David Starr Jordan

Last updated

It was through studying blind cave fish that the Indiana zoologist David Starr Jordan rose to prominence. A scientist of great charisma, he would lead IU before being chosen in 1891 as the first president of Stanford University. By my time at IU, however, Jordan was locally best known for quipping that every time he learned the name of a student he forgot the name of a fish. [12]

Stanford presidency

In March 1891, he was approached by Leland and Jane Stanford, who offered him the presidency of Leland Stanford Junior University, which was about to open in California. Andrew White, the president of Cornell, had been offered the position but instead recommended Jordan to the Stanfords based on an educational philosophy fit with the Stanfords' vision of a nonsectarian co-educational school with a liberal arts curriculum. Jordan quickly accepted the offer, [4] arrived at Stanford in June 1891, and immediately set about recruiting faculty for the university's planned September opening. Pressed for time, he drew heavily on his own acquaintances; most of the 15 founding professors came either from Cornell or Indiana University. That first year at Stanford, Jordan was instrumental in establishing the university's Hopkins Marine Station. He served Stanford as president until 1913 and then chancellor until his retirement in 1916. The university decided not to renew his three-year-term as chancellor in 1916. As the years went on, Jordan became increasingly alienated from the university. [11]

While he was chancellor, he was elected president of the National Education Association. [13] Jordan was a member in the Bohemian Club and the University Club in San Francisco. [14] Jordan served as a director of the Sierra Club from 1892 to 1903. [15]


In 1899, Jordan delivered an essay at Stanford on behalf of racial segregation and racial purity. [16] In the essay, Jordan claimed that "For a race of men or a herd of cattle are governed by the same laws of selection." Jordan expressed great fears and phobias for "race degeneration" that would result unless great endeavors were put forward to maintain "racial unity".

Eugenics-based argument against war

One of Jordan's main theses in the essay was that his goals for an ideal society are better engendered by peace than war. His argument against warfare contended that it is detrimental because it removes the strongest men from the gene pool. [17] [18] [19] Jordan asserted, "Future war is impossible because the nations cannot afford it." [20] As one commentator put it, "Though he found meager evidence to support his preconceptions, he still confidently asserted that 'always and everywhere, war means the reversal of natural selection.'" [3] :79

Jordan was president of the World Peace Foundation from 1910 to 1914 and president of the World Peace Conference in 1915 and initially opposed American entry into World War I [11] although he changed his position in 1917 after he became convinced that a German victory would threaten democracy. [3]

Multiple publications of essay

Soon after it was first delivered, the essay was published by the American Unitarian Association (copyright 1902) under the main title of "The Blood of the Nation" and a subtitle of "A Study of the Decay of Races Through the Survival of the Unfit". Multiple editions of that version followed over the next few years. [21]

An expanded version of the essay was delivered in Philadelphia at the 200th anniversary of Benjamin Franklin's birth in 1906 and printed by the American Philosophical Society. The following year, an expanded version of the original essay with an embossed cover was published by Beacon Press in Boston under the new main title "The Human Harvest" and the same subtitle. [22] This new version was dedicated to Jordan's older brother Rufus, who had volunteered to fight in the American Civil War and, according to Jordan, was part of the "'Human Harvest' of 1862". However, Rufus was killed not as "cannon fodder" in fighting but by what would seem to be the "natural selection" of a disease (typhus) he was "unfit" to survive. [23]

In 1910, the original and slimmer version of the essay was again published by the American Unitarian Association in a "present less expensive form to insure the widest possible distribution." [24]

In 1915, Jordan published an "extended treatise on the same subject" titled War and Breed and again through the Beacon Press in Boston. [25] Here Jordan defines and begins to employ the relatively recent term "eugenics" and its opposite "dysgenics". [26]

Influential role

In 1928 Jordan served on the initial board of trustees of the Human Betterment Foundation, a eugenics organization that advocated compulsory sterilization legislation in the United States. [27] [28] He then chaired the first Committee on Eugenics of the American Breeder's Association from which the California program of forced deportation and sterilization emerged. [29] Jordan then went on to help found the Human Betterment Foundation as a trustee. The foundation published Sterilization for Human Betterment .

Role in apparent coverup of murder of Jane Stanford

In 1905, Jordan launched an apparent coverup of the murder by poisoning of Jane Stanford. While vacationing in Oahu, Stanford had suddenly died of strychnine poisoning according to the local coroner's jury. Jordan then sailed to Hawaii, hired a physician to investigate the case, and declared she had in fact died of heart failure, a condition whose symptoms bear no relationship to those that were actually observed. [30] [31] His motive for doing this has been a subject of speculation. One possibility is that he was simply acting to protect the reputation of the university [30] [32] since its finances were precarious, and a scandal might have damaged fundraising. He had written the president of Stanford's board of trustees, offered several alternate explanations for Mrs. Stanford's death, and suggested to select whichever would be most suitable. [30] Since Mrs. Stanford had a difficult relationship with him and reportedly planned to remove him from his position at the university, he might also have had a personal motive to eliminate suspicions that might have swirled around an unsolved crime. [33] Jordan's version of Mrs. Stanford's demise [34] was largely accepted until the appearance of several publications in 2003 that emphasized the evidence that she was murdered. [30] [32] [33] [35]

Final years and legacy

In retirement, Jordan remained active, writing on ichthyology, world relations, peace, and his autobiography. [11]

Lifetime honors and awards

  • 1877 Honorary Ph.D. awarded by Butler University [36]
  • 1886 Honorary LL.D. awarded by Cornell University [37]
  • 1902 Honorary LL.D. awarded by Johns Hopkins University [38]
  • 1909 Honorary LL.D. awarded by Indiana University [39]


Although a proponent of eugenics, Jordan was skeptical of certain other pseudoscientific claims. He coined the term "sciosophy" to describe the "systematized ignorance" of the pseudoscientist. [40] [41] His later work, The Higher Foolishness, inspired the philosopher Martin Gardner to write his treatise on scientific skepticism, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science . [40] However, Gardner noted that "the book is infuriating because although Jordan mentions the titles of dozens of crank works, from which he quotes extensively, he seldom tells you the names of the authors." [40]


His daughter Barbara (1891–1900) died in childhood. [42]

His son, Eric Knight Jordan (1903–1926), died at 22 in a traffic accident near Gilroy, California. [43] [44] Eric had participated in a paleontological expedition to the Revillagigedo Islands and was considering an academic career. [45]


On September 19, 1931, Jordan died at his home on the Stanford campus after he had suffered a series of strokes over two years. [46]

Monuments and memorials

The former Jordan Hall at Stanford University in May 2020 (now known as Building 420) Jordan Hall Stanford.jpg
The former Jordan Hall at Stanford University in May 2020 (now known as Building 420)

Geographical landmarks

In July 2020, the president of the Sierra Club denounced Jordan and its other early leaders for being "vocal advocates for white supremacy and its pseudo-scientific arm, eugenics." The president also announced, "We will also spend the next year studying our history and determining which of our monuments need to be renamed or pulled down entirely." It is not yet clear how their reassessment would affect the status of Mount Jordan, which the club had helped to name in 1926, or that of other geographic features that bear Jordan's name. [50]

Namesake Tree

The David Starr Jordan "Namesake Tree" at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Campus Arboretum, an Indian rubber tree ( Ficus elastica ) was given to Jordan at the outset of a trip to Japan, and planted by him on December 11, 1922, [51] now listed as an Exceptional Tree of Hawai‘i. [52]

Fishery research vessel (1966–2010)

In 1966, the fisheries research ship David Starr Jordan was commissioned for service with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service 's Bureau of Commercial Fisheries. The ship later served in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration fleet as NOAAS David Starr Jordan (R 444) [53] before it was sold for scrap in 2010. [54]

Schools named or formerly named for David Starr Jordan

During the 20th century several schools were named after him or in his honor. However, most of them were renamed in the 21st century, as his eugenics activities became well known.

University campus buildings

Jordan was closely associated with Indiana University and Stanford University, and both schools named buildings and other campus features after him. However, as his reputation became more controversial in the 2000s, they acted to remove Jordan's name from their respective campuses.

Stanford honored its former president in 1917 by renaming its zoology building, built in 1899, to Jordan Hall. [65] Other campus features were named Jordan Quad, Jordan Modulars, and Jordan Way. In October 2020 the Stanford Board of Trustees voted unanimously, on the recommendation of an advisory committee, to remove Jordan's name from all four facilities. The former Jordan Hall was to be referred to as Building 420 until a permanent name could be selected sometime the following year. Stanford President Marc Tessier-Lavigne was charged to rename Jordan Quad and Jordan Modulars. The advisory committee recommended that the renaming of Jordan Way, a street on the medical campus, "may take place during the course of ongoing construction and planning." [66] [67] [68]

When Indiana University built a new building for its biology department in 1956, the building was named in honor of Jordan, its former president and biology faculty member. [69] [70] [71] In October 2020 the Indiana University Board of Trustees voted overwhelmingly to remove Jordan's name from the biology building as well as a parking garage and a "river" (actually a small creek) that runs through the center of the campus. Jordan's name was stripped from these places immediately after the trustee meeting had concluded, and they were given temporary, generic names to be used until permanent names could be selected the following year. Jordan Hall, the Jordan River and the Jordan Avenue Parking Garage became respectively the Biology Building, the Campus River, and the East Parking Garage. [72] [73] [74] In August 2021, staff members of the Biology Department sent a petition to the new IU President Pamela Whitten urging the university leadership to rename the Biology Building in honor of James P. Holland, an African-American IU alumnus, award-winning former faculty member and endocrinologist who died in 1998. [75] [76]

IU President Michael McRobbie requested the University Naming Committee to work with the city of Bloomington to find a name as a replacement for Jordan Avenue, a thoroughfare that is owned in part by IU and in part by the city. [77] As of October 2020, there have been calls in the Bloomington City Council for Jordan Avenue to be renamed, but no such action has been taken so far. [78] In April 2021, the Mayor of Bloomington created a seven-member task force to investigate possible replacement names for Jordan Avenue. [79] In September 2021, the City of Bloomington Plan Commission announced that it approved the renaming of Jordan Avenue to Eagleson Avenue while IU is in the process of renaming its section of the street to Fuller Lane pending approval by the IU Renaming Committee and the IU Board of Trustees. The city plans to complete their street renaming by February 2022. Both new street names honor prominent African-American families who moved to Bloomington after being born into slavery. [80] In December 2021, the IU Board of Trustees reconsidered their decision to rename the university's section of the street as Fuller Lane by adopting Eagleson Avenue as the new name for the University-owned section of Jordan Avenue. [81] [82]

As of September 2021, the Indiana University South Bend campus has a scholarship named in honor of Jordan that enables its students to study outside of the United States for a short period. [83]

Cornell's David Starr Jordan Prize (1986–2020)

Starting in 1986, the David Starr Jordan Prize was funded as a joint endowment by Cornell University, Indiana University, and Stanford. Every three years it was awarded to a young scientist (under 40 years) who made contributions in one of Jordan's interests of evolution, ecology, population or organismal biology. [84] The prize was last awarded in 2015 to a biology professor at the University of Texas at Austin. [85]

As Jordan's reputation became more controversial due to his support of eugenics, and particularly after the removal of Jordan's name from buildings on the campuses of Stanford and Indiana universities in 2020, there were calls to rename the prize. The prize was officially discontinued in 2020 and the endowment funds were returned to their respective universities. [86]


Jordan's papers are housed at Stanford University [87] and at Swarthmore College. [11]



Selected articles



Numerous genera and species bear the name Jordan.

Genera: Jordania Starks, 1895, Davidijordania Popov, 1931, and Jordanella Goode & Bean, 1879


See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indiana University Bloomington</span> Public university in Bloomington, Indiana

Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university in Bloomington, Indiana. It is the flagship campus of Indiana University and, with over 40,000 students, its largest campus.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jane Stanford</span> American philanthropist, first lady of California, co-founder of Stanford University

Jane Elizabeth Lathrop Stanford was an American philanthropist, co-founder of Stanford University in 1885 along with her husband, Leland Stanford, as a memorial to their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who died of typhoid fever in 1884 at the age of 15. After her husband's death in 1893, she funded and operated the university almost single-handedly until her unsolved murder by strychnine poisoning in 1905.

Frederick Terman Father of Silicon Valley and Stanfords Dean of Engineering

Frederick Emmons Terman was an American professor and academic administrator. He was the dean of the school of engineering from 1944 to 1958 and provost from 1955 to 1965 at Stanford University.He is widely credited as being the father of Silicon Valley.

Human Betterment Foundation

The Human Betterment Foundation (HBF) was an American eugenics organization established in Pasadena, California in 1928 by E.S. Gosney and Rufus B. von KleinSmid with the aim "to foster and aid constructive and educational forces for the protection and betterment of the human family in body, mind, character, and citizenship". It primarily served to compile and distribute information about compulsory sterilization legislation in the United States, for the purposes of eugenics.

Jordan High School, formerly David Starr Jordan High School, is a public comprehensive four-year high school in Los Angeles. Until October 2020, the school was named for David Starr Jordan, the first president of Stanford University. The school colors are Royal blue and white and the mascot is a bulldog.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Myles Brand</span> American academic administrator

Myles Neil Brand was a philosopher and university administrator who served as the 14th president of the University of Oregon, the 16th president of Indiana University, and the fourth president of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) of the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl H. Eigenmann</span> German-American ichthyologist

Carl Henry Eigenmann was a German-American ichthyologist of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who, along with his wife Rosa Smith Eigenmann, and his zoology students is credited with identifying and describing for the first time 195 genera containing nearly 600 species of fishes of North America and South America. Especially notable among his published papers are his studies of the freshwater fishes of South America, the evolution and systematics of South American fishes, and for his analysis of degenerative evolution based on his studies of blind cave fishes found in parts of North America and in Cuba. His most notable works are The American Characidae (1917–1929) and A revision of the South American Nematognathi or cat-fishes (1890), in addition to numerous published papers such as "Cave Vertebrates of North America, a study of degenerative evolution" (1909) and "The fresh-water fishes of Patagonia and an examination of the Archiplata-Archelenis theory" (1909).

Rosa Smith Eigenmann American ichthyologist

Rosa Smith Eigenmann was an American ichthyologist, as well as a writer, editor, former curator at the California Academy of Sciences, and the first librarian of the San Diego Society of Natural History. She "is considered the first woman ichthyologist in the United States." Eigenmann was also the first woman to become president of Indiana University's chapter of Sigma Xi, an honorary science society. She authored twelve published papers of her own between 1880 and 1893, and collaborated with her husband, Carl H. Eigenmann, as "Eigenmann & Eigenmann" on twenty-five additional works between 1888 and 1893. Together, they are credited with describing about 150 species of fishes.

Jordan High School (Long Beach, California) Public school in Long Beach, California, United States

Jordan High School is a public high school in Long Beach, California. It is part of the Long Beach Unified School District.

William Lowe Bryan

William Lowe Bryan was the 10th president of Indiana University, serving from 1902 to 1937.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael McRobbie</span> Australian–American computer scientist and university administrator

Michael Alexander McRobbie is an Australian–American computer scientist and university administrator. He served as the 18th president of Indiana University from 2007 to 2021. Upon stepping down from the IU presidency, McRobbie was replaced by Pamela Whitten, who became the 19th president of Indiana University on July 1, 2021. On July 1, 2021, he assumed the titles of university chancellor, president emeritus and university professor. He is the third person to serve as university chancellor in the university's more than 200-year-old history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Henry Gilbert</span> American ichthyologist

Charles Henry Gilbert was a pioneer ichthyologist and fishery biologist of particular significance to natural history of the western United States. He collected and studied fishes from Central America north to Alaska and described many new species. Later he became an expert on Pacific salmon and was a noted conservationist of the Pacific Northwest. He is considered by many as the intellectual founder of American fisheries biology. He was one of the 22 "pioneer professors" of Stanford University.

Joseph Lee Sutton was an American academic who served as the thirteenth president of Indiana University.

Joseph Swain (academic) American academic and ichthyologist

Joseph Swain served as the ninth president of Indiana University and also as the sixth president of Swarthmore College.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indiana University</span> Public university system in Indiana

Indiana University (IU) is a system of public universities in the U.S. state of Indiana.

Indiana Hoosiers baseball

The Indiana Hoosiers baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate athletic team of Indiana University Bloomington in Bloomington, Indiana, United States. The team competes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I and are members of the Big Ten Conference. The team plays at Bart Kaufman Field, which opened for the 2013 season.

Clear Creek (Salt Creek tributary) Creek in Monroe County, Indiana

Clear Creek is an American creek in Monroe County, Indiana. Flowing in the general south-western and southern direction, it is a tributary of Salt Creek, which in its turn flows into the East Fork of Indiana's White River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Main Quad (Stanford University)</span> University building

The Main Quadrangle, or more commonly Main Quad or simply Quad, is the heart and oldest part of Stanford University in California. The collection of connected buildings was started in 1887 and completed in 1906. The Quad was damaged in the 1906 earthquake, repaired, less severely damaged in an 1989 earthquake, and repaired again. The exteriors have remained almost the same since the beginning, though the interiors of most of the buildings have changed radically. The Main Quad is still used for its original purposes of teaching, research, and administration.

Oliver Peebles Jenkins was an American physiologist and histologist, mainly associated with Stanford University.

Mount Jordan

Mount Jordan is a remote 13,343-foot-elevation mountain summit located on the Kings–Kern Divide of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in Tulare County of northern California. It is situated on the shared boundary of Kings Canyon National Park with Sequoia National Park, 3.1 miles (5.0 km) southwest of Mount Stanford, and one mile west of Mount Genevra, which is the nearest neighbor. Topographic relief is significant as the north aspect rises 3,313 feet (1,010 meters) above Lake Reflection in 1.3 mile. Mount Jordan ranks as the 84th highest summit in California, and the fifth-highest peak on the Kings–Kern Divide.


  1. "David Starr Jordan '72" (PDF). Cornell Alumni News. I (6): 39, 43. May 10, 1899. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  2. David Starr Jordan The Blood of the Nation: A Study of the Decay of Races through the Survival of the Unfit. (copyright 1902, reprinted 1910) p 12 Archived October 30, 2020, at the Wayback Machine . The term "race" occurs more than 30 times in the short book. The term "eugenics" is not in there, but the basic concept is described.
  3. 1 2 3 Abrahamson, James L (1976). "David Starr Jordan and American Antimilitarism". The Pacific Northwest Quarterly . 67 (2): 76–87. JSTOR   40489774.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Johnston, Theresa (January–February 2010). "Meet President Jordan". Stanford Magazine. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Jordan, David Starr". The National cyclopaedia of American biography. Vol. 22. New York: James T. White & Company. 1932. pp. 68–70. Archived from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  6. "Medical Schools of the United States". Journal of the American Medical Association. 51 (7): 103–104. 1908. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.02540070033004. PMC   5213511 . PMID   29820858.
  7. Gutierrez-Romine, Alicia (2020). From back alley to the border : criminal abortion in California, 1920-1969. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN   978-1-4962-2313-5. OCLC   1192499443.
  8. Johnsson, L. (February 19, 2016). "Guest Opinion: The inconvenient truth about David Starr Jordan". Palo Alto Online . Embarcadero Media. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  9. Jordan, David Starr (1922). The Days of a Man. Vol. One. World Book Company. p. 132 via Internet Archive.
  10. "David Starr Jordan". Geni.com (wiki). Archived from the original on November 19, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 "David Starr Jordan Collected Papers (CDG-A), Swarthmore College Peace Collection". Swarthmore College . Archived from the original on April 14, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2008.
  12. Watson, James D. (2010). Avoid Boring People: Lessons from a Life in Science. p. 44. ISBN   9780375727146. Archived from the original on January 2, 2022. Retrieved January 2, 2022; 1st edition, Alfred A. Knopf, 2007{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  13. "David Starr Jordan". The Independent. July 13, 1914. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  14. Dulfer & Hoag (1925). Our Society Blue Book Archived 2009-05-25 at the Wayback Machine . San Francisco: Dulfer & Hoag, pp. 177–178.
  15. "Roster of Sierra Club Directors" (PDF). Sierra Club. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
  16. David Starr Jordan, The Human Harvest (Boston, 1907) p. 5 Archived April 7, 2022, at the Wayback Machine
  17. Jordan, D.S. (January 1906). "The Human Harvest". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 45 (182): 54–69. JSTOR   983679.
  18. Jordan, D.S. (October 1915). "War Selection in the Ancient World". The Scientific Monthly. 1 (1): 36–43. Bibcode:1915SciMo...1...36S. JSTOR   6241.
  19. Jordan, D.S. (February 1924). "The Last Cost of War". Advocate of Peace Through Justice. 86 (2): 110–114. JSTOR   20660507.
  20. Nye, Joseph (2005). Understanding International Conflicts: An Introduction to Theory and History. Longman. p. 6.
  21. Jordan, David Starr (1910). The Blood of the Nation. Boston: American Unitarian Association. p. 2. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2020 via Google Books.
  22. Jordan (Boston, 1907)
  23. David Starr Jorden, "The Days of Man" (Vol. 1) p. 11. Archived April 7, 2022, at the Wayback Machine
  24. Jordan, Blood of the Nation (Boston, 1910) p. 2 Archived April 7, 2022, at the Wayback Machine .
  25. Jordan, David Starr (September 4, 1922). The Days of a man v. 1. World Book Company. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2020 via Google Books.
  26. Jordan, David Starr (September 4, 1922). War and the Breed: The Relation of War to the Downfall of Nations. World Book. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved October 17, 2020 via Google Books.
  27. "Human Sterilization Today" Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine , Human Betterment Foundation, 1938.
  28. Black, E. (November 9, 2003). "Eugenics and the Nazis -- the California connection". San Francisco Chronicle . Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  29. McPhate, M. (December 20, 2016). "California Today: Wrestling With a Legacy of Eugenics". The New York Times . Archived from the original on December 23, 2016. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  30. 1 2 3 4 Romney, Lee (October 10, 2003). "The Alma Mater Mystery". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  31. Morris, A. D. (2004). "Review of The Mysterious Death of Jane Stanford" (PDF). Hawaiian Journal of History. Hawaiian Historical Society. 38: 195–197. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  32. 1 2 Cutler, Robert W. P. (August 1, 2003). The Mysterious Death of Jane Stanford. Stanford University Press. ISBN   978-0-8047-4793-6. OCLC   52159960. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  33. 1 2 Carnochan, W. B. (Summer 2003). "The Case of Julius Goebel: Stanford, 1905". American Scholar . Phi Beta Kappa. 72 (3): 95–108. JSTOR   41221161.
  34. Jordan (1922). The Days of a Man. Yonkers-on-Hudson, N.Y.: World Book Co., pp. 156-157.
  35. Wolfe, Susan (September–October 2003). "Who Killed Jane Stanford?". Stanford Magazine. Stanford University. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  36. Butler College Alumni Directory 1856-1912. Butler University. 1912. p. 43. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  37. Saulnier, Beth (May 15, 2008). "CAM Online Exclusive ? Faculty Reject Honorary Degrees". Cornell Alumni Magazine. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  38. "Honorary Degrees Awarded". Johns Hopkins University. Archived from the original on February 21, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  39. "University Honors & Awards". Indiana University. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  40. 1 2 3 Gardner, Martin. (1957). Preface. In Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science . Dover Publications. ISBN   0-486-20394-8
  41. Stableford, Brian M. (2006). Science Fact and Science Fiction: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 410. ISBN   0-415-97460-7
  42. Miller, Lulu (2020). Why fish don't exist : a story of loss, love, and the hidden order of life. Kate Samworth. New York, NY. ISBN   978-1-5011-6027-1. OCLC   1105945963.
  43. Guérard, Albert (1926). "Eric Knight Jordan". Sigma Xi Quarterly. 14 (2): 55–56.
  44. Guérard, Albert (1926). "Eric Knight Jordan, 1903–1926". Copeia . 152 (152): S1. Bibcode:1926Sci....63..327G. doi:10.1126/science.63.1630.327. JSTOR   1437277. PMID   17810424.
  45. Hanna, G. Dallas (1926). "Expedition to the Revillagigedo Islands, Mexico, in 1925. General Report". Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences . Series 4. 15 (1): 1–113. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  46. "Dr. David Starr Jordan Dies; Family With Educator As Passes Away: Fifth Attack Ends an Illness of Two Years". Healdsburg Tribune . No. 269. September 19, 1931. p. 1. Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2018 via California Digital Newspaper Collection. David Starr Jordan, chancellor emeritus of Stanford university, died at 9:45 a.m. today. A stroke suffered yesterday, his fifth in two years, hastened the noted educator's death. Mrs. Jordan, a son and a daughter, were at the bedside when death came.
  47. John W. Van Cott (1990). Utah Place Names: A Comprehensive Guide to the Origins of Geographic Names : a Compilation. University of Utah Press. pp. 207–208. ISBN   978-0-87480-345-7. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  48. "Mountain Peak Is Named for Jordan" . Bakersfield Californian . February 8, 1926. p. 2. Alternate Link via NewspaperArchive.com.
  49. Jordan, David Starr (April 16, 1926). "Mount Jordan". Science . 63 (1633): 402. doi:10.1126/science.63.1633.402. PMID   17817312.
  50. Brune, Michael (July 22, 2020). "Pulling Down Our Monuments". Sierra Club . Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  51. Jackson, Frances; et al. (1975). Papers of the Ad Hoc Committee on Preservation of Campus Plantings (PDF). University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa (Report). Archived (PDF) from the original on June 1, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  52. "UH Mānoa · Campus Plant Collections". University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa . Archived from the original on May 14, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
  53. "NOAA Ship DAVID STARR JORDAN". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on February 13, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  54. "NOAA Ship David Starr Jordan". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on October 16, 2014.
  55. Kadvany, Elena (March 28, 2018). "School board votes to rename schools after Frank Greene, Ellen Fletcher: Divisive, years long debate ends with final decision Tuesday night". Palo Alto Weekly . Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  56. Kelly, Kevin (March 28, 2018). "Palo Alto: Middle schools to be named after Frank Greene Jr., Ellen Fletcher: Terman Middle School will be renamed in honor of Ellen Fletcher, Jordan Middle will be renamed after Frank Greene Jr., putting end to controversy". San Jose Mercury News . Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  57. Ashoke, Sohini & Lee, Amanda (March 31, 2017). "Board cuts eugenicist ties with vote to rename schools". Gunn Oracle. Archived from the original on November 2, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  58. Sahakyan, Marian (April 22, 2019). "Burbank school board votes to change name of David Starr Jordan Middle School". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  59. Paredes, Lisa (March 5, 2021). "Jordan Renamed To Dolores Huerta Middle School". My Burbank. Archived from the original on March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  60. "School Will Bear Name of David Starr Jordan". Indianapolis Star . January 2, 1934. p. 12. ProQuest   1890057301. David Starr Jordan is the name for the high school to be built soon at North Long Beach.
  61. Guardabascio, Mike (August 6, 2020). "After renewed cry for change, LBUSD reconvenes committee to examine school names". Long Beach Post. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  62. Rosenfeld, David (July 12, 2020). "Push On To Rename Schools, Including In Long Beach". Grunion. Archived from the original on August 5, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  63. Blume, Howard (October 8, 2020). "Watts' Jordan High cuts association with promoter of eugenics but keeps partial name". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  64. Tat, Linh (October 9, 2020). "LAUSD removes eugenicist from name of L.A.'s Jordan High: Renaming of campus buildings a growing trend amid racial justice movement". Los Angeles Daily News . Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  65. Annual Report of the President of the University for the Twenty Sixth Academic Year ending July 31st, 1917. Stanford University. 1917. Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved July 9, 2018 via Google Books.
  66. Peacock, Chris (October 7, 2020). "Stanford will rename campus spaces named for David Starr Jordan and relocate statue depicting Louis Agassiz: President Marc Tessier-Lavigne and the Board of Trustees approved a campus committee's recommendation both to remove Jordan's name from campus spaces and to take steps to make his multifaceted history better known. Stanford also will relocate a statue of Agassiz". Stanford News. Archived from the original on October 15, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  67. Espinosa, Michael; Zaidel, Benjamin (October 7, 2020). "Stanford to rename spaces honoring David Starr Jordan, founding president and noted eugenicist: Statue of Jordan's mentor Louis Agassiz also to be relocated". Archived from the original on October 15, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  68. Reports of the Advisory Committee on renaming Jordan Hall and removing the statue of Louis Agassiz (PDF). Stanford University (Report). September 14, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 14, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
  69. "To Dedicate New IU Biology Hall Friday" . Palladium-Item . June 4, 1956. p. 1. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 10, 2018 via Newspapers.com. The David Starr Jordan Hall of Biology, a $3,800,000 building to house natural science classrooms and laboratories, will be dedicated Friday afternoon on the Indiana University campus. The building is named for a 19th century Zoology professor who became president of the university.
  70. Kimberling, Clark. "David Starr Jordan Landmarks on the campus of Indiana University, Bloomington". University of Evansville. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012.
  71. "Jordan River". Indiana Alumni Magazine. Vol. 18. June 1956. p. 7.
  72. Reschke, Michael (October 2, 2020). "IU board approves removing Jordan name from building, river, parking garage" . The Herald-Times . Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  73. Berman, Eric (October 2, 2020). "IU Removes Name of Eugenics Advocate From Campus Buildings". WIBC (FM) . Archived from the original on October 5, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  74. Report and Recommendations (PDF). The Committee to Review Namings in Honor of Indiana University's Seventh President David Starr Jordan (Report). September 1, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 15, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  75. "IU biology staff want building named for noted Black teacher". WRTV . August 27, 2021. Archived from the original on January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  76. McGerr, Patrick (August 26, 2021). "Petitioners want IU building named for James Holland, biology pioneer". The Herald-Times . Archived from the original on January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  77. "President McRobbie to recommend removal of Jordan namings on IU Bloomington campus". IU News. September 24, 2020. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  78. Askins, Dave (October 8, 2020). Taliaferro Avenue floated as new name for city street that cuts through IU campus, part of effort to remove Jordan namings. B Square Beacon. Archived from the original on October 22, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  79. Pebworth, Hugh (April 22, 2021). "City of Bloomington to rename Jordan Avenue, create task force with IU". Indiana Daily Student . Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
  80. Garber, Cameron (September 15, 2021). "City of Bloomington to rename Jordan Avenue after important African American family". Indiana Daily Student . Archived from the original on September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  81. Feickert, Beth (December 3, 2021). "Jordan Avenue to be renamed in honor of Eagleson family". Indisana University. Archived from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  82. Gilley, Sean (December 3, 2021). "IU-owned section of Jordan Avenue to be renamed Eagleson Avenue". Indiana Daily Student . Archived from the original on December 4, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  83. "International Study Abroad Scholarship Application" (PDF). Indiana University South Bend . January 17, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 11, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  84. "The David Starr Jordan Prize". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  85. "IU, Stanford and Cornell name Jordan Prize recipient". Indiana Daily Student . February 10, 2015. Archived from the original on October 19, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  86. "Front side of The David Starr Jordan Prize". Archives Photograph Collection. Indiana University Bloomington. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  87. "Guide to the David Starr Jordan Papers". Stanford University archives. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  88. Cherry, W B; Gorman, G W; Orrison, L H; Moss, C W; Steigerwalt, A G; Wilkinson, H W; Johnson, S E; McKinney, R M; Brenner, D J (February 1982). "Legionella jordanis: a new species of Legionella isolated from water and sewage". J Clin Microbiol. 15 (2): 290–297. doi:10.1128/JCM.15.2.290-297.1982. PMC   272079 . PMID   7040449.

Further reading

David Starr Jordan
Portrait of David Starr Jordan.jpg
1stChancellor of Stanford University
In office
1913 (1913)–1916 (1916)
Academic offices
Preceded by President of Indiana University
Succeeded by
New office President of Stanford University
Succeeded by
New office Chancellor of Stanford University
Title next held by
Ray Lyman Wilbur