IEEE-David Packard, 1912-1996". IEEE History Center. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "David Packard, 1912-1996". Archived from the original on February 7, 2007. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
  6. "Lucile S. Packard, 72, Silicon Valley Philanthropist, Dies". Los Angeles Times. June 1, 1987. ISSN   0458-3035 . Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  7. Packard, David (1995). HP Way: How Bill Hewlett and I Built Our Company. Collins. ISBN   0-88730-817-1.
  8. Liker, Director of the Value Chain Analysis Program and the Japan Management Program Jeffrey K.; Liker, Jeffrey K.; Fruin, W. Mark; Adler, Paul S. (1999). Remade in America: Transplanting and Transforming Japanese Management Systems. Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780195118155.
  9. Vance, Ashlee; Wortham, Jenna (April 28, 2010). "Hewlett-Packard Agrees to Buy Palm". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  10. "David Packard (1912-1996), Co-founder". Former Executive Bios. Hewlett-Packard. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
  11. 1 2 Fisher, Lawrence M. (March 27, 1996). "David Packard, 83, Pioneer Of Silicon Valley, Is Dead". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  12. "The Top 5 Co-Founding Partnerships and Their Stories". CEO Today. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  13. "David Packard | The Philanthropy Hall of Fame | The Philanthropy Roundtable" . Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  14. "hp.com Whois record". Whois.com.
  15. "1971". The Public Papers of President Richard Nixon. Archived from the original on July 22, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008. Letter Accepting the Resignation of David Packard as Deputy Secretary of Defense. December 11, 1971
  16. "Nixon Letter Accepting the Resignation of David Packard as Deputy Secretary of Defense & Packard's rsignation letter". The American Presidency Project. Published by John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters [online]. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database). December 11, 1971. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  17. 1 2 "1982 Sylvanus Thayer Award to David Packard". Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
  18. 1 2 Brown, Shannon A. (2005). Providing the Means of War: Historical Perspectives on Defense Acquisition. US Army Center of Military History and Industrial College of the Armed Forces. pp. 145–146. ISBN   9780160876219 . Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  19. Liberato, Major Rodney, USAF (September 2007). "A New Department of Defense Framework for Efficient Defense Support of Civil Authorities" (PDF). Master's thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California: 18. Retrieved September 21, 2008.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  20. Title 32: National Defense Part 214Employment of Military Resources in the Event of Civil Disturbances Archived May 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , February 18, 1972.
  21. 32 U.S.C. § 214.4 Legal consideration Archived May 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine .
  22. 32 U.S.C. § 214.5 Policies Archived May 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  23. Lindorff, David (April 1988). "Could It Happen Here?". Mother Jones .
  24. The Business Council, Official website, Background Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  25. The Philanthropy Hall of Fame, David Packard
  26. "Packard and Hewlett gift to make possible new science/engineering quad". Stanford News Service. October 11, 1994. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  27. "Engineering memory of the month". Stanford Engineering. August 2009. Archived from the original on October 25, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  28. packhum.org, Packard Humanities Institute
  29. Lee, John A. N.; Lee, J. A. N. (1995). International Biographical Dictionary of Computer Pioneers. Taylor & Francis. ISBN   9781884964473.
  30. Reagan, Ronald (October 17, 1988). "Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom". Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
  31. "Public Welfare Award". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  32. The Heinz Awards, William R. Hewlett and David Packard profile
  33. Marinucci, Carla; Writer, Chronicle Political (May 5, 2001). "Chevron redubs ship named for Bush aide / Condoleezza Rice drew too much attention". SFGate. Retrieved April 3, 2019.

Related Research Articles

Bill Hewlett American electrical engineer, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard and businessman

William Redington Hewlett was an American engineer and the co-founder, with David Packard, of the Hewlett-Packard Company (HP).

Lewis Emmett Platt was an American businessman and corporate director, who was chairman, president and chief executive officer of Hewlett-Packard.

Leon Panetta American politician, Secretary of Defense 2011–2013

Leon Edward Panetta is an American politician who has served in several different public office positions, including the Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and as a U.S. Representative from California. A Democrat, Panetta was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1977 to 1993, served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget from 1993 to 1994, and as President Bill Clinton's Chief of Staff from 1994 to 1997. He co-founded the Panetta Institute for Public Policy and served as a Distinguished Scholar to Chancellor Charles B. Reed of the California State University System and as a professor of public policy at Santa Clara University.

Frederick Terman American electronic engineer

Frederick Emmons Terman was an American professor and academic administrator. He is widely credited as being the father of Silicon Valley.

Bernard M. Oliver, also known as Barney Oliver, was a scientist who made contributions in many fields, including radar, television, and computers. He was the founder and director of Hewlett Packard (HP) laboratories until his retirement in 1981. He is also a recognized pioneer in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Oliver was president of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in 1965. In 1986, Oliver was a National Medal of Science recipient for Engineering Science and on February 11, 2004 it was announced that Oliver had been inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute American research institute

The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) is a private, non-profit oceanographic research center in Moss Landing, California. MBARI was founded in 1987 by David Packard, and is primarily funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. Christopher Scholin serves as the institute's president and chief executive officer, managing a work force of approximately 220 scientists, engineers, and operations and administrative staff.

Packard Humanities Institute American non-profit foundation

The Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) is a non-profit foundation, established in 1987, and located in Los Altos, California, which funds projects in a wide range of conservation concerns in the fields of archaeology, music, film preservation, and historic conservation, plus Greek epigraphy, with an aim to create tools for basic research in the Humanities.

David and Lucile Packard Foundation foundation

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation is a private foundation that provides grants to not-for-profit organizations. It was created in 1964 by David Packard and his wife Lucile Salter Packard. Following David Packard's death in 1996, the Foundation became the beneficiary of part of his estate. The foundation's goals, through the use of grants, are to "improve the lives of children, enable creative pursuit of science, advance reproductive health, and conserve and restore earth’s natural systems." As of 2016, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation was the 20th wealthiest foundation in the United States.

HP Labs Research and development division of HP Inc.

HP Labs is the exploratory and advanced research group for HP Inc. HP Labs' headquarters is in Palo Alto, California and the group has research and development facilities in Bristol, UK. The development of programmable desktop calculators, inkjet printing, and 3D graphics are credited to HP Labs researchers.

HP Garage United States historic place

The HP Garage is a private museum where the company Hewlett-Packard (HP) was founded. It is located at 367 Addison Avenue in Palo Alto, California. It is considered to be the "Birthplace of Silicon Valley." In the 1930s, Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in the area instead of leaving California, and develop a high-tech region. HP founders William Hewlett and David Packard are considered the first Stanford students who took Terman's advice.

David Woodley Packard American academic

David Woodley Packard, Ph.D. is a former professor and noted philanthropist; he is the son of Hewlett-Packard co-founder David Packard. A former HP board member (1987–1999), David is best known for his opposition to the HP-Compaq merger and his support for classical studies, especially the digitization of classics research. He has made significant contribution to the study of the language and the sign repertory of the Minoan Linear A script. Packard currently serves as president of the Packard Humanities Institute.

Dan Boneh Israeli cryptographer

Dan Boneh is a professor in applied cryptography and computer security at Stanford University.

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford (LPCH) is a children's hospital which is part of the Stanford University Health system. The hospital is located adjacent to the campus at 725 Welch Road, Palo Alto, California. It was founded in 1991. It is staffed by over 650 physicians and 4,750 staff and volunteers. The hospital specializes in the care of infants, children, teens, young adults aged 0-21, but sometimes treats older adults and expectant mothers. Lucile Packard Children's Hospital is an ACS verified Level 1 regional pediatric trauma center. In November 2018, Paul King was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer. King succeeds Christopher Dawes, who retired from the position in August 2018.

Hewlett-Packard American information technology company

The Hewlett-Packard Company, or Hewlett-Packard, was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California. It developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors. In 1999, HP split into two companies: one retaining the original company name, the other named Agilent Technologies. The first product line of Hewlett-Packard, test and measurement equipment, went to Agilent Technologies, while HP retained focus on its later products including computers and printers. In 2015, HP again was split into two separate companies, HP Inc. and Hewlett Packard Enterprise.

M. George Craford is an American electrical engineer known for his work in Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs).

Esherick Homsey Dodge and Davis is a United States-based architecture, interiors, planning and urban design firm. EHDD, ranked among the top 20 architecture firms in the San Francisco Bay Area where it is headquartered, is known especially for seismically safe, sustainable designs. From its early residential work, to The Sea Ranch and Monterey Bay Aquarium, to more recent LEED® certified and net-zero buildings, the firm is recognized for collaboration, commitment to innovation and investigation, and responsiveness to location, light and climate.

Joel Samuel Birnbaum is a technology executive who served as senior vice president of Hewlett-Packard.

Susan Packard Orr is an American philanthropist and the former chair of the Board of Directors of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation. In addition to the Packard Foundation, she is a current or previous board member of several prominent nonprofit organizations including Stanford University and the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford. She also served on the Hewlett-Packard board for 7 years (1993-2001), leaving shortly before the Compaq merger. Orr currently is founder and CEO of Telosa Software. She holds Economics and MBA degrees from Stanford, and a Masters in Computer Science from New Mexico Tech.

James Spilker US engineer, one of the originators of GPS

James Julius Spilker Jr. was an American engineer and a Consulting Professor in the Aeronautics and Astronautics Department at Stanford University. He was one of the principal architects of the Global Positioning System (GPS), and a co-founder of the space communications company Stanford Telecommunications and was most recently executive chairman of AOSense Inc., Sunnyvale, CA.

Julie Packard American marine conservationist

Julie E. Packard is an American ocean conservationist and philanthropist. She helped create the Monterey Bay Aquarium in the early 1980s and is its executive director, a position she has held since its opening in 1984. She speaks at conferences and symposia related to ocean conservation, and writes online about current issues. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and is a recipient of the Audubon Medal.





Business positions
New title President of Hewlett-Packard
Succeeded by
William Hewlett
Chief Executive Officer of Hewlett-Packard
Chairman of Hewlett-Packard
Succeeded by
Lewis E. Platt
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Nitze
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
Succeeded by
Kenneth Rush