David Pardo (Dutch rabbi, born at Salonica)

Last updated
Rabbi

David Pardo
Personal
Bornc. 1591
DiedMarch 15, 1657
Religion Judaism
SpouseRachel Sanchez
Children Joseph Pardo
Josiah Pardo
Sarah Pardo (married Joseph Salom)
Parents Joseph Pardo
Reina
Jewish leader
Buried Beth Haim Cemetery,
Ouderkerk aan de Amstel,
Amsterdam

David ben Joseph Pardo (c. 1591 – 1657) was a Dutch rabbi and hakham . He was born at Salonica to Rabbi Joseph and Reina [1] in the second half of the sixteenth century. He went with his father to Amsterdam, where he became hakham of the Bet Yisrael congregation (founded 1618). [2] This congregation was consolidated in 1639 [3] [4] with the other two congregations in Amsterdam, and Pardo was appointed hakham together with Isaac Aboab da Fonseca, Menasseh Ben Israel, and Saul Levi Morteira. He was also a trustee of the Jewish cemetery and hazzan of the Bikkur Holim organization. In 1625 he founded the Honen Dallim benevolent society. [2]

The history of the Jews in the Netherlands is considered to begin largely in the 16th century, when they began to settle in Amsterdam and other cities. It has continued to the present. Following the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany in May 1940, the Jewish community was severely persecuted. 70% of its members died in the Holocaust during World War II.

In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah. The basic form of the rabbi developed in the Pharisaic and Talmudic era, when learned teachers assembled to codify Judaism's written and oral laws. The first sage for whom the Mishnah uses the title of rabbi was Yohanan ben Zakkai, active in the early-to-mid first century CE. In more recent centuries, the duties of a rabbi became increasingly influenced by the duties of the Protestant Christian minister, hence the title "pulpit rabbis", and in 19th-century Germany and the United States rabbinic activities including sermons, pastoral counseling, and representing the community to the outside, all increased in importance.

Hakham

Hakham is a term in Judaism, meaning a wise or skillful man; it often refers to someone who is a great Torah scholar. It can also refer to any cultured and learned person: "He who says a wise thing is called a hakham, even if he be not a Jew." Hence in Talmudic-Midrashic literature, wise gentiles are commonly called hakme ummot ha-'olam.

In 1610, Pardo published in Amsterdam a transcription in Latin characters of Zaddik ben Joseph Formon's Obligacion de los Coraçones, a translation of the Hobot ha-Lebabot [2] into Judaeo-Spanish. [5]

Judaeo-Spanish language of Sephardic Jews and form of Spanish

Judaeo-Spanish or Judeo-Spanish, commonly referred to as Ladino, is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish. Originally spoken in Spain and then after the Edict of Expulsion spreading through the former territories of the Ottoman Empire as well as France, Italy, the Netherlands, Morocco, and England, it is today spoken mainly by Sephardic minorities in more than 30 countries, with most of the speakers residing in Israel. Although it has no official status in any country, it has been acknowledged as a minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Israel, France and Turkey. It is also formally recognised by the Royal Spanish Academy.

On September 16, 1619, he married Rachel Sanchez (born 1595 [6] at Moura, Portugal). They had three children: Joseph (c. 1624 – 1677), Josiah (1626-1684), and Sarah. [1] Josiah Pardo served as a Rabbi in Curaçao and in Port Royal, Jamaica and was one of the first Rabbis in the New World. [7]

Moura, Portugal Municipality in Alentejo, Portugal

Moura is a city and a municipality in the District of Beja in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 15,167, in an area of 958.46 km². The city itself had a population of 8,459 in 2001.

Joseph Pardo was an English hazzan. He appears to have gone to London from Amsterdam, where his father, David, was a rabbi. He wrote "Shulhan Tahor," a compendium of the first two parts of Joseph Caro's Shulhan 'Aruk, which was edited by his son, David, and printed at Amsterdam in 1686, dedicated to the "Kaal Kados De Londres", but with an approbation from the bet din of Amsterdam. The book has been reprinted several times: Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1696, and, with notes by Moses Isserles, 1713; and Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1704.

Josiah ben David Pardo (1626-1684) was a Dutch rabbi and hakham, who served as a Rabbi in Willemstad, Curaçao and in Port Royal, Jamaica. Josiah Pardo was one of the first rabbis who settled in the New World and a pioneer of many Jewish communal and educational institutions in the Western Hemisphere.

Pardo died at Amsterdam on March 15, 1657 [2] (Rosh Chodesh Nisan, 5417 A.M. [8] ) and is buried at Beth Haim of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel. [1]

Rosh Chodesh first day of each Hebrew month

Rosh Chodesh or Rosh Hodesh is the name for the first day of every month in the Hebrew calendar, marked by the birth of a new moon. It is considered a minor holiday, akin to the intermediate days of Passover and Sukkot.

Nisan month of the Hebrew calendar

Nisan on the Assyrian calendar is the first month, and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month of the civil year. The name of the month is of Assyrian-Babylonian origin; in the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv. Assyrians today refer to the month as the "month of happiness." It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.

Anno Mundi calendar era

Anno Mundi, abbreviated as AM, or Year After Creation, is a calendar era based on the biblical accounts of the creation of the world and subsequent history. Two such calendar eras have seen notable use historically:

Related Research Articles

Raphael Isaiah Azulai was a rabbi in Ancona until his death. He was a son of Chaim Yosef David Azulay. One of his daughters married Abraham Pardo, son of the renowned rabbi David Pardo; and her grandson Moses Pardo was rabbi of Alexandria from 1871 to 1888. He was the author of a number of responsa and decisions, which appeared partly under the title Tiferet Mosheh, and partly in the Zikron Mosheh of his son Moses. Descendants currently live across the middle east and north Africa.

Elijah Ba'al Shem or Eliyahu Ba'al Shem of Chełm was a Polish rabbi who served as chief rabbi of Chełm. He also studied Kabbalah, and, according to his descendant Tzvi Ashkenazi, created a golem. He is credited with creating the first golem with a "shem", so he was known as a "Ba'al Shem." He is the first rabbi in history to be known by this title.

Isaac ben Jacob Canpanton (1360–1463) was a Spanish rabbi. He lived in the period darkened by the outrages of Ferran Martinez and Vicente Ferrer, when intellectual life and Talmudic erudition were on the decline among the Jews of Spain. The historiographers Immanuel Aboab, Zacuto, and Joseph ben Zaddik unite in designating Canpanton as a gaon, Aboab stating that he was styled "the gaon of Castile." Among his pupils may be mentioned Samuel al-Valensi, Isaac Aboab, and Isaac De Leon. He died at Peñafiel in 1463.

Joseph ben Tzaddik was a rabbi in Arevalo, in Spain, during the fifteenth century. He was the author of a treatise entitled Zeker Ẓaddiḳ, on ritual matters, in fifty chapters, which by 1900 was still in manuscript. The last chapter contains a chronicle of Jewish worthies from the Creation down to the day of the writer; the last entry being dated 1487. A few of the events near or in his own time are treated somewhat fully. The rest is made up of names and dates which are often distorted, both by the author and by the writer of the manuscript. Nearly all the data given in the historical chapter are found in the Yuḥasin of Abraham Zacuto. According to Neubauer, the two authors drew from a common source.

Abraham Pereira Mendes British Orthodox rabbi

Abraham Pereira Mendes was an English rabbi and educator.

Isaac ben Abraham Uziel was a Spanish physician, poet and grammarian, born at Fez, Morocco. At one time he held the position of rabbi at Oran, Algeria, but late in life he left that city to settle in Amsterdam, where he opened a Talmudical school which counted among its pupils Manasseh ben Israel and Isaac Aboab da Fonseca. Dissatisfied with the laxity in religious matters which he noticed among many members of the Sephardic community, Uziel delivered a series of lectures which led to the foundation of a new congregation under the name of "Neveh Shalom". In 1610, at the death of Judah Vega, the first rabbi of the new congregation, Uziel was called to the rabbinate.

Abraham ben Solomon Treves (Ẓarfati) was a Jewish scholar of the 16th century. He emigrated from Italy to Turkey, where he officiated as rabbi of German and Portuguese congregations in Adrianople and various other cities. He favored the Sephardic ritual, and corresponded with David Cohen and Elijah Mizrahi. From one of his letters to Joseph Caro it appears that he was a physician also. He was the first scholar to quote the Kol Bo, and was the author of Birkat Abraham, a work on the ritual.

Josiah ben Joseph Pinto was a Syrian rabbi and preacher born in Damascus. His father, Joseph Pinto, was one of the rich and charitable men of that city. Josiah was a pupil of various rabbis in Talmud and Kabala, and later, after his father's death, he studied Talmud under Jacob Abulafia, who ordained him as rabbi. Pinto's permanent residence was in Damascus, where later he officiated as rabbi until his death in Feb. or March 1648. He went twice to Aleppo, and in 1625 he moved to Safed with the intention of settling there, but the death of his young son, Joseph, which occurred a year later, induced him to return to Damascus.

Abraham ben Judah ha-Levi Minz was an Italian rabbi who flourished at Padua in the first half of the 16th century. Minz studied chiefly under his father, Judah Minz, whom he succeeded as rabbi and head of the yeshiva of Padua. According to Gedaliah ibn Yahya ben Joseph, it was with Abraham Minz that Jacob Pollak had the quarrel which ended in their excommunicating each other; according to most other authorities, the quarrel was with Judah Minz. Ibn Yahya further says that the Italian rabbis believe that Polak and Abraham Minz died on the same day. Minz was the author of a number of decisions that were printed with those of R. Lewa of Ferrara. He was the author also of Seder Gittin ve-Chalitzah, a treatise on divorce and Chalitzah, printed with the responsa of his father and of his son-in-law Meir Katzenellenbogen.

Michael Friedländer British orientalist

Michael Friedländer was an Orientalist and principal of Jews' College, London. He is best known for his English translation of Maimonides' Guide to the Perplexed, which was the most popular such translation until the more recent work of Shlomo Pines, and still remains in print.

David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo was a Dutch Talmudist and prominent communal worker. He was sent at an early age to the celebrated bet ha-midrash 'Etz Chayyim, studied under Rabbi Berenstein at The Hague, and received his diploma of "Morenu" in 1839. The same year he was appointed ab bet din of the Portuguese synagogue of Amsterdam, and in 1852 ab bet din and preacher of that synagogue, Aron Mendes Chumaceiro being made hakham, and Vaz Diaz and Montezinos dayyanim at the same time. He became dean of the intermediate classes of 'Etz Chayyim, which office he held for nearly half a century. Cardozo was founder of the Chebrah 'Abodat ha-Qodesh, instituted for the study of Jewish law and its commentaries. After having been decorated by the king of the Netherlands with the Royal Order of the Lion for services rendered to his country, he retired from his various offices in 1888.

David Friedrichsfeld was a German-Jewish writer in German and Hebrew.

Moses Kann was a German rabbi; born at Frankfurt am Main; died there Dec. 1, 1762; son of Löb Kann. He was chief rabbi of Hesse-Darmstadt and head of the Talmudical school at Frankfurt, which had been founded and richly endowed by his father-in-law, Samson Wertheimer, of Vienna. For over half a century this school flourished under Kann's guidance, and maintained the high reputation of Frankfurt as a seat of Talmudic study. By his energy and activity in behalf of the Jews, Moses Kann's name became celebrated throughout German Jewry. He and his father-in-law furnished the means for the publication of a new edition of the Talmud ; but through the denunciations of a baptized Jew, Paul Christian, this edition and a number of prayer-books were confiscated. By the testimony of the Berlin court preacher Jablonski and the consistorial councillor Scharden of Halle, supported by the opinion of twenty-four Christian professors and preachers who, in 1728, had declared that "neither the Jewish prayer-book nor the Talmud contained anything derogatory to Christianity," Moses Kann proved before the Elector of Mainz the bad character of the apostate. On Aug. 1, 1753, the Imperial Court rescinded the order of confiscation of these books.

Aaron ben Benjamin Wolf was a Rabbi at Berlin and then at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, where he lived until his death.

Rabbi Elazar Rokeach, also known as Eleazar ben Samuel, was the author of Maaseh Rokeach, and Chief Rabbi of Amsterdam.

David ben Joseph Pardo was a 17th-century rabbi. He was born in Amsterdam. His father was Rabbi Joseph Pardo, hazzan in London and author of "Shulḥan Tahor."

Isaac ben David Pardo was a rabbi as well as the author of "To'afot Re'em", a commentary on the responsa of Rabbi Ahai of Shabha, with an index of the different responsa. He succeeded his father, Rabbi David Pardo, as rabbi of Sarajevo, Bosnia. His brother was Jacob Pardo.

Joseph Pardo was an Italian rabbi and merchant. He was born in Thessaloniki, but went to Venice before 1589, where he served as rabbi to the Levantine community and also engaged in business. Later, he emigrated to the Netherlands and was appointed Hakham of the Bet Ya'akob congregation in Amsterdam founded by Jacob Tirado, holding office from 1597 until his death.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "The Pardo (Prado) Family". 1999. Retrieved Jun 19, 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 PD-icon.svg  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "David ben Joseph Pardo". The Jewish Encyclopedia . New York: Funk & Wagnalls . Retrieved Dec 11, 2013.
    Jewish Encyclopedia Bibliography:

    Joseph Zedner was a German Jewish bibliographer and librarian.

  3. Sarna, Jonathan (2001). "Chapter 25. The Jews in British America". In Bernardini, Paolo; Fiering, Norman. The Jews and the expansion of Europe to the West 1450-1800. New York: Berghahn Books. p. 521. ISBN   978-1-57181-153-0.
  4. Green, David B. (2013-10-02). "This Day in Jewish History 1596: First Sephardi Congregation Established in Amsterdam". Haaretz. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  5. PD-icon.svg   Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "FORMON, ẒADDIḲ BEN JOSEPH". The Jewish Encyclopedia . New York: Funk & Wagnalls . Retrieved Dec 11, 2013.
  6. "M. Nosonovsky. New Findings at the Old Jewish Cemetery of Hunts Bay, Jamaica, pp. 116-117". 2010.
  7. Hebrew inscription on his gravestone .