Deansgate railway station

Last updated
Deansgate National Rail logo.svg Metrolink generic.png
Knott Mill Station - geograph.org.uk - 1447337.jpg
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority City of Manchester
Coordinates 53°28′27″N2°15′03″W / 53.4742°N 2.2508°W / 53.4742; -2.2508 Coordinates: 53°28′27″N2°15′03″W / 53.4742°N 2.2508°W / 53.4742; -2.2508
Grid reference SJ834975
Operations
Station codeDGT
Managed by Northern
Number of platforms2
DfT category D
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase2.svg 0.371 million
2014/15Increase2.svg 0.373 million
2015/16Increase2.svg 0.390 million
2016/17Increase2.svg 0.421 million
2017/18Decrease2.svg 0.420 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Greater Manchester
History
Original company Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway
Pre-groupingManchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway
Post-groupingManchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
20 July 1849 (1849-07-20)Opened as Knot Mill and Deansgate
?Renamed Knott Mill and Deansgate
3 May 1971Renamed Deansgate
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Deansgate from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Deansgate is a railway station in Manchester city centre, England, approximately 1,100 yards (1 km) west of Manchester Piccadilly in the Castlefield area, at the junction of Deansgate and Whitworth Street West. It is part of the Manchester station group.

Manchester city centre central business district of the City of Manchester, England

Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.

Manchester Piccadilly station railway station in Manchester, England

Manchester Piccadilly is the principal railway station in Manchester, England. Opened as Store Street in 1842, it was renamed Manchester London Road in 1847 and Manchester Piccadilly in 1960. Located to the south-east of Manchester city centre, it hosts long-distance intercity and cross-country services to national destinations including London, Birmingham, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Cardiff, Bristol, Exeter, Plymouth, Reading, Southampton, and Bournemouth; regional services to destinations in Northern England including Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield, Newcastle and York; and local commuter services around Greater Manchester. It is one of 19 major stations managed by Network Rail. The station has 14 platforms, twelve terminal and two through platforms. Piccadilly is also a major interchange with the Metrolink light rail system with two tram platforms in its undercroft.

Castlefield human settlement in United Kingdom

Castlefield is an inner city conservation area of Manchester in North West England. The conservation area which bears its name is bounded by the River Irwell, Quay Street, Deansgate and Chester Road. It was the site of the Roman era fort of Mamucium or Mancunium which gave its name to Manchester. It was the terminus of the Bridgewater Canal, the world's first industrial canal, built in 1764; the oldest canal warehouse opened in 1779. The world's first passenger railway terminated here in 1830, at Liverpool Road railway station and the first railway warehouse opened here in 1831.

Contents

It is linked to Deansgate-Castlefield tram stop and the Manchester Central Complex by a footbridge built in 1985; Deansgate Locks, The Great Northern Warehouse and the Museum of Science and Industry are also nearby.

Deansgate-Castlefield tram stop

Deansgate-Castlefield is a tram stop on Greater Manchester's Metrolink light rail system, on Deansgate in the Castlefield area of Manchester city centre. It opened on 27 April 1992 as G-Mex tram stop, taking its name from the adjacent G-Mex Centre, a concert, conference and exhibition venue; the G-Mex Centre was rebranded as Manchester Central in 2007, prompting the Metrolink stop to be renamed on 20 September 2010. The station underwent redevelopment in 2014–15 to add an extra platform in preparation for the completion of the Second City Crossing in 2016–17.

The platforms are elevated, reached by lift or stairs, or by the walkway from the Manchester Central Complex. The ticket office, staffed full-time, is between street and platform levels. There are no ticket barriers, although manual ticket checks take place on a daily basis.

It is on the Manchester to Preston and the Liverpool to Manchester lines, both heavily used by commuters. Most tickets purchased by passengers to Deansgate are issued to Manchester Stations or Manchester Central Zone, therefore actual usage is not reflected in these statistics, due to the difficulty in splitting the ticket sales correctly between the four grouped stations (Piccadilly, Victoria, Oxford Road and Deansgate).

History

The original station buildings were situated on Hewitt Street. [1] The station was opened as Knot Mill and Deansgate on 20 July 1849 by the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway [2] (MSJAR) near the Manchester terminus ('the Knot Mill station' [3] ) of the Bridgewater Canal from which in 1849 travellers could catch a fast packet which could get them to Liverpool in four and a half hours for as little as sixpence. [4] [5] (The fare was anomalously low because of a temporary outbreak of competition between the canal and the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR); [6] it was back up to sixteen pence by 1853). [7]

Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway

The Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJ&AR) was a suburban railway which operated a 13.7 km route between Altrincham in Cheshire and London Road Station in Manchester.

Bridgewater Canal canal

The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England. It was commissioned by Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, to transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester. It was opened in 1761 from Worsley to Manchester, and later extended from Manchester to Runcorn, and then from Worsley to Leigh.

London and North Western Railway former railway company in United Kingdom

The London and North Western Railway was a British railway company between 1846 and 1922. In the late 19th century the L&NWR was the largest joint stock company in the United Kingdom.

When a celebratory train ran over the line at the start of July 1849, a reporter for the Manchester Courier noted that most stations had permanent buildings and "at Knott Mill and Oxford-street temporary stations will in the meantime be erected". [8] When the line opened for passenger traffic a fortnight later, the Courier duly noted that the station at Knott Mill had opened with temporary wooden buildings. [9] The booking office was at street level; from it "narrow, steep, troublesome steps, enough to tire anyone but athletes" [10] led to the platforms. The station proved - according to its critics -to be "inconvenient of approach, ugly in appearance, and with platform, booking office, and waiting-room accommodation much cramped" [11] but accessibility was the biggest issue: for the aged, the invalid or children it was "a most difficult not to say dangerous task to climb the steep flights of steps to the platforms." [11]

The Manchester Courier was a daily newspaper founded in Manchester, England, by Thomas Sowler; the first edition was published on 1 January 1825. Alaric Alexander Watts was the paper's first editor, but remained in that position for only a year.

(The area was also the site of the annual Easter-tide [12] Knott Mill Fair, [13] a decades-old event, which (until its abolition in 1876) [12] hosted acts such as Pablo Fanque's Circus Royal and George Wombwell's Menagerie. [14] [15] In 1860, special trains laid on in connection with the fair by both the L&NWR and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR), the joint owners of the MSJAR were not advertised as running to Knott Mill station; the LNWR excursion ran to Ordsall Lane, [16] the MS&L excursion to London Road. [17] )

Pablo Fanque Circus performer and equestrian

Pablo Fanque was an English equestrian performer and circus proprietor, the first recorded non-white British circus owner in Britain. His circus was popular in Victorian Britain for 30 years, a period that is regarded as the golden age of the circus.

George Wombwell British zoologist

George Wombwell,, was a famous menagerie exhibitor in Regency and early Victorian Britain. He founded Wombwell's Travelling Menagerie.

Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway

The Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR) was formed by amalgamation in 1847. The MS&LR changed its name to the Great Central Railway in 1897 in anticipation of the opening in 1899 of its London Extension.

If the station was originally named "Knot Mill and Deansgate" by the MSJAR, from its opening onwards it was simply 'Knott Mill' (or 'Knot Mill') to the Manchester papers [9] and by 1860 the railway was following suit in its advertisements. [18] [19] In 1864, the MS&LR gave the required notice of a bill to be brought forward in the next session of Parliament for widening part of the MSJAR "from or near Knott Mill Station to Old Trafford Station"; [20] however in the same year the accident return for an accident at Old Trafford noted that the train involved had stopped at "Knot Mill, and left that station..." [21]

Following the widening and improvement of the southern portion of Deansgate, in 1880 a correspondent to the Manchester Courier suggested that the station be renamed Deansgate "Very few lady passengers who have shopping to do in Deansgate make use of the Knot Mill Station. If they are aware of its nearness, perhaps they are waiting for the station and its approaches to be improved" [22] A public meeting in October 1884 complained that Knott Mill station was altogether inadequate for the newly improved district; the MSJAR was therefore in breach of its Act of Parliament which required it to provide sufficient station accommodation: the Improvement Committee of Manchester Corporation was called upon to exert pressure on the MSJAR. [23] A deputation from the Improvement Committee duly met directors of the railway to urge them to improve the "dingy" and "long-neglected" station. [24] Improvement plans were drawn up but an impasse was reached; the MSJAR's joint owners (the L&NWR and the MS&LR) disagreed on how much they should spend on improvement [25] and Manchester Corporation were unhappy with any narrowing of adjacent streets to accommodate an enlarged station. [26] Not until 1892 was a plan devised that was acceptable to all of the interested parties. [27] Negotiations to purchase the required land were protracted, with Manchester Corporation eventually offering to exercise its powers of compulsory purchase to assist the railway, but the work finally went out for tender in January 1895. [28] Work started in March 1895 (by June 1895 a temporary entrance from Gaythorn Street had to be used and the previous entrance from Deansgate closed); [29] it was completed in September 1896; [30] the latter year appears (in a shield) as part of the decorative stonework over the entrance. The station name is given there as simply "Knott Mill Station". The station is now a Grade II listed building. [31] Its battlemented architectural feature, visible at its corner, is intended to mirror similar features in the nearby viaducts, all of which in turn incorporated the design in recognition of the Roman fort that once stood in the Castlefield area. [1]

The station became Knott Mill and Deansgate [2] (for railway purposes: to the local press it remained Knott Mill station) around 1900 and Deansgate on 3 May 1971. [32] Today it is sometimes known as Manchester Deansgate, and on many station information boards it is Deansgate G-Mex.

(The station name Deansgate was formerly used for the Great Northern Railway goods station [33] serving the Great Northern Warehouse next to Manchester Central railway station. This is now a Grade II* listed (as Deansgate Goods Station) building. [34] )

Services

Platform 2 in 2011. Deansgate Station 2011.jpg
Platform 2 in 2011.
Station concourse Deansgate Concourse.jpg
Station concourse
Entrance from Whitworth St. West Deansgate Whitworth St. West.jpg
Entrance from Whitworth St. West

There are regular trains eastbound to Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Airport. A number of through trains continue to/from Buxton and a number of trains which start or end here operate through to/from Stoke-on-Trent or Macclesfield.

First TransPennine Express used to run the service from Manchester Airport to Blackpool North but this was passed on to the new Northern franchise on 1 April 2016.

Westbound there are regular trains to Liverpool Lime Street, Southport and Blackpool North.

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Parkinson-Bailey, John J. (2000). Manchester: An Architectural History. Manchester University Press. p. 55. ISBN   978-0-71905-606-2.
  2. 1 2 Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 137. ISBN   1-85260-508-1. R508.
  3. (advert.)"Bridgewater Canal Packets". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 7 December 1844. p. 1.
  4. "Cheap Trips to the Manufacturing Districts". Liverpool Mail. 6 October 1849. p. 5.
  5. (advert.) "Cheap Travelling between Manchester and Liverpool". Bradford Observer. 27 September 1849. p. 1.
  6. Howarth, W J (18 November 1892). "Answers and Comments: Travelling between Manchester and Liverpool". Manchester Times. p. 5.
  7. (advert.) "Bridgewater Canal Tide Packets". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 23 April 1853. p. 1.
  8. "Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway - Contractors' Excursion". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 7 July 1849. p. 9.
  9. 1 2 "Opening of the Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 21 July 1849. p. 7.
  10. "The Jubilee of the Bowdon Railway". Manchester Times. 5 May 1899. p. 5.
  11. 1 2 "Railway Improvements in Manchester". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 6 May 1893. p. 7.
  12. 1 2 (advert.) "Manchester Fairs". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 12 August 1876. p. 1.
  13. "Knott Mill Fair". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 26 April 1848. p. 6. which noted the absence of Wombwell's
  14. Gretchen Holrook Gerzina, Editor, "Black Victorians-Black Victoriana" (Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, NJ, 2003)
  15. The Manchester Guardian (11 April 1850). "Knott Mill Fair, Manchester, 1850". The Fairground Heritage Trust. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
  16. (advert.) "London and North-Western Railway - Knott Mill Fair". Bolton Chronicle. 7 April 1860. p. 1.
  17. (advert.) "Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Railway - Cheap Pleasure Trip from Sheffield to Manchester - Manchester Knott Mill Fair will be held in Easter week". Sheffield Daily Telegraph. 27 March 1860. p. 1.
  18. (advert.) "Manchester South Junction and Altrincham and Cheshire Midland Railways - Illumination of Salt Mines at Northwich". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 20 May 1864. p. 1.
  19. (advert.)"Manchester, South Junction, and Altrincham Railway". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 12 May 1860. p. 1.
  20. "In Parliament - Session 1865: Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Railway: (Widening of Part of Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway, &c,)". Morning Post. 28 November 1864. p. 7 (columns 4–5).
  21. Tyler, H W. "Accident at Old Trafford on 6th August 1864". Railways Archive : Accident Archive. (originally Board of Trade accident return). Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  22. Lever, Ellis (3 July 1880). "Manchester and Salford One City". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. p. 10.
  23. "The Accommodation at Knott Mill Railway Station". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 10 October 1884. p. 7.
  24. "The Municipal Elections: Manchester: St John's Ward". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 29 October 1884. p. 8.
  25. "Railway Communication with North Wales". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 25 May 1889. p. 8.
  26. as noted (for example) in "Proposed New Railway Station at Knott Mill". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 2 January 1892. p. 7.
  27. "Manchester City Council". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 28 May 1892. p. 9.
  28. (advert.) "Contracts - To Builders and Contractors". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 21 January 1895. p. 1.
  29. (advert.) "Manchester, South Junction, and Altrincham Railway - Knott Mill Station Alterations". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 17 June 1895. p. 1.
  30. "Knott Mill Station". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 19 September 1896. p. 18.
  31. "Whitworth Street West - Deansgate Railway Station. Grade II. 20.8.98" "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (W)". Manchester City Council: A-Z of Listed Buildings in Manchester. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  32. Butt 1995 , pp. 137, 77
  33. "Railway Enterprise in Manchester: The Great Northern Company's Goods Station". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 1 July 1898. p. 8.
  34. "Watson Street - Deansgate Goods Station. Grade II*. 4.5.79. (Upgraded 2.4.96.)" "Listed buildings in Manchester by street (W)". Manchester City Council: A-Z of Listed Buildings in Manchester. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 6 December 2017.

Further reading

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Trafford Park
Urmston on Sundays
  Northern
Liverpool to Manchester Line
  Manchester Oxford Road
Salford Crescent   Northern
Manchester to Preston Line
  Manchester Oxford Road
Salford Crescent   Northern
Buxton Line
  Manchester Oxford Road
Salford Crescent   Northern
Mid-Cheshire Line or
Manchester-Southport Line
  Manchester Oxford Road
Terminus  Northern
Stafford-Manchester Line
  Manchester Oxford Road
Salford Crescent   Northern Connect
Blackpool North - Manchester Airport
  Manchester Oxford Road
Disused railways
Cornbrook
1856–65
Line and station closed
  Manchester, South Junction
and Altrincham Railway
  Manchester Oxford Road
Line and station open
Old Trafford
1849–56, 1865–1991
Line closed, station open
  

Related Research Articles

Manchester Oxford Road railway station Manchester, Greater Manchester, M1

Manchester Oxford Road railway station is a railway station in Manchester, England, at the junction of Whitworth Street West and Oxford Street. It opened in 1849 and was rebuilt in 1960. It is the second busiest of the four stations in Manchester city centre.

Timperley village in United Kingdom

Timperley is a suburban village in Altrincham in the borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester, England. Historically in Cheshire, it is approximately seven miles (11 km) southwest of Manchester. The population at the 2011 census was 11,061.

Hazel Grove railway station

Hazel Grove railway station is on the Stockport to Buxton / Sheffield line, serving the village of Hazel Grove, Greater Manchester, England. It was built for the Stockport, Disley and Whaley Bridge Railway by the London and North Western Railway and opened on 9 June 1857. From 1923 until 1948 it was owned by the London Midland and Scottish Railway and following nationalisation it was operated by the London Midland Region of British Railways.

Mid-Cheshire line Railway Line in Northwest England which connects Manchester Piccadilly and Chester.

The Mid-Cheshire line is a railway line in the northwest of England, between Chester and Manchester Piccadilly via Knutsford. Since privatisation, passenger journeys on this line have massively increased to over 1.7 million per year. The section of line between Mickle Trafford Junction, near Chester, and Edgeley Junction, Stockport, is the present day core of the Mid-Cheshire line. The ends of the line, between Chester and Mickle Trafford, and between Stockport and Manchester, are shared with other routes. The route taken by passenger trains has changed over the years and now differs considerably from the original. A near doubling of the passenger service will occur from December 2018.

Chester–Manchester line

The Chester–Manchester line is one of two lines which run between the cities of Chester and Manchester in North West England. It is the faster of the two lines, and runs via Newton-le-Willows and Warrington Bank Quay. The other (slower) line is the Mid-Cheshire line.

Architecture of Manchester

The architecture of Manchester demonstrates a rich variety of architectural styles. The city is a product of the Industrial Revolution and is known as the first modern, industrial city. Manchester is noted for its warehouses, railway viaducts, cotton mills and canals - remnants of its past when the city produced and traded goods. Manchester has minimal Georgian or medieval architecture to speak of and consequently has a vast array of 19th and early 20th-century architecture styles; examples include Palazzo, Neo-Gothic, Venetian Gothic, Edwardian baroque, Art Nouveau, Art Deco and the Neo-Classical.

The Stockport, Timperley and Altrincham Junction Railway was authorised by an Act passed 22 July 1861 to build a railway from Stockport on the Stockport and Woodley Junction Railway (ST&AJ) to Broadheath on the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) owned Warrington & Stockport Railway and to Timperley on the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJAR). The line would be 8 miles 17 chains (13.2 km) in length.

Northenden railway station

Northenden railway station in Sharston, Manchester, England, was built by the Stockport, Timperley and Altrincham Junction Railway (ST&AJ) and opened for passenger and goods traffic on 1 February 1866.

Warrington and Altrincham Junction Railway


The Warrington and Altrincham Junction Railway was a railway line that was in operation from 1 November 1853 to 7 July 1985. The railway was created by an act of parliament on 3 July 1851 to build a line between Timperley Junction on the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJAR), to provide a through route to Manchester, and Warrington Arpley on the St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway providing a link with Liverpool.

Broadheath (Altrincham) railway station

Broadheath (Altrincham) railway station served Broadheath and the northern part of Altrincham in Cheshire, England, between its opening in 1853 and closure in 1962.

The North West Route Utilisation Strategy (NWRUS) is a Route Utilisation Strategy, published by Network Rail in May 2007. It was the fifth RUS to be produced. It was included in a map published by the Office of Rail Regulation as established in May 2007. It was the first of no fewer than 5 RUSs which cover specific routes in the north-west of England; the others are the Lancashire & Cumbria RUS, the Yorkshire & Humber RUS, the Merseyside RUS, and the West Coast Main Line RUS. In particular it "broadly covers the Manchester journey to work area, the City lines into Liverpool Lime Street and routes from Manchester to Kirkby, Southport and Blackpool", corresponding to Network Rail's then Route 20 - North West Urban.

Ordsall Lane railway station is a closed railway station on the Liverpool to Manchester line.

River Irwell Railway Bridge Grade I listed railway bridge in Manchester and Salford, United Kingdom

The River Irwell Railway Bridge was built for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway (L&MR), the world's first passenger railway which used only steam locomotives and operated as a scheduled service, near Water Street in Manchester, England. The stone railway bridge, built in 1830 by George Stephenson, was part of Liverpool Road railway station. The bridge was designated a Grade I listed building on 20 June 1988.

Manchester station group

The Manchester station group is a station group of four railway stations in Manchester city centre, England consisting of Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Manchester Victoria and Deansgate. The station group is printed on national railway tickets as MANCHESTER STNS. For commuters travelling from one of the 91 National Rail stations in Greater Manchester, the four stations are printed as MANCHESTER CTLZ which additionally permits the use of Metrolink tram services in Zone 1.

Altrincham Line line of the Manchester Metrolink light rail system

The Altrincham Line is a tram line of the Manchester Metrolink running from Manchester to Altrincham in Greater Manchester. Originally a railway line, it was, along with the Bury Line, converted into a tram line during 1991–92, as part of the first phase of the Metrolink system.

Zone 1 (Manchester Metrolink)

Zone 1 of the Manchester Metrolink, light rail network, is the part of the system where trams run through the streets of Manchester city centre. Zone 1 forms the heart of the system where all of the other lines converge. The Zone was first opened in 1992 as the "City Zone", with a three-way street-running line across the city centre. The Second City Crossing (2CC), constructed to ease congestion on the original route, opened in 2017.