De La Salle Brothers

Last updated

Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools
Latin: Institutum Fratrum Scholarum Christianarum
French: Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes
AbbreviationFSC [1]
NicknameLasallians [2]
Formation1725(298 years ago) (1725)
Founder Jean-Baptiste de la Salle
Founded at Rheims, Kingdom of France
TypeLay religious congregation of pontifical right (for men)
HeadquartersVia Aurelia 476, Rome, Italy [2]
3,329 members as of 2020
Secretary General
Br. Antxon Andueza, FSC [3]
Br. Armin A. Luistro, F.S.C. [4] [3]
Vicar General
Br. Carlos Gabriel Gómez Restrepo, FSC [5]
Latin: Signum Fidei
English:Sign of Faith
Main organ
Parent organization
Catholic Church
Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, the founder of the De La Salle Brothers John baptist de la salle 1.jpg
Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, the founder of the De La Salle Brothers

The De La Salle Brothers, officially named the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Latin : Fratres Scholarum Christianarum; French : Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes; Italian : Fratelli delle Scuole Cristiane) abbreviated FSC, is a Catholic lay religious congregation of pontifical right for men founded in France by Jean-Baptiste de La Salle (1651–1719), and now based in Rome, Italy. The De La Salle Brothers are also known as the Christian Brothers (sometimes by Lasallian organisations themselves [6] ), French Christian Brothers, or Lasallian Brothers. The Lasallian Christian Brothers are distinct from the Congregation of Christian Brothers, often also referred to as simply the Christian Brothers, or Irish Christian Brothers. [7] The Lasallian Brothers use the post-nominal abbreviation FSC to denote their membership of the order, and the honorific title Brother, abbreviated "Br."


In 2021 the La Salle Worldwide website stated that the Lasallian order consists of about 3,000 Brothers, who help in running over 1,100 education centers in 80 countries with more than a million students, together with 90,000 teachers and lay associates. [8] There are La Salle educational institutions in countries ranging from impoverished nations such as Nigeria to post-secondary institutions such as Bethlehem University (Bethlehem, Palestine), Manhattan College (New York City), US, College Mont La Salle (Ain Saadeh, Lebanon), and La Salle University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US). [9] The central administration of the Brothers operates out of the Generalate in Rome, Italy and is made up of the Superior General and his councillors.[ citation needed ]

A number of Lasallian institutions have been accused of, and have admitted and apologised for, long-standing and serious physical and sexual abuse against their charges.


Historical numbers

In March, 1679, Jean-Baptiste de La Salle met Adrian Nyel in a chance encounter at the Convent of the Sisters of the Infant Jesus. Nyel asked for La Salle's help in opening free schools for the poor boys in Reims. A novitiate and normal school were established in Paris in 1694. [10] La Salle spent his life teaching poor children in parish charity schools. The school flourished and widened in scope; in 1725, six years after La Salle's death, the society was recognised by the pope, under the official title of "Brothers of the Christian Schools". [11] La Salle was canonised as a saint on 15 May 1900. In 1950 Pope Pius XII declared him to be the "Special Patron of All Teachers of Youth in the Catholic Church".[ citation needed ]

The order, approved by Pope Benedict XIII in 1725, [12] rapidly spread over France. It was dissolved by a decree of the National Assembly set up after the French revolution in February 1790, but recalled by Napoleon I in 1804 and formally recognised by the French government in 1808. Since then its members penetrated into nearly every country of Europe, Africa, America, Asia and Australia. [13]

The order

As religious, members take the three usual vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. [12] The Institutes headquarters is in Rome, Italy. The order has five global regions: North America (Région Lasallienne de l’Amérique du Nord, RELAN), Asia/Oceania (Pacific-Asia Regional Conference, PARC), Europe/Mediterranean (Région Lasallienne Européenne-Méditerranéenne, RELEM), Africa (Région Lasallienne Africano-Malgache, RELAF), and Latin America (Region Latinoamericana Lasallista, RELAL). [14]

During the International Year of Literacy/Schooling (1990), the Unesco awarded the Noma Literacy Prize to Lasallian Institutions.

The order says that its key principles are faith, proclamation of the gospel, respect for all people, quality education, concern for the poor and social justice. [15]

In 2017 the Institute had 3,800 brothers, 75% fewer than in 1965. The decline is due partly to many brothers reaching retirement age, and the small number of new recruits. In the same period the number of students in Lasallian schools increased from about 700,000 to over a million. [16]

Superiors General

The following have served as Superior General of the De La Salle Brothers:



La Salle initiated a number of innovations in teaching. He recommended dividing up of the children into distinct classes according to their attainments. He also taught pupils to read the vernacular language. [12]

In accordance with their mission statement "to provide a human and Christian education ... especially [to] the poor" the Brothers' principal activity is education, especially of the poor. In 2021 the La Salle Worldwide website stated that the Lasallian order consists of about 3,000 Brothers, who help in running over 1,100 education centers in 80 countries with more than a million students, together with 90,000 teachers and lay associates. [8]


Protection of the environment

English Lasallian lay brother and missionary Paul McAuley went to Peru in 1995 as part of his ministry in the Brothers of the Christian Schools, and set up a school in a poor shantytown in Lima; after a few years he was honoured with the British award of MBE for his work. He gave the award away and said that he would otherwise have returned it in protest at British companies' activities in the rainforest. In 2000, he founded the La Salle Intercultural Student Community, a hostel for indigenous schoolchildren in Belén, a neighbourhood of the jungle city of Iquitos. He helped tribes in the Amazon rainforest to fight against oil and gas companies expanding into the rainforest; local news media described him as a "Tarzan activist", "white terrorist" and "incendiary gringo priest". In July 2010, the Peruvian government revoked his residency permit for participating in activities "such as protest marches and other acts against the Peruvian state which constitute a breach of public order". He fought the expulsion in Peruvian courts and won his right to stay. [22] [23]

On 2 April 2019, his dead body was discovered in the hostel in Iquitos; his body had been burned after his death. Peru's episcopal conference praised McAuley and called on the authorities to investigate the crime. [24]

Other activities

Investment services

In 1981, the Institute started Christian Brothers Investment Services, a "socially responsible investing service" exclusively for Catholic organisations, and that it "encourage[s] companies to improve policies and practices through active ownership". [25]


The Brothers arrived in Martinez, California, US, on the southern edge of the Carquinez Strait, part of the greater San Francisco Bay in 1868. In 1882 they began making wine for their own use at table and as sacramental wine. They also began to distill brandy, beginning with the pot-still production method that is used in the cognac region. [26] Their production expanded until 1920, when prohibition limited their production to wines for sacramental use.

In 1932, at the end of Prohibition, they relocated the winery to the Mont La Salle property in the Napa Valley and continued making wine, in larger quantities. In 1935 Brother Timothy Diener became wine master, and he served in this position for 50 years. [27] In the 1950s they acquired Greystone Cellars near St. Helena, California. Varietal wine was made at the Napa Valley facility, generic wine and brandy were produced at Reedley in the San Joaquin Valley, and barrel ageing was handled at Greystone. [26]

The Christian Brothers winery operated under the corporate name "Mont La Salle Vineyards". In 1988 the winery employed 250 people and produced 900,000 cases of wine, 1.2 million cases of brandy, and 80,000 cases of altar wine. Proceeds from sales helped to fund the Christian Brothers programs and schools, such as Cathedral High School in Los Angeles, and the care of ageing Brothers. [28]

In 1989 the company was sold to Heublein, Inc. The sacramental wine brand was purchased by four former Christian Brothers winery executives who carry on the production as a non-profit under the name "Mont La Salle Altar Wines". The Brothers retained the Mont La Salle property and have a retreat located there. [26]

Child sexual abuse

In the Northern Ireland Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry (HIA), an inquiry into institutional sexual and physical abuse in Northern Ireland institutions that were in charge of children from 1922 to 1995, [29] the De La Salle Brothers admitted in 2014 to the abuse of boys at two institutions: the former De La Salle Boys' Home Rubane House in Kircubbin, County Down, and St Patrick's Training School in west Belfast, and apologised to its victims. The order accepted that one of its earliest overseers engaged in sexual offences. [30] Representing the de la Salle order, Kevin Rooney QC said the brothers recognised that some of their members had caused "immense pain" to children which was "in contradiction to their vocation". [31] Senior Counsel Christine Smith QC said, "...[T]hose homes operated as outdated survivors of a bygone age." [32]

According to Tom O'Donoghue, in contrast to the more elite boarding school, "...schools for the lower social orders usually had the highest pupil-teacher ratios, resulting in many turning to corporal punishment as a behavioural management strategy". He also notes, " ...they were often... placed in charge of huge numbers of children from troubled backgrounds at a time when there was no professional child-care training." [33]

The Inquiry's first public hearings were held from January to May 2014 with the inquiry team reporting to the Executive by the start of 2016[ needs update ]. [29] Module 3: De La Salle Boys Home at Rubane House, Kircubbin, started on 29 September 2014 and was completed on 17 December, [34] when the chairman paid tribute to the victims who testified. By October 2014 about 200 former residents of Rubane House made allegations of abuse, and 55 alleged that they themselves were physically or sexually abused. Billy McConville, orphaned when his mother Jean McConville was abducted and shot by the IRA in 1972, waived anonymity and described repeated sexual and physical abuse, and starvation, at Rubane House. [35] During the inquiry counsel for the De La Salle order said compensation had been paid, and accepted that some members had abused young boys at the home, but that the order believed that some claims "did not take place". [36]

Brother Francis Manning FSC said that the order welcomed the inquiry. [37] Before the abuse issue had become public a Brother wrote in a letter to an alleged abuser "It is best forgotten and I have told some brothers that no reference is to be made to it among themselves or the boys. The whole affair is best dropped with the prayer that all will learn that lesson that our holy rule is very wise in its prescriptions". The order conducted dozens of internal interviews in this case, but did not report the matter to police. [38] [39]

On 11 March 2022 statements of apology were made in the Northern Ireland Assembly by ministers from the five main political parties in Northern Ireland and by representatives of six institution where abuse had taken place, including Br Francis Manning representing the De La Salle Brothers. [40] Several abuse survivors and their family members were critical of the apologies that were made by the institutional representatives. [41]

In the 1960s the deputy headmaster of St Gilbert's approved school (for young minor offenders) run by Brothers from the De La Salle order in Hartlebury, Worcestershire, England, was convicted of six counts of sexually abusing boys at the school. He was subsequently reinstated as a teacher at another school. In 2014, former pupils of the school described "a 30-year campaign of sadistic and degrading abuse" including rapes and beatings. [42] A headmaster, a deputy headmaster, and Brothers were reported to have been among those responsible. Police launched an investigation into allegations of abuse at the school between the 1940s and 1970s after former pupils were interviewed by BBC Hereford and Worcester, and documents intended to be unavailable until 2044 were released under the Freedom of Information Act 2000. In 2017 and 2018 two former staff members were tried for serious sexual offences, assault causing actual bodily harm, and child cruelty. They were acquitted of all charges other than three charges of child cruelty against one of the defendants, on which the jury was unable to reach a verdict. [43] Other, named, abusers were reported to have died. [42]

There were other cases with many victims in countries including Scotland (St Ninian's in Gartmore, Stirlingshire; St Joseph's in Tranent; St Mary's in Bishopbriggs), [44] Australia, [45] [46] and Ireland. [47] Serious and detailed allegations about decades-old abuse have been reported in the US, with several lawsuits being settled in favour of victims. [48] [49] [50] [51] After the scandal became widely known, branches of the Order apologised, publicly or to individual victims, for several of these cases. [42] [45] [47] At St William's residential school in Market Weighton, England, between 1970 and 1991 many boys were abused; 200 now-adult men have said they were abused. Abusers including the principal, James Carragher, were imprisoned in 2004 for past sexual abuse at the home. Five victims started High Court action for compensation in 2016. Four of the cases were dismissed in December 2016 The De La Salle order repeated their apologies for and condemnation of the abuse. [52] In Australia the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, [53] which started in 2013, reported in December 2013 that in the period 1 January 1996 to 30 September 2013, 2,215 complaints of abuse were received by the Catholic Church's Towards Healing programme, mostly relating to 1950–1980. "The Church authority with the largest number of complaints was the Christian Brothers, followed by the Marist and then the De La Salle Brothers. The most common positions held by the Church personnel and employees subject to a Towards Healing complaint at the time of the alleged incident were religious brother (43% of all complaints), diocesan priest (21% of all complaints) and religious priest (14% of all complaints)." [54]

Investigations and trials continued into 2022 involving a number of other schools [55] and the De La Salle order has only apologised where they have been legally found guilty and not where the allegations haven't been prosecuted. This had brought about a widespread condemnation from former, allegedly abused pupils who lack the evidence to bring about a prosecution. [56]

Lasallian Saints and Blesseds



See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle University</span> Catholic research university in the Philippines

De La Salle University, also referred to as DLSU, De La Salle or La Salle, is a private, Catholic coeducational research university run by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools in Taft Avenue, Malate, Manila, Philippines. It was established by the Christian Brothers in 1911 as the De La Salle College (DLSC) in Nozaleda Street, Paco, Manila with Blimond Pierre Eilenbecker, FSC serving as director, and is the first De La Salle school in the Philippines. The college was granted university status on February 19, 1975, and is the oldest constituent of De La Salle Philippines (DLSP), a network of 16 educational institutions, established in 2006 replacing the De La Salle University System.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kircubbin, County Down</span> Human settlement in Northern Ireland

Kircubbin is a village and townland in County Down, Northern Ireland. The village had a population of 1,153 people in the 2011 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marist Brothers</span> Consecrated religious congregation in the Catholic Church

The Marist Brothers of the Schools, commonly known as simply the Marist Brothers, is an international community of Catholic religious institute of brothers. In 1817, Marcellin Champagnat, a Marist priest from France, founded the Marist Brothers with the goal of educating young people, especially those most neglected. While most of the brothers minister in school settings, others work with young people in parishes, religious retreats and spiritual accompaniment, at-risk youth settings, young adult ministry and overseas missions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Congregation of Christian Brothers</span> Religious community within the Catholic Church

The Congregation of Christian Brothers is a worldwide religious community within the Catholic Church, founded by Blessed Edmund Rice.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Lipa</span> Private institution

De La Salle Lipa, also known by its acronym DLSL, is a private Catholic Lasallian basic and higher educational institution run by the De La Salle Brothers of the Philippine District Of the Christian Brothers in Lipa City, Batangas, Philippines and was founded in 1962. It is one of the third generation of La Salle schools founded by the Catholic religious congregation De La Salle Brothers in the Philippines: La Salle Academy-Iligan in 1958, La Salle Green Hills (Mandaluyong) in 1959, Saint Joseph School-La Salle in 1960 and De La Salle Lipa in 1962.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Santiago Zobel School</span> School in Muntinlupa, Metro Manila, Philippines

The De La Salle Santiago Zobel School, also referred to by its acronym DLSZ or De La Salle Zobel, is a private Catholic basic education institution for boys and girls run by the Philippine District of the De La Salle Brothers in Muntinlupa, Metro Manila, Philippines. It was opened in 1978 by the De La Salle Brothers because of the increasing number of students in the grade school department of the former De La Salle College in Manila.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle College (Toronto)</span> Independent day school in Farnham Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

De La Salle College "Oaklands" is an independent, co-educational, Catholic college preparatory institution run by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools in Toronto, Ontario. Founded by the Christian Brothers in 1851, it offers a rigorous liberal arts education from grades 5 through 12, consistent with its Lasallian traditions and values.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lasallian educational institutions</span> Roman Catholic educational institutions

Lasallian educational institutions are educational institutions affiliated with the De La Salle Brothers, a Roman Catholic religious teaching order founded by French priest Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, who was canonized in 1900 and proclaimed by Pope Pius XII as patron saint of all teachers of youth on May 15, 1950. In regard to their educational activities the Brothers have since 1680 also called themselves "Brothers of the Christian Schools", associated with the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools; they are often referred to by themselves and others by the shorter term "Christian Brothers", a name also applied to the unrelated Congregation of Christian Brothers or Irish Christian Brothers, also providers of education, which commonly causes confusion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chan Sui Ki (La Salle) College</span> Government funded anglo-chinese boys school in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Chan Sui Ki College ; also referred to by its acronym CSKLSC is a private, Catholic, Anglo-Chinese boys' secondary school in Ho Man Tin, Kowloon, Hong Kong. It was established by the Christian Brothers, a Roman Catholic religious teaching order in 1969.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Araneta University</span> Lasallian university in Malabon City, Philippines

De La Salle Araneta University, also referred to by its acronym, is a private Catholic Lasallian co-educational basic and higher education institution supervised by the Philippine District of the De La Salle Christian Brothers in Malabon, Metro Manila, Philippines. It was established in 1946 in Bulacan and named Araneta Institute of Agriculture. It was then transferred to the city of Malabon the year after. In 1978 it was renamed the Gregorio Araneta University Foundation. Integration of the university with the DLS System started in 1987 until 2002 when it officially became a member of the system. It is the fifth university in the De La Salle schools network. The university specializes in Veterinary Medicine and Agricultural Sciences. It is a member of De La Salle Philippines, a network of several Lasallian educational institutions within the Lasallian East Asia District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Philippines</span>

De La Salle Philippines (DLSP), established in 2006, is a network of Lasallian educational institutions within the Lasallian East Asia District established to facilitate collaboration in the Lasallian Mission and the promotion of the Spirit Of Faith, Zeal For Service and Communion In Mission. There are currently sixteen Lasallian Educational Institutions in the Philippines. De La Salle Philippines replaced the De La Salle University System which was established under the presidency of Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC in 1987 as a response to the rapid expansion of Lasallian educational institutions nationwide. De La Salle Philippines is a member of a network of over 1,100 Lasallian educational institutions in 80 countries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Andres Soriano Memorial College</span> Private institution

The De La Salle Andrés Soriano Memorial College, also known by its acronym DLSASMC, is a private Catholic Lasallian basic and higher education institution run by the De La Salle Brothers of the Philippine District of the Christian Brothers in Lutopan, Toledo, Cebu, Philippines. It was opened in 1965. The college campus occupies 6.9 hectares. The institution is named in memory of Andrés Soriano, Sr., a prominent Filipino businessman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Salle University (Ozamiz)</span>

La Salle University Ozamiz is a private Catholic Lasallian coeducational basic and higher education institution run by the Philippine District of the Christian Brothers in Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental Philippines. It is a member of De La Salle Philippines, a network of Lasallian educational institutions within the Lasallian East Asia District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jaime Hilario Integrated School – La Salle</span> Private, non-stock, school in Sitio Looc, Brgy. Banawang, Bagac, Bataan, Philippines

Jaime Hilario Integrated School – La Salle is a Lasallian co-educational primary and secondary school located in Bagac, Bataan, in the Philippines. It was opened by the De La Salle Brothers in 2006 to cater to the farming and fishing community. It is the 16th school of De La Salle Philippines, a network of Lasallian schools in the Philippines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Armin Luistro</span> Former Secretary of Education of the Philippines

Brother Armin Altamirano Luistro, FSC is a Filipino Lasallian Brother who served as secretary of the Department of Education of the Philippines under President Benigno Aquino III. Luistro entered De La Salle Scholasticate in Manila on April 1979 while he was studying in De La Salle University (DLSU). He received the religious habit of the congregation on October 1981 at the La Salle Novitiate in Lipa. He professed his first religious vows on October 1982, and his final vows on May 1988.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of De La Salle University</span>

The history of De La Salle University dates back to 1911, when the Christian Brothers opened the De La Salle College (DLSC) in Nozaleda Street, Paco, Manila, Philippines. It is the first La Salle school established by the Christian Brothers in the Philippines, and the oldest constituent of De La Salle Philippines (DLSP), a network of 16 Lasallian educational institutions established in 2006 replacing the De La Salle University System.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De La Salle Supervised Schools</span> Network of Lasallian private schools

The De La Salle Supervised Schools is a network of Lasallian private schools in the Philippines under the wing of the Lasallian Schools Supervision Services Association, Inc. (LASSSAI) through its mission arm, the Lasallian Schools Supervision Office (LASSO).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. Benilde School</span> School

St. Benilde School, officially St. Benilde School, Inc. or colloquially known as Benilde, is a Private Catholic High school and Elementary school in Lasalleville, Mansilingan, Bacolod, Philippines. It is one of the Lasallian educational institutions in the country. Benilde underwent through the supervision of University of St. La Salle and the De La Salle Brothers, and is now a member of Association of Lasallian Affiliated Schools (ALAS), a network of Lasallian private schools. The school serves the community of students from neighboring subdivisions such as Lasalleville, St. Benilde Homes, Grandville, Hillside, Forest Hills, and Regent Pearl. It was founded as a La Salle School by Br. Rolando Dizon FSC, a past President of De La Salle University, Manila, in 1987.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern Ireland Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry</span> Legal inquiry

The 2014–2016 Northern Ireland Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry, often referred to as the HIA Inquiry, is the largest inquiry into historical institutional sexual and physical abuse of children in UK legal history. Its remit covers institutions in Northern Ireland that provided residential care for children from 1922 to 1995, but excludes most church-run schools.

The Sisters of St Louis (SSL) is a Roman Catholic religious order of nuns. It traces its origins back to Juilly, France in 1842. It originally included men as well as women but subsequently became a women-only order. It is a relatively small order with a total of 450 members distributed across branches in Ireland, France, Belgium, United States and Africa.


  1. "Identity & Mission". De La Salle Philippines. 2019.
  2. 1 2 Lasalians, De La Salle Brothers
  3. 1 2 "Members of the La Salle 46th General Chapter". n.d. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  4. 1 2 "Election of the new Superior General of the Brothers of the Christian Schools". La Salle Worldwide. Rome. 18 May 2022.
  5. "Elección del Hermano Vicario General – La Salle | 46th General Chapter" . Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  6. "The Christian Brothers at La Salle University". La Salle University. Retrieved 29 September 2020. The Christian Brothers are at the heart of everything
  7. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christian Brothers of Ireland". The Advent. Retrieved 29 September 2020. The schools of the Irish Christian Brothers are of many types ... the Christian Brothers' schools ...
  8. 1 2 "The International Lasallian Mission". La Salle Worldwide. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. Morgan, G., F.S.C., Lasallian Education – 150 Years in Toronto, 2001.
  10. Anderson, Gerald H., ed. (1998). "La Salle, Jean Baptiste de". Biographical dictionary of Christian missions. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. p. 384. ISBN   0-02-864604-5. OCLC   36017191 via Google Books.
  11. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "La Salle, St Jean Baptiste de". Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 231.
  12. 1 2 3 Paul Joseph, Brother. "Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 26 January 2016
  13. C. Moe, "Hardly a soft landing: the first Australian foundation of the De La Salle Brothers – Armidale 1906", Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society vol 28 (2007), pp. 67–73.
  14. "Regions – Christian Brothers Conference". Lasallian Region of North America. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  15. "5 Core Principles – Christian Brothers Conference". Lasallian Region of North America. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  16. Susan Klemond (6 January 2016). "Christian brother reflects on life, future of Lasallian tradition". Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  17. "Death of Br. John Johnston". Lasallian Family - Hong Kong. Retrieved 20 February 2021. Brother John Johnston FSC Died October 11, 2007
  18. "HGS - Hermanas Guadalupanas de La Salle". Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  19. ""La Salle Sisters", La" . Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  20. "Lasallian Volunteers – what lvs do". Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  21. "Lasallian Volunteers – benefits". Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  22. "Christian Brother found dead in Peru". The La Salle Collegian. Philadelphia: La Salle University. 92 (20): 3. 11 April 2019.
  23. de Jersey, Marc (30 July 2010). "English Brother risks all for the Indians". Catholic Herald. Reissued 3 April 2019
  24. Collyns, Dan (5 April 2019). "Peru: British environmental activist was dead before his body was burned". The Guardian.
  25. "CBIS: Overview" (PDF). Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  26. 1 2 3 Berger, Dan (17 May 1989). "Christian Bros. Winery Is Sold to Heublein". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  27. Saekel, Karola (3 December 2004). "Christian Brother Timothy -- pioneer in wine industry". SFGATE. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  28. "Since 1882". Mont La Salle Altar Wines. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  29. 1 2 "Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry - the background". BBC News. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  30. "Rubane House 'like Hell upon Earth' for 69-year-old branded a liar for reporting his abuse as boy". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  31. Connolly, Maeve (15 January 2014). "De La Salle brothers apologise for abuse". The Irish News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  32. The Guardian newspaper, 14 January 2014
  33. Tom O'Donoghue (2012). Catholic Teaching Brothers: Their Life in the English-Speaking World, 1891–1965. Palgrave Macmillan US. p. 179. ISBN   978-1-137-26905-8.
  34. "Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry tribute to witnesses". BBC News. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  35. "ITVX - The Streaming Home For All Of ITV And So Much More!". ITVX. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  36. "HIA: De La Salle order 'to protect innocent brothers' from Rubane House". BBC News. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  37. De La Salle Order Briefing. Inquiry into Historical Institutional Abuse Bill - Official Report (Hansard) (Report). The Northern Ireland Assembly -Committee for the Office of the First Minister and the deputy First Minister. 19 September 2012.
  38. Catholic Universe: Abuse cases ‘best forgotten’, De La Salle brother decreed, 3 October 2014 [ permanent dead link ]
  39. "Rubane House: Sex abuse inquiry 'best forgotten' said senior cleric". BBC News. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  40. McCormack, Jayne; Andrews, Chris (11 March 2022). "Abuse survivors hear Stormont public apology". BBC News.
  41. Connolly, Gráinne; Glynn, Niall; McCauley, Ciaran (11 March 2022). "Abuse survivors apology delivered at Stormont (reported live)". BBC News.
  42. 1 2 3 BBC News:Hymns and screams: Abuse at St Gilbert's approved school revealed, 1 December 2014. BBC News
  43. "Former St Gilbert's headteacher cleared of child cruelty". BBC News. 7 November 2018.
  44. "The Scotsman, Executive fights to halt £8.5m claim from abused former pupils, 17 January 2006" . Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  45. 1 2 "Two female victims received an official apology but not much compensation". Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  46. "Catholic church appears before Australian Royal Commission into sexual abuse". Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  47. 1 2 ie/rpt/01-01.php Government of Ireland:Establishment of the Commission to Inquire into Child Abuse (CICA):The De La Salle Brothers, 1.129–1.131
  48. NEELA BANERJEE (25 December 2004). "$6.3 Million to Be Paid to Settle Abuse Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  49. La Salle alumnus alleges sex abuse, 22 September 2014 Troy, New York
  50. John Simerman (26 June 2009). "Former De La Salle teacher faces new sexual abuse allegations in Minnesota". Mercury News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  51. PATRICK CONDON (7 December 2010). "Top Catholic School Program Concealed Sexual Abuse Knowledge". Huffington Post (from AP). Archived from the original on 7 March 2016.
  52. "Victims take church to court over St William's school sex abuse". BBC News. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  53. Final Report (Report). Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse. Retrieved 14 December 2015. Page with links to full final report.
  54. Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse at Sydney, Australia, PUBLIC HEARING INTO THE RESPONSE OF TOWARDS HEALING, paragraph 56, 9 December 2013
  55. Hunt, Jane (19 November 2021). "Former RE teacher to face trial over sex assault charges". East Anglian Daily Times.
  56. "St Joseph's College". Pat Mills. Retrieved 5 November 2019.