Daykundi Province

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Daykundi

دایکندی
AH-64 Apache in Daykundi-2012.jpg
A U.S. Apache shooting flares over a valley in the Daykundi Province in April 2012.
Daykundi in Afghanistan.svg
Map of Afghanistan with Daikundi highlighted
Coordinates: 33°45′N66°15′E / 33.75°N 66.25°E / 33.75; 66.25 Coordinates: 33°45′N66°15′E / 33.75°N 66.25°E / 33.75; 66.25
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Established2004
Capital Nili
Government
  Governor Sayed Anwar Rahmati
Area
[1]
  Total18,088 km2 (6,984 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [2]
  Total525,529
Time zone UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 code AF-DAY
Main languages Dari (Hazaragi dialect)
Website daikundi.gov.af

Daykundi (Dari/Pashto: دایکندی), also spelled as Daikundi, Daikondi or Dai Kundi, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 516,504, [3] which is a Hazara Province.

Contents

Daykundi Province falls into the traditionally ethnic Hazara region known as the Hazarajat and the provincial capital is Nili. It is surrounded by Bamyan Province in the northeast, Ghazni Province in the southeast, Urozgan Province in the south, Helmand Province in the southwest, and Ghor Province in the northwest.

History

Daykundi was established on March 28, 2004, when it was created from the isolated Hazara-dominated northern districts of neighboring Oruzgan province.

Development and security

The province maintains its own security through the Afghan police and military. [4]

While the Government of Afghanistan, NGOs, the United Nations, and NATO's ISAF forces have had little involvement in reconstruction in the province, there have been some initiatives. Following heavy rainfall and flooding in February 2007 the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA) opened a sub-office in the province [5] and Oxfam, one of the few NGOs operating in the province, described UNAMA's input into coordinating flood relief as impressive. [5]

In November 2007 a World Food Programme convoy carrying mixed food aid was forced to abandon its mission due to security concerns and Afghanistan's Interior Ministry confirmed that Taliban insurgents had infiltrated the southern district of Kajran in a bid to destabilise the province. On 11 November 2007 Afghan forces launched a military operation to drive out the insurgents. [6]

The United States began building new government institutions in the province. The insurgency problem and shortage of food continued until 2012. Several government officials have warned in October 2012 that "If the government or NGOs (non-governmental organization) do not address the situation with proper assistances, Daikundi would witness many deaths this winter." [7] In the meantime, a rebel leader along with his 150 fighters joined the government-initiated peace drive in Nili, capital of Daikundi province. [8]

Governance

In June 2015, Masooma Muradi was chosen as the Governor of Daikundi Province. The provincial Police Chief, who leads the regular Afghan National Police (ANP), is responsible for all law enforcement activities. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabull.

After Masuma Moradi was chosen as governor there came Engineer Mahmoud Baligh; and in December 2018 Sayed Aala Rahmati.

Culture

Daikundi has a lot of famous writers, researchers, artists, athletes, authors, story writers, for example:

Media

There are four radio stations in Daykundi: Sadaye Nili, Nasim, Aftab and Milli Radio.

Demographics

As of 2020, the total population of Daykundi province is estimated to around 516,504, [3] which is mostly a rural tribal society. The ethnic Hazaras make up the majority of the total population of the province. All the inhabitants follow Islam, with Shi'as the majority and Sunnis as the minority. Languages spoken in the province include Dari or Hazaragi.

Districts

Daikundi province has 9 districts: Nili, Sangi Takht, Khadir, Ishtarlay, Miramor, Shahristan, Kajran, Kiti, and Pato. Gizab District used to be in Daykundi, but moved to Urozgan. [9]

Ethnolinguistic groups of Afghanistan US Army ethnolinguistic map of Afghanistan -- circa 2001-09.jpg
Ethnolinguistic groups of Afghanistan
Men of Daykundi province in 2009 The Hazara people of Daykundi in September 20, 2009.jpg
Men of Daykundi province in 2009
Districts of Daykundi Province
DistrictCapitalPopulation [10] AreaNumber of villages and ethnic groups
Ashtarlay 62,2441,360 km2343 villages. Hazaras [11]
Kijran 37,7101,886 km2Hazaras [11]
Khedir 54,3681,583 km2294 villages. Hazaras [11]
Kitti 57,421887 km2196 villages. Hazaras [11]
Miramor 87,5262,363 km2326 villages. Hazaras [11]
Nili Nili 43,580445 km2165 villages. Hazaras [12]
Sang Takh 60,0741,945 km2Hazaras [11]
Shahristan 82,1521,963 km2290 villages. Hazaras [11]
Pato40,454

Economy

Agriculture is the main industry of the province. It is well known for its high-quality almonds, which are distributed throughout Afghanistan.

See also

Related Research Articles

Hazaras Persian-speaking people, native to central Afghanistan

The Hazaras are a Persian-speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.

Hazarajat region in Afghanistan central highlands

Hazāristān or Hazārajāt (هزاره‌جات) is a mountainous region in the central highlands of Afghanistan, among the Koh-i-Baba mountains in the western extremities of the Hindu Kush. It is the homeland of the Hazara people who make up the majority of its population. "Hazārajāt denotes an ethnic and religious zone." Hazarajat is primarily made up of the provinces of Bamyan, Daykundi, Ghor and parts of northern Ghazni, Urozgan, Parwan and Maidan Wardak. The most populous towns in Hazarajat are Bamyan, Yakawlang (Bamyan), Nili (Daykundi), Lal wa Sarjangal (Ghor), Sang-e-Masha (Ghazni), Gizab (Urozgan) and Behsud. The Kabul, Farah, Hari, Murghab, Balkh and Kunduz rivers originate from Hazarajat.

Uruzgan Province Province of Afghanistan

Uruzgan, also spelled as Urozgan or Oruzgan, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. Uruzgan is located in the center of the country. The population is 333,500, and the province is mostly a tribal society. Tarinkot serves as the capital of the province.

Ishtarlay District District in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan

Ashtarlay is a district in the Daykundi Province of Afghanistan, located in the isolated central part of the country. It was created in 2005 from Daykundi district. The population of Ashtarlay is made up of Afghanistan's ethnic Hazaras.

Nili District District in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan

Nili is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. The main town in the district, also called Nili, serves as the capital of Daykundi Province. The town of Nili has a small airport (heliport) with a gravel runway and a commercial radio station. The weather conditions in the winter are severe and the roads are difficult.

Sangi Takht District District in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan

Sangi Takht or Sang‐e‐Takht is a district in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. It was created in 2005 from Daykundi district.

Dushi District District in Baghlan Province, Afghanistan

Dushi district is located in the central part of Baghlan Province, Afghanistan. It lies on the major Kabul-Kunduz highway. The population of the district was estimated to be around 57,160 in 2004. Hazaras are around 60% of the population and make up the majority in the district, followed by Tajiks (39%). The centre of the district is Dushi. Dushi was considered contested between the Afghan Government and the Taliban in late 2018.

Sabari District Place in Khost, Afghanistan

Sabari District is situated in the northwest part of Khost Province, Afghanistan. It borders Musa Khel District to the west, Paktia Province to the north, Bak District to the east and Tere Zayi and Khost districts to the south. Sabari District has its own governor, who is appointed by the serving governor of Khost Province, and the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) are responsible for all law enforcement activities.

Daizangi (Hazara tribe)

Daizangi also spelled as Dai Zangi,, is one of the major tribe of the Hazaras of Hazarajat in central Afghanistan. They inhabit the Bamyan, Yakawlang, Panjab and Waras districts of Bamyan Province, the Shahristan in Daikundi Province, Lal Wa Sarjangal District in Ghor Province and the Gizab District in Uruzgan Province. They are said to be the largest tribe of the Hazaras. The 19th-century Hazara Mir Elkhani, Mir Naser Beg, Mir (Chieftain) Mir Azeem Beg was the mir of the Daizangi who led the final battle of the Hazaras against Abdur Rahman Khan in the battle of Urozgan. He was exiled to Bokhara in present day Uzbekistan, where he wrote his memoirs "Yad e Guzishta", Memories of the past. Most Notable person from the Daizangi tribe is General Khudadad Khan.Their subtribes include the Bubali, Gedi, Kamyaba, Kut-daghi, Khushamadi, Kirigu, Miramur, Qaraqul Daghi, Sag Deh, Sag Jui, Sag-Pae, Sehpai, Takana, Takash, Urarus, and Yangur.

Daikundi also spelled as Dai Kundi, is one of the major tribes of the Hazara people of Hazarajat, located in central Afghanistan. They live in Daikundi Province and the Lal Wa Sarjangal, Chaghcharan, Dawlatabad, Charsadda and Pasaband districts of Ghor Province. Daikundis remained secluded and unhinged from the devastation and the resulting uprooting of different Hazara tribes, after the Battle of Uruzgan.

Markazi Bihsud District Place in Maidan Wardak, Afghanistan

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Chal District District in Takhār, Afghanistan

Chal District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. It was considered to be largely under control of the Afghan government in 2018.

Nili, Afghanistan City in Daykundi Province, Afghanistan

Nili is the capital city of Nili District in Daykundi Province of Afghanistan. The town of Nili is at 2,022 m altitude. The Nili Airport is located next to the town. The weather conditions in the winter are severe and the roads are difficult.

The Bacha Ghulam,, is a tribe of Hazara people, largely found in Sangi Takht District of Daykundi Province, Afghanistan. The name seems to mean “son of the manor.” They are a subtribe of the Dai Zangi.

Qurban Ali Urozgani

Qurban Ali Urozgani was the previous governor of Daykundi Province of Afghanistan. He was selected as governor by President Karzai in April 2010. He belongs to Hazara ethnic of Afghanistan.

Sarwar Danish Afghan politician

Muhammad Sarwar Danish, is an Afghan politician who has been Second Vice President of Afghanistan since 2014. He previously served as Acting Minister of Justice from 2004 to 2010 and as Acting Minister of Higher Education from 2010 to 2014. When Daykundi province was carved out of Urozgan province in 2004, Danish became its first Governor.

2015 Zabul beheading

The 2015 Zabul beheading refers to the killing of seven Afghan Shia Hazaras on 9 November 2015 in the southern Afghan province of Zabul.

Asadullah Saadati

Asadullah Sa'adati is an ethnic Hazara politician in Afghanistan, born on 2 April 1974 in Daykundi. He is the representative of this province during the 16th term of Afghanistan Parliament.

Mahmoud Baligh is a politician from Afghanistan. He is the former governor of Daykundi province. Baligh was appointed governor of Daykundi on July 26, 2017 instead of Masooma Muradi. On November 22, 2018 Sayed Anwar Rahmati was appointed as the new governor of Daykundi inplace of him.

The Tabassum movement was a grassroots protest movement in Afghanistan that held several protests in Kabul and other Afghan cities in mid-November 2015, following the execution by an armed opposition group of nine-year old Shukria Tabassum and six other Hazaras around 9 November 2015. The protests were ethnically diverse, had strong participation and leadership by women, and avoided concentration of leadership.

References

  1. "Statoids" . Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  2. "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
  3. 1 2 "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2020-21" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, National Statistics and Information Authority. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  4. "Daykundi province reaches out for unity across Afghanistan | ISAF - International Security Assistance Force". Isaf.nato.int. Archived from the original on 2012-04-29. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
  5. 1 2 "UN Office For The Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs : UNAMA Facing New Humanitarian Challenges". Irinnews.org. 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  6. John Pike (2007-11-14). "UN-OCHA Integrated Regional Information Networks : Insecurity Stops Food Aid to a Day Kundi District". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  7. Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-28). "Winter food crisis looms over Daikundi". Afghanistan Analysts Network . Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  8. Hadi Ghafari (2012-10-30). "150 rebels in Daikundi give up insurgency". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  9. "Afghanistan District Maps". arcgis.com. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  10. "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "DaiKundi Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development . Retrieved 2012-10-28.
  12. Nili District