Del Norte County, California

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Del Norte County
County of Del Norte
Crescent City California harbor aerial view.jpg
Redwood National Park, fog in the forest.jpg
CastleIsland View Crescent City, CA.jpg
MouthSmithRiver.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Crescent City Harbor, Redwood National Park, Castle Rock, the mouth of the Smith River
Seal of Del Norte County, California.png
Del Norte County, California
Interactive map of Del Norte County
Map of California highlighting Del Norte County.svg
Location in the state of California
CountryUnited States
State California
Region North Coast
Incorporated March 2, 1857 [1]
Named for Its location, "Of the North" (Spanish: Del norte), in California
County seat Crescent City
Largest cityCrescent City
Area
  Total1,230 sq mi (3,200 km2)
  Land1,006 sq mi (2,610 km2)
  Water223 sq mi (580 km2)
Highest elevation
[2]
6,415 ft (1,955 m)
Population
  Total27,743
  Density28/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area codes 707
FIPS code06-015
GNIS feature ID 1682074
Website www.co.del-norte.ca.us

Del Norte County (Del Norte, Spanish for "Of The North"; /dɛlˈnɔːrt/ ) is a county at the far northwest corner of the U.S. state of California, along the Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Oregon border. Its population is 27,743 as of the 2020 census, down from 28,610 from the 2010 census. The county seat and only incorporated city is Crescent City. [4] Del Norte was pioneered and populated by Azorean Portuguese settlers and dairy farmers, which may account for the local pronunciation of the county name. [5] Locals pronounce the county name as Del Nort, not Del Nor-teh as would be expected in Spanish. [6]

Contents

Del Norte County comprises the Crescent City, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The rural county is notable for forests containing giant Coast Redwoods, with some attaining heights over 350 feet (110 m). This northernmost county on the California coast also has scores of unique plants and flowers, dozens of species of coastal birds and fish, rocky primitive beaches and sea stacks, pristine rivers, and historic lighthouses. Del Norte is also known among Bigfoot enthusiasts as the location of the famous Patterson–Gimlin film, as well as being the location of some of the forest scenes used in Return of the Jedi .

History

The area that is now known as Del Norte was and still is inhabited by the Yurok (Klamath River Indians) and Tolowa Nations of indigenous peoples. The first European American to explore this land was pioneer Jedediah Smith in the early-19th century. He was the first European American to reach the area overland on foot in a time before the European Americans knew anything about such a distant territory. For him it was literally "Land's End" — where the American continent ended at the Pacific Ocean. In 1855 Congress authorized the building of a lighthouse at "the battery point" (a high tide island on the coast of Crescent City) which is still functioning as a historical landmark.

Del Norte County was established in 1857, from part of the territory of Klamath County following the great California Gold Rush. Klamath County itself ceased to exist in 1874.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,230 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,006 square miles (2,610 km2) is land and 223 square miles (580 km2) (18%) is water. [7]

The mountainous terrain associated with the Coastal Range and the Klamath Mountains dominates Del Norte County's geography. Elevation ranges from sea level to over 6,400 feet. Although much of the county is made up of steep terrain, there are small patches of flat terrain along the coast and in isolated mountain valleys. There are 37 miles of coastline in the county, forming a coastal zone that covers approximately 51,000 acres (80 square miles). A broad coastal plain can be found in the northwest portion of the county with the western edge of the Klamath Mountains as its easterly boundary. Rising abruptly from the coastal plain, the Klamath Mountains extend north into Oregon and are situated between the Cascade Range to the east and the Coast Range to the north. [8]

Adjacent counties

Beach

Recreation area

Rivers

Wildlife refuge

Parks

Marshall Pond near the Klamath River, Redwood National and State Parks. Marshall pond.jpg
Marshall Pond near the Klamath River, Redwood National and State Parks.

Ecology

There is a diversity of flora and fauna within Del Norte County. Vegetative plant associations feature several forest types including mixed oak forest. The California endemic Blue oak, Quercus douglasii is at the northernmost part of its range in Del Norte County. [9] The Black Oak and Douglas-fir are also found in Del Norte County.

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 1,993
1870 2,0221.5%
1880 2,58427.8%
1890 2,5920.3%
1900 2,408−7.1%
1910 2,4170.4%
1920 2,75914.1%
1930 4,73971.8%
1940 4,7450.1%
1950 8,07870.2%
1960 17,771120.0%
1970 14,580−18.0%
1980 18,21724.9%
1990 23,46028.8%
2000 27,50717.3%
2010 28,6104.0%
2020 27,743−3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]
1790–1960 [18] 1900–1990 [19]
1990–2000 [20] 2010–2015 [21]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Del Norte County had a population of 28,610. The racial makeup of Del Norte County was 21,098 (73.7%) White, 993 (3.5%) African American, 2,244 (7.8%) Native American, 965 (3.4%) Asian, 32 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,980 (6.9%) from other races, and 1,298 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,093 persons (17.8%). [22]

2000

As of the census [23] of 2000, there were 27,507 people, 9,170 households, and 6,290 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 10,434 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.9% White, 4.3% Black or African American, 6.4% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. 13.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of German, 11.3% English, 9.1% Irish and 7.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.6% spoke English and 6.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 9,170 households, out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 123.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,642, and the median income for a family was $36,056. Males had a median income of $40,072 versus $22,212 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,573. About 16.4% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Del Norte County is home to a satellite campus of College of the Redwoods, a two-year college based in Humboldt County.

Del Norte County has one of just five combined county office of education-unified school district learning educational agencies (LEA) in the state of California, with one elected Board of Trustees that serves both agencies, and one superintendent overseeing both the County Office of Education, and the Unified School District.

The Del Norte County Unified School District provides public education to the children of Del Norte County through the twelfth grade. The only high school in Del Norte County is Del Norte High School, whose school mascot is the Warrior. There are also five K-5 elementary schools (Bess Maxwell, Joe Hamilton, Margaret Keating, Mary Peacock, Pine Grove), three K-8 elementary schools (Mountain, Redwood, Smith River), and one middle school (Crescent Elk).

The County Office of Education provides special education services to the county, as well as alternative learning options that includes Community Day and juvenile detention. Alternative educational facilities are Del Norte Community Day, Elk Creek detention center, and Sunset Continuation High School.

Del Norte County has several private parochial schools and charter schools.

Politics

Del Norte is traditionally a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976; even so, Bill Clinton received a plurality in 1992. In 2016, with Orange County flipping, Del Norte County became the only county on California's coast to vote for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton. As of 2020, it is now the last and only county on California's coast to vote Republican.

Presidential election results
Del Norte County vote
by party in presidential elections
[24]
Year GOP DEM Others
2020 56.41%6,46140.84% 4,6772.75% 315
2016 53.71%5,13436.46% 3,4859.83% 939
2012 52.61%4,61443.23% 3,7914.16% 365
2008 52.11%4,96745.36% 4,3232.53% 241
2004 56.85%5,35641.31% 3,8921.84% 173
2000 54.57%4,52637.58% 3,1177.85% 651
1996 41.29%3,67041.08% 3,65217.63% 1,567
1992 32.96% 3,08338.91%3,63928.13% 2,631
1988 49.73%3,71448.03% 3,5872.24% 167
1984 58.41%3,99639.41% 2,6962.18% 149
1980 57.48%4,01633.46% 2,3389.06% 633
1976 45.29% 2,48150.91%2,7893.80% 208
1972 51.82%2,92738.17% 2,15610.00% 565
1968 46.19%2,38743.27% 2,23610.55% 545
1964 36.23% 2,07563.77%3,6520.00% 0
1960 48.05% 3,02451.24%3,2250.71% 45
1956 53.18%2,91846.51% 2,5520.31% 17
1952 63.44%2,93835.41% 1,6401.14% 53
1948 54.26%1,54141.27% 1,1724.47% 127
1944 55.25%1,01144.70% 8180.05% 1
1940 53.56%1,23344.92% 1,0341.52% 35
1936 39.24% 85359.43%1,2921.33% 29
1932 30.94% 63764.06%1,3195.00% 103
1928 55.87%77143.41% 5990.72% 10
1924 52.63%53012.12% 12235.26% 355
1920 62.61%59629.31% 2798.09% 77
1916 43.81%49941.35% 47114.84% 169
1912 0.00% 038.32% 32361.68%520
1908 59.29%45026.61% 20214.10% 107
1904 60.17%42926.23% 18713.60% 97
1900 51.78%33445.12% 2913.10% 20
1896 49.50%34547.92% 3342.58% 18
1892 36.55% 23552.72%33910.74% 69
Del Norte County vote
by party in gubernatorial elections
Year GOP DEM
2021 59.9%5,24340.1% 3,505
2018 58.7%4,88741.3% 3,441
2014 50.4%3,53949.6% 3,488
2010 41.2% 3,37350.0%4,093
2006 54.9%3,63938.2% 2,531
2003 55.0%3,52225.6% 1,634
2002 45.8%3,09343.3% 2,922
1998 41.5% 3,08751.3%3,820
1994 61.8%4,62631.7% 2,372
1990 53.2%3,61540.0% 2,717
1986 65.8%4,21331.6% 2,026
1982 51.3%3,35544.9% 2,934
1978 49.9%2,93341.7% 2,451
1974 46.1% 1,92151.6%2,149
1970 57.1%2,75541.0% 1,977
1966 64.0%3,40936.0% 1,918
1962 45.9% 2,41852.0%2,741

The county has almost an even split in Democratic and Republican voter registration. As of May 2008, approximately 67% of eligible voters are registered to vote in Del Norte County, with approximately 38% registered as Democrats and approximately 38% registered as Republicans, with the State of California reporting 32 more Republicans than Democrats on April 7, 2010. Third party affiliation accounts for approximately 6% of all registered voters in the county. [25]

Del Norte County is in California's 2nd congressional district , represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. [26]

In the State Assembly, Del Norte County is in the 2nd Assembly District , represented by Democrat Jim Wood. [27] In the State Senate, the county is in the 2nd Senate District , represented by Democrat Mike McGuire. [28]

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Local public transit is provided by Redwood Coast Transit, which provides access to Amtrak passenger train (via Amtrak bus) service.

Airports

Contour Airlines conducts passenger flights to and from Jack McNamara Field Airport, operating one daily round trip flight to Oakland International Airport. [33] Flights are largely subsidized by an Alternate Essential Air Service grant approved by the United States Department of Transportation and issued to the Border Coast Regional Airport Authority in 2020. [34]

Harbor

The Crescent City Harbor serves as a commercial fishing port for salmon, shrimp, tuna, cod, and dungeness crab commercial fishing boats. Nearly 50% of all dungeness crab served in California restaurants is off-loaded in this harbor.[ citation needed ] The harbor is also home to multiple fishing and non-fishing related businesses and harbor governmental offices. The harbor also has several pleasure boat docks.

Communities

Crescent City is the county seat of and only incorporated city in Del Norte County. Its population count includes the inmates of Pelican Bay State Prison located ten miles north of the city.

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Del Norte County.

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Crescent City City6,673
2 Bertsch-Oceanview CDP2,520
3 Yurok Reservation [35] (partially in Humboldt County) AIAN 1,236
4 Klamath CDP1,088
5 Fort Dick CDP912
6 Smith River CDP906
7 Gasquet CDP657
8 Hiouchi CDP314
9 Smith River Rancheria [36] AIAN160
10 Elk Valley Rancheria [37] AIAN100
11 Resighini Rancheria [38] AIAN33

See also

U.S. Route 199 in California, the Redwood Highway, at Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in Del Norte County, near Crescent City, California. US 199 Redwood Highway.jpg
U.S. Route 199 in California, the Redwood Highway, at Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in Del Norte County, near Crescent City, California.

Notes

  1. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

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Klamath, California Census-designated place in California, United States

Klamath is an unincorporated, rural census-designated place (CDP) in Del Norte County, California, situated on US Route 101 inland from the mouth of the Klamath River. The current population of Klamath, California is 632 based on US Census estimates, down from 779 recorded in the 2010 US census. Klamath is at an elevation of 30 feet. Klamath is located within the Yurok Indian Reservation.

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The Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP) are a complex of one national park and three state parks, cooperatively managed, located in the United States along the coast of northern California. Comprising Redwood National Park and California's State Parks: Del Norte Coast, Jedediah Smith, and Prairie Creek, the combined RNSP contain 139,000 acres (560 km2), and feature old-growth temperate rainforests. Located within Del Norte and Humboldt Counties, the four parks, together, protect 45 percent of all remaining coast redwood old-growth forests, totaling at least 38,982 acres (157.75 km2). These trees are the tallest, among the oldest, and one of the most massive tree species on Earth. In addition to the redwood forests, the parks preserve other indigenous flora, fauna, grassland prairie, cultural resources, portions of rivers and other streams, and 37 miles (60 km) of pristine coastline.

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Gasquet, California Census-designated place in California, United States

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Fort Dick, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

Fort Dick is a small unincorporated community in rural Del Norte County, California. Fort Dick is around five miles north of Crescent City, California, and around 15 mi (24 km) south of the California–Oregon state line. Its population is 912 as of the 2020 census, up from 588 from the 2010 census.It is located on the U.S. Route 101 corridor on the Redwood Coast. A post office was set up in 1917.

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Coordinates: 41°44′N123°58′W / 41.74°N 123.96°W / 41.74; -123.96