Dawes Arboretum

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The Dawes Arboretum
ASG view July (Large).JPG
The All Seasons Garden
Dawes Arboretum
Location Newark, Ohio
Coordinates 39°58′44″N82°25′01″W / 39.979027°N 82.417055°W / 39.979027; -82.417055 Coordinates: 39°58′44″N82°25′01″W / 39.979027°N 82.417055°W / 39.979027; -82.417055
Area1,910 acres
CreatedJune 1, 1929
Visitors267,000
OpenAll year (except New Year's Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas)
Plants16,828
Website https://dawesarb.org/
The Daweswood House in Summer DWH 7.06.JPG
The Daweswood House in Summer

The Dawes Arboretum is a nonprofit arboretum located in Newark, Ohio. It includes nearly 2,000 acres (8 km2) of plant collections, gardens and natural areas. The site includes approximately 12 miles (19 km) of hiking trails and roadways for a four-mile (6 km) driving tour. [1]

Contents

History

Beman Dawes was born in 1870 and grew up in Marietta, Ohio. His father ran a lumber business and also served one term as a U.S. Representative. Bertie Burr was born in 1872 in Lincoln, Nebraska. Her father served as mayor of Lincoln and as a U.S. Senator. The two married in 1894 and eventually had five children. [2]

Around 1917, the couple bought a 140-acre farm in Licking Township and dubbed it "Daweswood." The farm served as a retreat for the family, who also had a home in Columbus, and a place to nurture trees and plant specimens collected from around the world. The arboretum had doubled in size by the time it was officially founded in 1929. Beman and Bertie Dawes created the foundation "to encourage the planting of forest and ornamental trees ... to give pleasure to the public and education to the youth." [3]

Dawes Arboretum was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016. [4] Around 270,000 visitors a year come to the park. [5]

Beginning in 2019, Dawes Arboretum plans to charge admission to visitors for the first time in the organization's history. [6]

Features

The Dawes Arboretum's features more than 15,000 living trees, shrubs, flowers and other plants, [7] as well as the Daweswood House Museum, which features Dawes family memorabilia and antiques. [8]

The grounds include a number of gardens and natural areas. The Japanese Garden, designed by landscape architect Dr. Makoto Nakamura in 1963, includes a reflecting pond and meditation area. [9]

The arboretum features one of the northernmost native bald-cypress swamps in North America, which visitors can walk through on a boardwalk. Jefferson salamander and spotted salamanders are present in the swamp from late winter through spring. [10]

The Dutch Fork Wetlands is a 70-acre wetland and grassland ecosystem located on the arboretum grounds. The original wetlands and habitats disappeared and changed due to years of agriculture practice. The area was restored into a diverse ecosystem, and mammals, birds and insects make the wetlands their home. Visitors either explore the wetlands alone or take a guided tour. [11]

Plant collections

The collection includes buckeye, chestnut, conifer, holly and oak specimens, as well as three nationally accredited tree collections, as recognized by the Plant Collections Network: [12]

The Arboretum in Winter TDA ice sign.JPG
The Arboretum in Winter

The arboretum has hosted more than 100 tree dedications since 1927. Among the Ohioans who have trees dedicated to them on the grounds are athlete Jesse Owens, astronaut John Glenn, inventors Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright, and author Julie Zickefoose. [14]

See also

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References

  1. "The Dawes Arboretum". Explore Licking County. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  2. "Dawes Family". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  3. "Arboretum History". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  4. "National Register of Historic Places Program: Dawes Arboretum". National Park Service. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  5. Hendrix, Sheridan (8 October 2018). "Grandson of founders disagrees with plan for Dawes Arboretum admission fees". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  6. Lanka, Benjamin (25 September 2018). "Dawes Arboretum to begin charging admission in spring". Newark Advocate. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  7. "Maps". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  8. "Daweswood". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  9. "Garden Gateway". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  10. "Garden Gateway". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  11. "Dutch Fork Wetlands". dawesarb.org. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  12. "ArbNet: The Dawes Arboretum". www.arbnet.org. ArbNet.
  13. "Dawes Arboretum". www.publicgardens.org. American Public Gardens Association. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  14. "Tree Dedicators". Dawes Arboretum. Dawes Arboretum. Retrieved 4 December 2018.