Deepa Mehta

Last updated

Deepa Mehta
Canadian director Deepa Mehta (48198952367).jpg
Deepa Mehta in 2005
Born (1950-09-15) 15 September 1950 (age 72)
Occupation(s)Film director, screenwriter, film producer
Years active1976–present
Known for Elements Trilogy
(m. 1973;div. 1983)

David Hamilton (– present)
Children Devyani Saltzman (daughter)
Relatives Dilip Mehta (brother)

Deepa Mehta, OC OOnt ( [diːpa ˈmeːɦta] ; born 15 September 1950) [1] is an Indian-born Canadian film director and screenwriter, best known for her Elements Trilogy, Fire (1996), Earth (1998), and Water (2005).


Earth was submitted by India as its official entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and Water was Canada's official entry for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, making it only the third non-French-language Canadian film submitted in that category after Attila Bertalan's 1990 invented-language film A Bullet to the Head and Zacharias Kunuk's 2001 Inuktitut-language feature Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner .

She co-founded Hamilton-Mehta Productions, with her husband, producer David Hamilton in 1996. She was awarded a Genie Award in 2003 for the screenplay of Bollywood/Hollywood . [2] In May 2012, Mehta received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts. [3]

Early life

Mehta was born in Amritsar, Punjab [4] near the militarized border of Pakistan and experienced firsthand the impacts brought forth by the Partition of India. [5] She describes learning about warfare from citizens of Lahore, stating "Even when I was growing up in Amritsar, we used to go every weekend to Lahore, so I just grew up around people who talked about it incessantly and felt it was one of the most horrific sectarian wars they knew of." [5]

Her family moved to New Delhi while she was still a child, and her father worked as a film distributor. Subsequently, Mehta attended Welham Girls High School, boarding school in Dehradun on the foothills of Himalayas. [6] She graduated from the Lady Shri Ram College for Women, University of Delhi with a degree in Philosophy. [7]

Mehta notes how her reception to film transformed and changed as she got older and was exposed to different types of cinema, which ultimately influenced her to become a filmmaker herself. She states:

"When I was growing up in Delhi and I went to university in Delhi, I used to watch [Indian] films. I grew up with a very healthy dose of Indian commercial cinema. My father was a film distributor, so from a very young age I saw commercial Indian cinema. But once I went to university, or even my last year of school, I really started watching and enjoying Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak and had exposure to non-Hindi cinema and non-Hollywood cinema. At university, I was also exposed to directors like Truffaut and Godard. There was also intense exposure to Japanese cinema. So, Ozu, Mizoguchi." [8]


After graduating Mehta began working for a production company that made documentary and educational films for the Indian government. [9] During the production of her first feature-length documentary focusing on the working life of a child bride, [9] she met and married Canadian documentary filmmaker Paul Saltzman, who was in India making a film. She migrated to Toronto to live with her husband in 1973. [10]

Once in Canada, Mehta and Saltzman along with Mehta's brother Dilip started Sunrise Films, a production company, initially producing documentaries but moved into television production creating the television series Spread Your Wings (1977–79) about the creative and artistic work of young people from around the world. [9] [11] Additionally, Mehta directed several episodes of the Saltzman produced CBC drama Danger Bay (1984–90). [10]

Mehta also directed the documentaries At 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy Murch (1975) [9] and Traveling Light (1986), the latter focusing on the work of Mehta's brother Dilip as a photojournalist. Traveling Light would go on to be nominated for three Gemini Awards. In 1987, based on the works of Alice Munro, Cynthia Flood and Betty Lambert, Mehta produced and co-directed Martha, Ruth and Edie. Screened at the Cannes International Film Festival, it would go on to win the Best Feature Film Award at the 11th International Film Festival in Florence in 1988. [9]

In 1991 she made her feature-film directorial debut with Sam & Me (starring Om Puri), a story of the relationship between a young Indian boy and an elderly Jewish gentleman in the Toronto neighbourhood of Parkdale. It broke the record at the time for the highest-budgeted film directed by a woman in Canada at $11 million. [10] It won Honorable Mention in the Camera d'Or category of the 1991 Cannes Film Festival. Mehta followed this with her film Camilla starring Bridget Fonda and Jessica Tandy in 1994. In 2002, she directed Bollywood/Hollywood , for which she won the Genie Award for Best Original Screenplay. [2]

Mehta directed two episodes of George Lucas' television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles . [12] The first episode, "Benares, January 1910", aired in 1993. The second episode was aired in 1996 as part of a TV movie titled Young Indiana Jones: Travels with Father.

Mehta directed several English-language films set in Canada, including The Republic of Love (2003) and Heaven on Earth (2008) which deals with domestic violence and has Preity Zinta playing the female lead. It premiered at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival. [13] Also in 2008 Mehta produced the documentary The Forgotten Woman, directed by her brother Dilip. [10]

In 2015, Mehta wrote and directed Beeba Boys . It premiered at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival. [14]

In 2016, Mehta directed the drama film Anatomy of Violence , which uses fiction to explore the root causes which led to the 2012 Delhi gang rape and murder. [15]

On 29 October 2020, Telefilm Canada announced that Mehta's film Funny Boy (2020) would represent Canada in the Academy Awards race for best international feature film. [16] However, the film was disqualified by the Academy Awards as its mix of English, Sinhala and Tamil dialogue did not surpass the required percentage of non-English dialogue. [17]

At the 9th Canadian Screen Awards in 2021, Mehta won the Best Director award for Funny Boy. [18] She and cowriter Shyam Selvadurai also won the award for Best Adapted Screenplay. [19]

In November 2021, Variety announced that Mehta is set to direct a film adaptation of Avni Doshi's novel Burnt Sugar , with Ben Silverman's Propagate Content producing the film. [20]

Elements trilogy

Mehta is best known for her Elements TrilogyFire (1996), Earth (1998) (released in India as 1947: Earth), and Water (2005) — which won her much critical acclaim. [21] Some notable actors who have worked in this trilogy are Aamir Khan, Seema Biswas, Shabana Azmi, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, John Abraham, Rahul Khanna, Lisa Ray, and Nandita Das. These films are also notable for Mehta's collaborative work with author Bapsi Sidhwa. Sidhwa's novel Cracking India (1991, U.S.; 1992, India; originally published as Ice Candy Man, 1988, England) is the basis for Mehta's 1998 film Earth.

Mehta describes the conception of the idea for the Elements films to be extremely organic. She first conceived of the idea for Water while shooting in Varanasi, stating "You know, you read about widows — my grandmother is a widow — but I had never seen such institutionalization of widows until I went to Varanasi. There was a widow there called Gyanvati who was about 80 years old, and through her I got to know about ashrams and found it very moving. I thought that if I make a film, it would be about something surrounding widows; then I forgot about it. Then I wrote Fire ." [22]

After completing the filming process for Fire, Mehta told Shabana Azmi that her next film would be an adaptation of Bapsi Sidwha's Cracking India ; when Azmi asked what it would be called, Mehta replied: "Earth". [22] Mehta maintains that each film centers on politics of a certain phenomenon. [22]

Fire follows the love affair between two sisters-in-law whose own sexless marriages bring them together in a passionate romance. It caused controversy upon its release as several Hindutva groups took issue with its central lesbian romance, one that was seen to break traditional family and religious value within society, as there were protests in cities across India. [23] Internationally, the film was critically acclaimed and would go on to win the Most Popular Canadian Film at the Vancouver International Film Festival. [10] This was also the first feature length dramatic film which Mehta both wrote and directed, a practice which she would continue throughout the rest of her career. [9]

Earth focuses on the time before and during the Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 and how the life of one family was uprooted by this historical event. The central focus for Earth was intended to be about "the division of the earth, but it is also metaphoric- what does our matrubhoomi (motherland) mean to us?" [24] The film resembled Mehta's own family history as her parents fled the newly created Pakistan in 1947 whilst Mehta herself was born in Punjab, not far from the Indian/Pakistan border. [9]

Water is about is an eight-year-old girl who is suddenly widowed. In keeping with traditions of widowhood, she is left in an ashram, where she is to live from then on. The film, meant to be shot in India, was attacked by Hindu fundamentalists who saw the film as disrespectful and who took issues with Mehta's earlier films and their portrayal of Hindu culture. [23] The regional government overruled the permission given from the central government to the production which allowed them to film in the holy city of Varanasi. [23] Eventually the production moved to Sri Lanka. [25] Water opened the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2006. [26]

Midnight's Children

Mehta directed Midnight's Children after collaborating on the screenplay with the novel's author, Salman Rushdie. [27] [28] [29] Indian American actor Satya Bhabha played the role of Saleem Sinai [30] while other roles were played by Shriya Saran, Seema Biswas, Shabana Azmi, Anupam Kher, Siddharth Narayan, Rahul Bose, Soha Ali Khan, [31] Shahana Goswami [32] and Darsheel Safary. [33]

The film was released on 9 September 2012 at Toronto International Film Festival [34] and would be nominated for Best Motion Picture along with 7 other nominations at the Canadian Screen Awards. [10]


Many of Mehta's films across her career have focused on the duality of her national and cultural identity which has informed much of her filmmaking as she has been described as the "quintessential transnational filmmaker". [35] With her childhood and heritage informing her of key Indian and Hindu traditions, she has been seen to compare these practices with a more "Westernized" philosophy that has often resulted in controversy. [23] The production of her film Water was delayed by protests from Hindu fundamentalists whilst several of her other films releases have seen boycotts across India, including the film Fire. [23]

Mehta's Elements trilogy notably explores themes of the emergence of new identities, particularly in the context of independence. In Fire , the older character Radha's sense of agency and empowerment increases as she becomes sexually liberated through the younger character Sita. [36] Professor Subeshini Moodley discusses how these women employ their bodies to cross boundaries & borders, stating how “their bodies being the marginal spaces that they occupy, these protagonists don’t always begin as women with agency, but grow and develop to that point. Their marginal spaces are first defined in order to show how they later redefine and transcend its boundaries”. [37] Put otherwise, by allowing themselves to explore their sexuality with each other, these women are breaking free of the restrictive confines of the traditional female Indian archetype that used to define their value (such as traits of virtue & obedience), and instead are reclaiming their power by transgressing the boundaries of their culture. [36]

Another way in which Fire exemplifies the emergence of modern female identities is through its deliberate defiance of patriarchal structures through religious & cultural symbolism. The protagonists’ names of Radha and Sita are direct references to the heroines of the traditional Hindu epic, Ramayana, in which the characters Radha and Sita represent contrasting elements of feminine virtue; Radha embodying the playful adventuress and Sita being the dutiful and dedicated wife. [38] However, Mehta switches the defining characteristics of these characters for her film, making Radha the obedient matriarch and Sita the inquisitive newlywed. This is important to note when discussing a key scene in the film in which after Ashok learns of his wife’s affair with Sita, Radha’s sari catches fire from the kitchen stove and she nearly becomes engulfed in flames. [36] This is a clear allusion to a sequence from the Ramayana in which Sita is forced to prove her purity for her husband Rama by walking through a fire. [38] Dr. David Burton discusses how Mehta’s film subverts the traditional symbolism of the religious epic through its reversed meaning; in Fire, Radha survives the fire not to represent her purity for her husband, but rather to “assert her freedom from patriarchal control and traditional notions of sexual purity”, once again conveying how the film effectively depicts the inception of modernity in the female realm. [39]

As previously mentioned, Mehta based Earth on Pakistani author Bapsi Sidwha's acclaimed 1988 novel Ice Candy Man , which employs a young Parsi girl from a wealthy family as its protagonist. [40] Mehta's decision to maintain such a privileged protagonist is noteworthy; in one scene, Lenny’s mother attempts to explain to her daughter the role which Parsis play in the movement for India’s independence, in which she compares Parsis in India to sugar in milk: “sweet but invisible”. [41] While this takes on a negative connotation within the film, in a larger historical context, Lenny’s observation further supports Mehta’s decision to have the film’s protagonist taken on by a figure of such religious, cultural and ethnic ambivalence. The main goal of Lenny’s wealthy Parsi family is to stay neutral during the political tensions of Partition, and her astute renouncement of her family’s invisibility only reinforces this. Furthermore, “the fact that Lenny is neither Hindu nor Muslim [frees] the narrative from a divisive communal dichotomy”. [40] Lenny’s whole world is encompassed by her relationship with her Hindu nanny, her nanny’s adoration from two Muslim men, and their diverse friend group. When the conflict of Partition tears the group apart, Lenny’s whole world is simultaneously destroyed, and her humanist perspective allows for an unbiased portrayal of the negative effects which a fear of change and breaking tradition can inflict upon a society’s health. [41]

Mehta's last film in the Elements trilogy, Water , showcases the gross oppression endured by Indian women during precolonial times. It also depicts the mistreatment of widows to present strong support for the breaking of traditional social norms and an embrace of contemporary identities for Indian women. One example of this can be seen through the Hindu male hegemony’s reliance upon the authority of Hindu scriptures to rationalize the mistreatment of widows. [42] In Water, when Narayan’s father is revealed to be a former client of Kalyani, he attempts to justify his sexual exploits to his son by using his class privilege, stating that Brahmins can sleep with whomever they want as the women they sleep with are blessed. [43] Narayan’s response that Brahmins who interpret the Holy Scripture for their own benefit should not be honored elucidates the immense hypocrisy which underlines various ancient religious ideologies that are often employed solely by the caste of men who seek to benefit from such outdated customs. [44] Burton also points out how such selfish reworkings of religious ideologies is the real killer of faith, instead of Mehta’s sensational films. He states, “Reformers… who often view the negative aspects of their religion as misreadings and cultural accretions are themselves in danger of essentializing Hinduism insofar as they imply that the version of Hinduism of which they approve is the only genuine one”. [45] In other words, the insistence to uphold such outdated structures of patriarchal hegemony simply on the basis of religiosity is in itself more blasphemous and sacrilegious than any sin outlined by ancient scriptures. However, there are certain elements of Water that allude to the positivity of embracing modernity. For example, Chuyia’s eventual rescue by Shakuntala and potentially happy future with Narayan presents the promise of Gandhi-influenced reform within Indian society. [42]

Mehta often uses her films to explore the impacts of cultural and political unrest on the lives of normal citizens, stating, "A driving force in the stories I want to tell is definitely curiosity. I was intrigued by sectarian war. I’m appalled by it. I was immensely curious about how it affects the everywoman and everyman." [5]

Personal life

In India, she met and married filmmaker Paul Saltzman whom she divorced in 1983.[ citation needed ] The couple have a daughter, Devyani Saltzman, an acclaimed author, curator and cultural critic.[ citation needed ]

Mehta is currently married to producer David Hamilton. [46] Her brother, Dilip Mehta, is a photojournalist and film director.[ citation needed ] He directed Cooking with Stella , which he co-wrote with Deepa. [7]

Mehta participated in a TV PSA for the charity Artists Against Racism, and is a member of the organization. [47]


Mehta is credited with "infusing the energy of mainstream Indian cinema with fierce political consciousness". [15] Her decision to explore controversial topics in her films, such as same-sex relationships and the challenging of religious norms, has branded her as a notoriously formidable figure in Indian film society.[ citation needed ]



1973The Perlmutar StoryNoYesNoShort film
St. Demetrius Rides a Red HorseNoNarrationNoDocumentary film
1975 At 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy Murch YesNoNoDocumentary short film
1986K.Y.T.E.S: How We Dream OurselvesYesYesYesDocumentary film
1988 Martha, Ruth and Edie YesNoYesDirectorial debut
1991 Sam & Me YesNoYes
1994 Camilla YesNoNo
1996 Fire YesYesYes
1998 Earth YesYesYes
2002 Bollywood/Hollywood YesYesNoAlso executive music producer
2003 The Republic of Love YesYesNo
2005 Water YesYesNoAlso development consultant
2006Let's Talk About ItYesNoNoDocumentary film; direct-to-video
2008 The Forgotten Woman NoYesExecutiveDocumentary film
Heaven on Earth YesYesExecutive
2009 Cooking with Stella NoYesExecutive
2012 Midnight's Children YesYesExecutiveBased on the novel by Salman Rushdie [27]
2015 Beeba Boys YesYesNo [48]
2016 Mostly Sunny NoYesNoDocumentary film
Anatomy of Violence YesNoNo
FantassútNoNoYesDocumentary short film
The Big CrunchNoNoAssociateShort film
2020 Violation NoNoExecutive
Funny Boy YesYesNoAdaptation of the novel by Shyam Selvadurai

Television and web series

1976–1981Spread Your WingsYesYesYesDocumentary:
director (4 episodes);
writer (Episode: "Child of the Andes");
executive producer (13 episodes);
production (2 episodes);
sound (10 episodes)
1989–1990 Danger Bay YesNoNo4 episodes
1993–1996 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles YesNoNo2 episodes
2019 Leila YesYesCreativeA Netflix original series based on a missing girl named leila:
director (2 episodes);
writer and creative executive producer (6 episodes)
2020 Little America YesNoNoEpisode: "The Manager"
2021 Yellowjackets YesNoNoEpisode: "Bear Down"

As actress

1983 For the Record Ranjeet SinghTV Series (Episode: "Reasonable Force")
1990 Jurm Cameo
Aashiqui Cameo
2005 Water Special Appearance


2016 Toronto International Film Festival Best Canadian Feature Film Anatomy of Violence Nominated
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike – Best FilmNominated
Washington DC South Asian Film FestivalOutstanding Achievement in International CinemaWon
2015 Toronto Film Critics Association Awards Clyde Gilmour AwardWon
Toronto International Film Festival Best Canadian Feature Film Beeba Boys Nominated
2013 Canadian Screen Awards Achievement in Direction Midnight's Children Nominated
Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature FilmWon
2012 London Film Festival Best FilmNominated
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike – Best FilmNominated
2009 Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature Film Heaven on Earth Nominated
Genie Awards Best Screenplay, OriginalNominated
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian FilmNominated
2008 Dubai International Film Festival Muhr AsiaAfrica Award: Best Scriptwriter – FeatureWon
Muhr AsiaAfrica Award: Best Film – FeatureNominated
2007 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon – Best Non-European Director Water Nominated
Chlotrudis Awards Best DirectorNominated
Awards of the International Indian Film Academy Outstanding Achievement in International CinemaWon
2006 Genie Awards Best Achievement in Direction Water Nominated
Oslo Films from the South Festival Silver Mirror Award – Best FeatureWon
New York Film Critics Humanitarian AwardWon
San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival Audience Award – Best Narrative FeatureWon
Taormina International Film Festival Arte AwardWon
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian FilmWon
Women Film Critics Circle Awards Best Foreign Movie by or About WomenWon
2005Toronto Female Eye Film Festival Honorary Director AwardWon
Valladolid International Film Festival Youth Jury Award Water Won
Golden SpikeNominated
2003 Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature Film Bollywood/Hollywood Won
Genie Awards Best Screenplay, OriginalWon
Newport International Film Festival Student Jury AwardWon
Sarasota Film Festival Audience Award – Best ComedyWon
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian FilmNominated
1997 Paris Lesbian and Feminist Film Festival Best Feature Film Fire Won
L.A. Outfest Outstanding Narrative FeatureWon
Verona Love Screens Film FestivalBest FilmWon
1996 Mannheim-Heidelberg International Filmfestival Special Prize of the JuryWon
International Independent AwardNominated
Vancouver International Film Festival Most Popular Canadian FilmWon
1976 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo – Best DocumentaryAt 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy MurchNominated

In addition to her filmmaking awards, Mehta has received the following honors:

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Mother India</i> 1957 film directed by Mehboob Khan

Mother India is a 1957 Indian epic drama film, directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar and Raaj Kumar. A remake of Khan's earlier film Aurat (1940), it is the story of a poverty-stricken village woman named Radha (Nargis), who in the absence of her husband, struggles to raise her sons and survive against a cunning money-lender amidst many troubles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shabana Azmi</span> Indian actress (born 1950)

Shabana Azmi is an Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Her career in the Hindi film industry has spanned over 160 films, mostly within independent and neorealist parallel cinema, though her work extended to mainstream films as well as a number of foreign projects. One of India's most acclaimed actresses, Azmi is known for her portrayals of distinctive, often unconventional female characters across several genres. She has won a record five National Film Awards for Best Actress, in addition to five Filmfare Awards and several international accolades. The Government of India honoured her with the Padma Shri in 1998 and the Padma Bhushan in 2012.

<i>Fire</i> (1996 film) 1996 Indian film

Fire is a 1996 Indo-Canadian erotic romantic drama film written and directed by Deepa Mehta, starring Shabana Azmi and Nandita Das. It is the first installment of Mehta's Elements trilogy; it is succeeded by Earth (1998) and Water (2005).

<i>Earth</i> (1998 film) 1999 Canadian film

Earth is a 1999 Indo-Canadian period romance drama film directed by Deepa Mehta. It is based upon Bapsi Sidhwa's novel, Cracking India, set during the 1947 partition of India. Earth is the second instalment of Mehta's Elements trilogy, preceded by Fire (1996) and followed by Water (2005). It was India's entry for the 1999 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lisa Ray</span> Canadian actress (born 1972)

Lisa Rani Ray is a Canadian actress. She began her modelling career in India in the early 1990s, appearing for leading Indian brands like Bombay Dyeing and Lakmé. She made her acting debut in 1996 in the Tamil film Nethaji. Her first Bollywood appearance was in 2001, in the offbeat romantic thriller Kasoor. Through her acting career, Ray has demonstrated a penchant for issue-oriented portrayals, most notably in the 2005 Oscar nominated Canadian film Water and the award-winning South African feature The World Unseen, described by a reviewer as "one of the best-conceived queer films of the past year."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Smita Patil</span> Indian actress (1955–1986)

Smita Patil was an Indian actress who worked in films, television series and plays. Regarded among the finest stage and film actresses of her times, she appeared in over 80 films in several languages, but mostly in Hindi and Marathi, in a career that spanned just over a decade. During her career, she received two National Film Awards and a Filmfare Award. She was the recipient of the Padma Shri, India's fourth-highest civilian honour in 1985.

<i>Water</i> (2005 film) 2005 film by Deepa Mehta

Water is a 2005 drama film written and directed by Deepa Mehta, with screenplay by Anurag Kashyap. It is set in 1938 and explores the lives of widows at an ashram in Varanasi, India. The film is also the third and final installment of Mehta's Elements trilogy. It was preceded by Fire (1996) and Earth (1998). Author Bapsi Sidhwa wrote the 2006 novel based upon the film, Water: A Novel, published by Milkweed Press. Sidhwa's earlier novel, Cracking India was the basis for Earth, the second film in the trilogy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nandita Das</span> Indian actress and director

Nandita Das is an Indian actress and director. She has acted in over 40 feature films in ten different languages. Das appeared in the films Fire (1996), Earth (1998), Bawandar (2000), Kannathil Muthamittal (2002), Azhagi (2002),Kamli (2006), and Before The Rains (2007). Her directorial debut Firaaq (2008), premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and travelled to more than 50 festivals, winning more than 20 awards. Her second film as a director was Manto (2018). Based on the life of 20th Century Indo-Pakistani short story writer Sadat Hasan Manto, the film was screened at Cannes Film Festival in the "Un Certain Regard" section. In September 2019, Das produced a two-minute Public Service Announcement music video India's Got Colour. The music video is about the issue of colourism and urges the audience to celebrate India's diversity of skin colour. Her first book, 'Manto & I', chronicles her 6-year long journey of making the film. She wrote, directed, produced and acted in a short film called, Listen to Her, that sheds light on the increase in domestic violence and overburden of work that women have been facing during the lockdown. Also sought petition seeking the commutation of the death sentence handed out to Ajmal Kasab.

The Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles(IFFLA) is an annual film festival held in Los Angeles, California. Established by Christina Marouda in 2003, as a nonprofit organization devoted to paving the way for a greater appreciation of Indian cinema and diverse culture by providing the public with a selection of films from and about the Indian diaspora by Indian and international filmmakers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Seema Biswas</span> Indian film and theatre actress

Seema Biswas is an Indian actress who works in Hindi films and the theatre. She gained prominence after playing the role of Phoolan Devi in Shekhar Kapur's film Bandit Queen (1994), for which she won the National Film Award for Best Actress. She won the 2000 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the 2006 Best Actress Genie Award for her role as Shakuntala in Deepa Mehta's Water (2005). Her other mainstream films include Khamoshi: The Musical (1996), for which she won the Screen Award for Best Supporting Actress, Bhoot (2003), Vivah (2006) and Half Girlfriend (2017). In addition to films, Biswas has appeared in many television shows.

Parallel cinema, or New Indian Cinema, is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Deepa Sahi</span> Indian actress and producer

Deepa Sahi is an Indian actress and producer from an Army background, who is best known for her role as Maya in the 1993 movie Maya Memsaab, opposite actor Farooq Sheikh. She made her directorial debut with the movie Tere Mere Phere in 2011.

Devyani Saltzman is a Canadian writer, curator and multidisciplinary cultural programmer. She works on projects nationally and internationally, and also as a consultant in arts and culture, collaborating with organizations on innovation in programming and people-centred and values-based cultural strategy. She has held senior positions in three of Canada's major cultural institutions, most recently as the Director of Public Programming at the Art Gallery of Ontario.

The Elements trilogy is a trilogy of films by Indo-Canadian filmmaker Deepa Mehta, dealing with controversial issues of social reform on the Indian subcontinent. Fire, the first release in 1996, dealt with issues of arranged marriage and homosexuality in the patriarchal culture of India. Earth, released in 1998, dealt with the religious strife associated with the partition of India and formation of Pakistan in the mid-20th century. Water, released in 2005, was the most critically successful of the three, and dealt with suicide, misogyny, and the mistreatment of widows in rural India.

<i>Heaven on Earth</i> (2008 film) 2008 Canadian film

Heaven on Earth a.k.a. Videsh is a 2008 Canadian film directed and written by Deepa Mehta. Preity Zinta plays the leading role of Chand, a young Indian Punjabi woman who finds herself in an abusive arranged marriage with an Indo-Canadian man, played by theatre actor Vansh Bhardwaj. The film released in India dubbed into Hindi under the title Videsh. Zinta received unanimous acclaim for her performance in both Canada and India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loveleen Tandan</span>

Loveleen Tandan is an Indian film and casting director. She is the co-director (India) of Slumdog Millionaire along with Danny Boyle. She has also been the casting director for several other films, including Monsoon Wedding (2001) and Brick Lane (2007). She has been a casting consultant for The Namesake (2007).

<i>Freaky Chakra</i> 2003 Indian film

Freaky Chakra is a 2003 Bollywood comedy-drama film directed by V. K. Prakash and Ziba Bhagwagar. The film stars Deepti Naval and Sachin Khedekar. The film was India's official entry for Toronto Reel Asian International Film Festival, and received recognition by the International Federation of Film Critics at the 2003 Mumbai International Film Festival.

<i>Fire: A Queer Film Classic</i>

Fire: A Queer Film Classic (2010) is a book written by the esteemed film critic Shohini Ghosh about the controversial and critically appreciated 1996 film Fire directed by Deepa Mehta which starred Shabana Azmi & Nandita Das on the leads.

<i>Rongberonger Korhi</i> 2017 Indian film

Rongberonger Korhi is a 2017 India-Bengali film written and directed by Bengali filmmaker Ranjan Ghosh. This is the director's second film after his debut with the cult hit Hrid Majharey. It has been produced by Rupa Datta of Camellia Productions Pvt. Ltd.


  1. Rahim, Abdur (2014). Canadian Immigration and South Asian Immigrants. ISBN   9781499058741.
  2. 1 2 "Deepa Metha". Canadian Encyclopedia . Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  3. "Deepa Mehta biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  4. "The Canadian Encyclopedia bio". Archived from the original on 4 December 2008.
  5. 1 2 3 Qureshi, Bilal (1 June 2017). "ElsewhereThe Discomforting Legacy of Deepa Mehta's Earth". Film Quarterly. 70 (4): 80. doi:10.1525/fq.2017.70.4.77. ISSN   0015-1386.
  6. "Welham Girls' School". Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 1 October 2007.
  7. 1 2 Beard. p 270
  8. Khorana, Sukhmani (1 January 2009). "Maps and movies: talking with Deepa Mehta". Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers: 5.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Deepa Mehta – Celebrating Women's Achievements".
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Deepa Mehta".
  11. "Deepa Mehta at the Canadian Women Film Directors Database".
  12. Intern (27 June 2012). "A Forbidden Hope". Boston Review. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  13. "Toronto film festival to 'salute' Indian cinema". The Economic Times. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008.
  14. "Toronto to open with 'Demolition'; world premieres for 'Trumbo', 'The Program'". Screen Daily. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  15. 1 2 Qureshi, Bilal (1 June 2017). "ElsewhereThe Discomforting Legacy of Deepa Mehta's Earth". Film Quarterly. 70 (4): 78. doi:10.1525/fq.2017.70.4.77. ISSN   0015-1386.
  16. "Deepa Mehta movie 'Funny Boy' chosen as Canada's Oscar contender". Global News. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  17. Naman Ramanchandran (18 December 2020). "Canada's Oscar Entry 'Funny Boy' Pulled From International Feature Film Race". Variety .
  18. Zach Harper, "'Schitt's Creek' and 'Kim's Convenience' win big at 2021 Canadian Screen Awards". Hello! Canada , 21 May 2021.
  19. Naman Ramachandran, "‘Schitt’s Creek,’ ‘Blood Quantum’ Triumph at Canadian Screen Awards". Variety , 21 May 2021.
  20. Ramachandran, Naman (5 November 2021). "Deepa Mehta to Direct Adaptation of Avni Doshi's Bestselling Novel 'Burnt Sugar' for Propagate Content". Variety . Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  21. Catsoulis, Jeannette (28 April 2006). "Movie Review: Water (2005): NYT Critics' Pick". New York Times.
  22. 1 2 3 Khorana, Sukhmani (1 January 2009). "Maps and movies: talking with Deepa Mehta". Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers: 4.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 Burton, David F. "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion and Film. 17: 1–22.
  24. Khorana, Sukhmani (1 January 2009). "Maps and movies: talking with Deepa Mehta". Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers.
  25. "Deepa Mehta: A director in deep water – all over again". The Independent. 19 May 2006.
  26. "Canadian Film Encyclopedia - Water". Archived from the original on 22 February 2013.
  27. 1 2 "Rushdie visits Mumbai for 'Midnight's Children' film". Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  28. Subhash K Jha (13 January 2010). "I'm a film buff: Rushdie". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  29. Mendes, Ana Cristina; Kuortti, Joel (21 December 2016). "Padma or No Padma: Audience in the Adaptations of Midnight's Children". The Journal of Commonwealth Literature. 52 (3): 501–518. doi:10.1177/0021989416671171. hdl: 10451/29281 . ISSN   0021-9894. S2CID   164759708.
  30. "Deepa finds Midnight's Children lead". The Times of India . 21 August 2010. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  31. Dreaming of Midnight's Children
  32. Irrfan moves from Mira Nair to Deepa Mehta Archived 4 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  33. Jha, Subhash K. (31 March 2011). "Darsheel Safary Darsheel Safary in Midnight's Children". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  34. Nolen, Stephanie (15 May 2011). "Mehta at midnight". Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  35. Stojanova, Christina (2010). The Gendered Screen: Canadian Women Filmmakers. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. pp. 217–232.
  36. 1 2 3 Fire, directed by Deepa Mehta (1996; Toronto, Canada: Zeitgeist Films, 1998), Stream.
  37. Moodley, Subeshini (2003). "Postcolonial Feminisms Speaking through an 'Accented' Cinema: The Construction of Indian Women in the Films of Mira Nair and Deepa Mehta". Agenda: Empowering Women for Gender Equity (58): 68. ISSN   1013-0950. JSTOR   4548098.
  38. 1 2 Burton, David (2 October 2013). "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion & Film. 17 (2): 7. ISSN   1092-1311.
  39. Burton, David (2 October 2013). "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion & Film. 17 (2): 8. ISSN   1092-1311.
  40. 1 2 Qureshi, Bilal (1 June 2017). "ElsewhereThe Discomforting Legacy of Deepa Mehta's Earth". Film Quarterly. 70 (4): 81. doi:10.1525/fq.2017.70.4.77. ISSN   0015-1386.
  41. 1 2 Earth, directed by Deepa Mehta (1999; Canada: Jhamu Sughand), Stream.
  42. 1 2 Burton, David (2 October 2013). "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion & Film. 17 (2): 3. ISSN   1092-1311.
  43. Water, directed by Deepa Mehta (2005; Canada: David Hamilton Productions), Stream.
  44. Mathew P. John, Film as Cultural Artifact: Religious Criticism of World Cinema. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2017), 104.
  45. Burton, David (2 October 2013). "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion & Film. 17 (2): 10. ISSN   1092-1311.
  46. "Deepa Mehta is rightly being celebrated". . 23 February 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  47. "TV – Artists Against Racism". Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  48. "Randeep Hooda plays gangster in Deepa Mehta's next".
  49. "Honorary Degrees For Leaders in Arts, Business And Law". 5 November 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  50. "Canada's Top 25 Immigrants 2009". Canadian Immigrant. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  51. "Rush wins Governor General's Award". CBC News. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  52. "Honorary degree recipients 21st century". Mount Allison University. Archived from the original on 9 June 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  53. "Honorary degree recipients". Concordia University.
  54. "25 Appointees Named to Ontario's Highest Honour". Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration.
  55. "Appointments to the Order of Canada". 28 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  56. Ha Kyung-min (26 August 2021). "부산국제영화제, 경쟁부문 '뉴 커런츠' 심사위원 확정" [Busan International Film Festival Confirms Jury for 'New Currents' in Competition]. Newsis (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 26 August 2021.