De Danske Sukkerfabrikker (lit. 'the Danish Sugar Factories') was a Danish sugar manufacturing company established in 1872 in Copenhagen, Denmark. It played a central role in the development of a thriving Danish sugar industry based on sugar beets from Lolland-Falster, Møn and Funen. The company merged with Danisco and De Danske Spritfabrikker in 1989. It then continued as Danisco Sugar Sector until 2011, when it was acquired by Nordzucker and renamed Nordic Sugar.
The Danish Sugar Museum in Nakskov contains an exhibition about the history of the company. A number of historic factories and warehouses have survived. These include a monumental warehouse at Applebys Plads in Copenhagen.
De Danske Sukkerfabrikker was founded at the initiative of Carl Frederik Tietgen on 20 April 1872. The newly established company acquired two existing sugar refineries in Copenhagen from Det kjøbenhavnske Skibsrederi, a subsidiary of H. Puggaard & Co.. One of them was the Phønix Sugar Refinery (Rafinaderiet Phønix) on Slotsholmen (Slotsholmsgade/Christians Brygge) and the other was the Helsingørsgade Sugar Refinery, located in the former Helsingørsgade street, between Adelgade and Borgergade.
The first board consisted of Tietgen (chairman), Gustav Brock, E. J. Hvidt, Hans Peter Ingerslev, Tage Reedtz-Thott, Sehestedt-Juul. Det kjøbenhavnske Skibsrederi led by Rudolph Puggaard, was charged with handling the daily operations while Tietgen convinced the engineer Gustav Adolph Hagemann to join the company as chief technical officer. Puggaard was succeeded by Carl Gammeltoft as managing director of the company in 1881.The company H. Puggaard & Co., the parent company of
The company was initially dependent on raw sugar from the Danish West Indies. Hagemann was sent to Saint Croix to reorganize the sugar cane industry. St. Croix Fællessukkerkogeri started operations in 1878 and the last technical challenges were solved when Hagemann visited St. Croix for the third time in 1879.
Since its foundation, De Danske Sukkerfabrikker invested heavily in developing a local sugar industry based on sugar beets from Funen, Lolland-Falster and Møn. The construction of a large new sugar factory in Odense began in 1872. The competing Højbygaard Sugar Factory at Holeby on Lolland was acquired in 1880. A sugar factory in Nakskov was constructed in 1882 and followed by two new sugar factories in Stege and Assens in 1894.
Lyngby Sugar Factory was acquired in 1903; Maribo Sugar Factory, founded just one year earlier, was acquired in 1908, and the Store Larsbjørnsstræde Sugar Refinery in Copenhagen was acquired in 1910.
The sugar refinery in Helsingørsgade was destroyed by fire in 1912. A new large sugar factory was then built on Applebys Plads. It also replaced the sugar refinery in Store Larsbjørnsstræde which closed in 1914.
A new sugar factory in Saxkøbing opened in 1910 and Sukkerfabrikken Vestsjælland (renamed Gørlev Sugar Factory) was acquired in 1934.
De Danske Sukkerfabrikker merged with Danisco (founded in 1934 by the Dansk Handels- og Industri Compagni, which was founded in 1923) and De Danske Spritfabrikker (founded in 1881).
Nakskov is a town in south Denmark. It is situated in Lolland municipality in Region Sjælland on the western coast of the island of Lolland. The town has a population of 12,546. To the west is Nakskov Fjord, an inlet from the Langeland Belt (Langelandsbælt) that runs between the islands of Lolland and Langeland. Nakskov Fjord is a wildlife reserve, known for its bird life.
Falster is an island in south-eastern Denmark with an area of 486.2 km2 (187.7 sq mi) and 43,398 inhabitants as of 1 January 2010. Located in the Baltic sea, it is part of Region Zealand and is administered by Guldborgsund Municipality. Falster includes Denmark's southernmost point, Gedser Odde, near Gedser.
Danisco A/S is a Danish bio-based company with activities in food production, enzymes and other bioproducts as well as a wide variety of pharmaceutical grade excipients. It was formed in 1989 from the largest Danish industrial merger ever of the two old C.F. Tietgen companies Danish Sugar, and Dansk Handels- og Industri Company.
Lolland municipality is a municipality in Region Sjælland in Denmark. According to Municipal And Regional Key Figures (www.noegletal.dk) it covers a total area of 885.40 km² and has a population of 40,241. The western part of Guldborgsund Municipality, the southernmost in Denmark, occupies the eastern part of the island (Østlolland).
Carl Frederik Tietgen was a Danish financier and industrialist. He played an important role in the industrialisation of Denmark as the founder of numerous prominent Danish companies, many of which are still in operation today. Tietgen notably formed conglomerates, thus several of Tietgen's companies attained monopoly-like status, cementing their durability.
Lolland is the fourth largest island of Denmark, with an area of 1,243 km2 (480 sq mi). Located in the Baltic Sea, it is part of Region Sjælland. As of 1 January 2013, it has 62,578 inhabitants.
La Grange is a settlement on the island of Saint Croix in the United States Virgin Islands.
Applebyes Plads is a triangular area located between Langebro Bridge and the southernmost portion of Christianshavn Canal at the southern tip of the Christianshavn neighbourhood in Copenhagen, Denmark. The area takes its name from Peter Applebye, Christian VI's rope maker, who ran his manufactury from the site in the late 18th century, although no buildings remain from that time. The Danish Sugar Factories' building along the waterfront dates from 1912 while the rest of the grounds have undergone residential redevelopment in later years.
Holger Aagaard Hammerich was a Danish engineer and politician for the party Højre. He played a significant role in the foundation of the Freeport of Copenhagen in the 1890s as well as in the planning of rail lines and stations in Copenhagen. He was a member of the Danish Parliament from 1890 until his death in 1915 and represented his party in the negotiations leading up to the amendment of the Danish Constitution in 1915.
Lauritz Peter Holmblad, often referred to as L. P. Holmblad, was a Danish industrialist and philanthropist. His company, which was simply known as L. P. Holmblad, had activities in dyes, soap, glue and plating cards. Holmblad was also part of the circle around Carl Frederik Tietgen, co-founding several of his companies.
Nordzucker AG, headquartered in Braunschweig, Germany, is Europe’s second largest sugar manufacturer. The production of sugar, liquid sugars and other specialities for the application in the nutrition, beverage and sweets industry as well as other sugar specialities like refined sugar, icing sugar, lump sugar, preserving sugar, tea sugars, organic sugar and flavoured sugars for consumers are the core business of the company. In addition to that, Nordzucker produces animal feed and bioethanol from sugar beet. In the 2020/2021 financial year, the company produced 2.7 million tons of sugar from sugar beet and 0.7 million tons of sugar from sugar cane. Sales added up to EUR 1.67 billion and net income came to EUR 66 million.
Slotsholmsgade is a street which runs along the rear side of Børsen on Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Located next to the Danish parliament building Christiansborg, most of the buildings in the street house government offices. Several of them date from the 17th and 18th century and are listed.
Sylow-Tournament was a knockout association football competition contested annually between 1918 and 1926, organised by the Danish FA (DBU), which determined the championship of the representative teams, referred to as Sylow-teams, of the six Danish regional football associations. The competition was held between the selected teams of Copenhagen FA, Funen FA, Jutland FA, Lolland-Falster FA and Zealand FA for the first three seasons (1918–1920), before being joined by the Bornholm FA team in 1921 and eventually an additional Copenhagen FA team exclusively composed of players from the KBUs A-række competing in 1926. The 1926 season became the last edition of the Sylow Tournament, which was abolished and replaced by a year-long league format for clubs, known as Danmarksmesterskabsturneringen i Fodbold, the following season. The competition was created in 1918 after a proposal from the chairman of the Danish FA, Louis Østrup, modelled after the Landsfodboldturneringen, and named after a previous chairman of the national organisation, Ludvig Sylow.
Hans Puggaard was a Danish merchant and shipowner who founded H. Puggaard & Co. in 1813. The company became a leading wholesaler of grain and was also active in the market for import of goods such as coffee and especially sugar. Puggaard was also an important philanthropist dedicating much of his fortune to social causes.
Rudolph Puggaard was a Danish merchant, patron of the arts and philanthropist.
Gustav Adolph Hagemann was a Danish engineer and businessman. He was chief technical officer of the Danish Sugar Factories from 1872 to 1897 and then served as chairman of the board until 1916. He owned several sugar plantations on Saint Croix in the Danish West Indies.
Højbygaard Sugar Factory was built in 1872–74 at Holeby on Lolland in southeastern Denmark. It was one of the first modern sugar factories built for the country's emerging sugar beet industry. It was taken over by De Danske Sukkerfabrikker in 1877 and operated until 1959. The buildings were then acquired by De Forenede Papirfabrikker and operated as a paper mill under the name Højbygaard Papirfabrik from 1960 to 1993.
Erhard Frederiksen was a Danish agronomist and sugar manufacturer. He is considered one of the most significant writers on agricultural economics of his time in Denmark. He was in 1872-74 a co-founder of a sugar factory at Holeby on Lolland which was later taken over by the Danish Sugar Factories under the name Højbygaard Sugar Factory.
Philip Wulff Heyman was a Jewish Danish industrialist who co-founded the Tuborg Brewery. He was also a pioneer of Danish butter and bacon exports to the United Kingdom.
The Danish football league system, also known as the football league pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league structure for association football in Denmark, in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. Within men's association football, the top two professional levels contain one division each. Below this, the semi-professional and amateur levels have progressively more parallel divisions, which each cover progressively smaller geographic areas. The top four tiers are classed as nationwide, while the fifth tier and below are classed provincial leagues. Teams that finish at the top of their division at the end of each season can rise higher in the pyramid, while those that finish at the bottom find themselves sinking further down. In theory it is possible for even the lowest local amateur club to rise to the top of the system and become Danish football champions one day. The number of teams promoted and relegated between the divisions varies, and promotion to the upper levels of the pyramid is usually contingent on meeting additional criteria, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances.
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