|Delma S. Arrigoitia|
Delma S. Arrigoitia
|Born||Delma S. Arrigoitia Peraza|
February 10, 1945
Arecibo, Puerto Rico
|Occupation||Historian, author, educator and lawyer|
|Notable works|| "Jose De Diego el legislador"|
"Eduardo Giorgetti Y Su Mundo: La Aparente Paradoja De Un Millonario Genio Empresarial Y Su Noble Humanismo"
"Puerto Rico Por Encima de Todo: Vida y Obra de Antonio R. Barcelo, 1868-1938"
"Introduccion a la Historia de la Moda en Puerto Rico"
|Notable awards||"Puerto Rico Por Encima de Todo: Vida y Obra de Antonio R. Barcelo, 1868-1938" - First prize for research and criticism by the Ateneo Puertorriqueño|
Delma S. Arrigoitia, PhD, J.D., (born February 10, 1945) is a historian, author, educator and lawyer whose written works cover the life and works of some of Puerto Rico's most prominent politicians of the early 20th century. Arrigoitia was the first person at the University of Puerto Rico to earn a master's degree in the field of history. After earning her doctorate in history at Fordham University in New York, she helped develop the graduate school for history at the University of Puerto Rico and taught there for years.
The Juris Doctor degree, also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree, is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees. The Juris Doctor is earned by completing law school in Australia, Canada, the United States, and some other common law countries. It has the academic standing of a professional doctorate in the United States, a master's degree in Australia, and a second-entry, baccalaureate degree in Canada.
The University of Puerto Rico is the main public university system of Puerto Rico and a government-owned corporation of Puerto Rico. The largely Spanish-language institution consists of 11 campuses and has approximately 58,000 students and 5,300 faculty members. UPR has the largest and most diverse academic offerings in Puerto Rico and the Caribbean, with 472 academic programs of which 32 lead to a doctorate.
Fordham University is a private research university in New York City. Founded by the Catholic Diocese of New York in 1841, it is the oldest Catholic university in the northeastern United States, the third-oldest university in New York, and the only Jesuit university in New York City.
Arrigoitia (birth name: Delma S. Arrigoitia Peraza) was born in the City of Arecibo to Enrique and Consuelo Arrigoitia. Her father had two sons from his first marriage, but Delma grew up mostly as an only child. She was always intrigued by reading books. One of her brothers became a medical doctor, and the other has a doctorate in literature.
She comes from a distinguished family whose love for education and culture served as her inspiration. She received her primary education at the Colegio San Felipe de Arecibo and her secondary education at the University High School of the University of Puerto Rico (also known as the UPR) in Rio Piedras. Arrigoitia earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in history from the University of Puerto Rico, where she was also a Magna Cum Laude student, with the highest GPA in her academic concentration.
Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of distinction with which an academic degree has been earned. This system is primarily used in the United States, many countries of continental Europe, and some Southeastern Asian countries with European colonial history, such as Indonesia and the Philippines, although some institutions use translations of these phrases rather than the Latin originals. The honors distinction should not be confused with the honors degrees offered in some countries.
Arrigoitia continued her studies and, in 1966, became the first person in the University of Puerto Rico to earn a master's degree in history. Her thesis was La Diputacion Provincial de Puerto Rico, 1820-23.
For a short period of time, Arrigoitia taught humanities in the University of Puerto Rico before she proceeded to study law, earning her Juris Doctor degree.She practiced with the law firm of Hartzell, Ydrach, Mellado, Santiago before deciding to attend Fordham University in New York City to pursue a doctorate degree in history. There she earned her degree with a thesis on José de Diego. It was later published by the Institute of Puerto Rican Culture, titled as José de Diego, el Legislador.
The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States and thus also in the state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
José de Diego, was a statesman, journalist, poet, lawyer, and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and from the United States who was referred to by his peers as "The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement"
In this book, and in her later biographies, Arrigoitia drew on her legal experience to analyze and understand the laws created by the subjects of her political biographies, and their influence on the economic and political status of Puerto Rico in relation to the United States.
Arrigoitia returned to the UPR and helped establish, as coordinator, the institution's first graduate school of history, which offered a doctorate degree in history. She wrote the biography of Eduardo Giorgetti, a Puerto Rican millionaire who was another prominent political figure, titled Eduardo Giorgetti y Su Mundo: La Aparente Paradoja de un Millonario Genio Empresarial y Su Noble Humanismo.During her years at the university, she wrote a rules and regulations manual for university professors. The Middle States Association (MSA) now requires compliance with this manual, as a prerequisite for UPR's accreditation by the MSA.
As a university professor, Arrigoitia also traveled throughout Puerto Rico, giving conferences on De Diego and Giorgetti.
In the late 1990s, Arrigoitia became interested in writing a book about Antonio Rafael Barceló, first president of the Puerto Rican Senate. The Senate offered her support during her research phase for Puerto Rico Por Encima de Todo: Vida y Obra de Antonio R. Barcelo, 1868-1938. The book was recognized by the Fundación Luis Muñoz Marín.In 2010, it was also noted as the year's best book in research and criticism by the Ateneo Puertorriqueño (Puerto Rican Athenaeum), founded in 1876. Arrigoitia was awarded the "Premio Nacional del Instituto de Literatura" (National Award of the Literature Institute). It is the highest honor bestowed upon an author in Puerto Rico. The book won a first prize of $6,000, presented to Arrigoitia in a ceremony in July 2010.
Since retiring in 2002 from the university, Arrigoitia has concentrated on writing books. In 2012, she published her book "Introduccion a la Historia de la Moda en Puerto Rico". The book, which was requested by the high fashion designer Carlota Alfaro, covers over 500 years of history of the fashion industry in Puerto Rico.Arrigoitia is working on a book about the women who have served in the Puerto Rican Legislature, as requested by the former President of the Chamber of Representatives, Jennifer Gonzalez. Arrigoitia is also planning a book about the First Chamber of Delegates (1900–1903) of Puerto Rico.
Arrigoitia was featured in the section Escenarios - Literatura in El Vocero, a local newspaper, and in a piece titled Los Tres Hombres de Delma (The Three Men of Delma) on March 27, 2010.On April 5, she was also featured in the section Vidas Unicas in El Nuevo Dia, another local newspaper, and in a piece titled Exploradora del Genio Patrio (Explorer of the Patriotic Genre). Arrigoitia resides in Ocean Park, Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Antonio Rafael Barceló y Martínez was a Puerto Rican lawyer, businessman and the patriarch of what was to become one of Puerto Rico's most prominent political families. Barceló, who in 1917 became the first President of the Senate of Puerto Rico, played an instrumental role in the introduction and passage of legislation which permitted the realization of the School of Tropical Medicine and the construction of a Capitol building in Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rican literature evolved from the art of oral story telling to its present-day status. Written works by the native islanders of Puerto Rico were prohibited and repressed by the Spanish colonial government. Only those who were commissioned by the Spanish Crown to document the chronological history of the island were allowed to write.
Dr. Margot Arce de Vázquez was a writer, essayist and educator who founded the Puerto Rican Academy of the Spanish Language.
The Union of Puerto Rico, also known as the Union Party, was a major political party in Puerto Rico in the early 20th century. The Union of Puerto Rico was known as the dominant political party of the island from 1904 to 1932. UPR founder Luis Muñoz Rivera created the La Democracia, which effectively acted as UPR publication.
The Liberal Party of Puerto Rico was a pro-independence political party. The Liberal Party was founded in 1932 as a formal disaffiliation between two political parties which composed the political coalition known as the Alianza (Alliance).
The Río Piedras massacre occurred on October 24, 1935, at the University of Puerto Rico in Río Piedras. Local police officers confronted and opened fire on supporters of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. Four Nationalist Party members were killed, and one police officer was wounded during the shooting.
The Jewish immigration to Puerto Rico began in the 15th century with the arrival of the anusim who accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage. An open Jewish community did not flourish in the colony because Judaism was prohibited by the Spanish Inquisition. However, many migrated to mountainous parts of the island, far from the central power of San Juan, and continued to self-identify as Jews and practice Crypto-Judaism.
Carlos Eugenio Chardón Palacios, D.Sc., D.Litt, was the first Puerto Rican mycologist, a high-ranking official in government on agriculture during the 1920s, the first Puerto Rican appointed as Chancellor of the University of Puerto Rico (1931–1935), and the head of the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration in the mid-to late 1930s during the Great Depression. He was also known as "the Father of Mycology in Puerto Rico". He discovered that the aphid "Aphis maidis" was the vector of the sugar cane Mosaic virus. Mosaic viruses are plant viruses.
The Transparent, Authentic and Complete Liberal Party was a political party in Puerto Rico from 1937 to 1948.
Eduardo Georgetti, was an agriculturist, businessman, philanthropist, and politician. Georgetti, who came from a family of prosperous land owners, became one of Puerto Rico's wealthiest sugar barons and benefactors. In 1917, he became the first Vice-president of the Puerto Rican Senate.
Cayetano Coll y Cuchí was a politician, writer and an advocate of Puerto Rican Independence. In 1917, he became the first President of Puerto Rico House of Representatives after the island was ceded to the United States by Spain as a result of the Spanish–American War. Coll y Cuchí was a member of a prominent family of Puerto Rican politicians, writers and educators.
The School of Tropical Medicine, was an educational institution created in 1926 by an act of the Puerto Rican Legislature, to further the research initiated by the Anemia Commissions and the Institute of Tropical Medicine on anemia and its causes. The institution existed as an independent entity until 1949, when it was integrated into the School of Medicine of the University of Puerto Rico.
Isolina Rondón was a political activist. She was one of the few witnesses of the killing of four Nationalists committed by local police officers in Puerto Rico during a confrontation with the supporters of the Nationalist Party that occurred in October 24, 1935, and which is known as the Río Piedras massacre. Rondón joined the political movement and became the Treasurer of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party which staged various uprisings in Puerto Rico against the colonial Government of the United States in 1950.
José M. Dávila Monsanto was a Puerto Rican politician and lawyer who in 1938 co-founded the political party Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico. He served in the Puerto Rican Senate as a representative of the PPD.
Isabel Freire de Matos was a writer, educator, journalist, and activist for Puerto Rican independence. Freire de Matos was the author of several children's books and the wife of Francisco Matos Paoli, a high-ranking member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party.
Law 53 of 1948 better known as the Gag Law, was an act enacted by the Puerto Rico legislature of 1948, with the purpose of suppressing the independence movement in Puerto Rico. The act made it a crime to own or display a Puerto Rican flag, to sing a patriotic tune, to speak or write of independence, or to meet with anyone or hold any assembly in favor of Puerto Rican independence. It was passed by a legislature that was overwhelmingly dominated by members of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD), which supported developing an alternative political status for the island. The bill was signed into law on June 10, 1948 by Jesús T. Piñero, the United States-appointed governor. Opponents tried but failed to have the law declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court.
Elías Beauchamp was a member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party who assassinated Elisha Francis Riggs, the United States appointed police chief of Puerto Rico. Beauchamp was accompanied by fellow nationalist Hiram Rosado. Both men were arrested and summarily executed at the police headquarters in San Juan. News of the assassinations spread throughout the United States and lead to legislative proposal by U.S. Senator Millard Tydings, to grant independence to Puerto Rico.
Hiram Rosado was a member of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party who, together with fellow Nationalist Elías Beauchamp, participated in the assassination of Elisha Francis Riggs, the United States appointed police chief of Puerto Rico. Both men were arrested and without receiving a fair trial were executed by the police at the police headquarters in San Juan. News of the assassinations spread throughout the United States and lead to legislative proposal by U.S. Senator Millard Tydings, to grant independence to Puerto Rico.
Palmira N. Ríos is an Afro-Puerto Rican academic who has worked as a professor in New York, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. She has served as a commissioner and president of the Puerto Rican Civil Rights Commission, the first person of color or woman to be appointed to the government body. After serving as the dean of the Graduate School of Public Administration for the University of Puerto Rico, she became the Dean of Academic Affairs for the Río Piedras Campus in 2015. The Bar Association of Puerto Rico honored Ríos with the Martin Luther King Jr.-Arturo Alfonso Schomburg Medal for her efforts to promote racial equality.