Map of Afghanistan with Daikundi highlighted
|• Governor||Sayed Anwar Rahmati|
|• Total||18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-DAY|
|Main languages||Dari (Hazaragi dialect)|
Daykundi (Dari/Pashto: دایکندی), also spelled as Daikundi, Daikondi or Dai Kundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 516,504, which is a Hazara Province.
Daykundi Province falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazarajat and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Bamyan Province in the northeast, Ghazni Province in the southeast, Urozgan Province in the south, Helmand Province in the southwest, and Ghor Province in the northwest.
Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Oruzgan province.
The province maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military.
While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the provinceand Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive.
In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilise the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents.
The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter."In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province.
In June 2015, Masooma Muradi was chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province. The provincial Police Chief, who leads the regular Afghan National Police (ANP), is responsible for all law enforcement activities. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull.
After Masuma Moradi was chosen as governor there came Engineer Mahmoud Baligh; and in December 2018 Sayed Aala Rahmati.
Daikundi has a lot of famous writers, researchers, artists, athletes, authors, story writers, for example:
There are four radio stations in Daykundi: Sadaye Nili, Nasim, Aftab and Milli Radio.
As of 2020, the total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 516,504,which is mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up the majority of the total population of the province. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari or Hazaragi.
Daikundi province has 9 districts: Nili, Sangi Takht, Khadir, Ishtarlay, Miramor, Shahristan, Kajran, Kiti, and Pato. Gizab District used to be in Daykundi, but moved to Urozgan.
|District||Capital||Population||Area||Number of villages and ethnic groups|
|Ashtarlay||62,244||1,360 km2||343 villages. Hazaras|
|Khedir||54,368||1,583 km2||294 villages. Hazaras|
|Kitti||57,421||887 km2||196 villages. Hazaras|
|Miramor||87,526||2,363 km2||326 villages. Hazaras|
|Nili||Nili||43,580||445 km2||165 villages. Hazaras|
|Sang Takh||60,074||1,945 km2||Hazaras|
|Shahristan||82,152||1,963 km2||290 villages. Hazaras|
Agriculture is the main industry of the province. It is well known for its high-quality almonds, which are distributed throughout Afghanistan.
The Hazaras are a Persian-speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
Hazāristān or Hazārajāt (هزارهجات) is a mountainous region in the central highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba mountains in the western extremities of the Hindu Kush. It is the homeland of the Hazara people who make up the majority of its population. "Hazārajāt denotes an ethnic and religious zone." Hazarajat is primarily made up of the provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi, Ghor and parts of northern Ghazni, Urozgan, Parwan and Maidan Wardak. The most populous towns in Hazarajat are Bamyan, Yakawlang (Bamyan), Nili (Daykundi), Lal wa Sarjangal (Ghor), Sang-e-Masha (Ghazni), Gizab (Urozgan) and Behsud. The Kabul, Farah, Hari, Murghab, Balkh and Kunduz rivers originate from Hazarajat.
Uruzgan, also spelled as Urozgan or Oruzgan, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. Uruzgan is located in the center of the country. The population is 333,500, and the province is mostly a tribal society. Tarinkot serves as the capital of the province.
Ashtarlay is a district in the Daykundi Province of Afghanistan, located in the isolated central part of the country. It was created in 2005 from Daykundi district. The population of Ashtarlay is made up of Afghanistan's ethnic Hazaras.
Nili is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. The main town in the district, also called Nili, serves as the capital of Daykundi Province. The town of Nili has a small airport (heliport) with a gravel runway and a commercial radio station. The weather conditions in the winter are severe and the roads are difficult.
Sangi Takht or Sang‐e‐Takht is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from Daykundi district.
Dushi district is located in the central part of Baghlan Province, Afghanistan. It lies on the major Kabul-Kunduz highway. The population of the district was estimated to be around 57,160 in 2004. Hazaras are around 60% of the population and make up the majority in the district, followed by Tajiks (39%). The centre of the district is Dushi. Dushi was considered contested between the Afghan Government and the Taliban in late 2018.
Sabari District is situated in the northwest part of Khost Province, Afghanistan. It borders Musa Khel District to the west, Paktia Province to the north, Bak District to the east and Tere Zayi and Khost districts to the south. Sabari District has its own governor, who is appointed by the serving governor of Khost Province, and the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) are responsible for all law enforcement activities.
Daizangi also spelled as Dai Zangi,, is one of the major tribe of the Hazaras of Hazarajat in central Afghanistan. They inhabit the Bamyan, Yakawlang, Panjab and Waras districts of Bamyan Province, the Shahristan in Daikundi Province, Lal Wa Sarjangal District in Ghor Province and the Gizab District in Uruzgan Province. They are said to be the largest tribe of the Hazaras. The 19th-century Hazara Mir Elkhani, Mir Naser Beg, Mir (Chieftain) Mir Azeem Beg was the mir of the Daizangi who led the final battle of the Hazaras against Abdur Rahman Khan in the battle of Urozgan. He was exiled to Bokhara in present day Uzbekistan, where he wrote his memoirs "Yad e Guzishta", Memories of the past. Most Notable person from the Daizangi tribe is General Khudadad Khan.Their subtribes include the Bubali, Gedi, Kamyaba, Kut-daghi, Khushamadi, Kirigu, Miramur, Qaraqul Daghi, Sag Deh, Sag Jui, Sag-Pae, Sehpai, Takana, Takash, Urarus, and Yangur.
Daikundi also spelled as Dai Kundi, is one of the major tribes of the Hazara people of Hazarajat, located in central Afghanistan. They live in Daikundi Province and the Lal Wa Sarjangal, Chaghcharan, Dawlatabad, Charsadda and Pasaband districts of Ghor Province. Daikundis remained secluded and unhinged from the devastation and the resulting uprooting of different Hazara tribes, after the Battle of Uruzgan.
Markaz-i Bihsūd District is one of the districts of Maidan Wardak Province in Afghanistan. It is located less than an hour-drive west of Kabul and south Bamyan. The main town in the district is Behsud. The district has an estimated population of 134,852 people, majority of which are ethnic Hazaras.
Chal District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. It was considered to be largely under control of the Afghan government in 2018.
Nili is the capital city of Nili District in Daykundi Province of Afghanistan. The town of Nili is at 2,022 m altitude. The Nili Airport is located next to the town. The weather conditions in the winter are severe and the roads are difficult.
The Bacha Ghulam,, is a tribe of Hazara people, largely found in Sangi Takht District of Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. The name seems to mean “son of the manor.” They are a subtribe of the Dai Zangi.
Qurban Ali Urozgani was the previous governor of Daykundi Province of Afghanistan. He was selected as governor by President Karzai in April 2010. He belongs to Hazara ethnic of Afghanistan.
Muhammad Sarwar Danish, is an Afghan politician who has been Second Vice President of Afghanistan since 2014. He previously served as Acting Minister of Justice from 2004 to 2010 and as Acting Minister of Higher Education from 2010 to 2014. When Daykundi province was carved out of Urozgan province in 2004, Danish became its first Governor.
The 2015 Zabul beheading refers to the killing of seven Afghan Shia Hazaras on 9 November 2015 in the southern Afghan province of Zabul.
Asadullah Sa'adati is an ethnic Hazara politician in Afghanistan, born on 2 April 1974 in Daykundi. He is the representative of this province during the 16th term of Afghanistan Parliament.
Mahmoud Baligh is a politician from Afghanistan. He is the former governor of Daykundi province. Baligh was appointed governor of Daykundi on July 26, 2017 instead of Masooma Muradi. On November 22, 2018 Sayed Anwar Rahmati was appointed as the new governor of Daykundi inplace of him.
The Tabassum movement was a grassroots protest movement in Afghanistan that held several protests in Kabul and other Afghan cities in mid-November 2015, following the execution by an armed opposition group of nine-year old Shukria Tabassum and six other Hazaras around 9 November 2015. The protests were ethnically diverse, had strong participation and leadership by women, and avoided concentration of leadership.
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