Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia

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Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia
දෙහිවල-ගල්කිස්ස
தெஹிவளை-கல்கிசை
Colombo Metropolitan Region
Dehiwala Skyline.jpg
Dehiwala-Mount Lavania.jpg
Sri Lanka mount Lavenia.jpg
Sri Lanka (560056969).jpg
Dehiwala Skyline and Beaches of Mount Lavinia
Motto(s): 
Think differently and hope for the best!
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Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia
Coordinates: 6°52′23″N79°52′33″E / 6.87306°N 79.87583°E / 6.87306; 79.87583 Coordinates: 6°52′23″N79°52′33″E / 6.87306°N 79.87583°E / 6.87306; 79.87583
Country Sri Lanka
Province Western Province Flag (SRI LANKA).png Western Province
District Colombo District
Government
  Municipal Council Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council
  HeadquartersDMMC - Dehiwala
  MayorStanley Dias (SLPP)
Area
  Total21.09 km2 (8.142895 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2012 [1] )
  Total245,974
  Density11,663/km2 (30,210/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (SLST)
Postal code
10350 (Dehiwala) / 10370 (Mt Lavinia)
Area code(s) 011
Website dmmc.lk

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (Sinhala : දෙහිවල-ගල්කිස්ස, romanized: Dehivala-Galkissa; Tamil : தெஹிவளை-கல்கிசை, romanized: Tehivaḷai-Kalkicai), population 245,974 (2012) [2] is the largest suburb of the City of Colombo, and covers an extent of 2109 hectares. It lies south of the Colombo Municipal Council area and separated from it by the Dehiwala canal which forms the northern boundary of DMMC. Its southern limits lie in Borupana Road and the eastern boundary is Weras Ganga with its canal system and including some areas to its east (Pepiliyana, Gangodawila and Kohuwala). [3] This town has extensive population and rapid industrialisation and urbanization in recent years. It is home to Sri Lanka's National Zoological Gardens, which remains one of Asia's largest. Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila and Colombo Airport, Ratmalana are some important landmark in this area. Dehiwela-Mount Lavinia and Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte being two large suburban centres of the city of Colombo function together as one large urban agglomeration in the Region (Western Province). The overspill from the City in residential and commercial uses of land have rapidly urbanised these suburban centers. Dehiwela-Mount Lavinia and Sri Jayawardenpaura along with Colombo Municipal Council form the most urbanised part of the core area of the Colombo Metropolitan Region. Dehiwala and Mount Lavinia lie along the Galle Road artery, which runs along the coast to the south of the country. [4]

Contents

Etymology

There are many stories about the history of this area. One of those is Diya Wala which means a dip or hole filled with water. In past this area consists full of ponds, lakes thus it became known as Diyawala (an area filled with water) and later on it became Dehiwala. Another story in this name regard is that this area has many trees of lime or a forest of lime trees and people call it Dehiwala. It is told that king of Kotte filled all his lime requirements from this area. [3]

History

Before colonisation of the maritime region by the Portuguese, the area covered by the present DMMC was part of the Kingdom of Kotte. It comprised a number of villages such as Pepiliyana Nedimala, Attidiya and Kalubowila, while Ratmalana and areas south of Dehiwala were together one large expanse of marshland, and scarcely populated. [4]

Portuguese era

During the Portuguese occupation, the Kingdom of Kotte was ruled by king Don Juan Dharmapala, and it encompassed the above-mentioned villages. Early records also indicate that in the year 1510 AD the village of “Galkissa” is mentioned and named after the rocky mound (Lihiniyagala) protruding into the Bay. Fascinating tales are woven round this rock and the village “Galkissa”. The Dutch invaders called the mound “the pregnant wench”.

Dutch era

With the arrival of the Dutch in the early seventeenth century, a more organised administrative structure was in place, whereby a broad based taxation and legal system evolved.

British era

However, it was only during British occupation (19th Century) that a Provincial administrative (Kachcheri) system and a form of Local Government developed. When the second Governor of Ceylon, Sir Thomas Maitland, acquired land at "Galkissa" (Mount Lavinia) and decided in 1806 to construct a personal residence there. Maitland fell in love with Lovina Aponsuwa, a local mestiço dancer, and continued a romantic affair with her until he was recalled to England in 1811. The Governor's mansion, which he named "Mount Lavinia House" is now the Mount Lavinia Hotel and the village that surrounded the building has subsequently developed into a bustling area, taking its name from the Governor's mistress, Lovina. Later, the area assumed the name of Mount Lavinia alluding to the factual story of a romance between the then British Governor Thomas Maitland (1805-1812) and a dancing girl called Lovina of the area.

After Independence

Dehiwela, Mount Lavinia attained Municipal status in December 1959. Dehiwela Mount Lavinia as a Local body of 6 wards extending over a land extent of only 16.3 km2 (1,630 ha (4,000 acres)). Due to rapid urban growth and for administrative reasons this area was extended and divided into 19 wards in 1959 and given Municipal status. Later in 1967 the municipality was increased to an area of approximately 2,109 ha (5,210 acres) was apportioned into 29 wards, as it exists today.

Geography

As the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia area lies on the coastal plain the land is mostly flat and undulating towards the inland areas. A significant feature is the large extent of wetlands around the Weras Ganga (river) and Bolgoda Lake the two major water bodies. The Bellanwila and Attidiya marshes are noteworthy for their bio-diversity and as such are considered as an ecological protected zone. Lying in the wet zone, the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia area receives an average annual rainfall between 2000 and 3000 mm mainly during the south west monsoon and the intermonsoon periods. Mean average day temperature is around 28 °C and average maximum between 30.5 and 31 °C Minimum night temperature varies from 26 °C to 27 °C. [4]

Zones

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia is a suburb of Colombo Metropolitan Region. Its Municipality comprises the following areas. [5]

Demographics

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipality area is a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural city.

Religious & Ethnic Identification in Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipality area [6] [7]
2012Percentage
Buddhist 111,33060.84%
Islam 29,92816.35%
Hindu 15,9788.73%
Roman Catholic 12,7266.95%
Other Christian8,2504.51%
Other4,7842.61%
Total182,996100.00%
Sinhalese 128,36370.15%
Sri Lankan Moor 26,87514.69%
Sri Lankan Tamil 20,76911.35%
Burgher 2,6091.43%
Indian Tamil 2,0951.14%
Malay 1,1020.60%
Other9640.53%
Sri Lankan Chetty 1390.08%
Baratha 800.04%
Total182,996100.00%

Buddhist Temples

Hindu Temples

Churches

Mosques

Attractions

Government and law enforcement

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia is a suburb of Colombo Metropolitan Area, with a Municipal Council form of government. Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia's mayor and the council members are elected through local government elections held once in five years. The city government provides sewer, road management and waste management services, water, electricity and telephone utility services the council liaises with the road development authority, water supply and drainage board, the Ceylon electricity board and telephone service providers.

There are 2 Divisional Secretary in the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia area

The Sri Lanka Police the main law enforcement agency of the island liaise with the municipal council, but is under the control of the Ministry of Defence of the central government. As with most Sri Lankan cities, the magistrate court handles felony crimes, the district court handles civil cases. There are 3 police stations within the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia area [10] [11]

Transport

Bus

Colombo has an extensive public transport system based on buses operated both by private operators and the government-owned Sri Lanka Transport Board (SLTB). The primary bus terminals within the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia — Dehiwala Bus Terminal, Mount Lavinia Bus Terminal and Ratmalana Bus Terminal handle local services.

Rail

Train transport in the city is limited since most trains are meant for transport to and from the city rather than within it and are often overcrowded. Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia situated in the Coastal Line of Sri Lanka Railway which runs from Colombo towards Matara.

Road

The road network in Dehiwala and Mount Lavinia consists of three classes of roads. Dehiwala and Mount Lavinia lie along the Galle Road artery in the West of the city, which runs along the coast to the south of the country. It is the gateway to the Colombo Metro City from the Southern part of Sri Lanka.

Air

Ratmalana Airport is the city's airport, located 15 km (9.3 mi) south of the Colombo city centre and 2 km from Dehiwala junction. It commenced operating in 1935 and was the country's first international airport until it was replaced by Bandaranaike Airport in 1967. Ratmalana Airport now primarily services domestic flights, aviation training and international corporate flights.

Other

Other means of transport includes auto rickshaws (commonly called "three wheelers") and taxicabs. Three wheelers are entirely operated by individuals and hardly regulated whilst cab services are run by private companies and are metered.

Education

Education institutions in Colombo have a long history. Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia has many of the prominent public schools in the country, some of them government-owned and others private. Certain urban schools of Sri Lanka have some religious alignment; this is partly due to the influence of British who established Christian missionary schools. Colombo has many International Schools that have come up in the recent years.

Schools

Higher Educational Centres

Notable residents

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Ratmalana Suburb in Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Christ Church, Galkissa

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Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council

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Dehiwala East Grama Niladhari Division Grama Niladhari Division in Sri Lanka

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References

  1. "A6 : Census of Population and Housing, 2012".
  2. "Census of Population and Housing - 2012". www.statistics.gov.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  3. 1 2 ICTA. "Colombo Divisional Secretariat - Overview". www.dehiwala.ds.gov.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  4. 1 2 3 "City Profile - Dehiwala Mount Lavinia Municipal Council" (PDF).
  5. "Ward Maps of Colombo District – Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council" (PDF).
  6. "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012".
  7. "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by divisional secretariat division, religion and sex- 2012" (PDF).
  8. LTD, Lankacom PVT. "The Island". www.island.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  9. Delmar, Shalom. "Christ Church, Galkissa (Dehiwala)". www.dioceseofcolombo.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  10. ICTA. "Colombo Divisional Secretariat - Police Stations". www.dehiwala.ds.gov.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  11. ICTA. "රත්මලාන Divisional Secretariat - Overview". ratmalana.ds.gov.lk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.